2020 in spaceflight

This article documents expected notable spaceflight events during the year 2020.

2020 in spaceflight
The Mars 2020 rover is set to launch aboard an Atlas V rocket in 2020.

Overview

Exploration of the Solar System

Four missions to Mars are planned to be launched in 2020, including three rovers, two orbiters, and a lander. NASA plans to launch the Mars 2020 rover, which will include the Mars Helicopter Scout and cache samples for eventual return to Earth.[1] The European Space Agency has partnered with Roscosmos to launch the Rosalind Franklin rover using the Kazachok lander.[1] The China National Space Administration (CNSA) will launch its HX-1 mission, which includes an orbiter and small rover; it would be China’s first mission to another planet using its own delivery vehicle.[1] Finally, the United Arab Emirates will launch the Hope Mars Mission orbiter on a Japanese rocket.[1]

China also intends to launch Chang'e 5, the first sample-return mission to the Moon since Luna 24 in 1976. Chang'e 5 will use the recently developed Long March 5 heavy-lift rocket.

The NASA mission OSIRIS-REx will sample the asteroid 101955 Bennu in July. The JAXA Hayabusa2 mission will return samples of 162173 Ryugu to Earth in December.

Human space flight

China plans to test a new generation of crewed spacecraft in October, and begin construction of the Chinese large modular space station with the launch of the Tianhe Core Cabin Module, though this may be delayed to 2021.[2]

In the United States, SpaceX's Dragon 2 and Boeing's CST-100 Starliner are expected to make their first crewed flights in early 2020 as part of the Commercial Crew Development program,[3] restoring human spaceflight capability lost after the Space Shuttle's retirement in 2011.

Rocket innovation

SpaceX hopes to begin orbital testing of its fully reusable two-stage-to-orbit vehicle Starship.[4]

The trend towards cost reduction in access to orbit is expected to continue. Arianespace's Ariane 6 will make its maiden flight, targeting a per-satellite launch cost similar to a Falcon 9.[5] Mitsubishi Heavy Industries's H3 launch vehicle, scheduled to enter service this year, will cost less than half that of H-IIA, its predecessor.[6] The new owner of Sea Launch plans to resume regular flights at a cost of $62–72 million USD.[7] Despite the increasing competition the cost of delivering cargo to the ISS will go up.[8]

Internet satellite constellations

In late 2020, following the launch of the first 300+ satellites, the OneWeb constellation is expected to become operational[9] and start providing low latency broadband service at speeds of up to 595 megabits per second to customers throughout the United States and its territories.[10] By the end of the year the constellation will grow to 600+ satellites.

SpaceX expects to begin operation of its Starlink in 2020, with about 720 satellites launched by the end of the year.[11]

Orbital launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January

Early January (TBD)[12][13] Kuaizhou 1A Jiuquan ExPace
Xingyun-2 01 Xingyun Satellite Co. Low Earth (SSO) IoT 
Xingyun-2 02 Xingyun Satellite Co. Low Earth (SSO) IoT 
Mid January (TBD)[14][15] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications 
Third Starlink v1.0 mission (fourth overall).[16]
15 January
02:53[17]
TBA TBA TBA
ÑuSat 7 & 8[17] Satellogic Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
16 January
20:05[18][16]
Ariane 5 ECA VA251[19] Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
Eutelsat Konnect[20] Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications 
GSAT-30[21] ISRO Geosynchronous Communications 
27 January
01:00[22][16]
H-IIA F41 Tanegashima LA-Y1 MHI
IGS-Optical 7 CSICE Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance 
30 January[23][24] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Baikonur Site 31/6 Arianespace / Starsem
OneWeb × 34 OneWeb Low Earth Communications 
Second OneWeb mission.[16] Baikonur flight 1.
Late January (TBD)[25] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications 
Fourth Starlink v1.0 mission (fifth overall).[16]
January(TBD)[26] LauncherOne F1 Cosmic Girl, Mojave Virgin Orbit
TBA Virgin Orbit Low Earth Flight test 
Maiden orbital flight of LauncherOne.
January (TBD)[27][28] PSLV-CA Satish Dhawan ISRO
Oceansat-3 ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Oceanography 
GNOMES[30] PlanetiQ Low Earth (SSO) Weather satellite 
January (TBD)[31][16] SSLV D1 Satish Dhawan FLP ISRO
Defencesat A/B Indian MoD Low Earth (SSO) Military 
Maiden flight of India's Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV).

February

5 February[32] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk Site 43/4 RVSN RF
GLONASS-M 760[33] VKS Medium Earth Navigation 
6 February
04:27[16]
Atlas V 411 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 ULA
Solar Orbiter ESA Heliocentric Heliophysics 
7 February[16][34] Antares 230+ MARS LP-0A Northrop Grumman
Cygnus NG-13 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 
12 February[35] Electron Mahia LC-1 Rocket Lab
ANDESITE[37] Boston University Low Earth Technology demonstration 
Launch of the ELaNa 32 mission.
Mid February (TBD)[35] LauncherOne F2 Cosmic Girl, Mojave Virgin Orbit
CACTUS-1 Capitol Technology University Low Earth Technology demonstration 
CAPE-3 University of Louisiana Low Earth Technology demonstration 
ExoCube-2 NASA Low Earth Atmospheric research 
INCA NMSU Low Earth Ionospheric research 
MiTEE-1 University of Michigan Low Earth Technology demonstration 
PICS 1, 2 Brigham Young University Low Earth Technology demonstration 
PolarCube Colorado Space Grant Consortium Low Earth Technology demonstration 
Q-PACE (Cu-PACE) UCF Low Earth Microgravity research 
RadFxSat-2 (Fox-1E) AMSAT Low Earth Technology demonstration 
TechEdSat-7 (TES-7) SJSU, NASA, University of Idaho Low Earth Technology demonstration 
Launch of NASA's ELaNa 20 mission. Second flight of LauncherOne.[35]
15 February[16] Minotaur IV / Orion 38 MARS LP-0B Northrop Grumman
NROL-129[39] NRO ? Reconnaissance 
19 February[40] Firefly Alpha Vandenberg SLC-2W[41] Firefly
DFAST Demonstrator[43] Benchmark Space Low Earth Technology demonstration 
Maiden flight of the Firefly Alpha commercial smallsat launcher.
February (TBD)[44] Ariane 5 ECA Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
GEO-KOMPSAT-2B[45][46][lower-alpha 1] KARI Geosynchronous Ocean monitoring 
February (TBD)[47][48] Astra Kodiak LP-3B Astra Space
NSLSAT 1[50] NearSpace Launch Low Earth (Polar) Ionospheric research 
First orbital launch attempt of the Astra commercial smallsat launch vehicle. Planned for February or March 2020.
February (TBD)[51][52] Falcon 9 Block 5 Kennedy LC-39A SpaceX
SpX-DM2 SpaceX / NASA Low Earth (ISS) Flight test 
Crew Dragon Demo 2: Crewed flight test of Dragon 2 as part of the Commercial Crew Development program.[53]
February (TBD)[54] GSLV Satish Dhawan ISRO
GSAT-32 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications 
February (TBD)[55] Long March 3B/E Xichang CASC
BeiDou-3 G2Q CNSA Geosynchronous Navigation 
February (TBD)[16][56] PSLV-CA C49[57] Satish Dhawan FLP ISRO
RISAT-2BR2[58] ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
KSM × 4[60] Kleos Space Low Earth (SSO) Navigation 

March

1 March[16] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
SpaceX CRS-20 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 
SPOC University of Georgia Low Earth Technology demonstration 
TechEdSat-10 (TES-10) NASA Low Earth Technology demonstration 
The ELaNa 30 mission will launch on this resupply flight.[35]
1 March[40][61] LauncherOne Cosmic Girl, Mojave Virgin Orbit
HALO-Net Free Flyer U.S. Navy / Iridium Low Earth Technology demonstration / Optical communications 
30 March[62] Proton-M / Briz-M P4 Baikonur Site 81/24 Roscosmos
Ekspress 80 RSCC Geosynchronous Communications 
Ekspress 103 RSCC Geosynchronous Communications 
March (TBD)[63] Atlas V 551 AV-086[64] Cape Canaveral SLC-41 ULA
AEHF-6[65] U.S. Air Force Geosynchronous Communications (military) 
March (TBD)[63] Atlas V 551 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 ULA
AFSPC 12 / WFOV[66] U.S. Air Force Geosynchronous Missile warning 
March (TBD)[67] Ceres-1 Jiuquan Galactic Energy
TBA TBA Low Earth TBA 
TBA TBA Low Earth TBA 
TBA TBA Low Earth TBA 
Maiden flight of Ceres-1.
March (TBD)[68] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
GPS IIIA-03 U.S. Air Force Medium Earth Navigation 
March (TBD)[69] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40[70] SpaceX
SAOCOM 1B[71] CONAE Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
Sequoia (Capella 2)[72] Capella Space Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
March (TBD)[73] Falcon 9 Block 5 Vandenberg SLC-4E SpaceX
SmallSat Rideshare Mission 1 SpaceX Low Earth (SSO) Satellite dispenser 
Dedicated smallsat rideshare mission to sun-synchronous orbit.[73]
March (TBD)
01:53[16]
Soyuz ST-A / Fregat-M[74] VS24 Kourou ELS Arianespace
Falcon Eye 2[76] UAE Armed Forces Low Earth Reconnaissance (IMINT) 
Q1 (TBD)[44] Ariane 5 ECA Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
JCSAT-17[77][lower-alpha 1] JSAT Geosynchronous Communications 
Q1 (TBD)[78] Atlas V N22 AV-082 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 ULA
Starliner Boe-CFT Boeing / NASA Low Earth (ISS) Flight test / ISS crew transport 
Boeing Crewed Flight Test of CST-100 Starliner as part of Commercial Crew Development program (nominally 14 days).[53] May also become the first operational mission with a longer duration, as part of ISS Crew Transportation Services program.
Q1 (TBD)[79] Electron Mahia LC-1 Rocket Lab
Dragracer 1 TriSept Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration 
Dragracer 2 TriSept Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration 
The Dragracer mission will test Tethers Unlimited's Terminator Tape, an electrodynamic tether that can passively de-orbit satellites in order to reduce space debris.
Q1 (TBD)[80] Electron Mahia LC-1 Rocket Lab
Photon Rocket Lab TBA Satellite bus 
First launch of the Photon satellite bus.[81]
Q1 (TBD)[82][83] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 or LC-39A SpaceX
ANASIS-II[85] Republic of Korea Army Low Earth Military communications 
Q1 (TBD)[86][33] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk Site 43/4 RVSN RF
GLONASS-K №15 (K1 №3) VKS Medium Earth Navigation 
Q1 (TBD)[33] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk Site 43/4 RVSN RF
GLONASS-K2 13L (K2 №1) VKS Medium Earth Navigation 
Q1 (TBD)[87][88] SSLV D2 Satish Dhawan FLP ISRO
BlackSky Global 5 BlackSky Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
BlackSky Global 6 BlackSky Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
BlackSky Global 7 BlackSky Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
BlackSky Global 8 BlackSky Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
First commercial SSLV launch.[89]

April

9 April[90] Soyuz-2.1a Baikonur Site 31/6 Roscosmos
Soyuz MS-16 Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 62/63 
First crewed flight of Soyuz-2.1a.
18 April[91][33] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Vostochny Site 1S Arianespace / Starsem
OneWeb × 34–36 OneWeb Low Earth Communications 
Vostochny flight 1.
25 April[90] Soyuz-2.1a Baikonur Site 31/6 Roscosmos
Progress MS-14 / 75P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 
April (TBD)[73] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications 
SmallSat Rideshare Mission 2 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser 
SkySat 16–18[92] Planet Labs Low Earth Earth observation 
April (TBD)[93] H-IIA 202 Tanegashima LA-Y1 MHI
ALOS-3[95] JAXA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
April (TBD)[96] Long March 3B Xichang CASC
Nusantara Satu-2 PSN Geosynchronous Communications 

May

May (TBD)[40] Falcon 9 Block 5 Kennedy LC-39A SpaceX
Crew Dragon USCV-1 SpaceX / NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS crew transport 
First operational mission of Crew Dragon, as part of the ISS Crew Transportation Services program.
May (TBD)[73] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications 
SmallSat Rideshare Mission 3 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser 
Vigoride 1 (VR-1)[99][100] Momentus Space Low Earth Space tug 
May (TBD)[16] H-IIB Tanegashima LA-Y2 MHI
HTV-9 JAXA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 
May (TBD)[101] Long March TBA Wenchang CASC
Taihu-1 Wuxi Kalman Navigation Technology Low Earth Earth observation
AIS ship tracking
 
May (TBD)[33][102] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Vostochny Site 1S Arianespace / Starsem
OneWeb × 34–36 OneWeb Low Earth Communications 
Vostochny flight 2.

June

June (TBD)[63] Atlas V AV-085[64] Cape Canaveral SLC-41 ULA
AFSPC 8 / GSSAP #5[103] US Air Force Geosynchronous Space surveillance 
AFSPC 8 / GSSAP #6[103] US Air Force Geosynchronous Space surveillance 
June (TBD)[104] Delta IV Heavy D-385 Cape Canaveral SLC-37B ULA
Orion 10 / NROL-44 NRO Geosynchronous Reconnaissance 
June (TBD)[73] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications 
SmallSat Rideshare Mission 4 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser 
SkySat 19–21[92] Planet Labs Low Earth Earth observation 
June (TBD)[54][105] GSLV Mk III M2 Satish Dhawan SLP ISRO
GSAT-20 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications 
June (TBD)[2] Long March 3C (?) ? CASC
BeiDou-3 G3Q CNSA Geosynchronous Navigation 
Last satellite of the BeiDou Constellation to be launched.[106]
June (TBD)[107] PSLV[57] Satish Dhawan ISRO
Amazônia-1 INPE Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
Whitney × 3[72] Capella Space Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
First Brazilian earth observation satellite.[108]
June (TBD)[33][102] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Vostochny Site 1S Arianespace / Starsem
OneWeb × 34–36 OneWeb Low Earth Communications 
Vostochny flight 3.
June (TBD)[109] TBA TBA TBA
EROS C1 ImageSat Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
Q2 (TBD)[110] Ariane 5 ECA Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
BSAT-4b[111][lower-alpha 1] BSAT Geosynchronous Communications 
Q2 (TBD)[112][113] Ariane 5 ECA Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
Galaxy 30 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications 
MEV-2 Northrop Grumman Geosynchronous Satellite servicing 
Q2 (TBD)[16] Atlas V 501 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 ULA
AFSPC-7 (X-37B OTV-6) U.S. Air Force Low Earth Technology demonstration 
Q2 (TBD)[114] Electron MARS LP-0C Rocket Lab
Monolith U.S. Air Force Low Earth Space weather 
First launch from Rocket Lab Launch Complex 2 at the Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in Wallops, flying the Air Force's STP-27RM mission.
Q2 (TBD)[40] Falcon 9 Block 5 Kennedy LC-39A or Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Türksat 5A Türksat Geosynchronous Communications 
Q2 (TBD)[115] Firefly Alpha Vandenberg SLC-2W[41] Firefly
Carbonite 4[116] SSTL Low Earth Technology demonstration 
Q2 (TBD)[35][117] LauncherOne F3[118] Cosmic Girl, Andersen VOX Space
PAN[120] Cornell University Low Earth Technology demonstration 
MiniCarb (CNGB)[122] LLNL / GSFC Low Earth Technology demonstration 
Launch of STP-27VP and ELaNa 29 payloads.
Q2 (TBD)[123][124] Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat Baikonur GK Launch Services
CAS500-1[127][128] KARI Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
ELSA-d[123] Astroscale Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration 
Fukui Prefectural Satellite[129] Axelspace / FSTRA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
GRUS-1 × 3[129] Axelspace Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
Challenge One[131] Telnet Tunisie Low Earth (SSO) Communications 
Kepler × 2[134][135] Kepler Low Earth (SSO) Communications 
Pixxel[137] Pixxel Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation
Technology demonstration
 
Q2 (TBD)[138] Vega VV16 Kourou ELV Arianespace
Athena Facebook[139] Low Earth (SSO) Communications 
ION CubeSat Carrier D-Orbit Low Earth (SSO) CubeSat deployer 
ESAIL[141] exactEarth Low Earth (SSO) Communications 
Small Satellites Mission Service (SSMS)
Q2 (TBD)[138] Vega VV18 Kourou ELV Arianespace
Ingenio[142] Hisdesat Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
TARANIS[144] CNES Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
Q2 (TBD)[145] Vega-C VC01 Kourou ELV Arianespace
LARES 2[146] ASI Low Earth Laser ranging
Geodesy
 
Maiden flight of Vega-C.[147]
H1 2020 (TBD)[148] Angara A5 / Briz-M[149] Plesetsk Site 35/1 RVSN RF
IPM 2 (dummy payload)[151] VKS TBA Flight test 
H1 2020 (TBD)[152] Hapith V Taitung Launch Site[153] TiSPACE
TBA TBA Low Earth Flight test 
Maiden flight of Hapith V.
H1 2020 (TBD)[154] Jielong 1[155] Jiuquan LA-4 CALT
Hainan-1 × 4 Sanya Institute of Remote Sensing Low Earth Earth observation 
H1 2020 (TBD)[156] Long March 5B / YZ-2 TBA[157] Wenchang LC-1 CASC
New Generation Crewed Spacecraft CNSA Low Earth Flight test 
Maiden flight of Long March 5B, testing a next-generation crewed spacecraft.
Mid 2020 (TBD)[158] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
SXM 7[159] Sirius XM Geosynchronous Communications 

July

17 July[16]
13:00
Atlas V 541 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 ULA
Mars 2020 NASA / JPL Heliocentric Mars rover 
23 July[2] Long March 5 Y4[157] Wenchang LC-1 CASC
Mars Global Remote Sensing Orbiter and Small Rover CNSA Areocentric Mars orbiter, lander and rover 
23 July[90] Soyuz-2.1a Baikonur Site 31/6 Roscosmos
Progress MS-15 / 76P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 
At the end of its mission, Progress MS-15 will deorbit the Pirs module to make way for the arrival of Nauka in December 2020.[90]
25 July[33] Proton-M / Briz-M Baikonur Khrunichev
/ ExoMars 2020 surface platform Roscosmos Heliocentric Mars lander 
Rosalind Franklin ESA Heliocentric Mars rover 
July (TBD)[160] Blue Whale 1 Whalers Way Perigee Aerospace
Dummy payload Perigee Aerospace Low Earth Flight test 
Maiden flight of Blue Whale 1.[161]
July (TBD)[162] Electron Mahia LC-1 Rocket Lab
Lunar Scout MX-1E Moon Express LEO, then TLI[163] Lunar lander 
July (TBD)[73] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications 
SmallSat Rideshare Mission 5 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser 
July (TBD)[164] H-IIA 202 Tanegashima LA-Y1 MHI
Mars Hope (Al-Amal) Mohammed bin Rashid Space Centre Areocentric Mars orbiter 
July (TBD)[165] Long March 6 Taiyuan LC-16 SAST
ÑuSat × 13[166] Satellogic[167] Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
ÑuSat 9–21.[44]
July (TBD)[168] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Baikonur Roscosmos
Arktika-M №1[169] Roscosmos Molniya Earth observation 
July (TBD)[33][102] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Vostochny Site 1S Arianespace / Starsem
OneWeb × 34–36 OneWeb Low Earth Communications 
Vostochny flight 4.
July (TBD)[170] Vega-C Kourou ELV Arianespace
Pléiades-Neo 1[171] CNES Low Earth Earth observation 
Pléiades-Neo 2[171] CNES Low Earth Earth observation 

August

5 August[35] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
SpaceX CRS-21 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 
Bishop Airlock Module NanoRacks / NASA Low Earth (ISS) Satellite deployment / ISS assembly 
Alpha Cornell University Low Earth Technology demonstration 
BobCat 1 OSU Low Earth Technology demonstration 
PR-CuNaR 2 UIPR Low Earth Technology demonstration 
NEUTRON-1 University of Hawaii Low Earth Technology demonstration 
TJREVERB Thomas Jefferson High School Low Earth Technology demonstration 
CySat-1 Iowa State University Low Earth Technology demonstration 
SPACE-HAUC UMass Lowell Low Earth Technology demonstration 
CAPSat UIUC Low Earth Technology demonstration 
The ELaNa 31 mission[35] and NanoRacks' Bishop Airlock Module will launch on this resupply flight.
August (TBD)[73] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications 
SmallSat Rideshare Mission 6 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser 
August (TBD)[172] PSLV C51[57] Satish Dhawan FLP ISRO
HRSAT-1 × 3[173][174] ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
August (TBD)[33][175] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Baikonur Site 31/6 Arianespace / Starsem
OneWeb × 34–36 OneWeb Low Earth Communications 
Baikonur flight 3.

September

September (TBD)[176] Atlas V 551 AV-088 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 ULA
NROL-101[177] NRO TBA Reconnaissance 
September (TBD)[104] Delta IV Heavy Vandenberg SLC-6 ULA
NROL-82 NRO Polar orbit Reconnaissance 
September (TBD)[63] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
GPS IIIA-05 U.S. Air Force Medium Earth Navigation 
September (TBD)[73] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications 
SmallSat Rideshare Mission 7 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser 
September (TBD)[2] ? ? CASC
CBERS 6 CASC / INPE Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
September (TBD)[33] Soyuz-2.1a Baikonur Roscosmos
Progress MS-16 / 77P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 
September (TBD)[33][175] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Baikonur Site 31/6 Arianespace / Starsem
OneWeb × 34–36 OneWeb Low Earth Communications 
Baikonur flight 4.
Q3 (TBD)[178] Ariane 5 ECA Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
Eutelsat Quantum[179][lower-alpha 1] Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications 
Q3 (TBD)[68] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
GPS IIIA-04 U.S. Air Force Medium Earth Navigation 
Q3 (TBD)[158] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
SXM 8[159] Sirius XM Geosynchronous Communications 
Q3 (TBD)[180][152] Hapith V Taitung Launch Site[153] TiSPACE
TBA TBA Low Earth TBA 
First commercial Hapith V launch.
Q3 (TBD)[54] PSLV-XL[57] Satish Dhawan ISRO
Cartosat-3B ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
IMS-2 × 2 ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
Microsat × 3 ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
Q3 (TBD)[181] RS1 TBA ABL Space Systems
TBA TBA Low Earth Flight test 
Maiden flight.
Q3 (TBD)[33] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk Site 43/4 RVSN RF
GLONASS-K 16 (K1 №5) VKS Medium Earth Navigation 
After the initial two prototypes launched in 2011 and 2014, only nine more GLONASS-K1 models will be produced. They will be launched as needed to replace end-of-life GLONASS-M variants.[182]

October

14 October[183] Soyuz-2.1a Baikonur Site 31/6 Roscosmos
Soyuz MS-17 Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 63/64 
October (TBD)[35] Antares 230+ MARS LP-0A Northrop Grumman
Cygnus NG-14 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 
ARKSat-1 University of Arkansas Low Earth Technology demonstration 
BeaverCube MIT Low Earth Technology demonstration 
CougSat 1 WSU Low Earth Technology demonstration 
EagleSat-2 ERAU Low Earth Technology demonstration 
LinkSat University of Buffalo Low Earth Technology demonstration 
RamSat Oak Ridge Public Schools Low Earth Education 
PTD-2[185] NASA Ames Low Earth Technology demonstration 
SPORT[187] ITA / NASA Low Earth Technology demonstration 
TARGIT[189] GTRC Low Earth Technology demonstration 
CaNOP Carthage College Low Earth Earth observation 
IT-SPINS (SpaceBuoy)[191] MSU Low Earth Ionospheric research 
The ELaNa 33 mission will launch on this resupply flight.
October (TBD)[73] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications 
SmallSat Rideshare Mission 8 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser 
October (TBD)[73] Falcon 9 Block 5 Vandenberg SLC-4E SpaceX
SmallSat Rideshare Mission 9 SpaceX Low Earth (SSO) Satellite dispenser 
NanoRacks Outpost demonstration NanoRacks Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration 
Lemur-2 × 8 Spire Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
Kepler × (unspecified number)[192][193] Kepler Low Earth (SSO) Communications 
Dedicated smallsat rideshare mission to sun-synchronous orbit.[73] Either this launch or the dedicated rideshare launch in December will deliver NanoRack's on-orbit technology demonstration mission to cut metal samples representative of C4M upper stages, in order to test enabling technologies for converting spent upper stages into NanoRacks Space Outposts.[194][195][196]
October (TBD)[197] Soyuz ST-A / Fregat-M[44] VS25 Kourou ELS Arianespace
CSO 2[198] French Armed Forces Low Earth Reconnaissance 

November

25 November[33] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk Site 43/4 RVSN RF
GLONASS-M 761 VKS Medium Earth Navigation 
30 November[90][33] Proton-M P4 Baikonur Roscosmos
Nauka Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS assembly 
Nauka will be launched along with the European Robotic Arm.[199]
November (TBD)[40] Atlas V N22 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 ULA
Starliner CTS-1 / USCV-2 Boeing / NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS crew transport 
Second operational mission of Starliner, as part of the ISS Crew Transportation Services program.
November (TBD)[40] Falcon 9 Block 5 Vandenberg SLC-4E SpaceX
SARah 1[82] Bundeswehr Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance 
November (TBD)[200] Falcon 9 Block 5 Vandenberg SLC-4E SpaceX
/ Sentinel-6A NASA, NOAA, CNES, Eumetsat Low Earth Earth observation 
November (TBD)[73] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications 
SmallSat Rideshare Mission 10 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser 
November (TBD)[201] GSLV Satish Dhawan ISRO
Chandrayaan-3 ISRO Selenocentric Lunar lander / rover 
November (TBD)[202] SLS Block 1 Kennedy LC-39B NASA
Artemis 1 NASA Selenocentric Technology demonstration 
Near-Earth Asteroid Scout NASA Heliocentric Technology demonstration 
Lunar Flashlight NASA Selenocentric Lunar orbiter 
BioSentinel NASA Heliocentric Astrobiology 
SkyFire Lockheed Martin Heliocentric Technology demonstration 
Lunar IceCube NASA Selenocentric Lunar orbiter 
CuSP NASA Heliocentric Solar research 
Lunar Polar Hydrogen Mapper NASA Selenocentric Lunar orbiter 
EQUULEUS UT Earth–Moon L2 Earth observation 
OMOTENASHI JAXA Selenocentric Lunar lander 
ArgoMoon ASI Heliocentric Technology demonstration 
Maiden flight of NASA's Space Launch System (SLS).
November (TBD)[33][102] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Baikonur Site 31/6 Arianespace / Starsem
OneWeb × 34–36 OneWeb Low Earth Communications 
Baikonur flight 5.
November (TBD)[197] Soyuz ST-B / Fregat-MT VS26 Kourou ELS Arianespace
OneWeb × 34[44] OneWeb Low Earth Communications 
Kourou flight 2.

December

15 December[35][203] Atlas V 401 Vandenberg SLC-3E ULA
Landsat 9 NASA / USGS Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology 
CatSat University of Arizona Low Earth Technology demonstration 
CUTE CU Boulder Low Earth Ultraviolet astronomy 
CuPID Boston University Low Earth Space weather 
The ELaNa 34 mission will launch on this flight.
December (TBD)[73] Falcon 9 Block 5 Vandenberg SLC-4E SpaceX
SmallSat Rideshare Mission 11 SpaceX Low Earth (SSO) Satellite dispenser 
Kepler × (unspecified number)[192][193] Kepler Low Earth (SSO) Communications 
Dedicated smallsat rideshare mission to sun-synchronous orbit.[73]
December (TBD)[73] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications 
SmallSat Rideshare Mission 12 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser 
December (TBD)[204] GSLV Mk III Satish Dhawan SLP ISRO
Gaganyaan 1 ISRO Low Earth Flight test 
First Gaganyaan flight test.
December (TBD)[33] Proton-M / Briz-M Baikonur Roscosmos
Yamal-501 Gazprom Space Systems Geosynchronous Communications 
December (TBD)[33] Soyuz-2.1a Baikonur Roscosmos
Progress MS-17 / 78P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 
December (TBD)[91][33] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Vostochny Site 1S Roscosmos
Meteor-M №2-3 Roscosmos Low Earth Meteorology 
Ionosfera-M 1/2 Roskosmos Low Earth Earth observation 
December (TBD)[33][102] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Baikonur Site 31/6 Arianespace / Starsem
OneWeb × 34–36 OneWeb Low Earth Communications 
Baikonur flight 6.
Q4 (TBD)[44] Ariane 62 Kourou ELA-4 Arianespace
OneWeb × 34 OneWeb Low Earth Communications 
Maiden flight of Ariane 6.[205] Kourou flight 3.
Q4 (TBD)[40] Falcon 9 Block 5 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Astranis[207] Astranis / Pacific Dataport Geosynchronous Communications 
Q4 (TBD)[208] Falcon Heavy Kennedy LC-39A SpaceX
AFSPC-44 Air Force Space Command Geosynchronous Communications (military) 
Q4 (TBD)[54] GSLV Satish Dhawan ISRO
GSAT-7R ISRO Geosynchronous Communications 
Will eventually replace GSAT-7.[209]
Q4 (TBD)[210] H-IIA 204 Tanegashima LA-Y1 MHI
Inmarsat-6 F1[212] Inmarsat Geosynchronous Communications 
Q4 (TBD)[213][214] LauncherOne Cosmic Girl, Mojave Virgin Orbit
Pearl × 8 Sky and Space Global Low Earth IoT 
Q4 (TBD)[215] Long March 5 / YZ-2 Y5[157] Wenchang LC-1 CASC
Chang'e 5 CNSA Selenocentric Lunar lander 
China's first lunar sample return mission.
Q4 (TBD)[216] Minotaur I MARS LP-0B Northrop Grumman
NROL-111 NRO TBA Reconnaissance 
Q4 (TBD)[33][217] Proton-M / Briz-M P4 Baikonur Roscosmos
Ekspress AMU-3 RSCC Geosynchronous Communications 
Ekspress AMU-7 RSCC Geosynchronous Communications 
Q4 (TBD)[33][218][219] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk Roscosmos
Gonets-M 17[220] Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications 
Gonets-M 18 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications 
Gonets-M 19 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications 
Q4 (TBD)[221] TBA TBA TBA
GECAM[223] CAS Low Earth Gravitational-wave astronomy 

To be determined

2020 (TBD)[33] Angara A5 / DM-03 (?) Plesetsk RVSN RF
Kosmos (EKS? / 14F154) VKS ? Missile warning 
H2 2020 (TBD)[113] Ariane 5 ECA Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
Intelsat (TBD)[lower-alpha 1] Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications 
2020 (TBD)[44] Ariane 5 ECA Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
Star One D2[lower-alpha 1] Star One Geosynchronous Communications 
2020 (TBD)[224] Atlas V 551 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 ULA
STP-3 (STPSat-6)[225] USAF Advanced Systems and Development Directorate Geosynchronous Technology demonstration 
The first GEM 63 solid rocket motors will fly on this mission.[226]
2020 (TBD)[63] Delta IV Heavy Cape Canaveral SLC-37B ULA
NROL-68 NRO Geosynchronous Reconnaissance 
2020 (TBD)[227] Epsilon Uchinoura JAXA
JV-LOTUSat 1 Vietnam Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
2020 (TBD)[40] Falcon 9 Block 5 Kennedy LC-39A SpaceX
Crew Dragon USCV-3 SpaceX / NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS crew transport 
2020 (TBD)[173] GSLV Mk II F10 Satish Dhawan SLP ISRO
GISAT 1[228] ISRO Geosynchronous Earth observation 
2020 (TBD)[228] GSLV Mk II F12 Satish Dhawan SLP ISRO
GISAT 2 ISRO Geosynchronous Earth observation 
2020 (TBD)[229] GSLV Mk II Satish Dhawan ISRO
GSAT-7C ISRO Geosynchronous Communications 
2020 (TBD)[230] GSLV Mk III Satish Dhawan SLP ISRO
DRSS-1 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications 
First of two Indian Data Relay Satellites.[231]
2020 (TBD)[232] H3-22S Tanegashima LA-Y2 MHI
ALOS-4 JAXA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
Maiden flight of the H3 Launch Vehicle.
2020 (TBD)[233] Jielong 2 Jiuquan LA-4 China Rocket
TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA 
Maiden flight of Jielong 2, also known as Smart Dragon 2 (SD-2).
2020 (TBD)[2] Kuaizhou 11 Jiuquan ExPace
Jilin-1 Optical-B[235] Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
Xiaoxiang 4 (Tianyi 4)[237] Tianyi Research Institute Low Earth (SSO) X-ray astronomy 
Xiangrikui 1A[238] Beijing Future Navigation Technology Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration 
Xiangrikui 1B[238] Beijing Future Navigation Technology Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration 
Maiden flight of Kuaizhou 11.[239][238]
2020 (TBD)[240] LauncherOne Cosmic Girl, Guam Airport[240] Virgin Orbit
Ignis[240] Astro Digital Low Earth Technology demonstration 
2020 (TBD)[241][242] LauncherOne Cosmic Girl, Mojave Virgin Orbit
Starling 1–8 Aerial & Maritime / GomSpace Low Earth AIS ship tracking 
2020 (TBD)[155] Long March 2C 2C-Yxx[243] Taiyuan LC-9 CAST
HaiYang 1D CAST Low Earth Earth observation 
2020 (TBD)[243] Long March 2C Xichang LC-3 CASC
Yaogan 30-06 01 CAS Low Earth Reconnaissance 
Yaogan 30-06 02 CAS Low Earth Reconnaissance 
Yaogan 30-06 03 CAS Low Earth Reconnaissance 
2020 (TBD)[244] Long March 2D 2D-Yxx[243] Jiuquan SLS-2 CASC
Shijian 19 CAST Low Earth Technology demonstration 
First flight of the New Generation Recoverable Satellite (NGRS).
2020 (TBD)[2][245] Long March 3B/E 3B-Yxx[246] Xichang CASC
APStar 6D APT Satellite Holdings Geosynchronous Communications 
2020 (TBD)[247] Long March 3B Xichang or Wenchang CAST
Fengyun 4B[249] CMA Geosynchronous Meteorology 
2020 (TBD)[155] Long March 4B Taiyuan LC-9 CAST
Ziyuan III-03 CAST Low Earth Earth observation 
2020 (TBD)[250] Long March 4B Taiyuan LC-9 CAST
HaiYang 2C CAST Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
2020 (TBD)[251] Long March 4B Taiyuan LC-9 CAST
HaiYang 2D[253] CAST Low Earth Earth observation 
2020 (TBD)[254] Long March 4B Taiyuan LC-9 CAST
HaiYang 2E CAST Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
2020 (TBD)[255] Long March 4C Taiyuan LC-9 CAST
Fengyun 3E[257] CMA Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology 
2020 (TBD)[258] Long March 4C Jiuquan or Taiyuan CASC
WCOM[259] CAS Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
2020 (TBD)[250] Long March 6[260] Taiyuan LC-16 CAST
HaiYang 3A CAST Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
2020 (TBD)[261] Long March 6A Taiyuan LC-16 SAST
TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) Flight test 
Maiden flight of Long March 6A.
2020 (TBD)[261] Long March 8 Wenchang LC-2[262] CASC
TBA CASC Low Earth (SSO) Flight test 
Maiden flight of Long March 8, which will test vertical takeoff, vertical landing technologies.
2020 (TBD)[263] Long March TBA TBA CAST
HaiYang 3B CAST Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
2020 (TBD)[67][264] Nebula 1 TBA Deep Blue Aerospace
TBA TBA Low Earth TBA 
Maiden flight of Nebula 1.
2020 (TBD)[265] Proton-M / Briz-M P4 Baikonur ILS
Anik G2V Telesat Geosynchronous Communications 
H2 2020 (TBD)[54] PSLV-XL Satish Dhawan ISRO
Aditya-L1 ISRO Sun–Earth L1 Heliophysics 
2020 (TBD)[250] PSLV-XL[57] Satish Dhawan ISRO
Cartosat-3A ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
2020 (TBD)[54] PSLV Satish Dhawan ISRO
CCI-Sat ISRO Low Earth Signals intelligence 
2020 (TBD)[266] PSLV-XL C52[57] Satish Dhawan SLP ISRO
IRNSS-1J ISRO Geosynchronous Navigation 
2020 (TBD)[250] PSLV Satish Dhawan ISRO
Resourcesat-3S ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
2020 (TBD)[267] PSLV-XL C50[57] Satish Dhawan FLP ISRO
RISAT-1A ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
2020 (TBD)[268] PSLV-XL Satish Dhawan FLP ISRO
RISAT-2A ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
2020 (TBD)[269] PSLV Satish Dhawan ISRO
SPADEX ISRO Low Earth Technology demonstration 
2020 (TBD)[270] Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat-M[271] Plesetsk Site 43/4 RVSN RF
Neitron №1[273] Ministry of Defence ? Reconnaissance 
2020 (TBD)[274][275] Soyuz-2.1a Plesetsk Site 43/4 RVSN RF
Bars-M 3L VKS Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance 
2020 (TBD)[276][275] Soyuz-2.1b Plesetsk Site 43/4 RVSN RF
Pion-NKS 901[278] VKS Low Earth (SSO) ELINT 
Part of the Russian Liana ELINT system.
2020 (TBD)[33][175] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Baikonur Site 31/6 Arianespace / Starsem
OneWeb × 34–36 OneWeb Low Earth Communications 
Baikonur flight 2.
2020 (TBD)[279][280] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Vostochny Site 1S Roscosmos
Energia-100 Energia-Telecom Geosynchronous Communications 
2020 (TBD)[33][102] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Baikonur Site 31/6 Arianespace / Starsem
OneWeb × 34–36 OneWeb Low Earth Communications 
Baikonur flight 7.
2020 (TBD)[33] Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Vostochny Site 1S Roscosmos
Zond[282] Roskosmos Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
Scout[284] Spaceflight Industries Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
/ Iskra 5[286] MAI, Space Kidz India Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration 
/ Perseus-O 1-4[288] Dauria / SatByul Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
2020 (TBD)[165] Vega Kourou ELV Arianespace
ÑuSat × 3[166] Satellogic Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
2020 (TBD)[289] Vega-C Kourou ELV Arianespace
COSMO-SkyMed (CSG) 2 ASI Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
2020 (TBD)[290] Zenit-3F / Fregat-SB Baikonur Site 45/1 Roscosmos
Lybid 1[291] Ukrkosmos (SSAU) Geosynchronous Communications 

Suborbital flights

Deep-space rendezvous

Date (UTC) Spacecraft Event Remarks
29 January Parker Solar Probe 4th perihelion
17 February Juno 25th perijove of Jupiter
10 April Juno 26th perijove
13 April BepiColombo Gravity assist at Earth
2 June Juno 27th perijove
7 June Parker Solar Probe 5th perihelion
11 July Parker Solar Probe Third gravity assist at Venus
25 July Juno 28th perijove
July OSIRIS-REx Touch-and-go maneuver on Bennu for sampling
16 September Juno 29th perijove
27 September Parker Solar Probe 6th perihelion
16 October BepiColombo First gravity assist at Venus
8 November Juno 30th perijove
30 December Juno 31st perijove
December Hayabusa2 Sample return to Earth

Extravehicular activities (EVAs)

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks

Orbital launch statistics

By country

For the purposes of this section, the yearly tally of orbital launches by country assigns each flight to the country of origin of the rocket, not to the launch services provider or the spaceport. For example, Soyuz launches by Arianespace in Kourou are counted under Russia because Soyuz-2 is a Russian rocket.

Country Launches Successes Failures Partial
failures
Remarks

By rocket

By family

Family Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks

By type

Rocket Country Family Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks

By configuration

Rocket Country Type Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks

By spaceport

Site Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks

By orbit

Orbital regime Launches Achieved Not achieved Accidentally
achieved
Remarks
Transatmospheric0000
Low Earth0000
Geosynchronous / transfer0000
Medium Earth0000
High Earth0000
Heliocentric orbit0000Including planetary transfer orbits

Notes

  1. Ariane 5 carries two satellites per mission; manifested payloads still need to be paired.

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