A&E Television Networks, LLC, d/b/a A+E Networks, is an American broadcasting company that is a joint venture between Hearst Communications and Disney Media Networks, a business segment of The Walt Disney Company. The company owns several non-fiction and entertainment-based television brands, including its namesake A&E, History, Lifetime, FYI, and their associated sister channels, and holds stakes in or licenses their international branches.
Limited liability company
|Abbe Raven (Interim CEO)|
|Services||Broadcasting & Cable TV|
|Total equity||$20 billion (2013 est. value)|
|Owners||Hearst Communications (50%) |
Disney Media Networks (50%)
Arts and Entertainment
A&E was formed from the merger of the Alpha Repertory Television Service and the Entertainment Channel, a premium cable channel, in 1984 with their respective owners keeping stakes in the new company. Thus A&E's shareholders were Hearst and ABC (from ARTS) and Radio City Music Hall (Rockefeller Group) and RCA, then the parent of NBC (from Entertainment Channel). The company launched Arts & Entertainment Network, a cultural cable channel, on February 1, 1984.
In 1990, after having aired episodes of its original 1960's version, A&E acquired rights to, and started producing new episodes of the documentary series Biography—which became the channel's flagship program. The network also introduced its own companion magazine, A&E Monthly.
The company indicated that plans for a history channel were in the works in 1993; it purchased the Lou Reda Productions documentary library and long-term rights for the Hearst Entertainment documentaries archive. In June 1993, the Rockefeller Group's Radio City Music Hall sold its 12.5% stake in A&E to the other three partners (now including NBC in place of RCA after GE's purchase of the latter in 1986) with NBC owning 25% and the other two 37.5% each. Also that month, a new production unit was set up.
The A&E channel expanded to Canada, and later Mexico from 1993 to 1994. Biography began airing 5 nights a week in 1994. Also in 1994, A&E, on its 10th anniversary, changed its name from Arts and Entertainment to A&E.
The A&E company launched The History Channel on January 1, 1995, with its UK counterpart following on November 1 in partnership with British Sky Broadcasting. A&E Networks considered History to be the driver in international expansion due to lack of international rights to A&E international co-productions. As expected, the History Channel led A&E's overseas expansion in Brazil with TVA (April 1996), the Nordic and Baltic regions with Modern Times Group (1997) and in Canada (1997).
Formerly only direct sales, A&E Home Video initiated a six-month trial in which Barnes & Noble would sell the "Biography" line in stores and becoming permanent in 1996. THC debuted in two other media in September 1996 with a radio program on ABC Radio Networks and Border Books stocking THC videos.
The 'Biography' franchise continued to expand with a website in July 1996, a children's version launched in fall 1996, an audio tape line in 1997, telefilm development, a Crown published short biography line and debuted its magazine which replaced A&E Monthly. During the 1998-1999 season, Biography: American Justice and Biography Movies" debuted.
History expanded in 1998 into tours of U.S. landmarks with Mayflower Tours having an affiliated website (historytravel.com), History Channel Traveler, and a planned quarterly magazine. While in October, History and MSG Network teamed up to produce several short-form sports history programs.
A+E spun out its two digital cable channels in November 1998 with The Biography Channel and History Channel International from A&E and The History Channel. A&E was spending $10 million per year to convert to the digital format and for digital distribution.
AETN All Asia Networks was formed in April 2007 through a joint venture between A&E Television Networks and Malaysia's pay TV provider Astro Overseas Limited.
Acquisition of Lifetime, further developments
In August 2009, A&E Networks acquired Lifetime Entertainment Services, which at the time was jointly owned by Disney and Hearst, each with 50% ownership. Following the deal, Disney and Hearst each held approximately 42% of the combined company, while NBC Universal retained approximately 16%. The deal included mechanisms by which NBCU could choose, or alternatively be forced to, exit the partnership over the subsequent 15 years. AETN and Network 18 Group In August 2010 formed a joint venture (49/51%), AETN-18 India, which would first launch the History and Bio channels in India. In May 2011, A&E Television Networks changed its brand name to A+E Networks. A&E dropped TV as their brands had move beyond just the TV channel, while keeping Networks being contemporary to similar companies.
In July 2012, NBC confirmed plans to divest its 15.8% stake in A&E Networks by way of a share repurchase by A&E Networks, making Disney and Hearst 50-50 partners in the joint venture. In August 2012, A&E announced that Lionsgate Home Entertainment had acquired the home video distribution rights to its content, replacing New Video.
With an early June 2013 promotion to A&E Networks CEO, Nancy Dubuc launched a new in-house production unit, A&E Studios, and hired veteran BBC executive Jana Bennett to serve as the president of Biography Channel and LMN. In July 2013, A+E Networks bought out Astro Overseas's stake in AETN All Asia Networks and renamed it to A+E Networks Asia.
In December 2013, in response to stagnating viewership in comparison to its sister networks, it was announced that The Biography Channel would be re-launched as FYI, a lifestyle-oriented network, in 2014. The channel's new president, Jana Bennett, had previously overseen TLC's early-2000's transition into a mainstream lifestyle channel.
A&E Networks Italy was established in December 2013, launching the local version of Crime & Investigation, as well as buying out the Italian version of History from its local partner, Fox International Channels.
In August 2014, A&E took a 10% stake in Vice Media for $250 million. The company then announced in April 2015 that H2 would be rebranded into a Vice channel with an indicated early 2016 launch. Director Spike Jonze, Vice's creative director, is overseeing the development of the new 24-hour channel. Disney also made a direct investment in Vice Media with two $200 investments in November 2015 then a week later in December for about a direct 10% to assist in funding programming.
A&E Networks took an equity stake at the March 2015 formation of an independent TV production company, Propagate Content, run and owned by CEO Howard T. Owens and chief creative officer David McKillop, former A&E channel general manager. The company formed an in-house advertising agency, 45th & Dean, under executive vice president and general manager of FYI Network Paul Greenberg.
In March 2018, Dubuc resigned as CEO. A&E called back former CEO Abbe Raven to be interim CEO. Paul Buccieri was promoted from president of A&E Studios and A&E Networks Portfolio Group to A&E President in July 2018.
Buccieri formed the A+E Originals unit for unscripted series. This was followed by three first look deals with Leah Remini, Elizabeth Vargas and Gretchen Carlson. Vargas would serve as anchor of its A&E Investigates banner.
On November 6, 2018, the European Commission approved Disney's proposed acquisition of 21st Century Fox assets, but ordered A&E Networks International to divest certain factual television networks in the European Economic Area that overlap with the Fox assets being acquired, including Blaze, Crime & Investigation, History, H2, and Lifetime.
- A+E Networks Consumer Products
- A&E Studios
- A&E IndieFilms, documentary feature film division
- A&E Films
- A&E Networks Digital
- 45th & Dean, in house ad agency
A&E Studios (stylized as A+E Studios) is the company's in house scripted production division.
A&E Networks formed the studio in June 2013 under president Bob DeBitetto. At MIPCOM in October 2014, International executive vice president Sean Cohan and DeBitetto launched A&E Studios International as a distribution and financing unit to distribution A&E Studios productions. With the October 2016 retirement of DeBitetto, Paul Buccieri took over his post as president of A+E Studios and A+E Networks Portfolio Group from the post of president of A&E Network and History.
Buccieri formed the A+E Originals unit for unscripted series placing Steve Ascher, Former History executive, in day-to-day charge as vice president in 2007. Soon there after in April 2018, A&E agreed to a third season for "Scientology and the Aftermath" documentary series and a first-look development deal with Leah Remini.
Also in April 2018, A&E Originals signed Elizabeth Vargas to a first-look and production deal. Vargas would serve as anchor of its A&E Investigates, its banner for new non-fiction prime time journalism programming. In April 2018, A&E Originals signed a first-look deal with former Fox News Channel anchor Gretchen Carlson to host three documentaries. Ascher was promoted to senior vice president, production and development of A+E Originals.
- Sons of Liberty (Miniseries, 2015)
- UnREAL (TV series, 2015–18)
- You (TV series, 2018–)
- Project Blue Book (TV series, 2019)
- American Princess (TV series, 2019)
- Reprisal (TV series, 2019)
- A&E Investigates (2018-) A&E Originals
- Cults and Extreme Belief (May 28, 2018-)
- The Plot Against America special (June 4, 2018) examining counter-intelligence versus Russia since 2001
- The Untitled Word of Faith Fellowship Project (working title)
- Child Brides (working title)
A+E Networks International
A+E Networks International is the international division of A+E Networks, which handles international operations outside the U.S., mostly through joint ventures. A&E is an associate member of: the Caribbean Cable & Telecommunications Association and the Caribbean Cable Cooperative.
A&E International moved into France with a deal with Canal Plus Group for channel carriage in France on its CanalSat satellite platform in the second half of 2013 and A&E programs for Canal's D8 and D17 free-to-air channels.
- Blaze: Italy, Spain, United Kingdom
- Crime & Investigation: Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Netherlands, Romania, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Serbia, South Africa, Spain, United Kingdom
- History: Arabia, Belgium (Flanders), [Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Hungary, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom
- H2: Arabia, Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Russia, Poland, Serbia, Slovenia, Sweden, United Kingdom
- Lifetime: Ireland, Poland, South Africa, United Kingdom
|Launched||20 September 2016|
|Owned by||A&E Networks UK|
|Picture format||576i (16:9 SDTV)|
|Audience share||0.21% (April 2017, BARB)|
|Timeshift service||Blaze +1|
Channel 80 (+1)
|Astra 2G||11081 H 22000 5/6|
|Virgin Media||Channel 216|
Blaze is a free-to-air television channel owned by A&E Networks UK, a joint venture between A&E Networks and Sky, while in Spain it is owned and run by History Channel Iberia joint venture. This channel allows UK A&E to use its programming for the complete "lifecycle". The channels' programming is a best of A&E shows Blaze was the first channel launched in the UK by A&E Networks that didn't borrow its name from one of the company's U.S. channels. The abbreviation "A&E" is commonly interpreted as emergency department in the UK, so the company decided not to use that brand for the channel.
In 2013, A&E Networks UK hired Heather Jones as general manager. Jones pushed having a free-to-air channel starting in her interview. Other US competitors have launched free-to-air channels in the UK with Turner Broadcasting's TruTV in August 2014, Viacom's Spike in April 2015 and Fox's YourTV on Freeview in October 2015. A&E Networks announced a free-to-air factual entertainment channel for the UK in the third quarter of the year. A&E Turkey had already launched its Lifetime as a free-to-air channel. The channel launched on 20 September 2016, and is the first free-to-air channel launched by A&E Networks UK on Sky and Freeview.
Having original only aired imported and rerun programming, Blaze commissioned its first original programme, Flipping Bangers, in 2017. It premiered on 6 April 2018. A second season was later commissioned.
- Pawn Stars (2016-)
- Mountain Men (2016-)
- American Restoration (2016-)
- Original programming:
- Flipping Bangers(6 April 2018—) Just Might TV, two seasons
- Spiky Goldhunters Pango Productions
- Outback Truckers (seventh season—) Prospero Productions
A+E Networks Latin America
In 1996, HBO Latin America Group and Venezuela's Olé Communications began a basic cable channel joint venture Mundo Olé in Mexico. The channel was launched in October 1996. In 1997, A&E purchased a one-third stake in Mundo Olé. With in a year, A&E was supplying 60% of the channel's shows. In 1998, Mundo began producing local Biography episodes. In 2000, the word Olé was dropped, causing Mundo Olé to become Mundo. The next year, Mundo was renamed to A&E Mundo but continued airing the Biography series. The channel was renamed once more as A&E in 2005. Back in 1992, History Latin America was launched as TVQuality. It continued to use that name until 2000, when it became The History Channel. From 2008, it is still History since then. In 2012, A&E Latin America opened an office in Brazil. The Biography Channel was launched in Latin America in 2007; however, when the US Bio. network became FYI in 2014, The Latin American network is now H2 since then. Lifetime Latin America was launched in July 2014 as a joint venture between A+E Networks Latin America and Sony Pictures Television with distribution by HBO Latin America Group. Now, A+E Networks Latin America and their subsidiaries continue to operate across Latin America.
A+E Networks UK
A+E Networks UK is a joint venture between A&E Television Networks (UK) Ltd, in conjunction with BSkyB History Ltd, a unit of Sky owned by Comcast. A+E Networks UK continues to operate in Europe, as well as Africa. Their networks include Blaze (FTA), the European and African versions of Crime & Investigation, History, H2 and Lifetime. Most of the channels are available on BT, Sky, TalkTalk, and Virgin.
The History Channel UK began as a joint venture of A&E Networks (the company's first international JV) and British Sky Broadcasting to launch The History Channel UK on November 1, 1995, as a part-time channel broadcasting from 3 PM to 7 PM with plans to go full-time in 1996 or 1997 when its digital transponder was launched. The three original programs, "History Alive," "Our Century," and "Biography", were British hosted and tailored.
The joint venture expanded with the launching of Military History channel in July 2008. Soon thereafter, The History Channel was rebranded to History. Crime and Investigation and Bio launched in HD on Sky on 5 November 2008. The History Channel UK joint venture was renamed to AETN UK on July 2, 2009.
AETN UK joint venture, following the A&E post-Lifetime merger branding, was rebranded as A+E Networks UK on September 22, 2011. H2 channel was launched in the UK on May 4, 2013. A+E UK launched Lifetime for UK and Ireland market in November 2013. On September 20, 2016, A+E UK launched Blaze, its global free to air channel, in the British Isles, its first market, on Sky and Freeview.
A+E Networks Germany
After a joint venture with NBCUniversal International from 2005 to 2017, the US parent company decided in June 2017 to take over 100 percent of its German spin-off based in Munich. A+E Networks Germany operates the two pay TV channels History and A&E in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Liechtenstein and South Tyrol. The company also operated The Biography Channel Germany from 31 March 2007 until 22 September 2014 which was then replaced by A+E Germany.
A+E Networks Italy
A+E Networks has launched History Channel in Italy on 31 July 2003 in joint-venture with Fox Italia. A&E has established a local office in 2013 and has launched Crime and Investigation on December 23. The joint-venture with Fox Italia has ended on 1 January 2014. In March 2017 A+E Italy had launched Blaze.
History Channel Iberia
The History Channel Iberia is a joint venture of A+E Networks and AMC Networks International Southern Europe, formerly Multicanal then Chellomedia Multicanal. Crime & Investigation Network was launched on 1 February 2011. A&E was replace by Blaze on 18 April 2018.
A+E Networks has launched Canal de Historia in Spain and Portugal in 1996 in joint-venture with Multicanal. In 2005 was launched The Biography channel (later Bio), which was replaced by A&E on 2 October 2014. On 1 February 2011 Crime & Investigation Network was launched in Spain. In Spain, Blaze channel replaced A&E channel on 18 April 2018.
A+E Networks Southeast Asia and Australia
A+E Networks Southeast Asia and Australia is the Southeast Asia and Australia branch of A+E Networks International operating six channels and is headquartered in Singapore with an additional operation in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
AETN All Asia Networks (AAAN) was formed on April 2007 through a joint venture between A&E Television Networks and Malaysia's pay TV provider Astro Overseas Limited to serve in the Southeast Asian, Hong Kong and Taiwanese markets. History and Crime & Investigation Network were launched in Singapore, Malaysia, Hong Kong, and Brunei on June 15, 2007, with the History Channel only in Thailand. A December launch was expected for the Philippines. In 2008, AAAN planned to launch the Biography Channel.
In 2009, AETN Asia Networks struck a US$800,000 co-production deal with the National Film Development Corporation of Malaysia to co-produce programs to be featured across its channels. It has recently hired SPE Networks as a regional ad sales representative across the South East Asian region.
In the late first half of 2013, All Asia Networks launched Lifetime and H2. In July, A+E Networks bought out Astro Overseas's stake in AETN All Asia Networks and renamed it to A+E Networks Asia.
With Alan Hodges leaving as managing director of Asia-Pacific, the unit was split into Southeast Asia & Australia and North Asia in May 2018. The managing director for Southeast Asia and Australia appointed was Leena Singarajah from Scripps Network.
A+E Networks India
Formerly known as AETN-18 India, a joint venture between Network 18 Group, A+E Networks India is the Indian branch of A+E Networks Asia that operates around South Asia (the region India belongs to).
A+E Networks North Asia
A+E Networks North Asia is regional unit for A+E Networks International for Korea, Japan and China.
With Alan Hodges leaving as managing director of Asia-Pacific, the unit was split into Southeast Asia & Australia and North Asia in May 2018. The managing director for North Asia appointed was Saugato Banerjee.
A+E Networks Home Entertainment
A+E Networks Home Entertainment is the home entertainment division of A+E Networks. It creates and distributes content from A+E Networks' channels included A&E, Biography & History branded products. It also distributes content it has acquired the rights to including hit American television series, British comedies, cult TV and sports programming.
- ESPN Inc., which has the same ownership partners as A+E Networks
- Rose, Lacey (June 3, 2013). "A&E Executive Shuffle: DeBitetto to Run In-House Studio, New GMs at A&E, Lifetime, History". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
- Goldsmith, Jill (July 10, 2012). "Comcast to sell A&E stake for $3 billion: A&E to redeem the 15.8% stake". Variety. Retrieved July 11, 2012.
- "Vice's Shane Smith Asks, "You Think I Could Hoodwink Bob Iger, Jeff Bewkes, and Rupert Murdoch?"". Retrieved March 26, 2017.
- A & E Television Networks History. International Directory of Company Histories, Vol. 32. St. James Press, 2000. Hosted on Funding Universe.com. Retrieved on December 4, 2013.
- Dempsey, John. (June 16, 1993) ABC, NBC & Hearst buy up rest of A&E. Variety. Accessed on December 5, 2013.
- Tartaglione, Nancy (July 11, 2013). "Global Showbiz Briefs: Kris Kristofferson Pic 'Joe's Mountain' Gets Backers; A+E Nets Takes Over AETN All Asia; More". Deadline. PMC Media. Retrieved August 4, 2014.
- A&E Acquires Lifetime, Variety.com, August 27, 2009
- A&E Networks, Lifetime Merger Completed, Broadcasting & Cable, August 27, 2009
- "AETN forms alliance in India". Variety. August 4, 2010. Retrieved December 6, 2013.
- Lafayette, Jon (May 2, 2011). "EXCLUSIVE: AETN Takes New Name -- A+E Networks -- And New Slogan". Broadcasting & Cable. NewBay Media, LLC. Retrieved January 31, 2015.
- Lieberman, David (August 10, 2012). "Lionsgate Picks Up Distribution Rights For A&E Networks Home Videos". Deadline. PMC Media. Retrieved August 4, 2014.
- Thielman, Sam (December 11, 2013). "Bio to Rebrand as FYI, a 'Contemporary Lifestyle' Network". Adweek. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
- Andreeva, Nellie (December 11, 2013). "A+E Networks' Bio Renamed FYI As It Converts Into Lifestyle Network". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved December 12, 2013.
- Briel, Robert (December 9, 2013). "A+E Networks establishes own Italian branch". Broadband TV News. Retrieved March 27, 2017.
- Atkinson, Claire (April 28, 2015). "Vice to get TV channel, replacing H2 on A&E Networks' roster". NY Post. NYP Holdings, Inc. Retrieved April 29, 2015.
- Keveney, Bill. "Vice Media, A&E to partner on 24-hour channel". USA Today. USA Today. Retrieved November 6, 2015.
- Ember, Sydney (December 8, 2015). "Disney Invests $200 Million More in Vice Media to Support New Programming". New York Times. Retrieved December 23, 2015.
- Andreeva, Nellie (March 30, 2015). "Howard T. Owens Teams With David McKillop To Launch Indie Production Company Backed By A+E Networks". Deadline. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
- Staff, Variety (May 12, 2016). "A+E Networks Launches In-House Agency In Branded-Content Push". Variety. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
- Clover, Julian (September 20, 2016). "Blaze set for launch today". Broadband TV News. Retrieved November 29, 2016.
- Lynch, Jason (February 10, 2017). "A+E Networks Joins the Long List of Media Companies Creating Original Series for Snapchat". Ad Week. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
- Lafayette, Jon (July 27, 2018). "Buccieri Named President of A+E Networks". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
- Littleton, Cynthia (April 13, 2018). "Leah Remini Sets Development Pact With New A+E Networks, 'Scientology' Renewed for Season 3". Variety. Retrieved April 13, 2018.
- Lafayette, Jon (April 18, 2018). "Vargas Signs Overall Production Deal With A+E Networks". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
- Littleton, Cynthia (April 23, 2018). "Gretchen Carlson Pacts With A+E Originals for Documentary Specials (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved November 10, 2018.
- Roxborough, Scott (November 6, 2018). "Disney's Fox Deal Gets European Union Clearance Subject to Divestments". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
- Briel, Robert (October 13, 2014). "A+E Networks launches A+E Studios International". Broadband TV News. Retrieved October 3, 2016.
- Littleton, Cynthia (October 4, 2016). "Paul Buccieri Promoted to President of A+E Studios". Variety. Retrieved April 13, 2018.
- Baysinger, Tim (December 10, 2018). "Steve Ascher Promoted to Senior VP of A+E Originals". TheWrap. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
- Dolcy, Shaughn. "Caribbean Cable & Telecommunications Association". Archived from the original on October 30, 2012. Retrieved March 26, 2017.
- Member channels of the Caribbean Cable Cooperative Archived August 16, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- Keslassy, Elsa (April 9, 2013). "A&E Rolls Into France". Variety. Retrieved December 5, 2019.
- Kanter, Jake (August 18, 2016). "A+E Networks is launching its first Freeview channel in the UK — but admits it's late to the party". Business Insider. Retrieved April 19, 2017.
- "A+E Networks Eyes Blaze Expansion As It Promotes UK Content Chief Dan Korn To Oversee Free-To-Air Brand". Deadline. February 20, 2019.
- Clover, Julian (May 18, 2016). "A+E Networks to launch Freeview channel". Broadband TV News. Retrieved March 27, 2017.
- Wightman, Catriona (August 18, 2016). "Freeview is getting a brand new TV channel called BLAZE and it sounds fiery". Digital Spy. Retrieved January 15, 2017.
- Clover, Julian (March 22, 2017). "A+E's Blaze to launch on Sky Italia". Broadband TV News. Retrieved March 27, 2017.
- Gonzalez, Juan Fernandez (April 13, 2018). "AMC launches Blaze in Spain". Rapid TV News. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
- "Blaze lights first original". C21Media. October 15, 2017.
- "Three quarters of millennials don't know how to change a tyre or make simple repairs to their car". The Mirror. April 6, 2018.
- "A+E UK rejigs programming teams; Job steps down". Realscreen. April 11, 2007.
- Dale, Martin (September 28, 2014). "Emilio Alcalde, Krishna Mahon, A+E Networks Latin America, on Brazil's Pay TV Market". Variety. Retrieved February 13, 2019.
- Christie, Brendan (May 1, 1998). "Latin America: The Low-down on localism, fees and what sells". Realscreen. Brunico Communications Ltd. Retrieved February 13, 2019.
- Hughes, Nancy (May 1, 1999). "Latin Lovers". Realscreen. Retrieved February 13, 2019.
- Hecht, John (April 23, 2014). "A+E Launching Lifetime in Latin America". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 13, 2019.
- Thorne, Clive D.; Davis, Georgia. "High Court finds that 'history' can be repeated". International Law Office. Globe Business Media Group. Retrieved November 28, 2016.
- Alcinii, Daniele (May 18, 2016). "A+E Networks UK to launch FTA entertainment channel". Realscreen. Retrieved November 29, 2016.
- "The History Channel UK Rebrands". WorldScreen. July 2, 2009. Retrieved November 29, 2016.
- "Sky to launch AETN's Crime and Investigation HD / Bio HD on November 5th". Engadget. October 14, 2008.
- "AETN UK rebrands as A+E Networks UK". Broadband TV News. September 22, 2011.
- "November UK launch for A+E's Lifetime". Broadband TV News. September 29, 2013. Retrieved October 3, 2013.
- Roxborough, Scott (June 1, 2017). "A+E Networks Buys Out NBCUniversal in German Joint Venture". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
- Editor. "BIO rebrands as A&E in German-speaking Europe, Iberia, Africa". Rapid TV News.
- "A+E Networks – Life is Entertaining". www.aenetworks.com. Retrieved February 27, 2018.
- Ferreras, Iñaki (January 21, 2011). "Crime & Investigation channel arrives in Spain". Rapid TV News. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
- Gonzalez, Juan Fernandez (September 17, 2014). "A&E set to launch in Spain". Rapid TV News.
- "Bringing history to life: despite a relatively late start in Southeast Asia, Astro All Asia Networks has already gained significant ground and shares its marketing strategy with Television Asia". Television Asia. Highbeam. December 1, 2007. Archived from the original on August 8, 2014. Retrieved August 4, 2014.
- "FINAS & AAAN co-production deal". Television Asia. HIghbeam. April 1, 2009. Archived from the original on August 8, 2014. Retrieved August 4, 2014.
- Flornida South East Asian Network
- Bylykbashi, Kaltrina (April 3, 2018). "A+E appoints Scripps exec as MD for Southeast Asia & Australia". TBI Vision. Retrieved December 3, 2019.