205 series

The 205 series (205系, 205-kei) is a DC electric multiple unit (EMU) commuter train type introduced in 1985 by Japanese National Railways (JNR), and currently operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East), West Japan Railway Company (JR West) and Kereta Commuter Indonesia in Indonesia.

205 series
JR East 205-0 Six-car EMU set 36 on the Nambu Line Rapid service
ManufacturerHitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Kinki Sharyo, Nippon Sharyo, Tokyu Car Corporation, JR East Ōfuna Works
Replaced103 series, KiHa 35 (Japan, JR Group)
103 series, Toei 6000 series, KRL Rheostatik, KRL BN-Holec, KRL INKA-Hitachi, KRL-I (Indonesia)
Constructed19841991
19901994 (6-door cars)
Entered serviceJuly 1985
Refurbishment20022013
Scrapped2002
Number built1,461 vehicles
Number in serviceJR East (As of May 2018)
525 vehicles
JR West
44 vehicles
Fujikyu Railway
15 vehicles (as 6000 series)
Kereta Commuter Indonesia (as of April 2018)
488 vehicles
Formation2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 10, or 11 cars per trainset (Japan)
8, 10, or 12 cars per trainset (KCI)
Operator(s)JNR (1985–1987)
JR East, JR-West (1987–present)
Kereta Commuter Indonesia (KCI) (2013–present)
Fuji Kyuko (2011–present)
Depot(s)Miyagino, Nakahara, Keiyō, Kawagoe, Kōzu, Kamakura, Hineno, Miyahara
Bukit Duri, Bogor (KCI)
Specifications
Car body constructionStainless steel
Car length20,000 mm (65 ft 7 in)
Doors4 pairs per side
6 pairs per side (SaHa 204)
Maximum speed100 km/h
(Hanwa Line 205-1000 series 110 km/h)
Traction systemResistor control + field system superimposed field excitation control
Variable frequency (IGBT) (205-5000 series)
Electric system(s)1,500 V DC overhead lines
Current collection methodPantograph
Braking system(s)Regenerative brake, electronically controlled pneumatic brakes
Safety system(s)ATS-SN,[* 1] ATS-SW,[* 2] ATS-P, ATS-Ps,[* 3] ATC,[* 4] D-ATC[* 5]
Coupling systemShibata-Type
Track gauge1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Notes
  1. Musashino Line, Sagami Line, Yamanote Line, and Yokohama Line
  2. Hanwa Line
  3. Senseki Line
  4. Keiyō Line, Yamanote Line, and Yokohama Line
  5. Yokohama Line

Operations

JR East (in alphabetical order)

  • Musashino Line: 8-car 205-0 series sets (some sets are powered by 205-5000 intermediate motor car units modified from 205-0 with AC motors)
  • Nambu Branch Line: 2-car 205-1000 series sets (x2) (from 2002) (rebuilt by JR East from former 205-0 series sets)
  • Nikkō Line: Refurbished 4-car 205-600 series sets with toilets (x4) (from March 2013)[1][2]
  • Sagami Line: 4-car 205-500 series sets (x13) (from 1991)
  • Senseki Line: 4-car 205-3100 series sets (from 2004) (rebuilt by JR East from former 205-0 series sets with passenger-operated door controls, toilets, and passenger seating which can be arranged in either transverse or longitudinal)
  • Tsurumi Line: 3-car 205-1100 series sets (x9) (from 25 August 2004) (rebuilt from former 205-0 sets)[3]
  • Utsunomiya Line: Refurbished 4-car sets with toilets (x8) (from March 2013)[1]

JR West (in alphabetical order)

Kereta Commuter Indonesia (in alphabetical order)

Former operations

  • Chuo-Sobu Line: 10-car 205-0 series sets (from 1989 until 2001)
  • Hachikō Line: 4-car 205-3000 series sets (x5) (from 2003 until 15 July 2018) (former 205-0 sets modified by JR-East to form shorter trainsets for use in outer suburban services) (have passenger-operated door controls)
  • Hanwa Line: 4-car 205-1000 (built by JR-West) series sets (from 1988), 6- and 8-car 205-0 series sets (from 2006 until 2010; March 2013 until 16 March 2018) (formerly operated on JR-West Tokaido-Sanyo Local services as 7-car sets)
  • Kawagoe Line: 4-car 205-3000 series sets (x5) (from 2003 until 15 July 2018) (rebuilt by JR East from former 205-0 series sets, with passenger-operated door controls) / 10-car 205-0 series sets (from July 1989 until October 2016)
  • Keihin-Tohoku Line: 10-car 205-0 series sets (from 1989 until 1996)
  • Keiyō Line: 10-car 205-0 series sets (from 1990 until 2011)
  • Nambu Line: 6-car 205-0 (x31) (including 4 sets with 205-1200 driving trailers which were converted from 205-0 series intermediate trailers) (from 1989 until 9 January 2016)
  • Saikyo Line: 10-car 205-0 series set (from July 1989 until October 2016) (through service to Rinkai Line)
  • Tokaido-Sanyō Local service (Biwako, Kyoto, Kobe, Fukuchiyama lines): 7-car 205-0 series sets (from 1986 until 2006)
  • Tokaido Local Service (Kyoto, Kobe lines): 7-car 205-0 series sets (from 2011 until March 2013) (formerly operated on JR-West Hanwa Line as 6- and 8-car sets)
  • Yamanote Line: 11-car 205-0 series sets (from 1985 until 2005) (initially 10-car sets)
  • Yokohama Line: 8-car 205-0 series sets (x28) (from 1988 until 23 August 2014, initially 7-car sets)[4]

Design variants

There have been many variations of the design of the 205 series trains.

  • 205-0 series: 6, 7, and 8-car sets used on the JR West Tokaido Line, and Hanwa Line. 6, 7, 8, 10, and 11-car sets used on the JR East Chuo-Sobu Line, Keihin-Tohoku Line, Keiyo Line, Nambu Line, Musashino Line, Saikyo Line, Yamanote Line, and Yokohama Line.
  • 205-500 series: 4-car sets used on the Sagami Line
  • 205-600 series: 4-car sets for use on the Nikko Line and Utsunomiya Line from 16 March 2013
  • 205-1000 series: 4-car JR-West sets that formerly ran on Hanwa Line. Currently runs on Nara Line.
  • 205-1000 series: 2-car JR East sets rebuilt from former 205-0 series cars, used on the Nambu Branch Line
  • 205-1100 series: 3-car sets rebuilt from former 205-0 series cars, introduced on the Tsurumi Line from 25 August 2004[3]
  • 205-1200 series: 6-car sets rebuilt from former 205-0 series cars, used on the Nambu Line
  • 205-3000 series: 4-car sets rebuilt from former 205-0 series cars, used on the Kawagoe Line and Hachiko Line
  • 205-3100 series: 4-car sets rebuilt from former 205-0 series cars, used on the Senseki Line
  • 205-5000 series: Former Yamanote Line 205-0 series cars modified with new VVVF-controlled AC motors between 2002 and 2008, used on the Musashino Line

Below is a list of photos for various 205 series designs as indicated by the liveries of the lines they serve.

JR East

JR-West

205-600 series

205-600 series
205-600 sets Y8 (left) and Y3 (right) in March 2013
Replaced107 series
Entered service16 March 2013
Refurbishment2012–2013
Number in service48 vehicles (12 sets)
Formation4 cars per set
Fleet numbersY1–Y12
Operator(s)JR East
Depot(s)Oyama
Line(s) servedUtsunomiya Line, Nikko Line
Specifications
Car body constructionStainless steel
Car length20,000 mm (65 ft 7 in)
Width2,800 mm (9 ft 2 in)
Doors4 pairs per side
Maximum speed100 km/h (60 mph)
Acceleration1.7 km/h/s
Deceleration3.6 km/h/s
Electric system(s)1,500 V DC overhead lines
Current collection methodPantograph
BogiesDT50 (motored), TR235D (trailer)
Safety system(s)ATS-P, ATS-SN
Track gauge1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)

The 205-600 subseries was created in 2013, when cars from former Keiyo Line and Saikyo Line ten-car sets were reformed between 2012 and 2013 to create twelve four-car sets for use on Nikko Line and Utsunomiya Line services, entering service from 16 March 2013, replacing ageing 107 series and 211 series sets.[5] The four Nikko Line sets are finished in a livery with "classic ruby brown", "gold", and "cream" bodyside stripes.[5] The Utsunomiya Line sets are finished in a livery with Shonan green and orange bodyside stripes.[5]

Formations

The four-car sets, numbered Y1 to Y12, are formed as shown below, with two motored (M) cars and two non-powered trailer (T) cars.[5][6]

Car No. 1234
Designation Tc'M'MTc
Numbering KuHa 204-600MoHa 204-600MoHa 205-600KuHa 205-600
Weight (t) 25.334.533.126.4
Capacity (Total/seated) 136/48144/54144/54139/42
  • The MoHa 205-600 cars are equipped with two PS33F single-arm pantographs.[6]
  • The KuHa 205-600 cars have a wheelchair-accessible toilet.[6]

Interior

Passenger accommodation consists of longitudinal bench seating throughout. A universal access toilet was added to the KuHa 205-600 car at the time of conversion.[5]

Fleet list

Source:[5][7]

Set No.Livery/line colourCar numbersFormer set No.Former car numbers
Y1      UtsunomiyaKuHa 204-601MoHa 204-601MoHa 205-601KuHa 205-601Keiyo 2KuHa 204-109MoHa 204-295MoHa 205-295KuHa 205-109
Y2      NikkoKuHa 204-602MoHa 204-602MoHa 205-602KuHa 205-602Keiyo 1KuHa 204-108MoHa 204-292MoHa 205-292KuHa 205-108
Y3      NikkoKuHa 204-603MoHa 204-603MoHa 205-603KuHa 205-603Keiyo 4KuHa 204-111MoHa 204-301MoHa 205-301KuHa 205-111
Y4      UtsunomiyaKuHa 204-604MoHa 204-604MoHa 205-604KuHa 205-604Keiyo 3KuHa 204-110MoHa 204-298MoHa 205-298KuHa 205-110
Y5      UtsunomiyaKuHa 204-605MoHa 204-605MoHa 205-605KuHa 205-605Keiyo 6KuHa 204-113MoHa 204-307MoHa 205-307KuHa 205-113
Y6      NikkoKuHa 204-606MoHa 204-606MoHa 205-606KuHa 205-606Keiyo 5KuHa 204-112MoHa 204-304MoHa 205-304KuHa 205-112
Y7      UtsunomiyaKuHa 204-607MoHa 204-607MoHa 205-607KuHa 205-607Keiyo 8KuHa 204-115MoHa 204-313MoHa 205-313KuHa 205-115
Y8      UtsunomiyaKuHa 204-608MoHa 204-608MoHa 205-608KuHa 205-608Keiyo 7KuHa 204-114MoHa 204-310MoHa 205-310KuHa 205-114
Y9      UtsunomiyaKuHa 204-609MoHa 204-609MoHa 205-609KuHa 205-609Keiyo 10KuHa 204-117MoHa 204-319MoHa 205-319KuHa 205-117
Y10      NikkoKuHa 204-610MoHa 204-610MoHa 205-610KuHa 205-610Keiyo 9KuHa 204-116MoHa 204-316MoHa 205-316KuHa 205-116
Y11      UtsunomiyaKuHa 204-611MoHa 204-611MoHa 205-611KuHa 205-611Kawagoe (HaE) 16KuHa 204-125MoHa 204-341MoHa 205-341KuHa 205-125
Y12      UtsunomiyaKuHa 204-612MoHa 204-612MoHa 205-612KuHa 205-612Kawagoe (HaE) 17KuHa 204-124MoHa 204-338MoHa 205-338KuHa 205-124

Senseki Line "Mangattan Liner" trains

A Senseki Line 205-3100 series "Mangattan Liner" trainset (named after the Ishinomori Manga Museum, colloquially known as the Ishinomori Mangattan Museum) is decorated with images of the character Robocon from the 1970s tokusatsu series Ganbare!! Robocon, while another ("Mangattan Liner II") has Kamen Rider livery. Both were created by Shotaro Ishinomori, a native of Ishinomaki, Miyagi; Ishinomaki Station is the terminus of the Senseki Line.

Withdrawal and resale

Fuji Kyuko

A number of former 205 series trains were sold to Fuji Kyuko in 2011 and modified to become 3-car 6000 series sets, entering service from February 2012.[8] Four more withdrawn JR East 205 series cars (KuHa 205-107 + MoHa 205-287 + MoHa 204-287 + KuHa 204-107) were resold to Fuji Kyuko following withdrawal in November 2016.[9]

Indonesia

A total of 812 vehicles (102 sets) from withdrawn Saikyo Line, Yokohama Line, Nambu Line, and Musashino Line sets were exported to Kereta Commuter Indonesia in Jakarta between late 2013 up to mid 2020.

Former Saikyo Line/Kawagoe Line/Rinkai Line sets

A total of 18 withdrawn Saikyo Line ten-car sets (180 vehicles) were shipped to Kereta Commuter Indonesia (KCI) in Jakarta, Indonesia, in 2013, and entered service from March 2014.[10] The sets in use are former Kawagoe sets 1, 4, 7, 11 to 15, 18, 20, 22 to 26, and 30 to 32. All except sets 26, 30, and 32 include pairs of SaHa 204 cars with six pairs of doors per side.[10] Sets 30 to 32 were originally Yamanote Line sets, distinguished by their smaller door windows.[10] Set 23 was the first set to have a pair of LCD screens inside all cars, except SaHa 204 cars.[11] Set 23 was also the first set to have working LED destination display in KuHa 204 and KuHa 205 cars. Set 15 and 32 were involved in a train accident in Juanda Station, Jakarta.[12]

Former Yokohama Line sets

From July 2014, 22 withdrawn Yokohama Line eight-car sets, which in use are former trainset numbers 1, 2, 4, 6, 7 to 9; 11 to 15; 17 to 19; 21 to 25; and lastly 27 and 28, with a total of 176 vehicles were shipped to Jakarta and operated as 10-car or 12-car sets.[13][14]

Former Nambu Line sets

In 2015, 20 withdrawn Nambu Line six-car sets (120 vehicles) were shipped to Jakarta.[15] The former Nambu Line sets are used on 12-car operations.[16]

Former Musashino Line sets

336 vehicles (36 trainsets for 205-5000 series & 6 trainsets for 205-0 series) withdrawn from the Musashino Line are scheduled to be shipped to Jakarta between March 2018 and 2020.[17]

References

  • JR全車両ハンドブック2006 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2006]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 2006.
  • JR電車編成表 '07冬号 [JR EMU Formations - Winter 2007]. Japan: JRR. December 2006. ISBN 4-88283-046-9.
  1. 日光線、宇都宮線に205系リニューアル車投入 [Refurbished 205 series to be introduced on Nikko and Utunomiya Line]. Tetsudo Hobidas (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing Co., Ltd. 27 September 2012. Retrieved 28 September 2012.
  2. 日光線用205系600番台が出場 [205-600 series for Nikko Line out-shopped]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 17 October 2012. Retrieved 17 October 2012.
  3. 鶴見線に205系先頭車化改造車1100代が登場 [205-1100 series with modified end cars appear for Tsurumi Line]. Railway Journal. Japan: Tetsudō Journal. 38 (457): 92. November 2004.
  4. 横浜線用の205系が営業運転を終了 [End of 205 series revenue operations on Yokohama Line]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 24 August 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  5. Kakuno, Shinichi (July 2013). 205系600番台 [205-600 series]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 53 (627): 98–100.
  6. JR電車編成表 2013夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2013]. Japan: JRR. May 2013. p. 61. ISBN 978-4-330-37313-3.
  7. JR電車編成表 2017冬 [JR EMU Formations - Winter 2017] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 16 November 2016. p. 60. ISBN 978-4-330-73716-4.
  8. Sugiyama, Junichi (1 March 2012). 富士急行6000系デビュー! 元205系が水戸岡鋭治デザインに、耐寒耐雪装備も [Fujikyu 6000 series debut! Former 205 series redesigned by Eiji Mitooka with snow & cold weather resistance]. MyNavi News (in Japanese). Japan: Mynavi USA Corporation. Retrieved 1 March 2012.
  9. JR車両のうごき [JR rolling stock changes]. Tetsudo Daiya Joho Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 46 no. 395. Japan: Kotsu Shimbun. March 2017. p. 128.
  10. Hosoya, Kazuhiko (June 2014). インドネシアの205系 営業運転開始 [Indonesia's 205 series enter revenue service]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 54 (638): 142–143.
  11. "KCJ Pasang SIP di Kereta dan Stasiun" [KCJ Installs Commuter Information System Display in Trains and Stations]. metro.sindonews.com (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Seputar Indonesia. 16 October 2014. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
  12. "KRL Kecelakaan di Stasiun Juanda" [Commuter Train Accident Occurred in Juanda Station]. beritasatu.com (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Berita Satu. 23 September 2015. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
  13. Takagi, Satoshi (November 2014). ジャカルタの205系 [Jakarta's 205 series]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 54 (643): 105–111.
  14. Takagi, Satoshi (August 2018). ジャカルタの205系 [Jakarta's 205 series]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 58 (688).
  15. "PT KAI Commuter Jabodetabek Rampungkan Pembelian kereta Bekas Jepang" [PT KAI Commuter Jabodetabek completes purchase of used Japanese trains]. investorindonesia.com (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Suara Pembaruan. 5 December 2014. Archived from the original on 23 June 2015. Retrieved 14 January 2015.
  16. "Lagi, 24 Unit KRL dari JR East Jepang Tiba di Pelabuhan Tanjung Priok" [Again, 24 Units of EMU from Japanese JR East Arrived in Port of Tanjung Priok]. infonitas.com (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Infonitas. 5 August 2015. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
  17. JR東日本,武蔵野線用の205系をインドネシアへ譲渡 [JR East to donate Musahino Line 205 series trains to Indonesia]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 1 March 2018. Archived from the original on 1 March 2018. Retrieved 1 March 2018.

Further reading

  • Ikeguchi, Eiji (18 September 2015). 205系物語 [The 205 Series Story] (in Japanese). Tokyo, Japan: JTB Publishing. ISBN 978-4533106743.
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