51st Infantry Division (United States)

The 51st Infantry Division was an infantry division of the United States Army, composed of units from the Florida National Guard and the South Carolina National Guard.[1]

51st Infantry Division
51st Infantry Division shoulder sleeve insignia
Active1946–63
Country United States
Branch United States Army
TypeInfantry
SizeDivision
Nickname(s)Rattlesnake Division

History

Original Organization Date: 11 September 1946 with headquarters at Tampa, Florida. In the post-World War II restructuring of the National Guard a number of new divisions were organized. Among these was the 51st Infantry Division, composed of National Guardsmen from Florida and South Carolina.

Organization on September 11th, 1946[2]

Unit Headquartered Commander
Division Headquarters Tampa, Florida Maj. Gen. Sumter de Leon Lowry Jr.
211th Infantry Regiment Miami, Florida Col. Robert A. Ballard
116th Field Artillery Battalion Tampa, Florida Lt. Col. George N. Sagin
Band Florida

Following WWII, a massive reorganization of the Army National Guard took place. As part of this reorganization, the 51st Infantry Division, a completely new division, was allocated to the states of Florida and South Carolina. The division was activated on 5 July 1946 as a standard triangular division. Old and new units were assigned and activated during 1946-47. [3]

In 1949, the 107th AAA Bn and the 263rd Tank Bn were assigned to the division. The Division remained in a normal National Guard training status, being reorganized periodically as the Army applied lessons learned in WWII and Korea. The 51st Infantry Division never served on active federal duty.

In 1959, the division was reorganized as a pentomic division.

As a result of a major reorganization of the National Guard, the division was inactivated on 1 April 1963. Subordinate units were reorganized and reassigned. Division HHC was redesignated as HQs, 51st Command HQs (Divisional), South Carolina National Guard. [4]

Source: Wilson, John B. (1997). Maneuver and Firepower: The Evolution of Divisions and Separate Brigades. Washington, DC: Center of Military History.

Source: Greene, James F., Jr. (1984). 51st Infantry Division, Trading Post (American Society of Military Insignia Collectors), July–September 1984 issue, pages 14–19.

References

  1. "51st Infantry Division". ngefContensive. Archived from the original on 20 November 2015. Retrieved 19 November 2015.
  2. Collins, Vivian (1946). Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Florida. Florida National Guard. p. 11.
  3. https://history.army.mil/html/books/060/60-14-1/cmhPub_60-14-1.pdf Maneuver and Firepower p214
  4. https://history.army.mil/html/books/060/60-14-1/cmhPub_60-14-1.pdf Maneuver and Firepower p312


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