45th parallel south
It is the line that marks the theoretical halfway point between the equator and the South Pole. The true halfway point is 16.2 km (10.1 mi) south of this parallel because Earth is not a perfect sphere, but bulges at the equator and is flattened at the poles.
Unlike its northern counterpart, almost all (97%) of it passes through open ocean. It crosses the South Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, Australasia (New Zealand and just south of Tasmania), the Southern Ocean, and Patagonia.
Around the world
Starting at the Prime Meridian and heading eastwards, the parallel 45° south passes through:
Co-ordinates Country, territory or ocean Notes 45°0′S 0°0′E Atlantic Ocean 45°0′S 20°0′E Indian Ocean 45°0′S 147°0′E Pacific Ocean Tasman Sea 45°0′S 167°8′E New Zealand South Island, passing just north of the towns of Oamaru, Naseby, Cromwell and Queenstown, and through the small settlement of Becks 45°0′S 171°6′E Pacific Ocean Passing just south of Guamblin Island, Chile 45°0′S 74°23′W Chile Islands in the Chonos Archipelago including James Island and Melchor Island, and the mainland intersecting Route 7 at Campo Grande roughly 100 km (60 miles) north of Coyhaique, Aysén Region 45°0′S 71°33′W Argentina Chubut Province 45°0′S 65°35′W Atlantic Ocean