Adolf von Trotha

Adolf von Trotha (1 March 1868 in Koblenz, Rhine Province – 11 October 1940) was a German admiral in the Kaiserliche Marine. After the German revolution he briefly served as the first Chef der Admiralität, which replaced the imperial Reichsmarineamt. After supporting the Kapp-Lüttwitz Putsch of March 1920 he resigned his post.

Adolf von Trotha
Born(1868-03-01)1 March 1868
Koblenz, Kingdom of Prussia
Died11 October 1940(1940-10-11) (aged 72)
Berlin, Germany
AllegianceGerman Empire
Service/branch Imperial German Navy
Vorläufige Reichsmarine (1919-20)
Years of service1886-1920
RankAdmiral (1939)
Commands held
Spouse(s)Anna von Veltheim


Trotha was born 1 March 1868 at Koblenz, at the time part of the Rhine Province of the Kingdom of Prussia. Trotha was the third son of Karl von Trotha (1834–1870), who was killed in the Franco-Prussian War, when his son was only two years old.

Trotha married Anna von Veltheim (15 January 1877 – 8 August 1964) on 4 June 1902, the daughter of Fritz von Veltheim and Elizabeth von Krosigk.

Military career/development

Trotha entered the Imperial Navy in 1886 as an officer candidate and was promoted to Leutnant zur See in 1891. He served as a commander of the torpedo boat D3 and as a navigations officer on the small cruiser SMS Seeadler.

In 1900 he was a staff officer at Tientsin. From 1914 to 1918, Trotha served in World War I. In 1916 he became Chief of Staff of the High Seas Fleet.[1]

As Chef der Admiralität from March 1919 Trotha was a (non-voting) ex-officio member of the first two cabinets of the Weimar Republic, the Scheidemann cabinet and the Bauer cabinet from March 1919 until March 1920.[2][3]

In March 1920, he supported the failed Kapp Putsch and resigned his post.[4]

Trotha was the head of the de:Grossdeutscher Jugendbund and the Sudetendeutscher Heimatbund. In 1934 he became the president of the Deutscher Flottenverein.[1]

After his death on 11 October 1940 a state funeral was held in Berlin.


  1. "Files of the Reichskanzlei: Adolf von Trotha(German)". Bundesarchiv. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
  2. "Files of the Reichskanzlei: Das Kabinett Scheidemann (German)". Bundesarchiv. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
  3. "Files of the Reichskanzlei: Das Kabinett Bauer(German)". Bundesarchiv. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
  4. Bird, Keith Weimar, the German Naval Officer Corps and the Rise of National Socialism, Grüner, 1977, page 69.
  • Hildebrand, Hans; Henriot, Ernest (1990). P — Z. Deutschlands Admirale : 1849-1945 : die militärischen Werdegänge der See-, Ingenieur-, Sanitäts-, Waffen- und Verwaltungsoffiziere im Admiralsrang (in German). 3. Osnabrück: Biblio-Verl. pp. 460–461. ISBN 3764814993.

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