Aglibol

Aglibol is a Syrian god, originating from a north Syrian immigrant community.[1] He is a moon god who was worshiped in the ancient Syrian city of Palmyra as part of a trinity alongside Bel and Yarhibol, and associated with the sun god Malakbel.[2]

Aglibol
God of the moon
Aglibol, as shown in a 1st century CE relief from Palmyra
Major cult centerPalmyra
SymbolLunar halo, crescent moon
Personal information
SiblingsMalakbel

Evidence of Aglibol's worship is primarily epigraphical. The earliest known mention of Aglibol was an inscription which dates back to 17 BC and associates him with the sun god Malakbel.[2] Several other inscriptions made by the Bene Komare also associate him with Malakbel, including a bilingual inscription from 122 AD in which Aglibol and Malakbel sponsor a citizen by the name of Manai for his piety.[2]

Several 2nd century AD inscriptions attest that Aglibol was venerated with Malakbel in a sanctuary known as the "Sacred Garden" (gnt' 'ilym),[3] which was one of the four principal sanctuaries of the city.[3] The Bene Komare tended to this sanctuary.[4]

The sanctuary had two altars, a sacred cypress and a bath. One of the reliefs found in the Temple of Bel show the two altars and the two gods.[5]

References

Citations

  1. Hoyland, Robert G. (2002-09-11). Arabia and the Arabs: From the Bronze Age to the Coming of Islam. Routledge. ISBN 9781134646340.
  2. Smith II 2013, p. 66.
  3. Smith II 2013, p. 67.
  4. Stoneman 1994, p. 68.
  5. W. Drijvers 1976, p. 37.

Sources

  • Smith II, Andrew M. (2013). Roman Palmyra: Identity, Community, and State Formation. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-986110-1.
  • Stoneman, Richard (1994) [1992]. Palmyra and Its Empire: Zenobia's Revolt Against Rome. University of Michigan Press. ISBN 978-0-472-08315-2.
  • W. Drijvers, H.J (1976). The Religion of Palmyra. Brill. ISBN 9789004047983.
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