283 series

The 283 series (283系, 283-kei) is a DC electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR-West) on limited express services on the Kinokuni Line (Kisei Main Line) in Japan.

283 series
A 283 series train
ManufacturerHitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Nippon Sharyo
Family nameOcean Arrow
Entered service1996
Number built18 vehicles (4 sets)
Number in service18 vehicles
Formation3/6 cars per trainset
Line(s) servedTokaido Main Line, Osaka Loop Line, Hanwa Line, Kisei Main Line
Car body constructionSteel
Car length21,300 mm (69 ft 11 in) (panoramic end cars)
20,850 mm (68 ft 5 in) (Gangwayed end cars)
20,800 mm (68 ft 3 in) (intermediate cars)
Width2,850 mm (9 ft 4 in)
Height3,390 mm (11 ft 1 in)
Maximum speed130 km/h (80 mph)
Traction systemVariable frequency (3-level IGBT)
Electric system(s)1,500 V DC overhead
Current collection methodWPS28 single-arm pantograph
BogiesWDT57 (powered), WTR241 (trailer)
Braking system(s)Regenerative brake, electronically controlled pneumatic brakes
Safety system(s)ATS-P, ATS-SW
Track gauge1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)


Built jointly by Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, and Nippon Sharyo,[1] two six-car and two three-car sets were built, and introduced on 31 July 1996 to improve travel times on the Kuroshio limited-express service.


3-car sets

Car No. 789
Designation Tc'5MTc5
Numbering KuHa 282-501MoHa 283-3KuHa 283-503
Designation Tc'7M2Tsc
Numbering KuHa 282-701MoHa 283-201KuRo 283-1

6-car sets

The six-car sets are formed as follows.[2]

Car No. 123456
Designation Tsc'TM3T2MTc5
Numbering KuRo 282SaHa 283MoHa 283-300SaHa 283-200MoHa 283KuHa 283-500
Weight (t) 35.533.439.634.639.236.2
Seating capacity 306864467260

Cars 3 and 5 each have one single-arm pantograph.[2]


  1. Saka, Masahiro (March 2014). "JR第1世代の車両・現況と概要" [JR 1st-generation rolling stock: Current situation and overview]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (in Japanese). 43 (359): 22.
  2. 日本と世界の鉄道カタログ'97~'98 [Japan and World Railway Catalogue 1997-1998] (in Japanese). Japan: Seibido Publishing. 17 August 1997. p. 22–27. ISBN 978-4-415-09254-6.
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