80 series

The 80 series (80系, 80-kei) was an electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by Japanese National Railways (JNR) from 1950 until 1983.[1] A total of 652 vehicles were built.[2]

80 series
A JNR 80-0 series train at Nakatsugawa station on the Chuo Main Line in 1979
In service1950-1983
Number built652 vehicles
Number preserved2 vehicles
Car body constructionSteel
Car length20 m (65 ft 7 in)
Electric system(s)1,500 V DC
Current collection methodoverhead catenary
Track gauge1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)


  • 80-0 series
  • 80-100/200 series: Trains introduced from 1956 with increased seat pitch and improvements for use in cold regions[1]
  • 80-300 series: Trains with all-steel bodies[1]


Preserved examples

Two first-batch 80 series cars, driving car KuHa 86001 and intermediate car MoHa 80001, are preserved on display at the Kyoto Railway Museum in Kyoto.[2]


  1. 写真とイラストで見る国鉄急行型電車のすべて [JNR Express EMUs in pictures] (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing Ltd. 29 November 2013. p. 10–21. ISBN 978-4-7770-1532-0.
  2. Sasada, Masahiro (25 November 2014). 国鉄&jr 保存車大全 2015-2016 国鉄&JR保存車大全2015-2016 [JNR & JR Preserved Rolling Stock Complete Guide 2015-2016] (in Japanese). Tokyo, Japan: Ikaros Publications Ltd. p. 38. ISBN 978-4863209282.
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