AGO Ao 192

The Ago Ao 192 Kurier was a small German twin-engined aircraft designed and built by AGO Flugzeugwerke in the 1930s. A small production run of six aircraft followed three prototypes, these being used as transports.

Ao 192 Kurier
D-OCTB in Tunisia, 1939
Role Light transport/utility aircraft
National origin Germany
Manufacturer AGO Flugzeugwerke
First flight 1935
Number built 6

Development and design

The AGO Flugzeugwerke was re-established at Oschersleben in 1934,[1] with its first design a multi-purpose light-twin-engined aircraft offered against the same requirement for a light aircraft that produced the Gotha Go 146 and Siebel Fh 104.[2]

AGO's design, the Ao 192, was a low-winged cantilever monoplane of all-metal construction. Its monocoque fuselage accommodated a crew of two pilots who sat side by side in an enclosed flight deck, while there were seats for five passengers in a separate cabin. It was powered by two 179 kW (240 hp) Argus As 10 and had a retractable tailwheel undercarriage.[1]

The first prototype made its maiden flight in mid-1935, soon being followed by a second aircraft, similar to the first. A third prototype, with a deeper fuselage allowing an additional passenger to be carried, more powerful engines and a revised undercarriage, formed the basis for the planned Ao 192B civil transport, with versions planned to serve as light transports, ambulance aircraft and survey aircraft. In addition, a number of military variants were proposed, including a light reconnaissance aircraft and a light bomber.[1]

AGO had large orders for licence-built aircraft for the Luftwaffe however, with much of their wartime work involved with Focke-Wulf, and only six AGO production aircraft could be built.[1]

Operational history

The six production aircraft were acquired by the German state, with one being used as the personal transport of Dr Robert Ley, the head of the Reichsarbeitdienst, while others were used as transports by the Waffen-SS and at the test-centre at Rechlin.[1]

Variants

Ao 192 V1
First prototype. Argus As 10 C engines.
Ao 192 V2
Second prototype, revised, braced, tailplane.
Ao 192 V3
Third prototype. Argus As 10E engines, revised fuselage and undercarriage.
Ao 192B
Production series based on V3. Six built.

Specifications (Ao 192B)

Data from Air International June 1977 [1], Flugzeug-Typenbuch 1941[3]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1 pilot + 1 radio operator
  • Capacity: 6 passengers
  • Length: 10.98 m (36 ft 0 in)
  • Wingspan: 13.54 m (44 ft 5 in)
  • Height: 3.64 m (11 ft 11 in)
  • Wing area: 25.04 m2 (269.5 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 1,640 kg (3,616 lb)
  • Gross weight: 2,860 kg (6,305 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 2,950 kg (6,504 lb)
  • Fuel capacity: main tank:410 l (110 US gal; 90 imp gal); oil tank:38 l (10 US gal; 8.4 imp gal)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Argus As 10E air-cooled inverted V-8 engine, 200 kW (270 hp) each
  • Propellers: 2-bladed variable-pitch wooden propellers, 2.3 m (7 ft 7 in) diameter

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 335 km/h (208 mph, 181 kn) at 2,000 m (6,600 ft)
  • Cruise speed: 238 km/h (148 mph, 129 kn) at 2,000 m (6,600 ft)
  • Landing Speed: 90 km/h (56 mph; 49 kn)
  • Range: 1,360 km (850 mi, 730 nmi)
  • Endurance: 3.86 hours
  • Service ceiling: 5,200 m (17,100 ft) on 2 engines; 1,500 m (4,900 ft) on 1 engine
  • Time to altitude: 1,000 m (3,300 ft) in 3.2 minutes; 2,000 m (6,600 ft) in 7.2 minutes; 4,000 m (13,000 ft) in 20 minutes
  • Wing loading: 114.05 kg/m2 (23.36 lb/sq ft)
  • Power/mass: 5.3 kg/hp
  • Landing run: 275 m (902 ft)
  • Take-off run: 235 m (771 ft)

See also

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

Related lists

Notes

  1. Air International June 1977, p.305.
  2. Smith and Kay 1972, p.578.
  3. Schneider, Helmut (1941). Flugzeug-Typenbuch 1941 (in German) (1941 ed.). Leipzig: Herm. Beyer Verlag. p. 10.

References

  • "Plane Facts". Air International, June 1977, Vol 12 No 6. Bromley, UK:Fine Scroll. p. 306.
  • Smith, J.R. and Kay, Antony J. German Aircraft of the Second World War. London:Putnam, 1990. ISBN 0 85177 836 4.
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