203 series

The 203 series (203系) is an Electric Multiple Unit (EMU) train type operated in Japan between 1982 and 2011 by Japanese National Railways (JNR) and later by East Japan Railway Company (JR East), and currently operated by Kereta Commuter Indonesia in Indonesia and Philippine National Railways (PNR) in the Philippines.

203 series
A 203 series train in 2011
In service1982–2011 (Japan)
ManufacturerKawasaki Heavy Industries, Kinki Sharyo, Tokyu Car Corporation
Replaced103-1000 series
Constructed1982–1986
Entered serviceNovember 1982
Scrapped2010-
Number built170 vehicles (17 sets)
Number in service40 vehicles (4 sets) (KCI)
29 vehicles (5 sets, one head car each set) (PNR)
Number scrapped80 vehicles (8 sets) (JR East)
10 vehicles (all intermediate cars) (KCI)
Formation10 cars per trainset (JNR, JR)
8, 10 or 12 cars per trainset (KCI)[1]
4 or 5 cars per trainset (PNR)
Fleet numbers71–78, 61–69 (JNR)
51–58, 61–69 (JR East)
2, 106, 108, 109 (KCI)[1]
01–08 (PNR)
Capacity528
Operator(s)JNR (1982–1987)
JR East (1987–2011)
Kereta Commuter Indonesia (2011–)
PNR (2012–)
Depot(s)Matsudo (JR East, JNR)
Bukit Duri, Bogor (KCI)
Tutuban, Naga (PNR)
Line(s) servedJoban Line, Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line (JNR, JR East)
KA Commuter Line Jatinegara–Bogor, KA Commuter Line Jakarta Kota–Bogor, KA Commuter Line Jakarta Kota–Cikarang (KCI)
PNR Metro South Commuter Line (PNR)
Specifications
Car body constructionAluminium
Car length20,000 mm (65 ft 7 in)
Width2,800 mm (9 ft 2 in)
Doors4 pairs per side
Maximum speed100 km/h (60 mph)[2]
Traction systemMitsubishi / Toshiba Chopper MT60 (150 kW) x 24
Acceleration3.3 km/h/s
Deceleration3.3 km/h/s
Electric system(s)1,500 V DC
Current collection methodOverhead catenary
Safety system(s)ATS-Sn, ATC-10 (JNR, JR East)
Track gauge1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)

Operations

The 203 series sets were on through services between the Joban Line and Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line until they were replaced by E233-2000 series EMUs, and finally withdrawn from services in Japan in September 2011.

Formation

The sets were formed as follows.[3]

Car No.12345678910
Numbering KuHa 202MoHa 202MoHa 203SaHa 203MoHa 202MoHa 203SaHa 203MoHa 202MoHa 203KuHa 203

Cars 3, 6, and 9 were each fitted with one PS21 pantograph.[3]

Interior

History

Withdrawal

The trains were gradually replaced by new E233-2000 series EMUs, and the last set ran in revenue service on 26 September 2011.[4]

Incidents

On March 20, 1995, the train number A725K, or the Matsudo Train Set Number 67, which later transferred to Philippine National Railways in 2011, was involved on the sarin gas attack which was happened on the Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line alone, southwest-bound section bound for Yoyogi-Uehara station at 7:48 AM, As the train approached Shin-Ochanomizu Station, the central business district in Chiyoda, one member of the team punctured one of his two bags of sarin, leaving the other untouched, and exited the train at Shin-Ochanomizu. And then finally, the train has been proceeded down the line with the punctured bag of sarin leaking until 4 stops later at Kasumigaseki Station. There, the bags were removed and eventually disposed of by station attendants, of whom two died. The train continued on to the next station where it was completely stopped, evacuated and cleaned.

Overseas operations

Indonesia

Five former 203 series ten-car sets (Set numbers 51, 52, 66, 68, 69) were shipped to Kereta Commuter Indonesia (KCI) in Jakarta, Indonesia in 2011. The trainsets were subsequently reformed to create four trainsets formed as one eight-car set (set 108), two ten-car sets (sets 106 and 109), and one twelve-car set (set 2).[5] One ten-car set, set 109, has 5+5 formation with two middle driving trailers which are used only during regular maintenance.[5]

Philippines

In November 2011, four former 203 series 10-car sets (set numbers 53, 54, 55, 67) were shipped to the Philippine National Railways (PNR) in the Philippines for use on diesel-hauled services south of Manila, replacing former Japanese 12 and 14 series coaches.[6] As of October 2013, seven four-car sets had been formed, as shown below, with car "A" at the Alabang end.[6] The units are equipped with a diesel-powered generator at one end to provide power for the doors, lighting, and air-conditioning.[6]

Due to wear and tear, the airconditioning units of the 203 series have currently bogged down.

Set No. 1 2 3 4
EMU-1 KuHa 203-107 MoHa 203-11 MoHa 202-7 SaHa 203-9
EMU-2 KuHa 202-4 MoHa 202-11 MoHa 203-7 MoHa 202-12
EMU-3 KuHa 203-5 MoHa 203-9A MoHa 202-9 SaHa 203-10
EMU-4 KuHa 203-4 MoHa 203-13 MoHa 202-10 SaHa 203-14
EMU-5 KuHa 203-3 MoHa 203-121 MoHa 202-120 SaHa 203-8
EMU-6 KuHa 202-3 MoHa 202-15 MoHa 203-15 SaHa 203-7
EMU-7 KuHa 202-107 MoHa 203-120 MoHa 202-8 MoHa 203-10

In 2014, PNR started to operate the EMUs in 5-car configuration. As of December 2018, there are five sets in operation.

EMUs 3, 4 and 7 were divided among the other EMUs to form the 5 sets, and their remnants are stored as reserve units or source of spare parts.

Set No. 1 2 3 4 5
EMU-1 KuHa 203-107 MoHa 203-10 MoHa 202-15 SaHa 203-6 MoHa 203-12
EMU-2 KuHa 202-4 MoHa 202-9 MoHa 203-9 SaHa 203-5 MoHa 202-12
EMU-5 KuHa 203-3 MoHa 203-7A MoHa 202-7 SaHa 203-114 MoHa 203-14
EMU-6 KuHa 202-3 MoHa 202-11 MoHa 203-11 SaHa 203-7 MoHa 202-8
EMU-7 KuHa 202-107 MoHa 202-14 MoHa 203-7 SaHa 203-8
EMU-8 KuHa 202-5 MoHa 202-10 MoHa 203-13 SaHa 203-9 MoHa 202-119

By May 2019, the lead car of EMU 01 was replaced by EMU 04's Head Car and by July, EMU 07's lead car was transferred to EMU 08.

Key
  • KuHa: Former driving trailer car
  • SaHa: Former intermediate trailer car
  • MoHa 202: Former intermediate motor car
  • MoHa 203: Former intermediate motor car with pantograph

References

  1. "Litbang KRL Jepang". gm-marka.com. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  2. Jēāru zensharyō handobukku: Rail Magazine 2009 JR全車輌ハンドブック2009 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2009]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 2009. pp. 357–358, 628–629. ISBN 978-4-7770-0836-0.
  3. JR電車編成表 2011夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2011]. Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. May 2010. p. 77. ISBN 978-4-330-21211-1.
  4. 203系が営業運転から離脱 [203 series withdrawn from revenue service]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 28 September 2011. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  5. Takagi, Satoru (January 2018). ジャカルタ 東京地下鉄関連の車両 [Tokyo Metro rolling stock in Jakarta]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 58 no. 681. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. p. 125.
  6. Saito, Miko (March 2014). フィリピン国鉄南方線の日本型車両 [Japanese rolling stock on the PNR Southern Line]. The Railway Pictorial (in Japanese). 64 (887): 64–72.
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