9M113 Konkurs

The 9M113 Konkurs (Russian: 9М113 «Конкурс»; English: "Contest"; NATO reporting name AT-5 Spandrel) is a Soviet SACLOS wire-guided anti-tank missile.

9M113 Konkurs
Belarusian SOF soldier of the 103rd Guards Separate Mobile Brigade with a 9M113 Konkurs missile.
TypeAnti-tank missile
Place of originSoviet Union
Service history
In service1974–present
Used bySee operators
WarsSyrian Civil War[1]
Iraqi Civil War[1]
War in Donbass[2]
Yemeni Civil War
Production history
ManufacturerTula Machinery Design Bureau (Tula KBP)Tulsky Oruzheiny Zavod
Mass14.6 kg (32 lb) (Missile weight)
22.5 kg (50 lb) (9P135 launching post)[3]
Length1,150 mm (45 in)
875 mm (34.4 in) without gas generator
Diameter135 mm (5.3 in)
Warhead2.7 kg (6.0 lb) 9N131 HEAT

EngineSolid-fuel rocket
Wingspan468 mm (18.4 in)
70 m (230 ft) to 4 km (2.5 mi)
Speed208 m/s (680 ft/s)[2]
Wire-guided SACLOS
Two control surfaces
Individual, vehicle

A development of the 9K111 Fagot with greater firepower, the 9M113 Konkurs can use the same launchers and is very similar visually, distinguishable only by a slight bulge towards the end of the Konkurs' missile tube.


The 9M113 Konkurs was developed by the Tula Machinery Design Bureau (Tula KBP). Development began with the aim of producing the next generation of SACLOS anti-tank missiles, for use in both the man-portable role and the tank destroyer role. The 9M113 Konkurs was developed alongside the 9M111; the missiles use similar technology, differing only in size.

The original 9M113 with a single-charge warhead can penetrate 600 mm of rolled homogeneous armor (RHA).[2]

The missile entered service in 1974. Iran bought a license for the Konkurs in 1991 and began producing a copy, the Tosan (not to be confused with the Toophan), sometime around 2000.[4][5]


The missile is designed to be fired from vehicles, although it can also be fired from the later models of 9M111 launchers. It is an integral part of the BMP-2, BMD-2 and BRDM-2 vehicles. The missile is stored and carried in a fiberglass container/launch tube.

The system uses a gas generator to push the missile out of the launch tube. The gas also exits from the rear of the launch tube in a similar manner to a recoilless rifle. The missile leaves the launch tube at 80 meters per second, and is quickly accelerated to 200 meters per second by its solid fuel motor. This initial high speed reduces the missile's deadzone, since it can be launched directly at the target, rather than in an upward arc. In flight, the missile spins at between five and seven revolutions per second.

The launcher tracks the position of an incandescent infrared bulb on the back of the missile relative to the target and transmits appropriate commands to the missile via a thin wire that trails behind the missile. The system has an alarm that activates when it detects jamming from a system like Shtora. The operator can then take manual control, reducing the missile to MCLOS. The SACLOS guidance system has many benefits over MCLOS. The system's accuracy is quoted in some sources as 90%, though its performance is probably comparable to the BGM-71 TOW or later SACLOS versions of the 9K11 Malyutka.


  • 9M113 Konkurs (NATO: AT-5 Spandrel, AT-5A Spandrel A)
  • 9M113M Konkurs-M (NATO: AT-5B Spandrel B) Tandem warhead – with extended explosive probe. The warhead penetration is 750–800 mm vs RHA. Adopted in 1991.[6] Missile 9M113M 1990. Fagot/Kornet. Tandem (800 mm (behind a layer of ERA)). 4,000 m (3500 m night (passive)). Low price.[6][7]
  • Towsan-1, Tosan, Towsan, or M113: Iranian licensed[8][2] 9M113M Konkurs-M (AT-5B Spandrel B) copy.[9] Introduced in early 2000.[4][10] Unclear if still in production.[11][12] Used primarily by paratroopers and armored vehicles.[13]
  • 9N131M1 – Warhead, upgraded version.[2]
  • 9N131M2-1 – Warhead, the newest upgraded version.[2]


Current operators

Former operators

  •  East Germany – produced in licence, passed on to Germany, and later phased out of service.
  •  Czechoslovakia – produced in licence, passed on to successor states.
  •  Poland – only used on 9P148, withdrawn from service and sold/scrapped
  •  Soviet Union – Passed on to successor states.

See also

  • List of Russian weaponry


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  • Hull, A.W., Markov, D.R., Zaloga, S.J. (1999). Soviet/Russian Armor and Artillery Design Practices 1945 to Present. Darlington Productions. ISBN 1-892848-01-5.
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