Adrenergic nervous system
Adrenergic system or Adrenergic nervous system (ANS) is a group of organs and nerves in which adrenaline (epinephrine) and/or noradrenaline (norepinephrine) act as neurotransmitters. ANS is counted as one of the main neurohormonal systems that regulate cardiovascular function, including smooth muscle tone.
- The sympathetic nervous system (SNS), which comprises the autonomic outflow from the thoracic and high lumbar segments of the spinal cord;
- The parasympathetic nervous system (PNS), which includes the outflow from the cranial nerves and the low lumbar and sacral spinal cord
- The enteric nervous system (ENS), which comprises intrinsic neurons in the wall of the gut.
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