The 455 series (455系 455-kei) is a Japanese dual-voltage (1,500 V DC and 20 kV AC 50 Hz) electric multiple unit (EMU) train type introduced by Japanese National Railways (JNR) on express services in 1965 and later operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East), West Japan Railway Company (JR-West), and Kyushu Railway Company (JR Kyushu).
A JR East 455 series in 2006
|In service||October 1965 – March 2015|
|Number in service||2 vehicles|
|Number preserved||3 vehicles|
JR East (1987–2008)
JR Kyushu (1987–2010)
|Car body construction||Steel|
|Car length||20,000 mm (65 ft 7 in)|
|Width||2,950 mm (9 ft 8 in)|
|Doors||2 per side|
|Maximum speed||110 km/h (70 mph)|
|Traction system||Resistor control|
|Traction motors||MT54 120 kW traction motors|
|Electric system(s)||1,500 V DC, 20 kV AC 50 Hz|
|Current collection method||Overhead catenary|
|Multiple working||451/453/457/471/473 series|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
The last sets operated by JR-West were withdrawn in 2015. However, 2 cars remain in service as the driving car of a mixed 413/455 series set.
Intended for use in the Tohoku region, the basic design and appearance was identical to the 475 series dual-voltage (1,500 V DC and 20 kV AC 60 Hz) EMUs introduced around the same time in Kyushu, and similar to the earlier 453 and 473 series EMUs. The first units built were not equipped with air-conditioning, except for the SaRo 455 "Green" (first class) cars.
- 455-0 series
- 455-200 series
- 455-300 series
- 455-400 series
- 455-500 series
- 455-600 series
- 455-700 series
- KuHa 455-1 – 75, driving trailer cars
- KuMoHa 455-1 – 51, driving motor cars
- KuRoHa 455-1, composite driving trailer converted from KuHa 455-44 with three rows of "Green" (first class) seats
- MoHa 454-1 – 51, intermediate motor cars, with pantograph
- SaHa 455-1 – 8, intermediate trailer cars (built for use in 457 series sets)
- SaRo 455-1 – 45, "Green" (first class) trailer cars
- SaHaShi 455-1 – 26, buffet cars
With the reduction in express services and gradual reassignment of 455 series sets to local services, a number of cab cars were subsequently rebuilt from intermediate cars or other EMU types from 1975 to allow shorter sets to be formed.
- KuHa 455-501 – 505: Rebuilt in 1983 from 165 series EMU SaHa 165 intermediate trailer cars.
- KuHa 455-601 – 605: Rebuilt in 1984 from 455 series EMU SaRo 455 intermediate "Green" trailer cars.
- KuHa 455-606 – 611: Rebuilt from 165 series EMU SaRo 165 intermediate "Green" trailer cars.
As of 1 October 2019, JR-West operates 2 KuHa 455-700 cars. These cars are included in mixed 413/455 series three-car sets based at Kanazawa Depot and used on the Nanao Line. They are formed as shown below.
|Numbering||KuMoHa 413||MoHa 412||KuHa 455-700|
- The MoHa 412 car is fitted with one PS21 lozenge-type pantograph.
- Set B11 includes 413-100 series cars KuMoHa 413-101 and MoHa 412-101.
As of October 1 2013, JR-West operated 16 KuHa 455 cars (including two KuHa 455-700 cars), included in mixed 413/455 and 475/455 series three-car sets based at Kanazawa Depot and used on the Hokuriku Main Line. They were formed as shown below.
413 series sets B04 and B11
|Numbering||KuMoHa 413||MoHa 412||KuHa 455-700|
- In March 2013, these sets were reallocated to the Nanao Line.
475 series sets A05 and A26
|Numbering||KuMoHa 475||MoHa 474||KuHa 455|
|Numbering||KuHa 455||MoHa 454||KuMoHa 455||SaRo 455||MoHa 454||KuMoHa 455||KuHa 451||SaHaShi 451||MoHa 450||KuMoHa 451||SaRo 455||MoHa 454||KuMoHa 455|
|Numbering||KuMoHa 455||MoHa 454||KuHa 455|
|Numbering||KuRoHa 455-1||MoHa 454-40||KuMoHa 455-40|
- KuHa: Standard class driving trailer car
- KuMoHa: Standard class driving motor car
- MoHa: Intermediate motor car
- SaRo: "Green" (first class) trailer car
- SaHaShi: Buffet car
Designed for use on express services, passenger accommodation consisted of fixed 4-person seating bays.
The 455 series trains were first introduced from the start of the 1 October 1965 revised timetable, operating on Iwate and Kitakami express services between Ueno in Tokyo and Morioka in the north-east of Japan, and also on Matsushima services between Ueno and Sendai.
From 1 July 1967, 455 series trains were introduced on new Bandai express services operating on the Banetsu West Line. From 1 October 1968, with the completion of AC electrification of the route between Fukushima and Sendai via the Ou Main Line and Senzan Line, 455 series trains were introduced on Zaō services operating between Ueno and Yamagata.
From the late 1960s, JNR was beginning to install air-conditioning on its trains, and 455 series cars built from June 1968 were designed to allow air-conditioning to be added easily at a later date. Air-conditioning was subsequently retrofitted between 1969 and 1975.
With the opening of the Tohoku Shinkansen, the number of express services in the region were cut back from the start of the 15 November 1982 timetable revision, and discontinued by March 1985. JR East 455 series sets were reassigned to local services, and withdrawn by 2008.
As of 2012, three 455 series EMU cars are preserved, all at the Railway Museum in Saitama Prefecture.
- KuMoHa 455-1 (restored in original JNR express livery)
- KuHa 455-2 (in cream/green livery, used as a rest area)
- MoHa 454-4 (in cream/green livery, used as a rest area)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 455 series.|
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