46th Parliament of Australia
The 46th Parliament of Australia is a meeting of the legislative branch of the Australian federal government, composed of the Australian Senate and the Australian House of Representatives. The parliament was opened on 2 July 2019.
46th Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia
House of Representatives
His Excellency the Hon. David Hurley AC
since 1 July 2019
|Seats||227 (151 MPs, 76 Senators)|
House of Representatives political groups
Senate political groups
|Government (35) |
Last general election
|18 May 2019|
Canberra, Australian Capital Territory
2019 federal election
House of Representatives
At the 2019 election, in the 151-seat House of Representatives, the incumbent Coalition government was reelected with 77 seats, a majority of two seats. The Labor opposition won 68 seats. Six other MPs were elected to the crossbench, with the Greens, Centre Alliance, Katter's Australian Party, and independents Andrew Wilkie, Helen Haines and Zali Steggall winning a seat each.
In the Senate, 40 of the 76 seats were up for election. Following the election, the Coalition had a total of 35 seats, four short of a majority. Labor held 26 seats, the Greens held 9 seats, Centre Alliance and One Nation each held two seats, the Jacqui Lambie Network held one seat, and one seat was held by independent Cory Bernardi, who deregistered the party he was previously a member of on 25 June 2019.
- 2 July 2019: Parliament is opened by the newly appointed Governor-General, David Hurley.
- 25 July 2019: The government’s legislation repealing provisions allowing the medical transfer to Australia of refugees passes the lower house, despite vociferous objection by Labor and other minor party MPs. The original legislation’s passage in the previous parliament represented the first time a government had lost a substantial vote in the House of Representatives in 90 years.
- 24 November 2019: Channel 9’s 60 Minutes program airs a report alleging that a Chinese intelligence group offered one million dollars to pay for the political campaign of a Liberal Party member to run in an eastern suburbs seat, as part of an operation to place a Chinese agent in Parliament. The Australian Security Intelligence Organisation later confirms the legitimacy of the story and reveals an ongoing investigation into the matter. See the 2019 Australian Parliament infiltration plot article for further details.
- The Treasury Laws Amendment (Tax Relief So Working Australians Keep More Of Their Money) Bill 2019 passes the parliament on 4 July 2019. The legislation, providing $158 billion in income tax cuts, was the government's signature election policy. Despite opposing Stage 3 of the legislation, which would flatten the tax rate to 30% for all workers earning between $45,000 and $200,000, Labor votes in favour of the bill and only the Greens vote against the bill at the third reading.
- The Counter-Terrorism (Temporary Exclusion Orders) Bill 2019 and related legislation passes the parliament on 25 July 2019. The legislation gives the Minister the power to block a person aged over 14 years of age (including an Australian citizen) from returning to Australia for up to two years if the minister “suspects on reasonable grounds” that a temporary exclusion order would prevent support or assistance to a terrorist organisation. The government refused to support all the amendments recommended by the Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security and supported by Labor, leading to concerns regarding the constitutional validity of the bill.
This table lists members of the House or Senate who have resigned, been elected or appointed, or otherwise changed their party affiliation during the 46th Parliament.
|Vic (Senate)||Mitch Fifield||Liberal||Resignation||16 August 2019||11 September 2019||Sarah Henderson||Liberal|
|NSW (Senate)||Arthur Sinodinos||Liberal||Resignation||11 November 2019||14 November 2019||Jim Molan||Liberal|
- "Parliament sits for first time since Scott Morrison's election victory – politics live". Guardian Australia. 2 July 2019.
- "The Government Just Voted To Repeal The Medevac Bill, And People Are Absolutely Disgusted". Junkee. 25 July 2019.
- "China tried to plant its candidate in Federal Parliament, authorities believe". The Age. 24 November 2019.
- "Coalition's income tax cuts pass Senate in full as Labor backs down". Guardian Australia. 4 July 2019.
- "What is a temporary exclusion order? Australia's foreign fighters bill explained". Guardian Australia. 22 July 2019.
- "New laws can't stop foreign fighters returning to Australia". 2GB. 26 July 2019.