2021 in spaceflight

This article documents expected notable spaceflight events during the year 2021.

2021 in spaceflight
The James Webb Space Telescope is set to launch aboard an Ariane 5 rocket in 2021.

Overview

Three spaceflights to the Moon are planned to take place in 2021. As part of NASA's Commercial Lunar Payload Services program, commercial landers developed by Astrobotic Technology and Intuitive Machines will both be launched, and Russia will resume its Luna-Glob exploration programme with the Luna 25 lander. NASA plans a return to the Moon sometime in the 2020s, and following that a human mission to Mars in the mid 2030s.

The long-delayed James Webb Space Telescope, the largest space telescope ever built, will be launched to the Sun–Earth L2 point by a European Ariane 5 rocket in March.[1]

The trend towards cost reduction in access to orbit is expected to continue. United Launch Alliance plans to debut their Vulcan rocket, which was designed to gradually replace Atlas V at lower costs.[2] Blue Origin plans to launch its first orbital-class New Glenn rocket with a reusable first stage.[3] Northrop Grumman plans to carry out the maiden launch of the Omega launch vehicle.[4] SpaceX plans the first commercial flight of the fully reusable Starship.[5]

The first Indian crewed spaceflight, Gaganyaan, is planned for December 2021.

Orbital launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January

January (TBD)[6] Ariane 62 Kourou ELA-4[7] Arianespace
Galileo FOC 23, 24 ESA Medium Earth Navigation 
First Galileo launch with Ariane 6, carrying Patrick and a yet-to-be-named satellite.
January (TBD)[8] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications 
SmallSat Rideshare Mission 13 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser 

February

February (TBD)[9] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
GPS IIIA-06 U.S. Air Force Medium Earth Navigation 
February (TBD)[8] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications 
SmallSat Rideshare Mission 14 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser 
February (TBD)[8] Falcon 9 Block 5 Vandenberg SLC-4E SpaceX
SmallSat Rideshare Mission 15 SpaceX Low Earth (SSO) Satellite dispenser 
Dedicated smallsat rideshare mission to sun-synchronous orbit.[8]
February (TBD)[10] KSLV-II (Nuri) Naro LC-2 KARI
TBA TBA Low Earth TBA 
Maiden flight of KSLV-II (also known as Nuri), South Korea's first indigenously developed orbital launch vehicle.
February (TBD)[11] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Vostochny Site 1S Arianespace / Starsem
OneWeb × 34–36
(Vostochny flight 5)
OneWeb Low Earth Communications 
February (TBD)[12] Terran 1 Cape Canaveral LC-16 Relativity Space
TBA TBA Low Earth TBA 
Maiden flight of Terran 1.

March

30 March[1] Ariane 5 ECA Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
James Webb Space Telescope NASA/ESA/CSA Sun–Earth L2,
Halo orbit
Astronomy 
International space observatory mission utilizing a long-wavelength visible and infrared telescope. Launching to L2.
March (TBD)[13] Atlas V 411 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 ULA
SBIRS-GEO 5[15] U.S. Air Force Geosynchronous Early warning 
March (TBD)[8] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications 
SmallSat Rideshare Mission 16 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser 
March (TBD)[11] Soyuz-2.1a Baikonur Site 1/5 Roscosmos
Soyuz MS-18 Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 64/65 
March (TBD)[11] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Vostochny Site 1S Arianespace / Starsem
OneWeb × 34–36
(Vostochny flight 6)
OneWeb Low Earth Communications 
March (TBD)[16] TBA TBA TBA
CSES-02 / Zhangheng 2[18] CNSA / ASI Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation
Ionospheric research
 
Q1 (TBD)[19] Ariane 64, Atlas V 551, or Falcon Heavy Cape Canaveral or Kourou Arianespace, SpaceX, or ULA
ViaSat-3 Americas[20][21] ViaSat Geosynchronous Communications 
Q1 (TBD)[22][23] Blue Whale 1 Whalers Way Perigee Aerospace
TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA 
First commercial flight of Blue Whale 1.[24]
Q1 (TBD)[25] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Türksat 5B[27] Türksat Geosynchronous Communications 
Q1 (TBD)[28] Falcon 9 Block 5 Vandenberg SLC-4E SpaceX
WorldView Legion 1[29] DigitalGlobe Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
WorldView Legion 2[29] DigitalGlobe Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
Q1 (TBD)[30][31] Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat Baikonur GK Launch Services
CAS500-2 KAI Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
SNIPE × 4 KASI Low Earth (Polar) Ionospheric research
Space physics
 
Q1 (TBD)[11] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk Site 43/4 RVSN RF
GLONASS-K 19 (K1 №7) VKS Medium Earth Navigation 
Q1 (TBD)[32] TBA TBA TBA
TROPICS[34] NASA Low Earth Earth observation 

April

April (TBD)[35] Antares 230+ MARS LP-0A Northrop Grumman
Cygnus NG-15 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 
SpaceICE Northwestern University Low Earth Technology demonstration 
The ELaNa 36 mission will launch on this resupply flight.
April (TBD)[36] Falcon 9 Block 5 Kennedy LC-39A SpaceX
IXPE NASA/ASI Low Earth X-ray astronomy 
Launch of the IXPE X-ray astronomy satellite under NASA's Small Explorer program.
April (TBD)[8] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications 
SmallSat Rideshare Mission 17 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser 
April (TBD)[8] Falcon 9 Block 5 Vandenberg SLC-4E SpaceX
SmallSat Rideshare Mission 18 SpaceX Low Earth (SSO) Satellite dispenser 
Dedicated smallsat rideshare mission to sun-synchronous orbit.[8]
April (TBD)[37] Soyuz-2.1a Baikonur Roscosmos
Progress MS-18 / 79P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 

May

May (TBD)[8] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications 
SmallSat Rideshare Mission 19 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser 

June

June (TBD)[6] Ariane 62 Kourou ELA-4[7] Arianespace
Galileo FOC 25, 26 ESA Medium Earth Navigation 
Second Galileo launch with Ariane 6.
June (TBD)[8] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications 
SmallSat Rideshare Mission 20 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser 
Q2 (TBD)[38][39] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
NationSat Saturn Satellite Networks Geosynchronous Communications 
TBA TBA Geosynchronous Communications 
Q2 (TBD)[40] Falcon Heavy Kennedy LC-39A SpaceX
AFSPC-52 Air Force Space Command Geosynchronous Communications 
Q2 (TBD)[41] OmegA Kennedy LC-39B Northrop Grumman
NationSat Saturn Satellite Networks Geosynchronous Communications 
Maiden flight of OmegA.[42]
Q2 (TBD)[43][44] PSLV Satish Dhawan ISRO
Resourcesat-3A ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
Q2 (TBD)[45][46] PSLV Satish Dhawan ISRO
XPoSat ISRO / RRI Low Earth X-ray astronomy 
Q2 (TBD)[11] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk Site 43/4 RVSN RF
GLONASS-K 20 (K1 №8) VKS Medium Earth Navigation 
Q2 (TBD)[47] Vega-C Kourou ELV Arianespace
PROBA-3 ESA Highly elliptical Solar observatory
Technology demonstration
 
H1 2021 (TBD)[48] TBA TBA TBA
Inmarsat-6 F2 (GX 6B)[50] Inmarsat Geosynchronous Communications 

July

22 July[51] Falcon 9 Block 5 Vandenberg SLC-4E SpaceX
DART NASA Heliocentric Asteroid redirect test 
LICIA Cube ASI Heliocentric Asteroid flyby 
Launch of the DART mission.[52]
July (TBD)[53][54] Falcon 9 Block 5 Kennedy LC-39A SpaceX
Nova-C Intuitive Machines Selenocentric Lunar lander 
July (TBD)[8] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications 
SmallSat Rideshare Mission 21 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser 
July (TBD)[55] GSLV Mk III Satish Dhawan ISRO
Gaganyaan 2 ISRO Low Earth Flight test 
Second Gaganyaan flight test.
July (TBD)[37] Soyuz-2.1a Baikonur Roscosmos
Progress MS-19 / 80P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 
July (TBD)[11] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Baikonur or Vostochny[56] Roscosmos
Luna 25 Roscosmos Selenocentric Lunar lander 
First mission of the Luna-Glob Moon exploration programme.
July (TBD)[57] Vulcan 522 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 ULA
Peregrine[59] Astrobotic Technology Selenocentric Lunar lander 
Maiden flight of Vulcan Centaur.

August

August (TBD)[8] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications 
SmallSat Rideshare Mission 22 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser 
August (TBD)[8] Falcon 9 Block 5 Vandenberg SLC-4E SpaceX
SmallSat Rideshare Mission 23 SpaceX Low Earth (SSO) Satellite dispenser 
Dedicated smallsat rideshare mission to sun-synchronous orbit.[8]
August (TBD)[8] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications 
SmallSat Rideshare Mission 24 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser 
August (TBD)[11] Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat-M Vostochny Site 1S Roscosmos
Kondor-FKA No.1 Roscosmos Low Earth Reconnaissance 

September

September (TBD)[57] Falcon 9 Block 5 Vandenberg SLC-4E SpaceX
SARah 2[60] Bundeswehr Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance 
SARah 3[60] Bundeswehr Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance 
September (TBD)[8] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications 
SmallSat Rideshare Mission 25 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser 
September (TBD)[61] Falcon 9 Block 5 Vandenberg SLC-4E SpaceX
SWOT NASA/CNES Low Earth Earth observation 
September (TBD)[11] Soyuz-2.1a Baikonur Site 1/5 Roscosmos
Soyuz MS-19 Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 65/66 
September (TBD)[57] Vulcan 542 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 ULA
Dream Chaser NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 
First Dream Chaser cargo mission for CRS-2. Second flight of Vulcan.[62]
Q3 (TBD)[19] Ariane 64, Atlas V 551, or Falcon Heavy Cape Canaveral or Kourou Arianespace, SpaceX, or ULA
ViaSat-3 EMEA[20][21] ViaSat Geosynchronous Communications 
Q3 (TBD)[63] Ravn X Cecil Spaceport Aevum
ASLON-45 U.S. Air Force Low Earth Technology demonstration 
Multiple experimental CubeSats will be launched using the Agile Small Launch Operational Normalizer (ASLON) vehicle under the Small Rocket Program-Orbital (SRP-O) program for the Air Force Space and Missile Systems Center.[64]
Q3 (TBD)[11] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk Site 43/4 RVSN RF
GLONASS-K 21 (K1 №9) VKS Medium Earth Navigation 
Q3 (TBD)[65][66] Soyuz-2.1b Baikonur Roscosmos
Resurs-P №5[67] Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
Q3 (TBD)[68] Terran 1 Cape Canaveral LC-16 Relativity Space
Dedicated rideshare mission Spaceflight Industries Low Earth Satellite dispenser 
Rideshare mission for smallsats.

October

October (TBD)[69] Ariane 62 Kourou ELA-4 Arianespace
CSO 3[71] French Armed Forces Low Earth Reconnaissance 
October (TBD)[72] Atlas V 401[72] Cape Canaveral SLC-41 ULA
Lucy NASA Heliocentric Exploration of Jupiter trojans 
October (TBD)[73] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Hakuto-R Mission 1[75] ispace Selenocentric Lunar lander 
October (TBD)[8] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications 
SmallSat Rideshare Mission 26 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser 
October (TBD)[76] KSLV-II (Nuri) Naro LC-2 KARI
NEXTSat 2[78] KAIST Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration 
October (TBD)[11] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Vostochny Site 1S Roscosmos
Meteor-M 2-4 Roscosmos Low Earth Meteorology 

November

November (TBD)[57] Atlas V N22 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 ULA
Starliner CTS-2 / USCV 4 Boeing / NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS crew transport 
Second operational mission of the CST-100 Starliner capsule as part of ISS Crew Transportation Services program.
November (TBD)[8] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications 
SmallSat Rideshare Mission 27 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser 

December

December (TBD)[79] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Intruder 13 / NROL-85[81] NRO Low Earth ELINT 
December (TBD)[79] Falcon 9 Block 5 Vandenberg SLC-4E SpaceX
NROL-87[82] NRO Low Earth (SSO) TBA 
December (TBD)[8] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications 
SmallSat Rideshare Mission 28 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser 
December (TBD)[8] Falcon 9 Block 5 Vandenberg SLC-4E SpaceX
SmallSat Rideshare Mission 29 SpaceX Low Earth (SSO) Satellite dispenser 
Dedicated smallsat rideshare mission to sun-synchronous orbit.[8]
December (TBD)[83] GSLV Mk III Satish Dhawan ISRO
Gaganyaan 3 ISRO Low Earth Crewed spaceflight 
India's first crewed spaceflight.
December (TBD)[84] Vega-C Kourou ELV Arianespace
KOMPSat 7 (Arirang 7) KARI Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
December (TBD)[85] Commercial launch vehicle Cape Canaveral TBA
GOES-T NASA / NOAA Geosynchronous Meteorology 
Q4 (TBD)[6] Ariane 5 ECA Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
MTG-I1 EUMETSAT Geosynchronous Meteorology 
Q4 (TBD)[86] Cyclone-4M Canso Spaceport MLS
TBA TBA Low Earth TBA 
Maiden flight of Cyclone-4M, and first launch from Canso Spaceport.
Q4 (TBD)[87] Firefly Beta[88] TBA Firefly
Genesis Firefly Selenocentric Lunar lander 
Q4 (TBD)[89][90] Long March 2C Xichang CASC
SVOM CNSA / CNES Low Earth Gamma-ray burst observatory 
Q4 (TBD)[11] Proton-M / Briz-M P4 Baikonur Roscosmos
Ekspress AMU-4 RSCC Geosynchronous Communications 
Q4 (TBD)[91] Skyrora XL TBA Skyrora
TBA Skyrora Low Earth Flight test 
Maiden flight of Skyrora XL.
Q4 (TBD)[11][92] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M[93][94] Plesetsk Site 43/4 Roscosmos
Gonets-M 23 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications 
Gonets-M 24 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications 
Gonets-M 25 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications 

To be determined

2021 (TBD)[95] TBA Baikonur Roscosmos
AngoSat 2 Republic of Angola Geosynchronous Communications 
Replacement for AngoSat 1 which failed shortly after launch in 2017.[96]
2021 (TBD)[97] Angara 1.2 Plesetsk Site 35/1 / ILS
KOMPSat 6 (Arirang 6) KARI Low Earth Earth observation 
2021 (TBD)[6][98] Ariane 5 ECA Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
Heinrich Hertz (H2Sat)[100][lower-alpha 1] DLR Geosynchronous Communications 
2021 (TBD)[101][102] Ariane 5 ECA Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
MEASAT-3d[lower-alpha 1] MEASAT Geosynchronous Communications 
H2 2021 (TBD)[103][104] Ariane 5 ECA Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
Ovzon 3[lower-alpha 1] Ovzon Geosynchronous Communications 
2021 (TBD)[6][105] Ariane 5 ECA Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
SES-17[107][lower-alpha 1] SES S.A. Geosynchronous Communications 
H2 2021 (TBD)[108] Ariane 64 Kourou ELA-4 Arianespace
Hotbird 13F[109] Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications 
Hotbird 13G[109] Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications 
H2 2021 (TBD)[57][110] Ariane 64 Kourou ELA-4 Arianespace
ALINA[111] PTScientists Moon transfer Lunar lander 
The Autonomous Landing and Navigation Module (ALINA) will land near the Apollo 17 landing site and deploy two Audi lunar rovers. They will try to locate NASA's Lunar Roving Vehicle and stream images back to Earth using a small 4G base station on ALINA developed by Nokia and Vodafone Germany.[112][113]
2021 (TBD)[114] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SpaceX
O3b mPower × 3 or 4 (FM21–FM23/4) SES S.A. Medium Earth Communications 
2021 (TBD)[114] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SpaceX
O3b mPower × 3 or 4 (FM24/5–FM27) SES S.A. Medium Earth Communications 
2021 (TBD)[115] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
WorldView Legion 3[29] DigitalGlobe Low Earth Earth observation 
WorldView Legion 4[29] DigitalGlobe Low Earth Earth observation 
WorldView Legion 5[29] DigitalGlobe Low Earth Earth observation 
WorldView Legion 6[29] DigitalGlobe Low Earth Earth observation 
2021 (TBD)[116] H3[117] Tanegashima LA-Y1 MHI
ETS-IX / Kiku 9 JAXA / NICT Geosynchronous Communications
Technology demonstration
 
ETS-IX will carry the High Speed Communication with Advanced Laser Instrument (HICALI), which will demonstrate 10 Gbps laser communications between geosynchronous orbit and ground-stations.[118][119]
2021 (TBD)[120] Hyperbola-2 TBA i-Space
TBA TBA Low Earth TBA 
Maiden flight of Hyperbola-2.
2021 (TBD)[121] Jielong 3 Jiuquan LA-4 China Rocket
TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA 
Maiden flight of Jielong 3, also known as Smart Dragon 3 (SD-3).
2021 (TBD)[89] Long March 2F Jiuquan SLS-1 CASC
Shenzhou 12 CNSA Low Earth (CSS) Crewed spaceflight 
Crewed flight to the Chinese space station.
2021 (TBD)[89] Long March 2F Jiuquan SLS-1 CASC
Shenzhou 13 CNSA Low Earth (CSS) Crewed spaceflight 
Crewed flight to the Chinese space station.
2021 (TBD)[89] Long March 4C Taiyuan LC-9 CAST
Fengyun 3F[122] CMA Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology 
2021 (TBD)[123] Long March 4C[122] Taiyuan LC-9 CAST
Fengyun 3RM-1[89] CMA Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology 
2021 (TBD)[124] Long March 5B Wenchang LC-1 CASC
Tianhe CNSA Low Earth Space station assembly 
Tianhe is the foundation element of the Chinese Space Station, providing life support and living quarters for three crew members, and guidance, navigation and attitude control for the station.
2021 (TBD)[89] Long March 5B Wenchang LC-1 CASC
Wentian CNSA Low Earth Space station assembly 
Wentian is the first laboratory module of the Chinese Space Station.
2021 (TBD)[89] Long March 7 Wenchang LC-2 CASC
Tianzhou 2 CNSA Low Earth (CSS) Space logistics 
2021 (TBD)[89] Long March 7 Wenchang LC-2 CASC
Tianzhou 3 CNSA Low Earth (CSS) Space logistics 
2021 (TBD)[125] Long March TBA TBA CASC
Techo 1[127] The Royal Group Geosynchronous Communications 
2021 (TBD)[3] New Glenn Cape Canaveral LC-36 Blue Origin
TBA TBA Low Earth TBA 
Maiden flight of Blue Origin's New Glenn rocket.
2021 (TBD)[128] NewLine-1 TBA LinkSpace
TBA TBA Low Earth TBA 
Maiden flight of NewLine-1.
2021 (TBD)[129] Prime Sutherland Orbex
SSTL experimental payload SSTL Low Earth Technology demonstration 
Maiden launch of the Orbex Prime smallsat launch vehicle.
2021 (TBD)[130][65] Proton-M / DM-03 Baikonur Roscosmos
Elektro-L №4 Roscosmos Geosynchronous Meteorology 
2021 (TBD)[131] PSLV-CA Satish Dhawan ISRO
EnMAP[133] DLR / GFZ Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
2021 (TBD)[44] PSLV[43] Satish Dhawan ISRO
Oceansat-3A ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Oceanography 
2021 (TBD)[44] PSLV[43] Satish Dhawan ISRO
Resourcesat-3 ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
2021 (TBD)[44] PSLV[43] Satish Dhawan ISRO
Resourcesat-3SA ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
2021 (TBD)[134][44] PSLV[43] Satish Dhawan ISRO
RISAT-1B ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
H2 2021 (TBD)[11] Soyuz-2.1a Vostochny Site 1S Roscosmos
Obzor-R №1[136] Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
2021 (TBD)[11] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Vostochny Site 1S[137] Roscosmos
Arktika-M №2[138] Roscosmos Molniya Earth observation 
2021 (TBD)[11] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk Site 43/4 RVSN RF
GLONASS-K2 14L (K2 №2) VKS Medium Earth Navigation 
Second GLONASS-K2 test satellite[139]
2021 (TBD)[11] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk Site 43/4 RVSN RF
GLONASS-K 17 (K1 №4) VKS Medium Earth Navigation 
2021 (TBD)[11] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk Site 43/4 RVSN RF
GLONASS-K 18 (K1 №6) VKS Medium Earth Navigation 
2021 (TBD)[140][141] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk Site 43/4 Roscosmos
Gonets-M 20[142] Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications 
Gonets-M 21 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications 
Gonets-M 22 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications 
2021 (TBD)[11] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Baikonur Site 31/6 Arianespace / Starsem
OneWeb × 34–36
(Baikonur flight 8)
OneWeb Low Earth Communications 
2021 (TBD)[11] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Baikonur Site 31/6 Arianespace / Starsem
OneWeb × 34–36
(Baikonur flight 9)
OneWeb Low Earth Communications 
2021 (TBD)[134] Soyuz-2.1b Baikonur Site 31/6 Roscosmos
Resurs-P №4[67] Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
2021 (TBD)[143] Starship TBA SpaceX
TBA TBA Geosynchronous Communications 
First commercial flight of Starship.
2021 (TBD)[121] Tenglong 1 TBA China Rocket
TBA TBA Low Earth TBA 
Maiden flight of Tenglong 1, also known as Flying Dragon 1.
2021 (TBD)[144] Terran 1 Cape Canaveral LC-16 Relativity Space
Telesat LEO × (unspecified number) Telesat Low Earth Communications 
2021 (TBD)[145] Terran 1 Cape Canaveral LC-16 Relativity Space
Vigoride Momentus Space Geosynchronous Space tug 
2021 (TBD)[146] Vega-C[147] Kourou ELV Arianespace
CERES × 3[149] French Armed Forces Low Earth SIGINT 
2021 (TBD)[150] Vega-C Kourou ELV Arianespace
SpaceBelt 1–10 Cloud Constellation Low Earth Communications 
2021 (TBD)[151] Vega or Vega-C Kourou ELV Arianespace
THEOS-2 GISTDA Low Earth Earth observation 
2021 (TBD)[121] Zhuque-2 Jiuquan LandSpace
TBA TBA Low Earth TBA 
Maiden flight of Zhuque-2, LandSpace's first liquid-propellant rocket.[152]
H2 2021 (TBD)[153] TBA TBA TBA
Eutelsat Konnect VHTS[155] Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications 
2021 (TBD)[134] TBA TBA CASC
CBERS 5 CASC / INPE Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
2021 (TBD)[156] TBA TBA TBA
EchoStar 24 / Jupiter 3[158] EchoStar Geosynchronous Communications 

Suborbital flights

Deep-space rendezvous

Date (UTC) Spacecraft Event Remarks
17 January Parker Solar Probe 7th perihelion
20 February Parker Solar Probe Fourth gravity assist at Venus
21 February Juno 32nd perijove of Jupiter
March OSIRIS-REx Departure from asteroid Bennu
15 April Juno 33rd perijove
29 April Parker Solar Probe 8th perihelion
7 June Juno 34th perijove
30 July Juno End of mission Intentional destructive entry into Jupiter's atmosphere
9 August Parker Solar Probe 9th perihelion
11 August BepiColombo Second gravity assist at Venus
2 October BepiColombo First gravity assist at Mercury
16 October Parker Solar Probe Fifth gravity assist at Venus
21 November Parker Solar Probe 10th perihelion

Extravehicular activities (EVAs)

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks

Orbital launch statistics

By country

For the purposes of this section, the yearly tally of orbital launches by country assigns each flight to the country of origin of the rocket, not to the launch services provider or the spaceport. For example, Soyuz launches by Arianespace in Kourou are counted under Russia because Soyuz-2 is a Russian rocket.

Country Launches Successes Failures Partial
failures
Remarks

By rocket

By family

Family Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks

By type

Rocket Country Family Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks

By configuration

Rocket Country Type Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks

By spaceport

Site Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks

By orbit

Orbital regime Launches Achieved Not achieved Accidentally
achieved
Remarks
Transatmospheric0000
Low Earth0000
Geosynchronous / transfer0000
Medium Earth0000
High Earth0000
Heliocentric orbit0000Including planetary transfer orbits

Notes

  1. Ariane 5 carries two satellites per mission; manifested payloads still need to be paired.

References

  1. Jim Bridenstine [@JimBridenstine] (27 June 2018). "The James Webb Space Telescope will produce first of its kind, world-class science. Based on recommendations by an Independent Review Board, the new launch date for @NASAWebb is March 30, 2021. I'm looking forward to the launch of this historic mission" (Tweet). Retrieved 27 June 2018 via Twitter.
  2. Foust, Jeff (25 October 2018). "ULA now planning first launch of Vulcan in 2021". SpaceNews. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  3. "Blue Origin resets schedule: First crew to space in 2019, first orbital launch in 2021". Geekwire. 10 October 2018. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  4. Erwin, Sandra; Berger, Brian (16 April 2018). "Orbital ATK selects Aerojet Rocketdyne's RL10C for newly christened OmegA rocket". SpaceNews.com. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  5. Henry, Caleb (28 June 2019). "SpaceX targets 2021 commercial Starship launch". SpaceNews. Retrieved 29 June 2019.
  6. Pietrobon, Steven (25 August 2019). "Ariane Launch Manifest". Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  7. Krebs, Gunter. "Galileo 5, ..., 34 (Galileo-FOC FM1, ..., FM30)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
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