Administrador de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias

ADIF (Spanish pronunciation: [aˈðif], an acronym of Administrador de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias) is a Spanish state-owned railway infrastructure manager under the responsibility of the Ministry of Development, charged with the management of most of Spain's railway infrastructure, that is the track, signaling and stations.[4] It was formed in 2005 in response to European Union requirements to separate the natural monopoly of infrastructure management from the competitive operations of running train services. It is the legal successor of RENFE, FEVE (Ferrocarriles de Vía Estrecha), and GIF (Gestor de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias).

State-owned public company
IndustryConstruction and Management of Rail Infrastructure Telecommunications
PredecessorsRenfe Operadora

Ferrocarriles de Vía Estrecha

Gestor de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias
Founded1 January 2005
HeadquartersMadrid, Spain
Key people
Isabel Pardo de Vega[1][2], Chairman
ProductsPublic rail transport
Revenue2,948.7 million (2010)[3]
gross operating profit: 399.7 million (2010)[3]
Number of employees
13,761 (2010)[3]
ParentMinistry of Development


ADIF is the result of Railway Sector Act, which arises from the transposition of European Directives. It requires that large European national railway independently manage the infrastructure and trains on it. The ultimate goal was to allow any other rail operator operating on the network to do so on equal terms with the operator, in this case, Renfe, promoting free competition. The RENFE division became effective on 1 January 2005 between the two companies:

  1. Renfe Operadora (newly created entity): Owner of trains and responsible for its circulation, which works in competition with other railway companies
  2. ADIF (Legal successor of RENFE): Owner of infrastructure and responsible for its management, which provides its services to any rail operator who requests

A similar operation was conducted on 31 December 2012 with FEVE, a company that managed the narrow gauge railways. ADIF took charge of all narrow gauge infrastructures not transferred to the autonomous governments.


ADIF is responsible for administrating rail infrastructures (tracks, stations, freight terminals, etc.), managing rail traffic distributing capacity to rail operators, and the collection of fees for infrastructure, station and freight terminal use [5]

Current High-Speed Rail Lines in Spain

Date CompletedLine
April 1992Madrid–Seville HSL
October 2003Madrid–Zaragoza–Lleida section (Madrid – Barcelona – French Border HSL)
April 2005Zaragoza–Huesca section (Madrid – Huesca HSL)
November 2005Madrid–Toledo HSL
December 2006Lleida–Camp de Tarragona section (Madrid – Barcelona – French Border HSL)
December 2007Madrid–Valladolid section (Madrid – Leon HSL)
December 2007Antequera–Malaga section (Madrid – Malaga HSL)
February 2008Camp de Tarragona–Barcelona section (Madrid – Barcelona – French Border HSL)
December 2010Figueres–Perthus Tunnel (managed by TP Ferro) and Nudo Mollet Junction-Girona sections (Madrid-Barcelona-French Border HSL)
December 2010Madrid–Cuenca–Albacete–Valencia section (Madrid – Castile-La Mancha – Valencia Region – Murcia Region HSL)
December 2011Ourense–Santiago de Compostela–A Coruña section (Madrid – Galicia and Atlantic Corridor HSL)
January 2013Barcelona–Figueres Section (Madrid – Barcelona – French Border HSL)
June 2013Albacete–Alicante section (Madrid – Castile-La Mancha – Valencia Region – Murcia Region HSL)
April 2015Santiago de Compostela–Vigo section (Atlantic Corridor HSL)
September 2015Valladolid–Venta de Baños–Leon section (Madrid – Leon HSL)
September 2015Valladolid–Venta de Baños–Leon section (Madrid – Leon HSL)
January 2018Valencia–Castellón section (Madrid – Castile-La Mancha – Valencia Region – Murcia Region HSL)

High-Speed Rail Lines under Construction in Spain

  1. León - Asturias (Pajares New Line). Length: 49.7 km
  2. Venta de Baños - Burgos - Vitoria. Length: 200.4 km
  3. Vitoria - Bilbao - San Sebastián. Length: 176.5 km (including accesses to cities)
  4. Madrid - Galicia. Olmedo - Zamora - Lubián - Ourense sections. Approximate length: 363 km
  5. Madrid – Castile-La Mancha – Valencia Region – Murcia Region. Length: 955 km (603 in service and 352 under construction)
  6. Extension of Madrid Southern Access-Torrejón de Velasco
  7. High-speed Mediterranean Corridor. Murcia-Almería section. Length: 184.4 km (not including the Murcia Railway Network)
  8. Antequera-Granada. Length: 125.7 km
  9. Madrid - Extremadura - Portuguese Border. Estimated length: 450 km
  10. Madrid: Atocha-Chamartín connection. Length: 8.2 km [6]

Financial Information

Turnover (millions of euros)[3]
200820092010Variation 09-10
Net business turnover1,807.01,963.01,999.81.87%
Gross operating profit (EBITDA)204.7278.0399.743.78%
Operating costs1,568.31,769.51,766.1-0.19%
Salary and Compensation to Employees653.0674.5710.55.34%
Total economic value distributed2,542.42,546.22,573.51.07%


  1. "Órganos de Gobierno" (in Spanish). Adif. Archived from the original on 5 December 2018. Retrieved 4 December 2018.
  2. País, El (28 June 2018). "Fomento nombra a Isaías Táboas presidente de Renfe y a Isabel Pardo, de ADIF". El País (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 5 December 2018. Retrieved 4 December 2018.
  3. "Executive Summary page 22/23" (PDF).
  4. Conocer Adif, Adif, archived from the original on 19 June 2010, retrieved 25 June 2010. (in Spanish)
  5. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. "Adif - High speed lines". Archived from the original on 4 January 2019. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
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