The 381 series (381系 381-kei) is a tilting DC electric multiple unit (EMU) train type introduced in 1973 by Japanese National Railways (JNR), and currently operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR-West), and formerly also operated by Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central) in Japan.
A 381 series on a Mahoroba service in May 2010
|Manufacturer||Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Kinki Sharyo|
|Refurbishment||1997–2011 (JR West)|
|Number built||277 vehicles|
|Number in service||136 vehicles (as of 1 April 2015)|
|Number preserved||1 vehicle|
|Number scrapped||140 vehicles|
|Formation||3/4/6/7/9 cars per trainset|
JR Central (1987–2008)
JR West (1987–Present)
|Depot(s)||Hineno, Goto, Fukuchiyama|
|Car body construction||Aluminium alloy|
|Car length||21,300 mm (69 ft 11 in)|
|Width||2,920 mm (9 ft 7 in)|
|Height||3,383 mm (11 ft 1.2 in)|
|Maximum speed||120 km/h (75 mph)|
|Traction system||Resistor control|
|Electric system(s)||1,500 V DC|
|Current collection method||Overhead wire|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
- Shinano (1973–May 2008)
- Kuroshio (from October 1978 until 30 October 2015)
- Kounotori (until 31 May 2011, from 1 June 2012 until 30 October 2015)
- Kinosaki (from 1 June 2012 until 30 October 2015)
- Hashidate (from 16 March 2013 until 30 October 2015)
- Hanwa Liner rapid service (until March 2011)
- Yamatoji Liner rapid service (until March 2011)
The 381 series entered revenue service from 10 July 1973 on the Shinano limited express between Nagoya and Nagano.
- KuHa 381-1: (built 1973 by Kawasaki Heavy Industries) SCMaglev and Railway Park, Nagoya.
- KuRo 381-11: (built 1974 by Kawasaki Heavy Industries) formerly at the SCMaglev and Railway Park, Nagoya, removed in June 2019.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 381 series.|
- Jēāru zensharyō handobukku: Rail Magazine 2009 JR全車輌ハンドブック2009 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2009] (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing. 2009. ISBN 978-4-7770-0836-0.
- JR電車編成表 2015夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2015] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 20 May 2015. p. 406. ISBN 978-4-330-56915-4.
- くろしお３８１系引退へ…パンダシートも見納め [Kuroshio 381 series to be withdrawn - Also end of panda seats]. Yomiuri Online (in Japanese). Japan: The Yomiuri Shimbun. 29 October 2015. Archived from the original on 24 October 2015. Retrieved 29 October 2015.
- "新型車両（287 系）追加投入の詳細" [Details of further introduction of new (287 series) trains] (PDF). JR-West news release (in Japanese). West Japan Railway Company. 28 April 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
- "JR西日本 381系福知山車ＦＥ編成が営業運転開始" [JR-West: Fukichiyama-based 381 series FE sets enter service]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine. 41 (340): 75. August 2012.
- 381系が関西地区の定期運用から離脱 [381 series removed from scheduled Kansai area services]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 31 October 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015.
- プロトタイプの世界 - Prototype World. Japan: Kōtsū Shimbunsha. December 2005. pp. 12–19. OCLC 170056962.
- "「リニア・鉄道館」ファーストガイド" ["SCMaglev and Railway Park" First Guide]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine. 40 (324): 20–33. April 2011.
- リニア・鉄道館 N700系車両の展示について [N700 series shinkansen exhibit at SCMaglev and Railway Park] (PDF). News release (in Japanese). Japan: Central Japan Railway Company. 17 May 2019. Retrieved 14 July 2019.