21st Academy Awards
The 21st Academy Awards features numerous firsts. It was the first time a non-Hollywood production won Best Picture, Hamlet and the first time an individual (Laurence Olivier) directed himself in an Oscar-winning performance.
|21st Academy Awards|
|Date||March 24, 1949|
|Site||The Academy Theater, Hollywood, California, USA|
|Hosted by||Robert Montgomery|
|Most awards||Hamlet (4)|
|Most nominations||Johnny Belinda (12)|
It was the first Academy Awards ceremony to be giving awards for Best Costume Design.
John Huston directed two films in this awards year for which his actors won Oscars: his father, Walter Huston, in The Treasure of the Sierra Madre; and Claire Trevor for Key Largo. The Huston family won three Oscars that evening.
The ceremony was moved from the Shrine Auditorium to the Academy's own theater, primarily because the major Hollywood studios had withdrawn their financial support in order to address rumors that they had been trying to influence voters.
Humphrey Bogart failed to receive a nomination for Best Actor in The Treasure of the Sierra Madre, eventually considered one of the Academy’s greatest slights.
Joan of Arc became the first film to receive as many as seven nominations without being nominated for Best Picture. Hamlet became the fifth film to win Best Picture without a screenwriting nomination; the next to do so would be The Sound of Music at the 38th Academy Awards. Jane Wyman became the first performer since the silent era to win an Oscar for a performance with no lines; Johnny Belinda became the fourth film to receive nominations in all four acting categories.
I Remember Mama received four acting nominations but not one for Best Picture, tying the record set by My Man Godfrey in 1936. Two more films would also tie this record: Othello (1965) and Doubt (2008).
Academy Honorary Awards
- Sid Grauman "master showman, who raised the standard of exhibition of motion pictures".
- Adolph Zukor "a man who has been called the father of the feature film in America, for his services to the industry over a period of forty years".
- Walter Wanger "for distinguished service to the industry in adding to its moral stature in the world community by his production of the picture Joan of Arc".
Academy Juvenile Award
Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award
Scientific or Technical
- Victor Caccialanza, Maurice Ayers and the Paramount Studio Set Construction Department for the development and the application of "Paralite", a new lightweight plaster process for set construction
- Nick Kalten, Louis J. Witt and the Twentieth Century-Fox Studio Mechanical Effects Department for a process of preserving and flame-proofing foliage
- Marty Martin, Jack Lannon, Russell Shearman and the RKO Radio Studio Special Effects Department; A.J. Moran and the Warner Bros. Studio Electrical Department
- Ethel Barrymore (Presenter: Best Motion Picture)
- Ann Blyth (Presenter: Best Sound Recording)
- Frank Borzage (Presenter: Best Director)
- Ronald Colman (Presenter: Best Actress)
- Wendell Corey (Presenter: Best Film Editing)
- Jeanne Crain (Presenter: Short Subject Awards)
- Arlene Dahl (Presenter: Best Art Direction)
- Glenn Ford (Presenter: Best Special Effects)
- Ava Gardner (Presenter: Documentary Awards)
- Kathryn Grayson (Presenter: Music Awards)
- Edmund Gwenn (Presenter: Best Supporting Actress)
- Jean Hersholt (Presenter: Honorary Awards)
- Celeste Holm (Presenter: Best Supporting Actor)
- Louis Jourdan (Presenter: Best Foreign Film)
- Deborah Kerr (Presenter: Writing Awards)
- George Murphy (Presenter: Scientific & Technical Awards)
- Robert Ryan (Presenter: Best Cinematography)
- Elizabeth Taylor (Presenter: Best Costume Design)
- Loretta Young (Presenter: Best Actor)
- Harry Babbitt and Gloria Wood ("The Woody Woodpecker Song")
- Doris Day ("It's Magic" from Romance on the High Seas)
- Gordon MacRae ("For Every Man There's a Woman" from Casbah)
- Jane Russell ("Buttons and Bows" from The Paleface)
- Jo Stafford ("This Is the Moment" from That Lady in Ermine)
Multiple nominations and awards
These films had multiple nominations:
The following films received multiple awards.
- "The 21st Academy Awards Memorable Moments". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.
- Freeman, B. (1999, Mar 21). "OSCARS '99; unforgettable in every way; A winner's wife recalls the excitement of the awards in 1949, despite that year's humble venue." Los Angeles Times
- Entertainment Weekly. "100 Worst Oscar Snubs Ever: Humphrey Bogart, The Treasure of the Sierra Madre". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-09-01.
- Dirks, Tim. "1948 Academy Awards Winners and History". FilmSite.org (American Movie Classics). Archived from the original on April 19, 2015. Retrieved 2009-09-01.
- "The 21st Academy Awards (1949) Nominees and Winners". Oscars.org (Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences). Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-18.