Adelaide Jubilee International Exhibition

The Adelaide International Jubilee Exhibition of 1887 was a celebration of the 50th anniversary of Queen Victoria's accession to the throne on 20 June 1837,[1] held in Adelaide, South Australia in 1887. It was also a celebration of the 50th anniversary of the Proclamation of South Australia which occurred around six months earlier, on 28 December 1886.

Adelaide Jubilee International Exhibition
Overview
BIE-classUnrecognized exposition
NameAdelaide Jubilee International Exhibition
BuildingJubilee Exhibition Building
Visitors619,414
Location
CityAdelaide, South Australia
Coordinates34°55′14″S 138°36′22″E
Timeline
Opening21 June 1887
Closure7 January 1888

History

The idea of South Australia hosting an international exhibition as a patriotic gesture was promoted in the early 1880s, culminating in a Bill which was passed by Parliament in 1883. Subsequent opposition to the scheme on the grounds of the expense involved saw the Bill being repealed in 1884, and Sir Edwin T. Smith pushed for a less grandiose celebration, which resulted in the Act of 1885, and the voting of £32,000 for a permanent Exhibition Building, as well as an adjacent temporary building. The cost of running the Exhibition, expected to be met by entrance fees, was underwritten by a handful of wealthy guarantors,[2] including pastoralist Clement Sabine. A railway line was constructed from the Adelaide railway station to the Exhibition Building.

J. F. Conigrave was Secretary, William Alfred Robinson was on the committee; Robert Dalrymple Ross was a promoter. H. C. E. Muecke was Executive Commissioner for Germany; C. L. Meyer (1849–1916) for Austria-Hungary. Sir Herbert Sandford R.A. (1826–1892) visited as British Commissioner,[3] enlisting J. C. Wharton as secretary. John Neild was the popular and hard-working commissioner for New South Wales.[4]

A London Committee was formed under Chairman the Duke of Manchester, while secretary George Levey contributed largely to the Melbourne, London, Philadelphia, New York and Paris press, and wrote various important official reports.

The formal opening ceremony took place on 21 June 1887 and began, after a prayer by Bishop Kennion and a performance of the Exhibition Cantata (George Herbert Cossins / Edward R. G. W. Andrews), with an address by Sir Edwin Smith, the Vice-President of the South Australian Commission, presenting to the President, the Governor Sir William Robinson with a golden master key to the Building, all the locks having been donated by Chubb & Co. This part of the formalities over, the orchestra and chorus under Professor Joshua Ives struck up The Song of Australia.[5]

A quite different composition, the Jubilee Cantata or Victoria Cantata, was performed to great acclaim at the closing ceremony on 7 January 1888. Written (words and music) by Carl Puttmann, it opened with variations on the Song of Australia and concluded with a fugue on God Save the Queen.[6]

Admissions

Charge £NumbersTakings £
Season ticketholders
exhibitors, workers
302,481
Cash admissions305,364
School children8,935
Poor and afflictedN/C2,634
TOTAL619,414

Awards

34 juries numbering between 4 and 12 jurors (total 192 of which 92 were from New South Wales and Victoria, and the remainder from South Australia) made some 3,426 awards .[7]

1st2nd3rdTot
Austria-Hungary45321794
Belgium713946156
British North Borneo11
Denmark11
France107219
Germany713211114
Holland112
Italy213
New South Wales18913075394
Victoria26815189508
South Australia457316225998
Seychelles Islands44
Sweden314
Switzerland11
United States of America56211087
United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Ireland
66322798988
Algiers11
Canada3710
Fiji415
India213
Johore224
Manila11
New Zealand6410
Tasmania11213
TOTAL1,8759755763,426

Entertainments

Many dozens of concerts were given during the course of the Exhibition, of which the following is a sample:

  • W. R. Pybus gave an organ recital on 9 September, and grand military display was held on the same day.
  • An organ recital was given by W. R. Knox on the afternoon of Saturday 17 September, and a "grand popular concert" was organised by Bessie Royal for the evening, Mr. Pybus serving as accompanist.[8] and another concert was held on 20 September
  • The Model Band gave a performance on the afternoon of 24 September, and T. H. Jones gave an organ recital in the evening.[9]
  • Coward's Premier Band gave a concert on 29 September.
  • A Grand International Band Competition was held on 1 October.[10]
  • W. R. Pybus gave another organ recital on 28 October, and the Militia Band performed on 29 October.
  • Another successful concert was given on 19 November, with singers H. G. Nash and Bessie Royal, accompanied by W. R. Pybus. On 24 November a "Grand instrumental concert with vocal intermezzo" was given by Professor Ives, Hermann Reimann and Miss Hawkins vocalist.

Agricultural Show

The Royal Agricultural and Horticultural Society ran their Spring Show concurrently with the Jubilee Exhibition from 14 to 17 September, but at the "Old Exhibition Grounds" on the other side of Frome Road. The Show had been extended from two to four days on account of the great interest shown, particularly in the display of sheep, which was of a very high standard.[11]

Some prizewinners

By no means exhaustive, these names and categories may give an idea of the range of awards.

  • Photographer Friedrich C. Krichauff,
  • Painter John Reinhard Weguelin
  • Thomas Hardy won the red wine prize donated by P. B. Burgoyne of London after Paul de Castella of Yarra Flats was disqualified on technical grounds.
  • B. Hulbert of Sydney, Alcock & Co. of Melbourne and P. Gay of Adelaide prizes won for billiard tables.
  • The Wirrilda Jam factory, Stirling East, for tinned jam
  • Thos. Fletcher & Co., S. Flavel, and G. W. Grove, all of Leamington; McDowell, Steven & Co., and Smith & Wellstood, both of Scotland; and Fischer Heating and Cooking Apparatus Company of Cincinnati for various classes of heating and cooking stoves
  • The Besson Company of Great Britain for brass instruments; Estey Organ Company of Vermont for reed organs; Fincham & Hobday of Adelaide for a pipe organ.

Legacy

Costs of running the Exhibition, not counting capital works, were more than covered by gate takings and other receipts, a tribute to the Committee's organisation, but also to the patriotic fervour of the times.

John Neild began to encounter difficulties in his political career towards the end of the 1880s; criticism of his oversight of the establishment of the Exhibition led to investigation by a Legislative Assembly select committee, but he was exonerated.

The area north of the Exhibition Railway Station was cleared and formed into a sports oval, bordered by a banked cycle racing track, and christened the Jubilee Oval. It was used, in conjunction with the Jubilee Exhibition Building, for Royal Agricultural and Horticultural Society Autumn Show in 1895, and all Shows until the Spring Show at the Wayville showgrounds in September 1925.

References

  1. Her coronation was held on 28 June 1838
  2. "History of this Exhibition". South Australian Register. LII (12, 668). South Australia. 21 June 1887. p. 9 (Jubilee Supplement to the South Australia Register.). Retrieved 7 June 2016 via National Library of Australia.
  3. "The Late Sir H. B. Sandford". Evening Journal (Adelaide). XXIV (6662). South Australia. 3 February 1892. p. 3. Retrieved 7 June 2016 via National Library of Australia.
  4. "A Popular Personality". The Register (Adelaide). LXXVI (20, 070). South Australia. 10 March 1911. p. 4. Retrieved 16 June 2016 via National Library of Australia.
  5. "The Formal Ceremonies". South Australian Register. LII (12, 669). South Australia. 22 June 1887. p. 5. Retrieved 29 May 2016 via National Library of Australia.
  6. "Adelaide Jubilee Exhibition". The South Australian Advertiser. XXX (9118). South Australia. 9 January 1888. p. 6. Retrieved 17 June 2016 via National Library of Australia.
  7. "General News". South Australian Weekly Chronicle. XXX (1, 528). South Australia. 3 December 1887. p. 12. Retrieved 8 June 2016 via National Library of Australia.
  8. "The Adelaide Jubilee Exhibition". The South Australian Advertiser. XXX (9023). South Australia. 19 September 1887. p. 6. Retrieved 17 June 2016 via National Library of Australia.
  9. "The Adelaide Jubilee Exhibition". The South Australian Advertiser. XXX (9029). South Australia. 26 September 1887. p. 6. Retrieved 17 June 2016 via National Library of Australia.
  10. "THE Adelaide Jubilee Exhibition". The South Australian Advertiser. XXX (9026). South Australia. 22 September 1887. p. 6. Retrieved 17 June 2016 via National Library of Australia.
  11. "The Show and the Farmers". Adelaide Observer. XLIV (2398). South Australia. 17 September 1887. p. 24. Retrieved 17 June 2016 via National Library of Australia.
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