Under the Whyte notation for the classification of steam locomotives, 4-2-2-0 represents the wheel arrangement of four leading wheels on two axles, four powered but uncoupled driving wheels on two axles, and no trailing wheels. The arrangement became known as double single.


This very unusual wheel arrangement was used by Dugald Drummond of the London and South Western Railway between 1897 and 1901 on two classes of divided drive locomotives, the T7 and E10 classes. The absence of coupling rods enabled the driving wheels to be more widely spaced than on a 4-4-0 locomotive and permitted the inclusion of a larger firebox[1]

Seven locomotives of the type were built which performed adequately, but also displayed disadvantages over a 4-4-0 and so the type was not perpetuated.


  1. Bradley, D.L. (1967). Locomotives of the London and South Western Railway, Part 2. Railway Correspondence and Travel Society. p. 77.
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