46th Parliament of Australia

The 46th Parliament of Australia is a meeting of the legislative branch of the Australian federal government, composed of the Australian Senate and the Australian House of Representatives. The parliament was opened on 2 July 2019.[1]

46th Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia
House of Representatives
Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia
since 6 February 1952
Seats227 (151 MPs, 76 Senators)
House of Representatives political groups
Government (77)

     Liberal (44)
     Liberal National (23)[lower-alpha 1]
     National (10)

Opposition (68)
     Labor (68)

Crossbench (6)
     Greens (1)
     Katter's Australian (1)
     Centre Alliance (1)
     Independent (3)[lower-alpha 2]

Senate political groups
Government (35)

     Liberal (26)
     Liberal National (6)[lower-alpha 3]
     National (2)
     Country Liberal (1)[lower-alpha 4]

Opposition (26)
     Labor (26)

Crossbench (15)
     Greens (9)
     Centre Alliance (2)
     One Nation (2)
     Lambie Network (1)

     Independent (1)[lower-alpha 5]
Last general election
18 May 2019
Meeting place
Parliament House
Canberra, Australian Capital Territory
  1. 17 Liberal National Party of Queensland (LNP) MPs sit in the Liberals party room and 6 sit in the Nationals party room
  2. Current independent MPs: Andrew Wilkie (Clark), Helen Haines (Indi), Zali Steggall (Warringah)
  3. Four Liberal National Party of Queensland (LNP) senators sit in the Liberals party room, while two senators sit in the Nationals party room.
  4. Sits in the Nationals party room.
  5. The independent senator is Cory Bernardi (South Australia). The party he was the leader of, the Australian Conservatives, was formally deregistered on 25 June 2019.

2019 federal election

House of Representatives

At the 2019 election, in the 151-seat House of Representatives, the incumbent Coalition government was reelected with 77 seats, a majority of two seats. The Labor opposition won 68 seats. Six other MPs were elected to the crossbench, with the Greens, Centre Alliance, Katter's Australian Party, and independents Andrew Wilkie, Helen Haines and Zali Steggall winning a seat each.


In the Senate, 40 of the 76 seats were up for election. Following the election, the Coalition had a total of 35 seats, four short of a majority. Labor held 26 seats, the Greens held 9 seats, Centre Alliance and One Nation each held two seats, the Jacqui Lambie Network held one seat, and one seat was held by independent Cory Bernardi, who deregistered the party he was previously a member of on 25 June 2019.

Major events

Major legislation

Membership changes

This table lists members of the House or Senate who have resigned, been elected or appointed, or otherwise changed their party affiliation during the 46th Parliament.

Seat Before Change After
Member Party Type Date Date Member Party
Vic (Senate) Mitch Fifield Liberal Resignation 16 August 2019 11 September 2019 Sarah Henderson Liberal
NSW (Senate) Arthur Sinodinos Liberal Resignation 11 November 2019 14 November 2019 Jim Molan Liberal

See also


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