Adolphe-Philippe Caron

Sir Joseph-Philippe-René-Adolphe Caron, PC KCMG (24 December 1843 – 20 April 1908) was a Canadian lawyer and politician. He is now best remembered as the Minister of Militia and Defence in the government of Sir John A. Macdonald and his role during the North-West Rebellion of 1885.

The Hon.

Sir Adolphe-Philippe Caron

Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Quebec County
In office
Preceded byPierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau
Succeeded byJules-Joseph-Taschereau Frémont
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Rimouski
In office
Preceded byJean-Baptiste Romuald Fiset
Succeeded byJean-Baptiste Romuald Fiset
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Three Rivers and St. Maurice
In office
Preceded byDistrict established in 1892
Succeeded byJacques Bureau
Personal details
Joseph-Philippe-René-Adolphe Caron

(1843-12-24)24 December 1843
Quebec City, Canada East
Died20 April 1908(1908-04-20) (aged 64)
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Political partyConservative

He was born in Quebec City in 1843, the son of René-Édouard Caron, and studied at the Petit Séminaire de Québec and McGill College. He was called to the bar in 1865 and entered practice with a law firm in Quebec City, later becoming a partner. A Conservative party member, Caron was elected six times to the House of Commons of Canada, first winning election in a by-election in 1873, where he won a seat as a Member of Parliament representing the electoral district of Quebec County. He defended this seat in 1874, 1878, 1880, 1882 and 1887. In the 1891 election he was elected as the MP for Rimouski, and in 1896 as the MP for Three Rivers and St. Maurice. From 1892–1896 he served as Postmaster General of Canada.

After Caron left politics in 1900, he returned to practising law. He died at Montreal in 1908 after having been ill for several months.


  • Adolphe-Philippe Caron – Parliament of Canada biography
  • "Adolphe-Philippe Caron". Dictionary of Canadian Biography (online ed.). University of Toronto Press. 1979–2016.
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