Africa U-20 Cup of Nations

The Total U-20 Africa Cup of Nations (previously known as the African Youth Championship or the African U-20 Championship) is the main international youth football competition for CAF nations, and is competed for by under 20 year olds. It is held every two years with the top 4 teams qualifying for the FIFA U-20 World Cup.

Africa U-20 Cup of Nations
Founded1979
RegionCAF (Africa)
Number of teams8
Current champions Mali (1st title)
Most successful team(s) Nigeria (7 titles)
2021 Africa U-20 Cup of Nations

From 1979 until 1989, the African representatives were determined purely on a home and away qualifying basis without a final tournament, with the African champions determined through the same qualification. Since 1991 there has been a qualifying stage followed by a final tournament played by 8 teams in a chosen country.

On 6 August 2015, the CAF Executive Committee decided to change the name of the tournament from the African Youth Championship to the U-20 Africa Cup of Nations, similar to the senior's version, Africa Cup of Nations.[1]

In July 2016, Total has secured an eight-year sponsorship package from the Confederation of African Football (CAF) to support 10 of its principal competitions, including the U-20 Africa Cup of Nations Champions League, renamed Total U-20 Africa Cup of Nations.[2]

Tournament summary

African U-21 Qualifying for World Cup

Year Host nation Qualification 1 Qualification 2 World Cup host
To World Cup Score Not to World Cup To World Cup Score Not to World Cup
1977
Details
[3]
home & away
Morocco
1 – 0
3 – 0

Guinea

Ivory Coast
0 – 1
3 – 2
abandoned

Egypt

Tunisia

African U-21 Cup of Nations

Year Host nation Final Third Place
Champion Score Second Place
1979
Details
home & away
Algeria
2 – 1
2 – 3

Guinea

Ethiopia

Nigeria
1981
Details
home & away
Egypt
2 – 0
1 – 1

Cameroon

Algeria

Nigeria
1983
Details
home & away
Nigeria
2 – 2
2 – 1

Ivory Coast

Algeria

Guinea
1985
Details
home & away
Nigeria
1 – 1
2 – 1

Tunisia

Ivory Coast

Ethiopia
1987
Details
home & away
Nigeria
2 – 1
3 – 0

Togo

Morocco

Somalia
1989
Details
home & away
Nigeria
2 – 0
2 – 1

Mali

Algeria

Ivory Coast

African U-21 Championship

Year Host nation Final Third Place Match
Champion Score Second Place Third Place Score Fourth Place
1991
Details
 Egypt
Egypt
2 – 1
Ivory Coast

Ghana
2 – 0
Zambia
1993
Details
 Mauritius
Ghana
2 – 0
Cameroon

Egypt
3 – 0
Ethiopia
1995
Details
 Nigeria
Cameroon
4 – 0
Burundi

Nigeria
1 – 0
Mali
1997
Details
 Morocco
Morocco
1 – 0
South Africa

Ivory Coast
2 – 0
Ghana
1999
Details
 Ghana
Ghana
1 – 0
Nigeria

Cameroon
2 – 1
Zambia
2001
Details
 Ethiopia
Angola
2 – 0
Ghana

Egypt
2 – 0
Ethiopia

African U-20 Championship

Year Host nation Final Third Place Match
Champion Score Second Place Third Place Score Fourth Place
2003
Details
 Burkina Faso
Egypt
4 – 3
Ivory Coast

Mali
1 – 1
(5 – 4)
on penalties

Burkina Faso
2005
Details
 Benin
Nigeria
2 – 0
Egypt

Benin
1 – 1
(5 – 3)
on penalties

Morocco
2007
Details
 Republic of the Congo
Congo
1 – 0
Nigeria

Gambia
3 – 1
Zambia
2009
Details
 Rwanda
Ghana
2 – 0
Cameroon

Nigeria
2 – 1
South Africa
2011[4]
Details
 South Africa
Nigeria
3 – 2
aet

Cameroon

Egypt
1 – 0
Mali
2013
Details
 Algeria
Egypt
1 – 1
(5 – 4)
on penalties

Ghana

Nigeria
2 – 1
Mali
2015
Details
 Senegal
Nigeria
1 – 0
Senegal

Ghana
3 – 1
Mali

Africa U-20 Cup of Nations

Year Host nation Final Third Place Match
Champion Score Second Place Third Place Score Fourth Place
2017
Details
 Zambia
Zambia
2 – 0
Senegal

Guinea
2 – 1
South Africa
2019
Details
 Niger[5]
Mali
1 – 1
(3 – 2)
on penalties

Senegal

South Africa
0 – 0
(5 – 3)
on penalties

Nigeria
2021
Details
 Mauritania[6][7] To be played To be played

Performance by nation

Rank Team Champions Runners-up Third-place Fourth-place Semi-finalists
1  Nigeria 7 (1983, 1985, 1987, 1989, 2005, 2011, 2015) 2 (1999, 2007) 3 (1995*, 2009, 2013) 1 (2019) 2 (1979, 1981)
2  Egypt 4 (1981, 1991*, 2003, 2013) 1 (2005) 3 (1993, 2001, 2011)
3  Ghana 3 (1993, 1999*, 2009) 2 (2001, 2013) 2 (1991, 2015) 1 (1997)
4  Cameroon 1 (1995) 4 (1981, 1993, 2009, 2011) 1 (1999)
5  Mali 1 (2019) 1 (1989) 1 (2003) 4 (1995, 2011, 2013, 2015)
6  Zambia 1 (2017*) 3 (1991, 1999, 2007)
7  Algeria 1 (1979) 3 (1981, 1983, 1989)
8  Morocco 1 (1997*) 1 (2005) 1 (1987)
9  Angola 1 (2001)
 Congo 1 (2007*)
11  Ivory Coast 3 (1983, 1991, 2003) 1 (1997) 2 (1985, 1989)
12  Senegal 3 (2015*, 2017, 2019)
13  South Africa 1 (1997) 1 (2019) 2 (2009, 2017)
14  Guinea 1 (1979) 1 (2017) 1 (1983)
15  Tunisia 1 (1985)
 Togo 1 (1987)
 Burundi 1 (1995)
18  Benin 1 (2005*)
 Gambia 1 (2007)
20  Ethiopia 2 (1993, 2001*) 2 (1979, 1985)
21  Somalia 1 (1987)
22  Burkina Faso 1 (2003*)
Source for winners and runners-up: RSSSF[8]
* = As hosts

Participating nations

Team
1979

1981

1983

1985

1987

1989

1991

1993

1995

1997

1999

2001

2003

2005

2007

2009

2011

2013

2015

2017

2019

2021
Years
 Algeria 1stSFSF1R×SFGS× 6
 Angola ××1R1R×PR××GS1stGS 6
 Benin ×××××××××××3rd×GS× 2
 Burkina Faso ×××××××××4thGSGS 3
 Burundi ××××××××2nd×××GS 2
 Cameroon 2R2ndQFQF1R1RGS2nd1st3rdGSGS2nd2ndGS 15
 Central African Republic ×2R××××××××××××××××× 1
 Congo ××××××××××××1stGS 2
 DR Congo ×××××1R×××××××××GS 2
 Egypt 1R1stQF1RQFQF1st3rdGS3rd1st2ndGSGS3rd1stGS 17
 Equatorial Guinea ×2R××××××××××××× 1
 Ethiopia SF1R×SF1R×GS4th4th×××× 7
 Gabon ×PR1R××QF×××GS×GS 5
 Gambia ××1RPR×××××××3rdGS× 4
 Ghana ×××1RQF3rd1st4th1st2ndGS1stGS2nd3rdGS 12
 Guinea 2nd1RSFQF1R1R×GSGS×3rd 9
 Ivory Coast ××2ndSFQFSF2nd×3rd×2ndGSGSGSGS 11
 Kenya 1R×××××××××× 1
 Lesotho ×××××QF×××GSGS×× 1
 Liberia ××××PR××××××××× 1
 Libya 1R×××××××××× 1
 Malawi ×××××××××GS×××× 1
 Mali ×××××2nd4thGSGSGS3rdGSGS4th4th4thGS1st 13
 Mauritania ×1R××1R×××××××q 3
 Mauritius 2R××××××GSGS×××× 3
 Morocco 2R1RQFQFSF1RGS1st4thGS 10
 Mozambique ×××PRQF××××× 2
 Niger ××××××××××××GS 1
 Nigeria SFSF1st1st1st1st×GS3rd2ndGS1st2nd3rd1st3rd1st4th 17
 Rwanda ××××××××××××GS 1
 Senegal ××PR××PRGSGS2nd2nd2nd 7
 Somalia ××××SF×××××××××× 1
 South Africa ××××××××2ndGSGS4thGSGS4th3rd 8
 Sudan ××1R1R××××GSGS 4
 Eswatini ××1R×××××××××××× 1
 Togo ×1R1R×2nd×××××××× 3
 Tunisia 2R2R1R2ndQF1R 6
 Uganda ×××PRPR×××××× 2
 Zambia ×××1R1R×4th×GSGS4th4thGS1st 9
 Zimbabwe ×2RQFQF××××××× 3
Legend
  • 1st – Champions
  • 2nd – Runners-up
  • 3rd – Third place
  • 4th – Fourth place
  • SF – Semi-finals
  • QF – Quarter-finals
  • GS – Group stage
  • PR – Preliminary round
  • 1R – First round
  • 2R – Second round
  • q – Qualified
  •      Hosts
  •  ×  – Did not enter
  •    – Did not qualify
  •  ×  – Withdrew before qualification
  •     Withdrew after qualification
  •     Disqualified after qualification

Participating nations by year of debut

Participating nations by Debut (Until 1989, counted Round 1, after 1991 counting Final 16)

Before 1989

After 1991

Player awards

Year Player of the tournament Top goalscorer
1991
1993
1995
1997 Benni McCarthy Benni McCarthy
1999 Ousmane Bangoura
2001 Pedro Mantorras
2003 Emad Moteab
2005 Mouhcine Iajour
2007 Fabrice N'Guessi[9] Fwayo Tembo
2009 Ransford Osei Ransford Osei
2011 Edgar Salli Uche Nwofor
2013 Saleh Gomaa Aminu Umar
2015 Yaw Yeboah Musa Muhammed
2017 Luther Singh Patson Daka

FIFA U-20 World Cup performances

Legend
  • 1st – Champions
  • 2nd – Runners-up
  • 3rd – Third place
  • 4th – Fourth place
  • QF – Quarterfinals
  • R2 – Round 2
  • R1 – Round 1
  •      – Hosts
  • q – Qualified for upcoming tournament
Team
1977

1979

1981

1983

1985

1987

1989

1991

1993

1995

1997

1999

2001

2003

2005

2007

2009

2011

2013

2015

2017

2019

2021
Total
 AlgeriaQF1
 AngolaR21
 BeninR11
 Burkina FasoR21
 BurundiR11
 CameroonR1R1QFR2R1R26
 CongoR21
 EgyptQFR13rdR2R1R2R2R18
 EthiopiaR11
 GambiaR21
 Ghana2nd4thQF2nd1st3rdR27
 GuineaR1R12
 Ivory CoastR1R1R1R1R25
 MaliR13rdR1R1R13rdQF6
 MoroccoR1R24th3
 NigeriaR13rdR12ndQF2ndQFR2QFR2R2R212
 Senegal4thR2QF3
 South AfricaR1R2R1R14
 TogoR11
 TunisiaR1R12
 ZambiaR1R2QF3

See also

References

  1. "Decisions of CAF Executive Committee on 6 August 2015". CAF. 9 August 2015.
  2. "Total to sponsor CAF competitions for the next eight years". Africa News. Africa News. 21 July 2016. Retrieved 21 July 2016.
  3. "1977 results by RSSSF". Archived from the original on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
  4. "Nigeria win superb Africa Youth Championship final". BBC. 1 May 2011. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
  5. "CAF Executive Committee decisions of 26 May 2015". CAF. 27 May 2015.
  6. "CAN 2019 : un dernier sursis pour le Cameroun ?" (in French). CamFoot. 29 September 2018.
  7. "Decisions of CAF Executive Commitee [sic] - 27 & 28 September 2018". CAF. 29 September 2018.
  8. José Luis Pierrend (15 July 2011). "African Youth Championship". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 November 2011.
  9. "Ambitious Ondama targets Congolese triumph". FIFA.com. 30 April 2007. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
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