|Died||13 April 1865 70) (aged|
|Institutions||Muséum national d'histoire naturelle|
Valenciennes was born in Paris, and studied under Georges Cuvier. Valenciennes' study of parasitic worms in humans made an important contribution to the study of parasitology. Valenciennes also carried out diverse systematic classifications, linking fossil and current species.
He worked with Cuvier on the 22-volume "Histoire Naturelle des Poissons" (Natural History of Fish) (1828–1848), carrying on alone after Cuvier died in 1832. In 1832, he succeeded Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville (1777–1850) as chair of Histoire naturelle des mollusques, des vers et des zoophytes at the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle.
Early in his career, he was give the task of classifying animals described by Alexander von Humboldt (1769–1859) during his travels in the American tropics (1799 to 1803), and a lasting friendship was established between the two men. He is the binomial authority for many species of fish, such as the bartail jawfish.
A species of lizard, Anolis valencienni, is named after him.
- Category:Taxa named by Achille Valenciennes
- "Achille VALENCIENNES" (in French). Comité des travaux historiques et scientifiques. Retrieved 20 January 2011.
- Lachaise; Valenciennes Achille (1794-1865)-biography
- Larousse Encyclopedia (translated biography)
- The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
- Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Valenciennes", p. 271).