Agnes of Merania

Agnes Maria of Andechs-Merania (died 1201) was a Queen of France. She is called Marie by some of the French chroniclers.[1]

Agnes of Merania
Queen consort of France
Died1201 (1202)
SpousePhilip II of France
IssuePhilip I, Count of Boulogne
Marie of France, Duchess of Brabant
HouseHouse of Andechs
FatherBerthold, Duke of Merania
MotherAgnes of Rochlitz


Agnes Maria was the daughter of Berthold, Duke of Merania,[1] who was Count of Andechs, a castle and territory near Ammersee, Bavaria. Her mother was Agnes of Rochlitz.

In June 1196 Agnes married Philip II of France, who had repudiated his second wife Ingeborg of Denmark in 1193. Pope Innocent III espoused the cause of Ingeborg; but Philip did not submit until 1200, when, nine months after interdict had been added to excommunication, he consented to a separation from Agnes.[1]

Agnes died broken-hearted in July of the next year, at the castle of Poissy, and was buried in the Convent of St Corentin, near Nantes.[1]


Agnes and Philip had two children: Philip I, Count of Boulogne and Mary, who were legitimized by the Pope in 1201 at the request of the King. Little is known of the personality of Agnes, beyond the remarkable influence which she seems to have exercised over Philip.[1]

Artistic representation

She has been made the heroine of a tragedy by François Ponsard, Agnès de Méranie,[1] and of an opera by Vincenzo Bellini, La straniera.


  1. Chisholm 1911, p. 378.


  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Agnes of Meran". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 378. Endnotes:
    • See The notes of Robert Davidsohn in Philipp II. August von Frankreich und Ingeborg (Stuttgart, 1888). A genealogical notice is furnished by the Chronicon of the monk Alberic (Aubry) of Fontaines, (Albericus Trium Fontium) in Pertz, Scriptores, vol. xxiii. pp. 872 f., and by the Genealogia Wettinensis, ibid. p. 229.

Media related to Agnes of Merania at Wikimedia Commons

French royalty
Preceded by
Ingeborg of Denmark
Queen consort of France
Succeeded by
Ingeborg of Denmark
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