5-Inch Forward Firing Aircraft Rocket

The 5-inch Forward Firing Aircraft Rocket or FFAR was an American rocket developed during World War II for attack from airplanes against ground and ship targets.

5-Inch Forward Firing Aircraft Rocket
FFARs being loaded
TypeAir-to-surface rocket
Place of originUnited States
Service history
Used byUnited States military
Production history
Produced1943-1945
Specifications (5-inch FFAR)
Mass80 pounds (36 kg)
Length5 feet 5 inches (1.65 m)
DiameterWarhead: 5 inches (130 mm)
Motor: 3.5 inches (89 mm)
WarheadHigh explosive
Warhead weight45 pounds (20 kg)

EngineSolid-fuel rocket
Operational
range
1 mile (1.6 km)
Speed485 miles per hour (781 km/h)
Guidance
system
None

Operational history

The first FFARs were developed by the U.S. Navy and introduced in June 1943. They had a 3.5-inch diameter and a non-explosive warhead, since they were used as an aircraft-launched ASW (Anti-Submarine Warfare) rocket and worked by puncturing the hull. It was accurate enough for use against surface ships and land targets, but these missions required an explosive warhead.[1] A 5-inch anti-aircraft shell was attached to the 3.5-inch rocket motor, creating the 5-Inch FFAR, which entered service in December 1943. Performance was limited because of the increased weight, limiting speed to 780 km/h (485 mph).[2] The High Velocity Aircraft Rocket, or HVAR, was developed to fix this flaw.[2]

The FFAR was used by the Douglas SBD Dauntless (dive bomber) and the Vought F4U Corsair (carrier based fighter).

See also

References

Citations
  1. Parsch 2004
  2. Parsch 2006
Bibliography
  • Parsch, Andreas (2004). "Air-Launched 3.5-Inch Rockets". Directory of U.S. Military Rockets and Missiles. designation-systems.net. Archived from the original on 15 December 2010. Retrieved 24 January 2011.
  • Parsch, Andreas (2006). "Air-Launched 5-Inch Rockets". Directory of U.S. Military Rockets and Missiles. designation-systems.net. Archived from the original on 15 December 2010. Retrieved 24 January 2011.

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