Active was a stern-wheel driven steamboat that operated on the upper Willamette River from 1865 to 1872. During its short operational life, Active was owned by several different steamboat companies. It was dismantled in 1872 at Canemah, Oregon.
Advertisement for Active and other steamers, placed March 17, 1866
|Owner:||(1) Willamette Steam Navigation Co.; (2) People's Transportation Co.; (3) Oregon Steamship Co. (Ben Holladay)|
|Out of service:||1872|
|Identification:||U.S. # 1232|
|Fate:||Dismantled at Canemah, OR|
|Class and type:||riverine all-purpose|
|Tonnage:||259.74 gross tons|
|Length:||122 ft (37.2 m) over hull (exclusive of fantail)|
|Beam:||23 ft (7.0 m) over hull (exclusive of guards|
|Depth:||5.1 ft (1.55 m)|
|Installed power:||twin steam engines, horizontally mounted, each with bore of 14 in (36 cm) and stroke of 4.5 ft (1.4 m), 13 nominal horsepower|
Active was 122 ft (37.2 m) long, measured over the hull, and exclusive of the extension of the main deck over the stern, called the "fantail", on which the stern-wheel was mounted. Active had a beam of 23 ft (7.0 m) exclusive of the protective timbers along the upper sides of the hull called the guards. The depth of hold was 5.1 ft (1.55 m).
Active was driven by a stern-wheel, turned by twin steam engines, horizontally mounted, each with bore of 14 in (36 cm) and stroke of 4.5 ft (1.4 m), generating 13 nominal horsepower.
Competition with the People's Transportation Company
The W.S.N. company had been formed to give competition to the dominant steamer company on the river, the People's Transportation Company. The P.T. Company, as it was known, had bested a number of rivals, but the challenge of the W.S.N. Co., in October 1865, was one of the most serious it had faced.
The W.S.N. built Active at Canemah as well as the steamer Alert at Oswego, to make the run from Portland to Oregon City. The new company gained control of the upper Willamette steamer Echo, running both Active and Echo on the upper Willamette against the P.T. Company.
Fares dropped fast, so that a passenger could go from Portland to Oregon City for free, then on to Salem fifty cents, with meals and berth free, and then on to Albany for one dollar and to Corvallis for $1.50. Freight rates dropped to fifty cents per ton for shipments from Portland to Oregon City.
The steamboats of the rival companies tested their speed against each other on a daily basis. On one occasion, Active and the Reliance, a P.T. Company boat, raced all the way from Canemah to Salem. The speed contests between Reliance and Active were remembered many years later by one old steamboat man as the "most exciting boat racing I have ever seen."
Merger of the rival lines
By March 1866, the competition had grown too much for both companies, and they decided to merge. In 1866, when Willamette Steam Navigation Company sold all of its assets, including the steamer Active to the People's Transportation Company, Capt. George Jerome took over, followed a few years later by Capt. George A. Pease.
Sale to Holladay interests
On September 6, 1871, the People's Transportation Company, apprehensive that the pending completion of the locks at Oregon City would bring a new challenge to its near-ten-year monopoly, voted to dissolve the corporation and sell all its assets, including the steamer Active, to Ben Holladay's company, the Oregon and California Railroad, for $200,000.
Active was dismantled in 1872 at Canemah, Oregon.
- Wright, E.W., ed. (1895). "Chapter 7: The "Brother Jonathan" and Other Notable Wrecks, Steamboating on Interior Waters". Lewis & Dryden's Marine History of the Pacific Northwest. Portland, OR: Lewis and Dryden Printing Co. pp. 135 and 146. LCCN 28001147.
- Affleck, Edward L. (2000). "Part One: Chapter Two: Columbia River Waterways — List of Vessels". A Century of Paddlewheelers in the Pacific Northwest, the Yukon, and Alaska. Vancouver, BC: Alexander Nicholls Press. p. 7. ISBN 0-920034-08-X.
- Wright, E.W. (Oct 27, 1929). "Steamboat Companies Fight for Control of Upper Willamette River Trade Bitter". Sunday Oregonian. 48 (43). Portland, OR. Section Three, p.14, col.1.
- "Early Steamers on Willamette River Described". The Oregonian. 36 (30). Portland, OR. Jul 29, 1917. Section Two, p.14, col.2.
- Wright, E.W., ed. (1895). "Chapter 9: Remarkable Trip of the "Shoshone," Willamette and Columbia Transportation Enterprises". Lewis & Dryden's Marine History of the Pacific Northwest. Portland, OR: Lewis and Dryden Printing Co. p. 196. LCCN 28001147.
- "By state telegraph — Sale by the Peoples' Transportation Co. to Ben Holladay". Morning Oregonian. 11 (157). Portland, OR: Henry L. Pittock. Sep 7, 1871. p.1, col.4.
- Affleck, Edward L. (2000). A Century of Paddlewheelers in the Pacific Northwest, the Yukon, and Alaska. Vancouver, BC: Alexander Nicholls Press. ISBN 0-920034-08-X.
- Corning, Howard McKinley (1973). Willamette Landings -- Ghost Towns of the River (2nd ed.). Portland, OR: Oregon Historical Society. ISBN 0875950426.
- Mills, Randall V. (1947). Sternwheelers up Columbia — A Century of Steamboating in the Oregon Country. Lincoln NE: University of Nebraska. ISBN 0-8032-5874-7. LCCN 77007161.
- Wright, E.W., ed. (1895). Lewis & Dryden's Marine History of the Pacific Northwest. Portland, OR: Lewis and Dryden Printing Co. LCCN 28001147.