451 Group

451 Research
Privately held company
  • Market Insight
  • Cloud Price Index
  • Market Monitor
  • Voice of the Enterprise
  • Research
  • Consultancy
  • Events
ParentThe 451 Group

451 Group has two operating components:

  • 451 Research
  • Uptime Institute

451 history

451 Research was founded in 2000[1]

451 Research's parent company, The 451 Group, subsequently acquired:

  • Tier 1 research in 2005,[2]
  • events company Tech Touchstone in 2013,[3]
  • Uptime Institute in 2009,[4]
  • consumer spending research firm Changewave in 2011,[5]
  • mobile communications research firm Yankee Group in 2013[6]
  • and IT professional community Wisegate in 2017.[7]

Over a period of time, parent company 451 Group acquired a number of other companies. Today, 451 Research and Uptime Institute are the two operating divisions of the 451 Group.

451 Research

451 Research is an information technology industry analyst firm, headquartered in New York with offices in London, Boston, Washington DC, and San Francisco.

The company claims over 250 employees, over 100 industry analysts and over 1000 clients.[8][9] The company produces qualitative and quantitative research, across thirteen research channels, and targets service providers, technology vendors, enterprise IT leaders and financial professionals.[10]

The 451 Alliance

451 Alliance
Privately held company
IndustryEnterprise IT Research
Area served
ServicesExclusive insights into industry trends in cybersecurity, cloud, digital infrastructure, the internet of things, and emerging technologies
Parent451 Research

The 451 Alliance is a subdivision of one of the largest IT research firms, 451 Research.

The 451 Alliance is a member driven think tank that tracks changes in enterprise IT. Members are qualified executives, IT professionals, and line of business people from around the globe. Research covers cloud computing, information security, storage, internet of things, digital transformation, AI and machine learning, data and analytics, and other emerging technologies.[11]

How Does The Alliance Work?

Each month, members participate in a brief online survey related to the most important areas impacting the Enterprise IT industry: cloud computing, information security, data center trends, storage, and more.

By sharing their experience with a newly deployed security product, one member helps thousands of others evaluate if the product is right for them. In return, they are able to get ahead of potential staffing shortages by reading the latest quarterly report on in-demand IT skill sets and which are hardest to find.

After becoming a member, members will immediately gain access to specialized research reports and actionable intelligence based upon the survey results. The best part? There is never a cost – ever. Alliance members will continue receiving full access to the knowledge this community generates for as long as they to contribute to it.

Uptime Institute

Uptime Institute LLC
Type of businessPrivately held company
Available inEnglish
5470 Shilshole Ave NW, Seattle, Washington 98107
United States
Area servedNorth America, South America, Europe, Middle East, Asia Pacific, South Africa
Founder(s)Kenneth G. Brill[12]
Key peopleMartin V. McCarthy, CEO
W. Pitt Turner IV P.E., Executive Director
ServicesTier Certification
Management and Operations (M&O)
Digital Infrastructure Services
Professional Training & Development

Uptime Institute is an American professional services organization best known for its "Tier Standard"[13] and the associated certification of data center compliance with the standard.[14]

Uptime Institute history

Founded in 1987 by Kenneth G. Brill, the Uptime Institute was founded as an industry proponent to help owners and operators quantify and qualify their ability to provide a predictable level of performance from data centers, regardless of the status of external factors, such as power utilities. In 2009, the Uptime Institute was acquired by The 451 Group .[15]

Since then, the Seattle-based Uptime Institute has been an independent division of The 451 Group.[16]

Uptime Institute tier certifications

The Uptime Institute's data center tier concepts have grown from a simple publication in the late 1990s of the Tier Classifications Define Site Infrastructure Performance white paper [17] to a globally recognized standard guiding design and investment for data centers globally. The data center Tier standards are a standardized methodology used to determine availability in a facility. It offers companies a way to measure return on investment (ROI) and define desired levels of delivered performance. As of 2017, more than 1000 data centers worldwide have formally certified their data centers using the Tier standard.

There are two parts of the Tier certification process:

  • Tier Certification of Design Documents - typically the first step in the Tier process and used to align the design and construction of a new facility with an organization's business needs.
  • Tier Certification of Constructed Facility - the final part of the process which assures that the actual constructed data centers delivers the results specified in the Tier Standard: Topology specification.

The Tier certifications are awarded in four levels:

  • Tier IV - Fault tolerant site infrastructure
  • Tier III - Concurrently maintainable site infrastructure
  • Tier II - Redundant capacity components site infrastructure (redundant)
  • Tier I - Basic site infrastructure (non-redundant)

The full Tier Standard:Topology is available on the Uptime Institute website[18]

Other design standards have been created by various industry groups over the years. All of these other specifications share the common trait that they are self-certified and the author of the specification does not get involved with the certification/assurance of standard compliance. One such standard is Telecommunications Industry Association's standard, TIA-942.[19] Uptime Institute and TIA agree on clear separation between their respective bench-marking systems to avoid industry confusion and drive accountability.[20]

Operational Sustainability certification

In addition to the aforementioned Tier certification , Uptime Institute also awards a Tier Certification of Operational Sustainability certification (TCOS) which aims at management, operations and maintenance of the site rather than its design topology. The TCOS establishes the behaviours and risks beyond the Tier Classification System (I, II, III, IV) that impact long-term data centre performance. It builds a bridge between the site management behaviours and the tier functionality of the site infrastructure. The three major elements of TCOS certification are:

  • Management and operations M&O (e.g. staffing presence, staffing qualification, maintenance programs)
  • Building characteristics (e.g. additional UPS)
  • Site location (e.g. flooding, transportation corridors)

TCOS Certification is issued in three levels:

  • Gold - full uptime potential of the installed infrastructure realized or exceeded
  • Silver - opportunities for improvement in order to achieve the full potential of the installed infrastructure
  • Bronze - significant opportunities for improvement in order to achieve the full potential of the installed infrastructure

The Operational Sustainability certification becomes suffix to Tier Certification

See also


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