Admiral Gifford (ship)

Admiral Gifford was a wooden schooner that was lost while travelling between Port Macquarie and Sydney, New South Wales, on 8 October 1834 with a cargo of grain, hides and tallow.

History
Name: Admiral Gifford
Owner: Messrs Lord & Co
Fate: Wrecked
General characteristics
Type: Wood schooner
Tons burthen: 43 (bm)
Ship primary use: Transport
Ship industry:
Ship passenger capacity: 8
Crew: 2+

Description

Little detail is known about Admiral Gifford. She was variously described as a colonial schooner with Walker as the master,[1] and 43 tons,[2] coppered and copper fastened.[3] She was similarly described whilst on a journey from Sydney to Hobart as

A wretched little schooner called the Admiral Gifford. It was a long and tedious voyage. We were half starved when I landed

George Clarke jnr[4]

Service history

The vessel made a number of journeys to and from New Zealand as well as Western Australia and Queensland Trips included departing Sydney Thursday 13 November 1828,[5] and returning Sunday 11 January 1829 with a general cargo of pork and flax as well as Mr. Love and 3 New Zealanders as passengers.[1]

March 1829 Admiral Gifford arrived in Sydney and reported her cargo to be potatoes and flax from New Zealand. She remained in the New South Wales port until early May when she departed on another speculative voyage. It was during this voyage on 24 June 1829 that she picked up the boats and crew of the cutter Mermaid, which had struck a reef near Frankland Reef, Queensland, and later transferred them to the brig Swiftsure. However, within a few hours Swiftsure was also wrecked and both crews again forced to take to their boats. They were eventually picked up by Resource and landed at Port Raffles on 20 July.[6]

Admiral Gifford supported the settlement of the Swan River Colony on the west coast of Australia at the time of the founding of Perth. She arrived there on 22 October 1829 carrying a cargo of spirits and corn.[7]

In 1830 Admiral Gifford was working along the east coast of Australia between Sydney and Newcastle carrying coal,[8] apparently under the command of Captain Taggart.[9] It was during January 1832 that Admiral Gifford made her trip to Hobart.[4]

During 1832 she made another journey to New Zealand and arrived back in Sydney with a cargo of 11 tons of flax from New Zealand. On this trip she left an old captain from Sydney called William Kinnard, who was accompanied by two whites and several New Zealanders on Rocky Point, where they intended to establish a sealing station.[8] The barque Vittoria, 281 tons, S. Ashmore, belonging to R. Jones & Co., brought up 37 tons of flax, 50 pounds whalebone and 5 butts whale oil to Sydney on 12 November 1832. She also brought sad news. Vittoria, had gone to pick Kinnard's party and their bales of sealskins but found find no trace of them. Ashmore learned, to his horror, that a band of local Maori had burned Kinnard's camp, seized the men, and then slaughtered and eaten them.[10][11]

On 1 November 1833 Admiral Gifford left again New Zealand for Sydney, her supercargo including Europeans Spyres, Battersy and Thomas Baker and three native New Zealanders. Her voyage back to Sydney took 12 days[8]

The master of Admiral Gifford also had strong views on the local Aborigines

I was advised, by the master of the Admiral Gifford, not to trust the blacks who were (he said) a set of treacherous villains; as, not long ago, they had pointed their spears at him and his boat's crew, while peaceably proceeding up King's River.
But such expeditions being generally for the purpose of surprising and carrying off the native women, it cannot at all be wondered at, that the native men should endeavour to prevent the outrage. Indeed, it is quite notorious on many parts of the coast, that if a small vessel makes her appearance, the natives get out of the way as fast as possible; while if the ship be large, they come down to the beach, without mistrust or fear.

T. B. Wilson[12]

Wreck

Little is known how Admiral Gifford sank. Fears were being raised by late October 1834

Great fears are entertained for the safety of Admiral Gifford. In order that the communication may, in the meantime, not be interrupted, Messrs. John Lord & Co. have advertised Taree to sail on Saturday.[13]

By December no sign had been heard

There is no doubt of the melancholy loss of the schooner Admiral Gifford belonging to Mr. F. Mitchell, of Sydney, and of late employed as a trader to Port Macquarie, By a private letter from a person on that settlement, we are enabled to furnish the names of the unfortunate individuals who have, by this catastrophe, met a premature death, viz

Mrs. Thompson, wife of the Clerk of Works, and two children
A young female emigrant named Watts, who was proceeding to Sydney to be married,
A young man from London named Marriott, who emigrated about two years ago,
Mrs. Tregurtha, wife of the master,
A carpenter, late in the employ of Major Innes
with the master and four seamen,

making in all twelve human beings, who have met a premature grave.[14]

Further reading

Online Databases
Australian National Shipwreck Database
Australian Shipping - Arrivals and Departures 1788-1968 including shipwrecks
Encyclopedia of Australian Shipwrecks - New South Wales Shipwrecks

Books

  • Wrecks on the New South Wales Coast. By Loney, J. K. (Jack Kenneth), 1925–1995 Oceans Enterprises. 1993 ISBN 978-0-646-11081-3.
  • Australian Shipwrecks - vol1 1622-1850, Charles Bateson, AH and AW Reed, Sydney, 1972, ISBN 0-589-07112-2, Call number 910.4530994 BAT
  • Australian shipwrecks Vol. 2 1851–1871 By Loney, J. K. (Jack Kenneth), 1925–1995. Sydney. Reed, 1980 910.4530994 LON
  • Australian shipwrecks Vol. 3 1871–1900 By Loney, J. K. (Jack Kenneth), 1925–1995. Geelong Vic: List Publishing, 1982 910.4530994 LON
  • Australian shipwrecks Vol. 4 1901–1986 By Loney, J. K. (Jack Kenneth), 1925–1995. Portarlington Vic. Marine History Publications, 1987 910.4530994 LON
  • Australian shipwrecks Vol. 5 Update 1986 By Loney, J. K. (Jack Kenneth), 1925–1995. Portarlington Vic. Marine History Publications, 1991 910.4530994 LON

References

  1. Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser, Tuesday 13 January 1829
  2. Sea Grave Yard Newcastle
  3. The Sydney Gazette Thursday 8 May 1834
  4. Clarke Family of Te Waimate Society - historical group
  5. Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser, Monday 17 November 1828
  6. Australian Maritime Digest 1 February 2009 Archived 24 October 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  7. History of West Australia s:Page:History of West Australia.djvu/67
  8. "My Ancestor's Story - Tracing pre-colonial New Zealand Ancestry". Archived from the original on 10 February 2012. Retrieved 12 December 2009.
  9. Sea Grave Yard Newcastle
  10. Murihiku: A History of the South Island of New Zealand and the Islands Adjacent and Lying to the South, from 1642 to 1835 Author: Robert McNab Publisher Whitcombe and Tombs Limited, 1909, Wellington
  11. Flude, Anthony G. (2001). "Whaling In Early New Zealand". Retrieved 29 May 2018.
  12. T. B. Wilson, Narrative of a Voyage Round the World. London: Sherwood, Gilbert and Piper, 1835, London: Dawson's of Pall Mall, 1968, page 236
  13. Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser, Thursday 30 October 1834
  14. The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser Tuesday 16 December 1834


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