ARF6

ADP-ribosylation factor 6 (ARF6) is a member of the ADP ribosylation factor family of GTP-binding proteins. ARF6 has a variety of cellular functions that are frequently involved in trafficking of biological membranes and transmembrane protein cargo. ARF6 has specifically been implicated in endocytosis of plasma membrane proteins and also, to a lesser extent, plasma membrane protein recycling.

ARF6
Available structures
PDBOrtholog search: PDBe RCSB
Identifiers
AliasesARF6, ADP-ribosylation factor 6, ADP ribosylation factor 6
External IDsOMIM: 600464 MGI: 99435 HomoloGene: 1256 GeneCards: ARF6
Gene location (Human)
Chr.Chromosome 14 (human)[1]
Band14q21.3Start49,893,082 bp[1]
End49,897,054 bp[1]
RNA expression pattern


More reference expression data
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez

382

11845

Ensembl

ENSG00000165527

ENSMUSG00000044147

UniProt

P62330

P62331

RefSeq (mRNA)

NM_001663

NM_007481

RefSeq (protein)

NP_001654

NP_031507

Location (UCSC)Chr 14: 49.89 – 49.9 MbChr 12: 69.37 – 69.37 Mb
PubMed search[3][4]
Wikidata
View/Edit HumanView/Edit Mouse

Function

This gene encodes a member of the human ARF gene family, which is part of the Ras superfamily. The ARF genes encode small guanine nucleotide-binding proteins that stimulate the ADP-ribosyltransferase activity of cholera toxin and play a role in vesicular trafficking and as activators of phospholipase D. The product of this gene is localized to the plasma membrane, and regulates vesicular trafficking, remodelling of membrane lipids, and signaling pathways that lead to actin remodeling. A pseudogene of this gene is located on chromosome 7.[5]

ARF6 can interact with βarrestin upon receptor activation.

Interactions

Arf6 has been shown to interact with:

References

  1. GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000165527 - Ensembl, May 2017
  2. GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000044147 - Ensembl, May 2017
  3. "Human PubMed Reference:". National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  4. "Mouse PubMed Reference:". National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  5. "Entrez Gene: ARF6 ADP-ribosylation factor 6".
  6. Claing A, Chen W, Miller WE, Vitale N, Moss J, Premont RT, Lefkowitz RJ (November 2001). "beta-Arrestin-mediated ADP-ribosylation factor 6 activation and beta 2-adrenergic receptor endocytosis". J. Biol. Chem. 276 (45): 42509–13. doi:10.1074/jbc.M108399200. PMID 11533043.
  7. D'Souza-Schorey C, Boshans RL, McDonough M, Stahl PD, Van Aelst L (September 1997). "A role for POR1, a Rac1-interacting protein, in ARF6-mediated cytoskeletal rearrangements". EMBO J. 16 (17): 5445–54. doi:10.1093/emboj/16.17.5445. PMC 1170175. PMID 9312003.
  8. Shin OH, Exton JH (August 2001). "Differential binding of arfaptin 2/POR1 to ADP-ribosylation factors and Rac1". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 285 (5): 1267–73. doi:10.1006/bbrc.2001.5330. PMID 11478794.
  9. Mitchell R, Robertson DN, Holland PJ, Collins D, Lutz EM, Johnson MS (September 2003). "ADP-ribosylation factor-dependent phospholipase D activation by the M3 muscarinic receptor". J. Biol. Chem. 278 (36): 33818–30. doi:10.1074/jbc.M305825200. PMID 12799371.
  10. Prigent M, Dubois T, Raposo G, Derrien V, Tenza D, Rossé C, Camonis J, Chavrier P (December 2003). "ARF6 controls post-endocytic recycling through its downstream exocyst complex effector". J. Cell Biol. 163 (5): 1111–21. doi:10.1083/jcb.200305029. PMC 2173613. PMID 14662749.
  11. Prieto C, De Las Rivas J (July 2006). "APID: Agile Protein Interaction DataAnalyzer". Nucleic Acids Res. 34 (Web Server issue): W298–302. doi:10.1093/nar/gkl128. PMC 1538863. PMID 16845013. Archived from the original on 2010-04-09.
  12. Peru y Colón de Portugal RL, Acevedo SF, Rodan AR, Chang LY, Eaton BA, Rothenfluh A (December 2012). "Adult neuronal Arf6 controls ethanol-induced behavior with Arfaptin downstream of Rac1 and RhoGAP18B". J. Neurosci. 32 (49): 17706–13. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1944-12.2012. PMC 3535434. PMID 23223291.

Further reading

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