2019 in spaceflight

This article documents notable spaceflight events during the year 2019.

2019 in spaceflight
Highlights from spaceflight in 2019[lower-alpha 1]
Orbital launches
First10 January
Last16 December
Total96
Successes91
Failures5
Catalogued91
National firsts
Satellite
Space traveller
Rockets
Maiden flights
Retirements
Crewed flights
Orbital3
Suborbital1 (private)
Total travellers12 (3 suborbital)
EVAs8

Overview

Lunar exploration

The Chinese probe Chang'e 4 made the first soft landing on the far side of the Moon on 3 January. India launched the delayed Chandrayaan-2 lunar orbiter/lander/rover in July; the orbiter reached lunar orbit by September, but the Vikram lander crashed into the lunar surface.[1] One participant in the expired Google Lunar X Prize[2] launched the first private mission to the Moon in 2019. The Beresheet lander from Israel's SpaceIL made the landing attempt, but crashed onto the Moon in April.[3]

Exploration of the Solar System

The probe New Horizons encountered the Kuiper belt object 486958 Arrokoth on 1 January. This is the farthest object from the Sun ever to have a close encounter with a spacecraft.[4] The Japanese asteroid exploration mission Hayabusa-2 made a second touchdown with 162173 Ryugu to collect samples,[5] and departed for Earth on 12 November.[6] NASA declared the Mars rover Opportunity's mission over on 13 February.[7]

Human spaceflight

The first Commercial Crew Development test mission flew this year, aiming to restore United States human spaceflight capability following Space Shuttle retirement in 2011. In an unmanned test flight, SpaceX Dragon 2 successfully flew to the International Space Station on 3 March 2019; the crewed mission was delayed when the recovered capsule exploded during testing on 20 April.[8] Boeing's CST-100 Starliner has its uncrewed test flight scheduled for December, though this may be delayed; crewed missions have been delayed to 2020.[9]

Rocket innovation

As of the beginning of the year, around 100 small satellite launchers were in active use, in development, or were recently cancelled or stalled.[10] Three Chinese manufacturers launched their first orbital rocket in 2019: The maiden flight of OS-M1 in March failed to reach orbit,[11] the maiden flights of Hyperbola-1 in July[12] and of Jielong 1 in August[13] were successful. The PSLV-DL and PSLV-QL variants of the Indian PSLV first flew in January and April respectively.

SpaceX began testing of the SpaceX Starship in 2019, with an unmanned prototype "Starhopper" flying 150m in the air in a suborbital test flight on 27 August.[14]

The "single stick" Delta IV was retired in August,[15] and the analog-controlled Soyuz-FG was retired in September.[16]

Orbital launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January

10 January
17:05[17]
Long March 3B/E 3B-Y56[18] Xichang LC-2 CASC
Chinasat 2D CNSA Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
11 January
15:31[19]
Falcon 9 Block 5 F9-067 Vandenberg SLC-4E SpaceX
Iridium NEXT 66-75 Iridium Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
15 January[20][21] Simorgh Semnan LP-2 ISA
Payam-e Amirkabir / AUTSAT 1[22] Amirkabir University of Technology Low Earth Earth observation15 JanuaryLaunch failure
Third stage malfunctioned, satellite failed to reach orbit.[20]
18 January
00:50:20[23]
Epsilon Uchinoura JAXA
RAPIS-1 JAXA Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
ALE-1 Astro Live Experiences Low Earth (SSO) Artificial meteor showerIn orbitOperational
Hodoyoshi-2 (RISESAT) Tohoku University Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational
MicroDragon[24] VNSC Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
/ AOBA-VELOX 4 Nanyang Technological University, Kyutech Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
NEXUS Nihon University Low Earth (SSO) Amateur radioIn orbitOperational
OrigamiSat-1 Tokyo Institute of Technology Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
19 January
19:05[25]
Delta IV Heavy D-382 Vandenberg SLC-6 ULA
NROL-71 / Kennen (USA-290) NRO Low Earth ReconnaissanceIn orbitOperational
21 January
05:42[26]
Long March 11 Y6[27] Jiuquan SLS-2 CASC
Jilin-1 Hyperspectral-01 (Jilin Lincao 1)[29] Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth Earth observationIn orbitOperational
Jilin-1 Hyperspectral-02 (Wenchang Chaosun 1) Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth Earth observationIn orbitOperational
Xiaoxiang 1-03[31] Tianyi Research Institute Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Lingque 1A[33] Beijing ZeroG Technology Low Earth Earth observationIn orbitOperational
24 January
18:07[34]
PSLV-DL C44[35] Satish Dhawan FLP ISRO
Microsat-R DRDO Low Earth Earth observation
ASAT target
27 MarchDestroyed[36]
Kalamsat[35] Space Kidz India[37] Low Earth HAM Radio[37]In orbitOperational
Maiden flight of PSLV-DL. Microsat-R served as target for Indian ASAT experiment on 27 March 2019.

February

5 February[38][39] Safir-1B[40] Semnan LP-1 ISA
Dousti Sharif University of Technology Low Earth Communications, Remote sensing5 FebruaryLaunch failure[41][42]
5 February
21:01[43]
Ariane 5 ECA VA247 Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
Hellas Sat 4 / SaudiGeoSat-1 Hellas-Sat / ArabSat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
GSAT-31[44] ISRO Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
21 February
16:47[45]
Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Baikonur Site 31/6 Roscosmos
EgyptSat A NARSS Low Earth Earth observationIn orbitOperational
Third stage anomaly but achieved orbit in contingency mode
22 February
01:45[46]
Falcon 9 Block 5 F9-068 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Nusantara Satu PSN Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Beresheet[47][48] SpaceIL Moon transfer Lunar lander11 AprilLanding failure
S5[50] AFRL Geosynchronous Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Beresheet raised its orbit towards the moon from a supersynchronous transfer orbit with 60,000 km apogee.[51]
27 February
21:37[52]
Soyuz ST-B / Fregat-M VS21 Kourou ELS Arianespace
OneWeb × 6 OneWeb Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational[53]
First flight for OneWeb satellite constellation. Kourou flight 1.

March

2 March
07:49:03[54]
Falcon 9 Block 5 F9-069 Kennedy LC-39A SpaceX
SpX-DM1 SpaceX / NASA Low Earth (ISS) Flight test / ISS logistics8 MarchSuccessful
Crew Dragon Demo 1: Test of the Dragon 2 as part of Commercial Crew Development program.
9 March
17:28[55]
Long March 3B/E 3B-Y54[18] Xichang LC-2 CASC
Chinasat 6C (Zhongxing 6C)[56] China Satcom Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
300th launch of the Long March rocket family.
14 March
19:14:09[57]
Soyuz-FG Baikonur Site 1/5 Roscosmos
Soyuz MS-12 / 58S Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 59/603 October
10:59
Successful
Crewed flight with three cosmonauts.
16 March
00:26[58]
Delta IV M+(5,4) D-383 Cape Canaveral SLC-37B ULA
WGS-10 (USA-291) U.S. Air Force Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Last flight of Delta IV M+ (5,4) variant[59]
22 March
01:50:35[60]
Vega VV14 Kourou ELV Arianespace
PRISMA Italian Space Agency Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational
600th satellite orbited by Arianespace[60]
27 March
09:39[61]
OS-M1 Jiuquan SLS-2 OneSpace
Lingque 1B Beijing ZeroG Technology Low Earth Earth observation27 MarchLaunch failure[61]
Maiden flight of OS-M1 rocket
28 March
23:27[62]
Electron "Two Thumbs Up" Mahia LC-1 Rocket Lab
R3D2[64] DARPA Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
31 March
15:50[65]
Long March 3B/E 3B-Y44[66] Xichang LC-2 CASC
Tianlian 2-01 CNSA Geosynchronous Communications (tracking and relay)In orbitOperational

April

1 April
03:57[67]
PSLV-QL C45[35] Satish Dhawan SLP ISRO
EMISAT ISRO Low Earth ELINT[68]In orbitOperational
Lemur-2 × 4 Spire Global Low Earth Earth observationIn orbitOperational
BlueWalker 1[70] AST and Science Low Earth Test flightIn orbitOperational
M6P SpaceWorks Orbital / Lacuna Space Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Flock-4a × 20[72] Planet Labs Low Earth Earth observationIn orbitOperational
Aistechsat-3 GomSpace Low Earth Communications, Traffic monitoringIn orbitOperational
Astrocast 0.2 Astrocast SA Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Maiden flight of PSLV-QL
4 April
11:01:35[73]
Soyuz-2.1a Baikonur Site 31/6 Roscosmos
Progress MS-11 / 72P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics29 JulySuccessful
4 April
17:03[74]
Soyuz ST-B / Fregat-MT VS22 Kourou ELS Arianespace
O3b × 4 (FM17–FM20) SES S.A. Medium Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
11 April
22:35[75]
Falcon Heavy FH-002 Kennedy LC-39A SpaceX
Arabsat-6A[76] ArabSat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
17 April
20:46[77]
Antares 230 MARS LP-0A Northrop Grumman
Cygnus NG-11
S.S. Roger Chaffee
NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logisticsIn orbitOperational
SASSI2 University of Illinois / Purdue University Low Earth Technology demonstration 
ThinSat × 60 Virginia Space Low Earth Technology demonstration / Educational 
EntrySat ISAE-SUPAERO / ONERA Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
IOD-1 GEMS Orbital Micro Systems Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
KRAKsat AGH University of Science and Technology / Jagiellonian University Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Swiatowid SatRevolution Low Earth Technology demonstration / Earth observationIn orbitOperational
Virginia Cubesat Constellation × 3 Virginia Space Grant Consortium Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Uguisu KyuTech Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Raavana 1 ACCIMT Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
NepaliSat-1 KyuTech / NAST Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
SpooQy-1 NUS / SSTA Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
AeroCube-10 × 2 Aerospace Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Seeker NASA Low Earth Technology demonstration 
SASSI2 and ThinSats are the secondary payloads of Antares. EntrySat, IOD-1, KRAKsat, Swiatowid, Virginia Cubesat Constellation, Uguisu, Raavana 1, NepaliSat-1, SpooQy-1 were carried in the Cygnus NG-11 to be deployed from ISS. AeroCubes and Seeker are carried in the unpressurized compartment of Cygnus to be deployed from Cygnus after its departure from the ISS. Uguisu, Raavana 1, NepaliSat-1, and SpooQy-1 were deployed into orbit from the ISS on 17 June 2019. IOD-1 GEMS, KRAKsat, Swiatowid, EntrySat, and three Virginia Cubesat Constellation were deployed into orbit on 3 July 2019. NepaliSat-1 is the first Nepalese satellite and Raavana 1 is the first Sri Lankan satellite. On departure of Cygnus NG-11 from the ISS, SlingShot Deployer carrying Quantum Radar, NARSSCube-2, RFTSat, and ORCA, was placed on its hatch bulkhead.[78] Those CubeSats and also AeroCube-10 were deployed into orbit from Cygnus on 7 August 2019.[79]
20 April
14:41[80]
Long March 3B/E 3B-Y59[18] Xichang LC-3 CASC
BeiDou-3 I1Q (Beidou-44) CNSA IGSO NavigationIn orbitOperational
29 April
22:52[81]
Long March 4B 4B-Y36[82] Taiyuan LC-9 CASC
Tianhui 2-01A CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational
Tianhui 2-01B CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational

May

4 May
06:48[83]
Falcon 9 Block 5 F9-070 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
SpaceX CRS-17 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logisticsIn orbitOperational
Red-Eye DARPA Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Red-Eye was carried in CRS-17, and deployed into orbit from the ISS on 27 June 2019.[84]
5 May
06:00[85]
Electron "That's a Funny Looking Cactus" Mahia LC-1 Rocket Lab
Harbinger U.S. Air Force Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Falcon ODE U.S. Air Force Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
SPARC-1 U.S. Air Force Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
17 May
15:48[86]
Long March 3C 3C-Y16[18] Xichang LC-2 CASC
BeiDou-2 G8 (Beidou-45) CNSA Geosynchronous NavigationIn orbitOperational
22 May
00:00[87]
PSLV-CA C46[35] Satish Dhawan FLP ISRO
RISAT-2B ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation (radar)In orbitOperational
22 May
22:49[88]
Long March 4C 4C-Y23[89] Taiyuan LC-9 CASC
Yaogan 33 CAS Low Earth Reconnaissance22 MayLaunch failure
24 May
02:30[90]
Falcon 9 Block 5 F9-071 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Starlink test mission, launching 60 Starlink v0.9 experimental satellites.
27 May
06:23[91]
Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk Site 43/4 RVSN RF
GLONASS-M 758 VKS Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
30 May
17:42[92]
Proton-M / Briz-M P4 Baikonur Site 200/39 Roscosmos
Yamal-601 Gazprom Space Systems Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational

June

5 June
04:06[93]
Long March 11H Ship in the Yellow Sea CASC
Bufeng-1A CAST Low Earth Earth observationIn orbitOperational
Bufeng-1B CAST Low Earth Earth observationIn orbitOperational
Jilin-1 High Resolution 03A Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth Earth observationIn orbitOperational
Tianqi-3 (Tao Xingzhi)[94] Guodian Gaoke Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Tianxiang-1A CETC Low Earth Technology demonstration
Communications
In orbitOperational
Tianxiang-1B CETC Low Earth Technology demonstration
Communications
In orbitOperational
Xiaoxiang 1-04 Tianyi Research Institute Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
China’s first sea launch in the Yellow Sea off Shandong.
12 June
14:17[95]
Falcon 9 Block 5 F9-072 Vandenberg SLC-4E SpaceX
RADARSAT Constellation × 3[96][98] Canadian Space Agency Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational
20 June
21:43[99]
Ariane 5 ECA VA248 Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
Eutelsat 7C[101] Eutelsat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
AT&T T-16 DirecTV Geosynchronous Satellite televisionIn orbitOperational
24 June
18:09[102]
Long March 3B/E 3B-Y60[18] Xichang LC-3 CASC
BeiDou-3 I2Q (Beidou-46)[104] CNSA IGSO NavigationIn orbitOperational
25 June
06:30[105]
Falcon Heavy FH-003 Kennedy LC-39A SpaceX
STP-2 U.S. Air Force Low Earth, Medium Earth[106] Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
DSX AFRL Medium Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
COSMIC-2 × 6 NOAA / NSPO Low Earth AtmosphericIn orbitOperational
GPIM NASA Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Oculus-ASR Michigan Technological University Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
OTB General Atomics Electromagnetic Systems Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
NPSAT1 NRL Low Earth AtmosphericIn orbitOperational
Prox-1 Georgia Institute of Technology Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
E-TBEx × 2 NASA Low Earth AtmosphericIn orbitOperational
LEO Cal Poly Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
StangSat Merritt Island High School Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
FalconSAT-7 United States Naval Academy Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
PSAT2 United States Naval Academy Low Earth Amateur radioIn orbitOperational
BRICSat-2 United States Naval Academy Low Earth Technology demonstration / Amateur radioIn orbitOperational
TEPCE × 2 NRL Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
LightSail 2 The Planetary Society Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
ARMADILLO UT Austin Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
STP-2 carries multiple cubesats and other small payloads for NASA, NOAA, The Planetary Society and others in addition to the primary mission which consists of multiple U.S. Air Force payloads.
29 June
04:30[107]
Electron "Make It Rain" Mahia LC-1 Rocket Lab
BlackSky Global 3[108] BlackSky Global Low Earth Earth observationIn orbitOperational
Prometheus × 2 USSOCOM Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
ACRUX-1 Melbourne Space Program Low Earth EducationIn orbitOperational
SpaceBEE 8 & 9 Swarm Technologies Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Painani 1[110] SEDENA Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational

July

5 July
05:41[111]
Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Vostochny Site 1S Roscosmos
Meteor-M 2-2 Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) MeteorologyIn orbitOperational[112]
EXOCONNECT German Orbital Systems Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational[112]
El Camino Real[114] Momentus Space Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational[112]
MOVE-IIb[116] TUM Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational[112]
10 July
17:14[117][118][119]
Soyuz-2-1v / Volga Plesetsk Site 43/4 RVSN RF
Kosmos 2535 VKS Low Earth Satellite inspectionIn orbitOperational[120]
Kosmos 2536 VKS Low Earth Satellite inspectionIn orbitOperational
Kosmos 2537 VKS Low Earth Radar calibrationIn orbitOperational
Kosmos 2538 VKS Low Earth Radar calibrationIn orbitOperational
11 July
01:53:03[121]
Vega VV15 Kourou ELV Arianespace
Falcon Eye 1 (fr)[122] UAE Armed Forces Low Earth IMINT (Reconnaissance)11 JulyLaunch failure
Possibly an ignition failure of the second stage.[121] Later investigation findings showed the failure mostly traced into a structural failure on the second stage's forward dome resulting from higher temperatures.[123]
13 July
12:30:57[124]
Proton-M / DM-03 Baikonur Site 81/24 Roscosmos
Spektr-RG[126] IKI RAN
Max Planck Institute
Sun–Earth L2, halo orbit X-ray astronomyIn orbitOperational[127]
20 July
16:28:20[128]
Soyuz-FG Baikonur Site 1/5 Roscosmos
Soyuz MS-13 / 59S Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 60/61In orbitOperational
Crewed flight with three cosmonauts.[129]
22 July
09:13[130]
GSLV Mk III M1 Satish Dhawan SLP ISRO
Chandrayaan-2 / Vikram / Pragyan ISRO Selenocentric Lunar orbiter, lander and roverIn orbitOperational
The lander crashed on the lunar surface and broke into pieces during powered descent. The Orbiter remains operational.[131]
25 July
05:00[132]
Hyperbola-1 Jiuquan i-Space
CAS-7B[135] CAMSAT Low Earth Amateur radio6 August[136]Successful
Maiden flight of Hyperbola-1.[12][137]
25 July
22:01:56[138]
Falcon 9 Block 5 F9-073 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
SpaceX CRS-18 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logisticsIn orbitOperational
RFTSat Northwest Nazarene University Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
NARSSCube-2 National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
ORCA DARPA Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
RFTSat, NARSSCube-2, and ORCA are carried in CRS-18 to ISS.[139][140] They were placed in SlingShot Deployer on Cygnus NG-11 hatch bulkhead.[78] They were deployed into orbit by SlingShot Deployer on 7 August 2019 after the departure of Cygnus NG-11 from the ISS.
26 July
03:57[141]
Long March 2C 2C-Y37[142] Xichang LC-3[142] CASC
Yaogan 30-05 01 CAS Low Earth ReconnaissanceIn orbitOperational
Yaogan 30-05 02 CAS Low Earth ReconnaissanceIn orbitOperational
Yaogan 30-05 03 CAS Low Earth ReconnaissanceIn orbitOperational
Grid fins located on the interstage of the rocket are being used to test first stage landing zone control and recovery technologies.[143][144]
30 July
05:56[145]
Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat-M Plesetsk Site 43/4 RVSN RF
Meridian 8 (18L) VKS Molniya Communications (military)In orbitOperational
31 July
12:10:46[146]
Soyuz-2.1a Baikonur Site 31/6 Roscosmos
Progress MS-12 / 73P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logisticsIn orbitOperational

August

5 August
21:56[147]
Proton-M / Briz-M Baikonur Site 81/24 RVSN RF
Blagovest-14L VKS Geosynchronous Communications (military)In orbitOperational
Fourth Blagovest satellite launch, completing the initial Blagovest satellite constellation.[147]
6 August
19:30[148]
Ariane 5 ECA VA249 Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
EDRS-C[149] / HYLAS-3 ESA / Avanti Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Intelsat 39 Intelsat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
6 August
23:23[150]
Falcon 9 Block 5 F9-074 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Amos 17[153][154] Spacecom Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
The launch was free of charge for Spacecom as compensation for Amos-6's destruction on 1 September 2016. The booster, B1047, was expended.
8 August
10:13[155]
Atlas V 551 AV-084 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 ULA
AEHF-5[156] U.S. Air Force Geosynchronous Communications (military)In orbitOperational
TDO[155] U.S. Air Force Geosynchronous Space debris trackingIn orbitOperational
17 August
04:11[13]
Jielong 1 Jiuquan LA-4 CALT
Tianqi-2[157] Guodian Gaoke Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Qian Sheng-1 01 (QS1-01)[157][160][161] Qian Sheng Exploration Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Xingshidai-5[163] ADASpace[164] Low Earth Remote sensingIn orbitOperational
Maiden flight of Jielong 1 (also known as Smart Dragon 1). First launch for the Qian Sheng satellite constellation.
19 August
12:03[165]
Long March 3B/E 3B-Y58[166] Xichang LC-2 CASC
Chinasat 18[168] China Satcom Intended: Geosynchronous
Actual: GTO
CommunicationsIn orbitSpacecraft failure
Spacecraft apparently failed to deploy solar panels after stage separation. It remains inoperable in geostationary transfer orbit (GTO).[169][170] The satellite has been declared as total loss by the Chinese government.
19 August
12:12[171]
Electron "Look Ma, No Hands"[172] Mahia LC-1 Rocket Lab
BlackSky Global 4 BlackSky Global Low Earth Earth observationIn orbitOperational
BRO 1[174] UnseenLabs Low Earth ELINTIn orbitOperational
Pearl White × 2[176] Air Force Space Command Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
22 August
03:38:31[177]
Soyuz-2.1a Baikonur Site 31/6 Roscosmos
Soyuz MS-14 / 60S Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Test flight / ISS logistics6 September
21:32[178]
Successful
Uncrewed flight to certify Soyuz-2.1a for crew transport missions[179][180][181] with FEDOR (Skybot F-850) robot on board. First docking attempt on 24 August was aborted due to an issue on ISS, second attempt on 27 August was successful. Delivered Mini-EUSO telescope to ISS.
22 August
13:06[182]
Delta IV M+ (4,2)U D-384 Cape Canaveral SLC-37B ULA
GPS IIIA-02 U.S. Air Force Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
Last flight of the Delta IV "single stick" M+ series. Only Delta IV Heavy will keep flying.
29 August
(ground test)[183]
Safir-1B[184] Semnan LP-1 ISA
Nahid 1[186] Iranian Space Research Center Low Earth CommunicationsN/ARocket destroyed prior to launch[187]
Rocket apparently exploded on the launch pad.[188] According to the Iranian Ministry of ICT, the Nahid 1 satellite had yet to be delivered to the launch site.[187]
30 August
14:00[189]
Rokot / Briz-KM Plesetsk Site 133/3 RVSN RF
Geo-IK-2 No.3 (Musson-2) VKS Low Earth GeodesyIn orbitOperational
30 August
23:41[190]
Kuaizhou 1A Y10[191] Jiuquan SLS-2 ExPace
Taiji-1 (KX-09)[194][195] CAS Low Earth (SSO) Microgravity science
Gravitational-wave astronomy
In orbitOperational
Xiaoxiang 1-07[190] Tianyi Research Institute Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational

September

12 September
03:26[196]
Long March 4B 4B-Y39[89] Taiyuan LC-9 CASC
Ziyuan I-02D PLA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational
Ice Pathfinder (BNU-1)[198] Beijing Normal University Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational
Taurus 1 (Jinniuzuo-1) Shanghai Aerospace Science and Technology Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
19 September
06:42[199]
Long March 11 Y8[27] Jiuquan LA-4 CASC
Zhuhai-1 OHS 2E–2H[200] Zhuhai Orbita Control Engineering Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational
Zhuhai-1 OVS 2B[201] Zhuhai Orbita Control Engineering Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational
22 September
21:10[202]
Long March 3B / YZ-1 3B-Y65[18] Xichang LC-2 CASC
BeiDou-3 M23 (Beidou-47)[203] CNSA Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
BeiDou-3 M24 (Beidou-48)[203] CNSA Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
24 September
16:05[204]
H-IIB Tanegashima LA-Y2 MHI
HTV-8 JAXA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics3 November
02:09[205]
Successful
NARSSCube-1 National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
AQT-D University of Tokyo Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
RWASAT-1 Rwanda Utilities Regulatory Authority Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
The first launch attempt on 10 September, 21:33 UTC, was postponed due to a fire on the launch pad. NARSSCube-1, AQT-D, RWASAT-1 are carried to ISS inside HTV-8 for later deployment into orbit from the ISS. RWASAT-1 is Rwanda's first satellite.[206] They were deployed into orbit from the ISS on 20 November 2019.
25 September
00:54[207]
Long March 2D 2D-Y43[142] Jiuquan SLS-2 CASC
Yunhai-1 02 SAST Low Earth (SSO) MeteorologyIn orbitOperational
25 September
13:57:43[208]
Soyuz-FG Baikonur Site 1/5 Roscosmos
Soyuz MS-15 / 61S Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 61/62In orbitOperational
Crewed flight with three cosmonauts. Last flight of Soyuz-FG and last launch from Baikonur Site 1 ("Gagarin's Start"); to be replaced by Soyuz-2.1a launching from Site 31 for crewed missions starting with Soyuz MS-16 in April 2020.
26 September
07:46[209]
Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk Site 43/4 RVSN RF
EKS-3 (Tundra 13L)[211] VKS Molniya Early warningIn orbitOperational

October

4 October
18:51[212]
Long March 4C 4C-Y33 Taiyuan LC-9 CASC
Gaofen 10R CAST Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational
Replacement for the Gaofen 10 satellite lost on 31 August 2016.
9 October
10:17[213]
Proton-M / Briz-M P4 Baikonur Site 200/39 ILS
Eutelsat 5 West B Eutelsat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
MEV-1 Northrop Grumman Geosynchronous Satellite servicingIn orbitEn route
MEV-1 will rendezvous with Intelsat 901 and extend its operational life by five years through in-orbit station-keeping.[214]
11 October
02:00[215]
Pegasus-XL F44 Stargazer, CCAFS Skid Strip Northrop Grumman
ICON NASA Low Earth Ionospheric researchIn orbitOperational
17 October
01:22[216]
Electron "As The Crow Flies"[217] Mahia LC-1 Rocket Lab
Palisade[219] Astro Digital Low Earth (Polar) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
17 October
15:21[220]
Long March 3B/E 3B-Y57 Xichang LC-3 CASC
TJSW-4 CNSA Geosynchronous Communications
SIGINT
In orbitOperational

November

2 November
13:59:47[221]
Antares 230+ MARS LP-0A Northrop Grumman
Cygnus NG-12
S.S. Alan Bean
NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logisticsIn orbitOperational
STPSat 4[223] USAF STP Low Earth Technology demonstration 
Argus-02 Saint Louis University Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
HARP[225] UM Low Earth Technology demonstration
Atmospheric research
In orbitOperational
Phoenix Arizona State University Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
RadSat-U Montana State University Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
SOCRATES University of Minnesota Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
HuskySat I University of Washington Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
SwampSat II University of Florida Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
AeroCube 14 (IMPACT) × 2[226] NRO Low Earth Technology demonstration 
AeroCube 15 (Rogue) × 2[226] U.S. Air Force Low Earth Technology demonstration 
Orbital Factory 2[228] University of Texas Low Earth Technology demonstration 
First CRS-2 mission for Cygnus. The ELaNa 25A mission launched on this resupply flight.[229]
3 November
03:22:39[230][231]
Long March 4B 4B-Y38 Taiyuan LC-9 CAST
Gaofen 7[233] Ministry of Natural Resources Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational
Huangpu-1 (Jingzhi-1)[235] SAST Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation
Technology demonstration
In orbitOperational
Sudan Remote Sensing Satellite 1 (SRSS-1) Sudan Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation
Technology demonstration
In orbitOperational
Xiaoxiang 1-08 / Tianyi 15 / Dianfeng Tianyi Research Institute Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Test of grid fins towards development of reusable boosters for Long March 8. SRSS-1, Sudan's first satellite, was launched as a rideshare on this mission.[236]
4 November
17:43[237]
Long March 3B/E 3B-Y61[18] Xichang LC-2 CASC
BeiDou-3 I3Q CNSA IGSO NavigationIn orbitOperational
11 November
14:56[238]
Falcon 9 Block 5 F9-075 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
First operational Starlink mission, launching the first 60 Starlink v1.0 satellites. The booster was flown for the 4th time.
13 November
03:40[239]
Kuaizhou 1A Y11 Jiuquan SLS-2 ExPace
Jilin-1 Gaofen-02A[191] Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational
13 November
06:35[240][241]
Long March 6 Y4 Taiyuan LC-16 SAST
Ningxia-1 (Zhongzi) × 5[243] Ningxia Jingui Information Technology Low Earth Earth observationIn orbitOperational
17 November
10:00[244]
Kuaizhou 1A Y7[191] Jiuquan SLS-2 ExPace
KL-Alpha A[245] KLEO Connect Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
KL-Alpha B[245] KLEO Connect Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
The two satellites are part of an international cooperative commercial project between the Innovation Academy for Microsatellites of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and KLEO Connect.[246][247] KL-Alpha A and B are the first commercial satellites built by a Chinese satellite construction organization for a foreign company.[248]
23 November
00:55[249]
Long March 3B / YZ-1 3B-Y66[250] Xichang LC-3 CASC
BeiDou-3 M21 CNSA Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
BeiDou-3 M22 CNSA Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
25 November
17:52[119]
Soyuz-2-1v / Volga Plesetsk Site 43/4 RVSN RF
Kosmos 2542 Ministry of Defence Low Earth Satellite inspection[251]In orbitOperational
Kosmos 2543 Ministry of Defence Low Earth Satellite inspection[252]In orbitOperational
Kosmos 2542, the main satellite, deployed a small inspector sub-satellite, Kosmos 2543, on 6 December.[252][253]
26 November
21:23[254]
Ariane 5 ECA VA250 Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
Inmarsat-5 F5 (GX5)[255][256] Inmarsat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
TIBA 1[258] Egypt Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
27 November
03:58[259][260]
PSLV-XL C47[261] Satish Dhawan SLP ISRO
Cartosat-3 ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational
Flock-4p × 12[263] Planet Labs Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational
Meshbed[265] Analytical Space Inc. Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
27 November
23:52[266][267]
Long March 4C 4C-Y24 Taiyuan LC-9 CASC
Gaofen 12 Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational

December

5 December
17:29[268]
Falcon 9 Block 5 F9-076 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
SpaceX CRS-19 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logisticsIn orbitOperational
AzTechSat-1[270] UPAEP / NASA Low Earth Technology demonstration 
CryoCube 1[272] NASA Low Earth Technology demonstration 
SORTIE[274] ASTRA LLC Low Earth Technology demonstration 
CIRiS[276] USU Low Earth Technology demonstration 
EdgeCube[278] SSU Low Earth Technology demonstration 
QARMAN[281][282] Von Karman Institute Low Earth Technology demonstration 
MakerSat-1[285][286] NNU Low Earth Technology demonstration 
The ELaNa 25B and 28 missions were launched on this resupply flight.[229]
6 December
08:18[287]
Electron "Running Out Of Fingers" Mahia LC-1 Rocket Lab
ATL 1 ATL Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
FossaSat 1 Fossa Systems Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
NOOR 1A & 1B (Unicorn 2B & 2C)[289] Stara Space Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
SMOG-P BME University Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
TRSI Sat ACME AtronOmatic Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
ALE-2 Astro Live Experiences Low Earth Artificial meteor showerIn orbitOperational
Launched ALE-2 and six PocketQubes forming Alba Cluster 2 for Alba Orbital.[290] Tested reusability technologies on the first stage following stage separation and reentry.[291]
6 December
09:34:11[292]
Soyuz-2.1a Baikonur Site 31/6 Roscosmos
Progress MS-13 / 74P[294] Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logisticsIn orbitOperational
7 December
02:55[295]
Kuaizhou 1A Y2 Taiyuan Mobile Launch Platform ExPace
Jilin-1 Gaofen-02B Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational
7 December
08:52[295]
Kuaizhou 1A Y12 Taiyuan LC-16 ExPace
HEAD-2A[296] HEAD Aerospace Low Earth (SSO) AIS ship trackingIn orbitOperational
HEAD-2B[296] HEAD Aerospace Low Earth (SSO) AIS ship trackingIn orbitOperational
Tianyi 16 Spacety Aerospace Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational
Tianyi 17 Spacety Aerospace Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational
Tianqi-4A[94] Guodian Gaoke Low Earth (SSO) IoTIn orbitOperational
Tianqi-4B[94] Guodian Gaoke Low Earth (SSO) IoTIn orbitOperational
11 December
08:54:48[297]
Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Plesetsk Site 43/3 RVSN RF
GLONASS-M 759 VKS Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
11 December
09:55[298][299]
PSLV-QL C48 Satish Dhawan FLP ISRO
RISAT-2BR1[300] ISRO Low Earth Earth observation
Reconnaissance
In orbitOperational
Izanagi (QPS-SAR 1)[302] iQPS Low Earth Earth observationIn orbitOperational
Lemur-2 × 4 Spire Global Low Earth Earth observationIn orbitOperational
Duchifat-3[304] Herzliya Science Center Low Earth Earth observation
Education
In orbitOperational
1HOPSAT TD[306] Hera Systems Low Earth Earth observation
Technology demonstration
In orbitOperational
COMMTRAIL (Tyvak 92)[299][308] TBA Low Earth Search and rescueIn orbitOperational
PTD-1 (Tyvak 129)[310] NASA Ames Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
16 December
07:22[311]
Long March 3B / YZ-1 3B-Y67 Xichang LC-3 CASC
BeiDou-3 M19 CNSA Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
BeiDou-3 M20 CNSA Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
17 December
00:10[40]
Falcon 9 Block 5 F9-077 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
JCSAT-18 / Kacific 1[313] JSAT / Kacific Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Upcoming launches
18 December
08:54:20[40]
Soyuz ST-A / Fregat-M VS23 Kourou ELS Arianespace
CHEOPS[315] ESA Low Earth (SSO) Space telescope
Exoplanetary science
 
COSMO-SkyMed (CSG) 1 ASI Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation (radar) 
OPS-SAT ESA Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration 
EyeSat[317] CNES Low Earth (SSO) Astronomy 
ANGELS[319] CNES Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration 
20 December
03:21[320][321]
Long March 4B 4B-Yxx[89] Taiyuan LC-9 CASC
CBERS 4A / Ziyuan I-04A[323] CASC / INPE Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
ETRSS-1[325] ESSTI Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
FloripaSat-1[327] UFSC Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration 
ETRSS-1 is the first Ethiopian satellite.[328]
20 December
11:36[329]
Atlas V N22[330] AV-080 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 ULA
Starliner Boe-OFT Boeing / NASA Low Earth (ISS) Flight test / ISS logistics 
Boeing Orbital Flight Test of CST-100 Starliner as part of Commercial Crew Development program.[331] 30-day robotic mission.
24 December
12:15[40][332]
Proton-M / DM-03[333] Baikonur Site 81/24 Roscosmos
Elektro-L №3 Roscosmos Geosynchronous Meteorology 
26 December
23:12[334]
Rokot / Briz-KM Plesetsk Site 133/3 RVSN RF
Gonets-M 14[335][337] Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications 
Gonets-M 15 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications 
Gonets-M 16 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications 
BLITS-M Roscosmos Low Earth Laser ranging 
Final flight of Rokot.[338]
27 December[56][339] Long March 5 Y3[340] Wenchang LC-1 CASC
Shijian 20 (18-02) CAST Geosynchronous Communications 
29 December[339][341] Kuaizhou 1A Y9 Jiuquan ExPace
Yinhe-1 (Galaxy-1)[343] Galaxy Space Low Earth (SSO) Backhaul technology demonstration 
31 December
04:40[40]
Falcon 9 Block 5 F9-078 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications 
Second Starlink mission.[344]
December (TBD)[345] Kuaizhou 1A Y2 Jiuquan SLS-2 ExPace
Jilin-1 Video-09[191] Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
December (TBD)[345] Kuaizhou 1A Y3 Jiuquan SLS-2 ExPace
Jilin-1 Video-10[191] Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
December (TBD)[345] Kuaizhou 1A Y4 Jiuquan SLS-2 ExPace
Jilin-1 Video-11[191] Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 
December (TBD)[56][346] TBA TBA CASC
Tianqin 1 Sun Yat-sen University Low Earth Gravitational-wave astronomy 

Suborbital flights

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
4 January
09:27
Black Brant XIIA Andøya NASA
CAPER-2 Dartmouth College Suborbital Auroral research4 JanuarySuccessful
Apogee: 774 kilometres (481 mi)
13 January
09:13
Terrier-Improved Malemute Andøya NASA
G-CHASER University of Colorado Suborbital Student payloads13 JanuarySuccessful
Apogee: 174 kilometres (108 mi)
22 January Silver Sparrow ? F-15 Eagle, Israel IAF
IAI/IDF Suborbital Missile test target22 JanuarySuccessful
Arrow III target, successfully intercepted
22 January Arrow III Negev IAF
IAI/IDF Suborbital Flight test22 JanuarySuccessful
Successful intercept, Apogee: ~200 kilometres (120 mi)
23 January
15:05[347]
New Shepard NS-10 Corn Ranch Blue Origin
Crew Capsule 2.0 Blue Origin Suborbital Test flight23 JanuarySuccessful
Tenth test flight of the New Shepard development program, fourth one with the current vehicle.[348]
6 February
07:01
Minuteman-III Vandenberg Air Force Base US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight6 FebruarySuccessful
6 February
08:31
RS-24 Yars Plesetsk RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test6 FebruarySuccessful
22 February
16:54
SpaceShipTwo VF-01 White Knight Two, from Mojave Spaceport Virgin Galactic
VSS Unity Virgin Galactic Suborbital Test flight22 FebruarySuccessful
Second manned sub-orbital high altitude flight of SpaceShipTwo with three crew members on board, pilot David Mackay, co-pilot Mike Masucci and chief trainer Beth Moses, Apogee: 89.9 kilometres (55.9 mi)
2 March
17:45
SARGE Spaceport America, New Mexico Exos Aerospace
SARGE M1 Exos Aerospace Suborbital Microgravity Research2 MarchPartial failure
Second launch of the SARGE suborbital launch vehicle, it carried several small research payloads and was intended to reach a peak altitude of 80 kilometers, but winds kept the rocket from achieving its planned altitude, it reached only an apogee of 20 kilometres (12 mi)[349]
25 March
17:20
ICBM-T2 Ronald Reagan Ballistic Missile Defense Test Site MDA
FTG-11 target MDA Suborbital ABM target25 MarchSuccessful
Ballistic missile target for interception
25 March
17:30
GBI-OBV Vandenberg Air Force Base MDA
FTG-11 Interceptor MDA Suborbital ABM test25 MarchSuccessful
Ballistic missile interceptor
25 March
17:31
GBI-OBV Vandenberg Air Force Base MDA
FTG-11 Interceptor MDA Suborbital ABM test25 MarchSuccessful
Ballistic missile interceptor
27 March
05:40
PDV-II ITR IC-4 DRDO
ASAT DRDO Suborbital Satellite intercept27 MarchSuccessful
Mission Shakhti (ASAT Test with Microsat-R as suspected target), Apogee: 270 kilometres (170 mi), satellite successfully destroyed
5 April
22:14
Black Brant XIA Andøya NASA
AZURE 1 Clemson Suborbital Auroral5 AprilSuccessful
Apogee: 320 kilometres (200 mi)
5 April
22:16
Black Brant XIA Andøya NASA
AZURE 2 Clemson Suborbital Auroral5 AprilSuccessful
Apogee: 320 kilometres (200 mi)
11 April
16:51
Black Brant IX White Sands Missile Range NASA
CLASP-2 NASA / NAOJ / JAXA / IAC / IAS Suborbital Solar astronomy11 AprilSuccessful
Apogee: 274 kilometres (170 mi)
21 April Traveler IV Spaceport America, New Mexico USC Rocket Propulsion Lab
Flight test - Suborbital Flight test21 AprilSuccessful
First suborbital flight by a student team.[350] Apogee: 104 kilometres (65 mi)
23 April Terrier Malemute Pacific Missile Range Facility NNSA
HOT SHOT 2 NNSA Suborbital Technology experiments23 AprilSuccessful
Apogee: ~320 kilometres (200 mi)?
24 April Terrier Malemute Pacific Missile Range Facility NNSA
HOT SHOT 3 NNSA Suborbital Technology experiments24 AprilSuccessful
Apogee: ~320 kilometres (200 mi)?
1 May
09:42
Minuteman-III Vandenberg Air Force Base LF-10 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight1 MaySuccessful
2 May[351]
13:35
New Shepard NS-11 Corn Ranch Blue Origin
Crew Capsule 2.0 Blue Origin Suborbital Test flight2 MaySuccessful
Took 38 research payloads into space
3 May
20:45
Momo 3 Taiki Aerospace Research Field Interstellar Technologies
Kochi University of Technology Suborbital Infrasound propagation measurement3 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 113 kilometres (70 mi)[352]
9 May
07:40
Minuteman-III Vandenberg Air Force Base LF-09 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight9 MaySuccessful
9 May UGM-133 Trident II USS Rhode Island (SSBN-740), ETR US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test9 MaySuccessful
Demonstration and Shakedown Operation (DASO) 29
10 May SM-3-IB USS Roosevelt (DDG-80), Hebrides Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight10 MaySuccessful
FS-19 E4, apogee: ~150 kilometres (93 mi)?
23 May Shaheen-II Sonmiani ASFC
ASFC Suborbital Missile test23 MaySuccessful
13 June
02:21
VSB-30? Esrange DLR / SSC
ATEK/MAPHEUS-8 DLR Suborbital Technology demonstration13 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 240 kilometres (150 mi)
19 June
11:28
Black Brant IX Kwajalein Atoll NASA
TooWINDY 1 NASA Suborbital Ionosphere research19 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 373 kilometres (232 mi)[353]
19 June
11:33
Black Brant IX Kwajalein Atoll NASA
TooWINDY 2 NASA Suborbital Ionosphere research19 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 412 kilometres (256 mi)
20 June
09:38
Terrier-Improved Orion Wallops Flight Facility NASA
RockOn University of Colorado Suborbital Student payloads20 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 117 kilometres (73 mi)[354]
24 June
06:52
VSB-30 Esrange EuroLaunch
MASER-14 SSC Suborbital Microgravity24 JuneSuccessful
apogee: 260 kilometres (160 mi)
29 June
18:00
SARGE Spaceport America, New Mexico Exos Aerospace
SARGE M1 Exos Aerospace Suborbital Microgravity Research29 JuneLaunch failure
Third launch of the SARGE suborbital launch vehicle, it carried several small research payloads for nine clients. The flight failed seconds after launch. However, the rocket was recovered.[355]
2 July
11:00[54]
Orion Abort Test Booster Cape Canaveral SLC-46 NASA
Orion Ascent Abort-2 NASA Suborbital Test flight2 JulySuccessful
In-flight abort test under the highest aerodynamic loads. A specific booster repurposed from a LGM-118 Peacekeeper missile was used in this mission.[356][357]
24 July Shahab-3 Iran IRGC
IRGC Suborbital Missile test24 JulySuccessful
Apogee: ~150 kilometres (93 mi)
26 July RS-12M Topol Kapustin Yar RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test26 JulySuccessful
26 July ? eMRBM ? C-17, Pacific Ocean ? MDA
FTA-01 MDA Suborbital Arrow III target26 July ?Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi), the FTA-01 exercise saw three US Missile Defense Agency medium range targets of undisclosed type launched from an undisclosed location on undisclosed dates in July, all intercepted by Israeli Arrow 3 interceptors launched from Kodiak, Alaska.[358]
26 July ? Arrow III Kodiak IAF / MDA
FTA-01 MDA/IDF Suborbital ABM test26 July ?Successful
Intercepted target missile, apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
26 July ? eMRBM ? C-17, Pacific Ocean ? MDA
FTA-01 MDA Suborbital Arrow III target26 July ?Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi), successful intercepted
26 July ? Arrow III Kodiak IAF / MDA
FTA-01 MDA/IDF Suborbital ABM test26 July ?Successful
Intercepted target missile, apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
26 July ? eMRBM ? C-17, Pacific Ocean ? MDA
FTA-01 MDA Suborbital Arrow III target26 July ?Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi), successful intercepted
26 July ? Arrow III Kodiak IAF / MDA
FTA-01 MDA/IDF Suborbital ABM test26 July ?Successful
Intercepted target missile, apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
27 July
07:20
Momo 4 Taiki Aerospace Research Field Interstellar Technologies
Kochi University of Technology Suborbital Infrasound propagation measurement27 JulyLaunch failure
The rocket suffered an early engine shutdown and only reached 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) altitude.
12 August
09:44
Terrier-Improved Malemute Wallops Flight Facility NASA
RockSat-X NASA Suborbital Student experiments12 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 154 kilometres (96 mi)
24 August R-29RMU Sineva K-114 Tula, near North Pole VMF
VMF Suborbital Missile test24 AugustSuccessful
24 August RSM-56 Bulava K-535 Yury Dolgorukiy, Barents Sea VMF
VMF Suborbital Missile test24 AugustSuccessful
30 August eMRBM ? C-17, Pacific Ocean MDA
FTT-23 MDA Suborbital ABM target30 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi), successfully intercepted
30 August THAAD Ronald Reagan Ballistic Missile Defense Test Site US Army
FTT-23 US Army/MDA Suborbital ABM test30 AugustSuccessful
Intercepted target missile, apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
4 September UGM-133 Trident II USS Nebraska (SSBN-739), Pacific Missile Range Facility US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test4 SeptemberSuccessful
Commander Evaluation Test (CET)
4 September UGM-133 Trident II USS Nebraska (SSBN-739), Pacific Missile Range Facility US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test4 SeptemberSuccessful
Commander Evaluation Test (CET)
6 September UGM-133 Trident II USS Nebraska (SSBN-739), Pacific Missile Range Facility US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test6 SeptemberSuccessful
Commander Evaluation Test (CET)
6 September UGM-133 Trident II USS Nebraska (SSBN-739), Pacific Missile Range Facility US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test6 SeptemberSuccessful
Commander Evaluation Test (CET)
18 September
09:30 ?
Black Brant IX Wallops Flight Facility NASA
DoD Suborbital Technology demonstration18 SeptemberSuccessful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
30 September
18:04
Black Brant IX White Sands Missile Range NASA
ESIS Montana State University Suborbital Solar research30 SeptemberSuccessful
Apogee: 246 kilometres (153 mi)
30 September RS-12M Topol Plesetsk RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test30 SeptemberSuccessful
2 October
08:13
Minuteman-III Vandenberg Air Force Base LF-10 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight2 OctoberSuccessful
7 October
15:00
Black Brant IX White Sands Missile Range NASA
DUST GSFC Suborbital Physics7 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 338 kilometres (210 mi)
17 October RS-24 Yars Plesetsk RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test17 OctoberSuccessful
17 October R-29RMU Sineva K-18 Karelia, Barents Sea VMF
VMF Suborbital Missile test17 OctoberSuccessful
17 October R-29R Volna K-44 Ryazan, Sea of Okhotsk VMF
VMF Suborbital Missile test17 OctoberSuccessful
25 October
00:00
Terrier-Improved Malemute Wallops Flight Facility NASA
SubTec-8 NASA Suborbital Technology demonstration25 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 209 kilometres (130 mi)
26 October
17:42
SARGE Spaceport America, New Mexico Exos Aerospace
SARGE M1 Exos Aerospace Suborbital Microgravity Research26 OctoberLaunch failure
Fourth launch of the SARGE suborbital launch vehicle, it carried several small research payloads. The rocket lost control of attitude seconds after launch. Several pieces of debris felt back to the ground, and the rocket body crashed near the launch pad nearly three and a half minutes after liftoff. The rocket reached a peak altitude of about 12.6 kilometres (7.8 mi), far short of the planned altitude of at least 80 kilometres (50 mi).[359]
28 October
04:30
Black Brant IX White Sands Missile Range NASA
FORTIS-4 JHU Suborbital UV Astronomy28 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 261 kilometres (162 mi). Payload: Experimental FORTIS (Far-ultraviolet Off Rowland-circle Telescope for Imaging and Spectroscopy) telescope and Next-Generation Microshutter Array (NGMSA). Studied the way gas is being ejected by supernovae from galaxy M33. The goal is to understand matter recycling between stellar generations of the galaxy. Experiment was successful.[360]
30 October RSM-56 Bulava K-549 Knyaz Vladimir, White Sea VMF
VMF Suborbital Missile test30 OctoberSuccessful
4 November
14:15
Starliner launch abort engines White Sands Missile Range Boeing
Starliner Boeing Suborbital Emergency escape systems test; pad-abort test4 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 1,349 meters (4,426 ft)
15 November
09:35
VSB-30 Esrange EuroLaunch
TEXUS-56 DLR / ESA Suborbital Microgravity15 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 256 kilometres (159 mi)
16 November
14:02
Agni II Integrated Test Range Indian Army / DRDO
Indian Army/DRDO Suborbital Missile test16 NovemberSuccessful
22 November
15:19
SpaceLoft XL Spaceport America UP Aerospace
FOP-7, ADS-B experiment NASA Suborbital Technology experiments22 NovemberSuccessful
Mission SL-14, Apogee: 92 kilometres (57 mi)[361]
26 November
07:43
Terrier-Improved Malemute Ny-Aalesund NASA
ICI-5 NASA/Oslo/Andøya Suborbital Ionosphere research26 NovemberPartial failure
Apogee: 253 kilometres (157 mi), the rocket experienced a roll rate anomaly, precluding the instruments from functioning as intended.[362]
28 November RS-12M Topol Kapustin Yar RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test28 NovemberSuccessful
30 November
13:50
Agni-III ITR IC-4 Indian Army
Indian Army Suborbital Missile test30 NovemberLaunch failure[363]
The maiden night trial of the Agni-III was conducted. The missile reportedly started diverging from its planned flight trajectory after traveling a distance of 115 kilometers. This caused the mission control to subsequently abort the flight. A manufacturing defect is thought to be the potential cause of the failure.
10 December
09:30
Black Brant IX Ny-Aalesund NASA
CHI Clemson Suborbital Ionosphere research10 DecemberSuccessful
Apogee: 360 kilometres (220 mi)
11 December
17:53[364]
New Shepard NS-12 Corn Ranch Blue Origin
Crew Capsule 2.0 Blue Origin Suborbital Test flight/Payload delivery11 DecemberSuccessful
Peak altitude 104.5 kilometers. Took a number of research and educational payloads to space. Sixth flight for the propulsion module+capsule combination. Both propulsion module and capsule landed successfully.
12 December
16:30[365]
IRBM Vandenberg Air Force Base TP-01 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight12 DecemberSuccessful
Upcoming launches
2019 (TBD) RS-28 Sarmat Plesetsk RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 

Deep-space rendezvous

Date (UTC) Spacecraft Event Remarks
1 January New Horizons Flyby of Kuiper belt object 486958 Arrokoth The observed planetesimal, consisting of two spheroid pieces, was nicknamed Ultima Thule.
3 January[366] Chang'e 4 Landing at Von Kármán crater First landing on the far side of the Moon
12 February Juno 18th perijove of Jupiter
21 February Hayabusa2 First sample collection from asteroid Ryugu[367]
4 April Parker Solar Probe Second perihelion
4 April Beresheet Lunar orbital insertion
5 April Hayabusa2 Release of Small Carry-On Impactor (SCI) on the surface of Ryugu SCI created a crater for further investigation. A dedicated DCAM-3 camera was deployed to observe the impact.
6 April Juno 19th perijove
11 April Beresheet Lunar landing Crashed due to gyroscope failure[368]
29 May Juno 20th perijove
11 July Hayabusa2 Second sample collection from Ryugu
21 July Juno 21st perijove
20 August Chandrayaan-2 Lunar orbital insertion
1 September Parker Solar Probe Third perihelion
6 September Chandrayaan-2 Lunar landing Vikram lander crashed after it lost attitude and contact at an altitude of 2.3 km.[369]
12 September Juno 22nd perijove
2 October Hayabusa2 Deployment of ROVER-2 (MINERVA-II-2) Rover failed before deployment, it was deployed in orbit around the asteroid to perform gravitational measurements before it impacted on 8 October.
3 November Juno 23rd perijove
13 November Hayabusa2 Departure from Ryugu
26 December Parker Solar Probe Second gravity assist at Venus
26 December Juno 24th perijove

Extravehicular activities (EVAs)

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks
22 March 12:01 6 hours

39 minutes

18:40 Expedition 59

ISS Quest

Anne McClain

Nick Hague

  • connected 3 new Li-ion batteries to replace 6 old Ni-H batteries on power channel 4A of the P4 truss segment.[370]
  • cleaned up debris on Unity's common berthing mechanism using Kapton tape [371]
  • secured a tieback for restraints on the solar array blanket box.[370]
29 March 11:42 6 hours

45 minutes

18:27 Expedition 59

ISS Quest

Nick Hague

Christina Koch

  • connected 3 new Li-ion batteries to replace 6 old Ni-H batteries on power channel 2A of the P4 truss segment.
  • disconnected cables and relocated an adapter plate to enable Canadarm2 to remove a failed Li-ion battery.[372]
8 April 11:31 6 hours 29 minutes 18:00 Expedition 59

ISS Quest

Anne McClain

David Saint-Jacques

  • installed jumper cables between the Unity module and the S0 truss to establish redundant power to Canadarm2.
  • installed cables to provide for more expansive wireless communications coverage outside the orbital complex.[370]
  • relocated an adapter plate from the 22 March spacewalk in preparation for future battery upgrade operations[373]
29 May 15:42 6 hours 1 minute 21:43 Expedition 59

ISS Pirs

Oleg Kononenko

Aleksey Ovchinin

  • removed experiments from the Pirs docking compartment and cleaned the windows.
  • installed a handrail to connect Zarya to Poisk and re-positioned the Plume Measuring Unit.
  • moved to the Zvesda Service Module and removed and jettisoned the Plasma Monitoring Units.
  • wished happy birthday to Alexei Leonov who is the first spacewalker and is celebrating his 85th birthday on 30 May. Also brought a picture of Leonov into space with them.
21 August 12:27 6 hours 32 minutes 18:59 Expedition 60

ISS Quest

Nick Hague

Andrew R. Morgan

Hague and Morgan installed the final International Docking Adapter on the Harmony Module. The task for this spacewalk was identical to Spacewalk 194 and required work by both spacewalkers and Dextre to get the docking port installed in preparation for the Boeing CST-100 Starliner orbital flight test, which will occur by the end of December. The crew also routed cables and installed wifi routers for upcoming experiments.[374]

6 October 11:39 7 hours 01 minutes 18:40 Expedition 61

ISS Quest

Christina Koch

Andrew R. Morgan

This spacewalk was the first of Expedition 61 and the first in a series of five to replace and improve ISS batteries on the P6 truss.[375]

11 October 11:38 6 hours 45 minutes 18:23 Expedition 61

ISS Quest

Andrew R. Morgan

Christina Koch

This spacewalk was the second of Expedition 61 and the second in a series of five to replace and improve ISS batteries on the P6 truss. Before they went out to the hatch, Mission Control Moscow relayed to the crew that Alexei Leonov had died and that this spacewalk was dedicated to him. As the crew came in and took off their suits, each gave a few words in memory of Leonov before station commander Luca Parmitano said "Farewell Alexei, and ad astra."[376][377]

18 October

11:38

7 hours 17 minutes 18:55 Expedition 61

ISS Quest

Christina Koch

Jessica Meir

This spacewalk was the third of Expedition 61 and the third in a series of five to replace and improve ISS batteries on the P6 truss. Some of the battery swaps were delayed to EVA 222 due to a power failure in a Battery Charge Discharge Unit in slots 5 and 6 on the P6 Truss taking the 4B battery channel offline. Koch and Meir replaced the failed unit and brought it back inside. The battery swap was moved to EVA 222 to save time and Meir and Koch wrapped up the spacewalk by installing a stanchion on the Columbus Module and tightening the bolts on the S0 Truss, which had come loose. This spacewalk was the first all-female spacewalk. During the spacewalk, President Trump called the station and congratulated Koch and Meir on this milestone.[378]

Space debris events

Date/Time (UTC) Source object Event type Pieces tracked Remarks
27 March Microsat-R (suspected)
and kinetic kill vehicle
Anti-satellite test 121[379] Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced a successful test of an anti-satellite weapon. The test was believed to have destroyed the Microsat-R satellite launched in January.[380][381]
Early April A Centaur V upper stage previously International Designator 2018-079B Unknown[382] 54[383] The upper stage of the Centaur V that carried AEHF -4 in high earth orbit on 17 October 2018 broke up for unknown reasons.[384]

Orbital launch statistics

By country

For the purposes of this section, the yearly tally of orbital launches by country assigns each flight to the country of origin of the rocket, not to the launch services provider or the spaceport. For example, Soyuz launches by Arianespace in Kourou are counted under Russia because Soyuz-2 is a Russian rocket.

Country Launches Successes Failures Partial
failures
Remarks
 China323020
 Europe6510
 India6600
 Iran2020Additionally, one rocket exploded on the launch pad during a ground test.
 Japan2200
 Russia222200Includes European Soyuz launches from French Guiana
 United States262600Includes Electron launches from Mahia
Total969150

By rocket

By family

By type

By configuration

By spaceport

8
16
24
32
40
China
France
India
Iran
Japan
New Zealand
Russia +
Kazakhstan
United States
Site Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Baikonur Kazakhstan121200
Cape Canaveral  United States121200Includes the 11 October Pegasus XL launch whose carrier aircraft took flight from Cape Canaveral
Jiuquan China9810
Kennedy United States3300
Kourou France8710
Mahia New Zealand6600
Mojave United States0000
MARS United States2200
PSCA United States0000
Plesetsk Russia7700
Satish Dhawan India6600
Semnan Iran2020Additionally, one rocket exploded on the launch pad during a ground test.
Taiyuan China9810
Tanegashima Japan1100
Uchinoura Japan1100
Vandenberg United States3300
Vostochny Russia1100
Wenchang China0000
Xichang China131300
Yellow Sea China1100
Total969150

By orbit

10
20
30
40
50
60
  •   Transatmospheric
  •   Low Earth
  •   Low Earth (ISS)
  •   Low Earth (SSO)
  •   Low Earth (retrograde)
  •   Medium Earth
  •   Geosychronous
    (transfer)
  •   Inclined GSO
  •   High Earth
  •   Heliocentric
Orbital regime Launches Achieved Not achieved Accidentally
achieved
Remarks
Transatmospheric0000
Low Earth / Sun-synchronous625750
Medium Earth9900
Geosynchronous / GTO222200Includes two inclined GSO orbits (IGSO)
High Earth / Lunar transfer2200
Heliocentric / Planetary transfer1100
Total969150

Notes

  1. Clockwise from top:

References

  1. Ramesh, Sandhya (12 June 2019). "Why Chandrayaan-2 is ISRO's 'most complex mission' so far". ThePrint. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  2. Grush, Loren (31 March 2018). "No one won the Google Lunar X Prize, but these competitors are still shooting for the Moon". The Verge. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
  3. Lidman, Melanie (11 April 2019). "Israel's Beresheet spacecraft crashes into the moon during landing attempt". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  4. "New Horizons – Kuiper Belt Extended Mission" (PDF). JHUAPL. 12 December 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 December 2018. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
  5. Hays, Brooks (11 July 2019). "Hayabusa-makes completes second asteroid touchdown to collect samples". SpaceDaily. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
  6. Bartels, Meghan (13 November 2019). "Farewell, Ryugu! Japan's Hayabusa2 Probe Leaves Asteroid for Journey Home". Space.com. Retrieved 6 December 2019.
  7. "NASA's Record-Setting Opportunity Rover Mission on Mars Comes to End". NASA (Press release). 13 February 2019. Retrieved 1 December 2019.
  8. Berger, Eric (22 April 2019). "Here's what we know, and what we don't, about the Crew Dragon accident". Ars Technica. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
  9. Wall, Mike (10 October 2019). "SpaceX Could Launch NASA Astronauts Into Space in Early 2020". Space.com. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
  10. Clark, Stephen (18 January 2019). "Relativity Space obtains Air Force approval for Cape Canaveral launch pad". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  11. Barbosa, Rui C. (27 March 2019). "Maiden launch of OneSpace OS-M rocket fails". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  12. Huang, Echo (25 July 2019). "iSpace achieves China's first private rocket launch". Quartz. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
  13. Clark, Stephen (17 August 2019). "China's Jielong 1 smallsat launcher successful on first flight". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
  14. Baylor, Michael (27 August 2019). "SpaceX's Starhopper completes 150 meter test hop". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
  15. Clark, Stephen (22 August 2019). "Five more Delta 4-Heavy flights in ULA backlog after final "single stick" launch". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
  16. Gebhardt, Chris (24 September 2019). "Soyuz MS-15 Soyuz-FG retirement; Last launch from Gagarin's Start lofts first Emirati astronaut". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 25 September 2019.
  17. Bergin, Chris (10 January 2019). "Long March 3B lofts Chinasat-2D". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  18. Krebs, Gunter. "CZ-3 (Chang Zheng-3)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
  19. Henry, Caleb (11 January 2019). "SpaceX completes Iridium Next constellation". SpaceNews. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  20. Tawfeeq, Mohammed; Qiblawi, Tamara (15 January 2019). "Despite US warning, Iran launches satellite and fails". CNN. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  21. Cohen, Zachary (15 January 2019). "Images show Iran prepping satellite launch despite Pompeo's threat". CNN. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  22. Krebs, Gunter. "Payam-e Amirkabir (AUTSAT 1, Amir-Kabir 1)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 17 January 2019.
  23. Graham, William (17 January 2019). "Japan's Epsilon conducts RAPIS-1 launch". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  24. Krebs, Gunter. "MicroDragon". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
  25. Graham, William (19 January 2019). "ULA Delta IV-Heavy launches NROL-71 following lengthy delay". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  26. Barbosa, Rui C. (21 January 2019). "Long March 11 launches with three satellites". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  27. Krebs, Gunter. "CZ-11 (Chang Zheng-11)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  28. ""吉林一号"家族将再添新成员!光谱01、02星本月下旬择期发射" [The "Jilin-1" family will add new members! Spectral 01, 02 stars will be launched in the second half of this month] (in Chinese). 4 January 2019. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
  29. ""吉林一号"家族将再添新成员!光谱01、02星本月下旬择期发射" [The "Jilin-1" family will add new members! Spectral 01, 02 stars will be launched in the second half of this month] (in Chinese). 4 January 2019. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
  30. "XiaoXiang 3". NASA. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  31. "XiaoXiang 3". NASA. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  32. "Lingque 1A". NASA. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  33. "Lingque 1A". NASA. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  34. Clark, Stephen (24 January 2019). "India debuts new version of workhorse PSLV". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  35. Krebs, Gunter. "PSLV". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 21 October 2019.
  36. Clark, Stephen (27 March 2019). "U.S. military sensors track debris from Indian anti-satellite test". spaceflightnow.com. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  37. "PSLV-C44 to launch Kalamsat, Microsat-R". Onmanorama. Retrieved 17 January 2019.
  38. Gambrell, Jon (7 February 2019). "Images suggest Iran launched satellite despite US criticism". Associated Press. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  39. Ankit Panda [@nktpnd] (6 February 2019). "Just got confirmation via a source: USG observed the launch yesterday (Feb. 5). It was reportedly a Safir SLV. Failed shortly after launch" (Tweet) via Twitter.
  40. Clark, Stephen (12 December 2019). "Launch Schedule". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
  41. "U.S. Revives Secret Program to Sabotage Iranian Missiles and Rockets". New York Times. 13 February 2019. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  42. "Second Iranian satellite launch attempt in a month fails". spaceflightnow.com. 11 February 2019. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  43. Bergin, Chris (5 February 2019). "Ariane 5 launches Hellas-Sat-4/SaudiGeoSat-1 and GSAT 31". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  44. IANS (13 August 2018). "Arianespace to launch three more heavy Indian satellites". The Indian Express. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  45. Clark, Stephen (21 February 2019). "Egyptian observation satellite launched by Russian rocket". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  46. Graham, William (21 February 2019). "SpaceX launches Indonesian satellite launch and Israeli moon mission". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  47. Foust, Jeff (18 December 2018). "SpaceIL completes lunar lander for February launch". Space News. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
  48. Winner, Stewart; Solomon, Shoshanna (10 July 2018). "Israeli spacecraft aims for historic moon landing… within months". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  49. "Air Force smallsat to fly on upcoming Falcon 9 launch". SpaceNews. 15 February 2019. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  50. "Air Force smallsat to fly on upcoming Falcon 9 launch". SpaceNews. 15 February 2019. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  51. Ronel, Asaf (11 July 2018). "First Israeli Spacecraft to Head to Moon on Back of Elon Musk's SpaceX Rocket". Haaretz. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
  52. Bergin, Chris (27 February 2019). "OneWeb kick starts massive constellation with Soyuz ST-B launch". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 1 March 2019.
  53. "Russia Soyuz Rocket With 6 UK OneWeb Satellites Blast Off From Kourou Space Port". Sputnik News. 28 February 2019. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
  54. Cooper, Ben (17 October 2019). "Rocket Launch Viewing Guide for Cape Canaveral". Launchphotography.com. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
  55. "我国成功发射"中星6C"卫星" [Long March 3B/G2 • Zhongxing 6C Satellite]. xinhuanet.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  56. Pietrobon, Steven (29 November 2019). "Chinese Launch Manifest". Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  57. Gebhardt, Chris (14 March 2019). "Soyuz MS-12 docks with the Space Station". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  58. Graham, William (15 March 2019). "ULA Delta IV launches WGS-10 from Cape Canaveral". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  59. Ray, Justin (8 December 2016). "U.S. launches its highest capacity military communications satellite". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  60. "Arianespace orbits 600th satellite, the PRISMA Earth observation satellite for the Italian Space Agency" (Press release). Arianespace. 21 March 2019. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  61. Clark, Stephen (27 March 2019). "Chinese startup OneSpace fails in first orbital launch attempt". SpaceFlight Now. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  62. Clark, Stephen (29 March 2019). "Rocket Lab launches DARPA research satellite". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  63. "Rocket Lab to launch DARPA satellite". 22 January 2019. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  64. "Rocket Lab to launch DARPA satellite". 22 January 2019. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  65. Barbosa, Rui (31 March 2019). "Long March 3B launches Tianlian 2-01". NASASpaceFlight.com. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
  66. "Long March 3B/E Y44 Tianlian 2-01 Postcard". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  67. Clark, Stephen (1 April 2019). "Indian military satellite, 20 more Planet imaging CubeSats launched by PSL". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  68. Krebs, Gunter. "EMISAT". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  69. "India Will Launch 2 NanoAvionics Satellites". satellitetoday.com. 27 February 2019. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
  70. "India Will Launch 2 NanoAvionics Satellites". satellitetoday.com. 27 February 2019. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
  71. Safyan, Mike (6 March 2019). "First Up For 2019: PSLV Launch Of 20 Next Generation Doves". Planet Labs.
  72. Safyan, Mike (6 March 2019). "First Up For 2019: PSLV Launch Of 20 Next Generation Doves". Planet Labs.
  73. Clark, Stephen (4 April 2019). "Progress cargo freighter docks with space station after fast-track rendezvous". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
  74. "Arianespace completes deployment of O3b constellation on fifth mission for operator SES". Arianespace (Press release). 4 April 2019. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  75. Graham, William (11 April 2019). "SpaceX Falcon Heavy launches Arabsat-6A". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  76. Clark, Stephen (29 April 2015). "Arabsat contracts go to Lockheed Martin, Arianespace and SpaceX". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  77. Gebhardt, Chris (17 April 2019). "Antares, Cygnus launch on final CRS1 contract flight; debuting critical new capabilities". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  78. Bill Keeter (6 August 2019). "ISS Daily Summary Report – 8/06/2019". NASA. Retrieved 1 September 2019.
  79. "Going Into Action With AeroCube-10". The Aerospace Corporation. 7 August 2019. Retrieved 1 September 2019.
  80. Barbosa, Rui (20 April 2019). "Beidou-3 navigation satellite launched on Long March 3B". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
  81. Clark, Stephen (30 April 2019). "China launches mapping satellites". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  82. "Long March 4B Y36 Tianhui 2 Postcard". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  83. Thompson, Amy (4 May 2019). "SpaceX Dragon Launches NASA Cargo to Space Station, Aces Predawn Rocket Landing". Space.com. Retrieved 4 May 2019.
  84. NanoRacks [@NanoRacks] (27 June 2019). "Our #Kaber @Space_Station deployer does it again! The RED-EYE #MicroSat has been released into low-Earth orbit. Deploy time of 20:05:02 GMT. Did you know - this is NanoRacks' fourth #MicroSat deployment from the #ISS!" (Tweet). Retrieved 1 July 2019 via Twitter.
  85. Atkinson, Ian (5 May 2019). "Rocket Lab launches STP-27RD test satellite trio for the DoD". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
  86. Barbosa, Rui (17 May 2019). "Long March-3C lofts Beidou-2G8 (GEO-8)". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  87. Graham, William (21 May 2019). "Indian PSLV rocket launches RISAT-2B". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  88. Clark, Stephen (23 May 2019). "Chinese state media confirms Long March launch failure". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  89. Krebs, Gunter. "CZ-4 (Chang Zheng-4)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
  90. Henry, Caleb (24 May 2019). "SpaceX launches 60 Starlink satellites, begins constellation buildout". SpaceNews. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  91. Graham, William (27 May 2019). "Soyuz 2-1b launches latest GLONASS-M satellite – despite being hit by lightning". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  92. Graham, William (30 May 2019). "Proton-M successfully launches Yamal 601 to GEO". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  93. Clark, Stephen (5 June 2019). "China's first sea launch declared a success". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  94. Krebs, Gunter (7 December 2019). "Tianqi 1, 2, 3, 4A, 4B (Tao Xingzhi)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 7 December 2019.
  95. Graham, William (12 June 2019). "SpaceX Falcon 9 lofts three Canadian radar satellites". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  96. Ferster, Warren (30 July 2013). "SpaceX Announces Contract To Launch RCM Satellites". SpaceNews. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
  97. "What is the RCM?". Canadian Space Agency. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  98. "What is the RCM?". Canadian Space Agency. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  99. Bergin, Chris (20 June 2019). "Ariane 5 launches AT&T T-16 and Eutelsat 7C". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  100. "Payload processing is underway for Flight VA248". Arianespace. 5 June 2019. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
  101. "Payload processing is underway for Flight VA248". Arianespace. 5 June 2019. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
  102. Clark, Stephen (24 June 2019). "China adds to Beidou fleet with Long March launch". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  103. Barbosa, Rui C. (24 June 2019). "Chinese Long March 3B lofts Beidou-3I2". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  104. Barbosa, Rui C. (24 June 2019). "Chinese Long March 3B lofts Beidou-3I2". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  105. Clark, Stephen (25 June 2019). "Falcon Heavy launches on military-led rideshare mission, boat catches fairing". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  106. Davis, Jason (1 February 2018). "Preview: Succeed or fail, SpaceX's Falcon Heavy test sure to be a blast". Planetary Society. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
  107. Clark, Stephen (29 June 2019). "Rocket Lab flies again from New Zealand as work progresses at Virginia launch pad". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  108. Krebs, Gunter. "BlackSky Global 1, ..., 60". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 6 August 2019.
  109. Krebs, Gunter (22 July 2019). "Painani 1". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 5 August 2019.
  110. Krebs, Gunter (22 July 2019). "Painani 1". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 5 August 2019.
  111. Graham, William (4 July 2019). "Soyuz-2-1B launches Meteor-M No.2-2 and numerous secondary payloads". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  112. Zak, Anatoly (5 July 2019). "Soyuz launches fresh Meteor weather watcher and 32 small satellites". RussianSpaceWeb. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  113. Wang, Brian (19 April 2019). "Momentus Water-Plasma Space Transportation Service #SpaceAccess2019". Nextbigfuture. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
  114. Wang, Brian (19 April 2019). "Momentus Water-Plasma Space Transportation Service #SpaceAccess2019". Nextbigfuture. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
  115. "MOVE: Munich Orbital Verification Experiment". Technical University of Munich. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
  116. "MOVE: Munich Orbital Verification Experiment". Technical University of Munich. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
  117. Graham, William (10 July 2019). "Soyuz 2-1v conducts surprise military launch". NASASpaceFlight.com. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  118. Zak, Anatoly (23 August 2019). "Soyuz-2-1v launches four classified payloads". RussianSpaceWeb. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
  119. Graham, William; Bergin, Chris (25 November 2019). "Soyuz 2-1v lofts mystery military satellite". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
  120. "Russia Launches 4 Military Satellites From Plesetsk Cosmodrome". 10 July 2019. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  121. Bergin, Chris (10 July 2019). "Vega suffers her first failure during Falcon Eye-1 launch". Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  122. Krebs, Gunter. "Falcon Eye 1, 2". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  123. Henry, Caleb; Berger, Brian (5 September 2019). "Second stage blamed as Vega targets early 2020 return to flight". SpaceNews.com. SpaceNews. SpaceNews. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  124. Clark, Stephen (13 July 2019). "Russia launches international X-ray astronomy mission". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  125. Zak, Anatoly. "Spektr-RG to expand horizons of X-ray astronomy". Russian Space Web. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  126. Zak, Anatoly. "Spektr-RG to expand horizons of X-ray astronomy". Russian Space Web. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  127. "Spektr-RG observatory reached the L2 point". Roscosmos. 21 October 2019. Retrieved 21 October 2019.
  128. Gebhardt, Chris (20 July 2019). "Soyuz-FG on penultimate flight delivers three new crewmembers for ISS". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  129. Berger, Eric (15 February 2019). "NASA Moves to Buy More Seats on Soyuz". Ars Technica. Retrieved 30 June 2019.
  130. "GSLV MkIII-M1 Successfully Launches Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft". Indian Space Research Organisation. 22 July 2019. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
  131. "Chandrayaan - 2 Latest Update - ISRO". www.isro.gov.in. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  132. Clark, Stephen (25 July 2019). "Chinese private company reaches orbit for first time". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  133. "CAS-7B to launch July 25". AMSAT-UK. 8 July 2019. Retrieved 19 July 2019.
  134. "CAS 7B". N2YO.com. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  135. "CAS-7B to launch July 25". AMSAT-UK. 8 July 2019. Retrieved 19 July 2019.
  136. "CAS 7B". N2YO.com. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  137. Krebs, Gunter. "Shian Quxian-1 (SQX-1, Hyperbola-1)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
  138. Clark, Stephen (25 July 2019). "New docking port, spacesuit and supplies en route to space station". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  139. Jodi Sorensen (10 July 2019). "Spaceflight to Launch Multiple Spacecraft from International Space Station via Cygnus". Spaceflight Industries. Retrieved 1 September 2019.
  140. Krebs, Gunter. "ORCA". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 1 September 2019.
  141. Barbosa, Rui C. (25 July 2019). "Long March 2C lofts Yaogan-30 Group 05 satellites". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  142. Krebs, Gunter. "CZ-2 (Chang Zheng-2)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  143. Zhou, Weirong; Zhu, Xiaoxiong (26 July 2019). "【权威发布】我国成功发射遥感三十号05组卫星" [[Authoritative release] China has successfully launched Yaogan 30 group 05 satellites]. People's Liberation Army Daily (in Chinese). Retrieved 26 July 2019.
  144. "长二丙"一箭三星"成功发射 五战五捷送遥感三十号卫星" [Long March 2C successfully launches Yaogan 30 group 5 remote sensing satellites]. CALT (in Chinese). 26 July 2019. Retrieved 26 July 2019.
  145. Graham, William (30 July 2019). "Soyuz 2-1a launches Meridian 8 out of Plesetsk". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 30 July 2019.
  146. Gebhardt, Chris (30 July 2019). "Progress MS-12 docks with ISS to restock Station supplies through early-2020". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  147. Graham, William (5 August 2019). "Proton-M launches fourth Blagovest satellite". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 5 August 2019.
  148. Gray, Tyler (6 August 2019). "Arianespace press onward with dual-passenger Ariane 5 launch". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 6 August 2019.
  149. "Arianespace selected by Airbus Defence and Space to launch EDRS-C satellite". Arianespace. 19 March 2015. Retrieved 4 October 2015.
  150. Clark, Stephen (7 August 2019). "SpaceX successfully launches Israeli-owned telecom satellite". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  151. "Spacecom returns to SpaceX for one, possibly two launches". 18 October 2017. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  152. "AMOS-17". Spacecom. 2018. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  153. "Spacecom returns to SpaceX for one, possibly two launches". 18 October 2017. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  154. "AMOS-17". Spacecom. 2018. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  155. Graham, William (8 August 2019). "Atlas V launches AEHF-5 from Cape Canaveral". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  156. "Next-Stage C4ISR Bandwidth: The AEHF Satellite Program". Defense Industry Daily. 22 May 2015. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
  157. Krebs, Gunter. "Jielong-1 (Smart Dragon-1, SD 1)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  158. "Constellation | Beijing QIANSHENG EXPLORATION Technology Co., Ltd". Qian Sheng Exploration. Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  159. "Qian Sheng Exploration". CB Insights. Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  160. "Constellation | Beijing QIANSHENG EXPLORATION Technology Co., Ltd". Qian Sheng Exploration. Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  161. "Qian Sheng Exploration". CB Insights. Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  162. "朝夕奔梦筑星途:"星时代-5"卫星出征仪式举行!" [Dreams of building a star: Ceremony held for Xingshidai-5!]. Mino Space. 6 August 2019. Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  163. "朝夕奔梦筑星途:"星时代-5"卫星出征仪式举行!" [Dreams of building a star: Ceremony held for Xingshidai-5!]. Mino Space. 6 August 2019. Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  164. Daws, Ryan (2 July 2019). "China plans to launch a constellation of AI-powered satellites". AI News. Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  165. Barbosa, Rui C. (19 August 2019). "Long March 3B launches Chinasat-18 – waiting on status". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  166. "Lanzado el satélite Zhongxing-18" [Zhongxing-18 satellite launched]. Noticias de la Ciencia (in Spanish). 20 August 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  167. "此次发射任务是长征三号乙运载火箭发射高通量通信卫星"中星18号"。" [The upcoming mission is the launch of the high-throughput communication satellite "Zhongxing 18" [Chinasat 18] by the Long March 3B carrier rocket.]. CASC (in Chinese). 9 August 2019. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
  168. "此次发射任务是长征三号乙运载火箭发射高通量通信卫星"中星18号"。" [The upcoming mission is the launch of the high-throughput communication satellite "Zhongxing 18" [Chinasat 18] by the Long March 3B carrier rocket.]. CASC (in Chinese). 9 August 2019. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
  169. Jones, Andrew (20 August 2019). "Chinese telecommunications satellite hit by anomalies after launch". SpaceNews. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  170. Henry, Caleb (29 August 2019). "$250 million ChinaSat-18 loss looming over insurers". SpaceNews. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  171. Clark, Stephen (19 August 2019). "Rocket Lab launch fulfills initial block of BlackSky Earth-imaging satellites". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  172. "Rocket Lab's Next Mission Focused On Building Constellations And Enabling R&D". Rocket Lab. 22 July 2019. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
  173. Krebs, Gunter. "BRO 1". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
  174. Krebs, Gunter. "BRO 1". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
  175. "Pearl White cubesats mission set to launch" (Press release). Air Force Space Command. 7 August 2019. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  176. "Pearl White cubesats mission set to launch" (Press release). Air Force Space Command. 7 August 2019. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  177. Gebhardt, Chris (21 August 2019). "Soyuz MS-14 to test new upgrades, ferry Skybot humanoid robot to Station". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  178. Clark, Stephen (6 September 2019). "Live coverage: Soyuz test flight concludes with landing in Kazakhstan". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 12 September 2019.
  179. "Источник: Россия отправит к МКС семь кораблей и модуль "Наука" в 2019 году" [Russia plans to send seven spacecrafts and Nauka module to the ISS in 2019] (in Russian). RIA Novosti. 1 October 2018. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  180. "Источник сообщил, когда Россия и США согласуют полеты к МКС на 2019 год" [Russia and USA to coordinate schedule of flights to ISS] (in Russian). RIA Novosti. 30 August 2018. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  181. "Launch of unmanned Soyuz MS is planned for August 2019". Roscosmos. 18 May 2018. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  182. Gebhardt, Chris (22 August 2019). "Delta IV Medium's well-earned retirement with GPS finale". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  183. Brumfiel, Geoff (29 August 2019). "Iranian Rocket Launch Ends In Failure, Imagery Shows". NPR. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  184. Pietrobon, Steven (1 August 2019). "Iran Launch Record (from 1998)". Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  185. Krebs, Gunter. "Nahid 1". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  186. Krebs, Gunter. "Nahid 1". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  187. Gambrell, Jon (31 August 2019). "Mysterious Iran rocket blast draws Trump tweet, Tehran taunt". Associated Press. Retrieved 31 August 2019.
  188. Wall, Mike (29 August 2019). "Iran's Failed Rocket Launch Spotted from Space (Photo)". Space.com. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  189. Graham, William (30 August 2019). "Russia's Rokot vehicle launches Geo-IK-2 satellite". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
  190. Barbosa, Rui C. (30 August 2019). "Kuaizhou-1A lofts two satellites for China". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 31 August 2019.
  191. Krebs, Gunter. "Kuaizhou-1A (KZ-1A)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
  192. "刚刚,这颗中国星被命名为"太极一号"!" [Just now, this Chinese satellite was named "Taiji-1"!]. spaceflightfans.cn. 20 September 2019. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  193. "China's Taiji-1 on a gravity wave mission". Asia Times. 23 September 2019. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  194. "刚刚,这颗中国星被命名为"太极一号"!" [Just now, this Chinese satellite was named "Taiji-1"!]. spaceflightfans.cn. 20 September 2019. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  195. "China's Taiji-1 on a gravity wave mission". Asia Times. 23 September 2019. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  196. Barbosa, Rui C. (12 September 2019). "China returns Long March 4 to service with Ziyuan launch". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 12 September 2019.
  197. "China to launch polar-observing microsat". Xinhua. 30 August 2019. Retrieved 3 September 2019.
  198. "China to launch polar-observing microsat". Xinhua. 30 August 2019. Retrieved 3 September 2019.
  199. Barbosa, Rui C. (19 September 2019). "Long March 11 lofts Zhuhai-1 Group-3 satellites". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
  200. Krebs, Gunter. "OHS 2A, 2B, 2C, 2D, 2E, 2F, 2G, 2H". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  201. Krebs, Gunter. "OVS 2A". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  202. Barbosa, Rui C. (22 September 2019). "Long March 3B launches latest Beidou-3M satellites". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  203. "Constellation Status". China Satellite Navigation Office. 24 September 2019. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  204. Graham, William (24 September 2019). "HTV-8 launches on H-IIB to the ISS". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 25 September 2019.
  205. "Reentry of KOUNOTORI8 was confirmed". JAXA. 3 November 2019. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  206. Oni, David (14 October 2019). "Rwanda's First Satellite In Space Is Set For Release From ISS". Space in Africa. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  207. Barbosa, Rui C. (24 September 2019). "Second Yunhai-1 lofted by Chinese Long March 2D". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 25 September 2019.
  208. Gebhardt, Chris (24 September 2019). "Soyuz-FG retirement; Last launch from Gagarin's Start lofts first Emirati astronaut". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 25 September 2019.
  209. Graham, William (26 September 2019). "Soyuz 2-1B launches latest Tundra satellite". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 26 September 2019.
  210. Krebs, Gunter. "Tundra (EKS, 14F142)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
  211. Krebs, Gunter. "Tundra (EKS, 14F142)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
  212. Barbosa, Rui C. (4 October 2019). "Gaofen satellite launched by Long March 4C". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  213. Gebhardt, Chris (8 October 2019). "Proton rocket ride-share launches Northrop Grumman's Mission Extension Vehicle". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  214. Foust, Jeff (7 October 2019). "Industry weighs government's role in satellite servicing". SpaceNews. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  215. Gebhardt, Chris (10 October 2019). "NASA's ICON mission launches on Northrop Grumman Pegasus XL rocket". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  216. Gray, Tyler (16 October 2019). "Rocket Lab launches Electron Flight 9 as work on new U.S. pad continues". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  217. "As The Crow Flies". Rocket Lab. 17 October 2019. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  218. Krebs, Gunter (4 October 2019). "Palisade". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  219. Krebs, Gunter (4 October 2019). "Palisade". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  220. Barbosa, Rui C. (17 October 2019). "Long March 3B launches TJSW-4". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  221. Gebhardt, Chris (1 November 2019). "Upgraded Antares launches first CRS2 NASA flight of Cygnus". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 2 November 2019.
  222. Krebs, Gunter (2 November 2019). "STPSat 4". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  223. Krebs, Gunter (2 November 2019). "STPSat 4". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  224. Krebs, Gunter. "HARP". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
  225. Krebs, Gunter. "HARP". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
  226. Erwin, Sandra (2 November 2019). "Air Force, NRO cubesats fly to International Space Station aboard Northrop Grumman resupply mission". SpaceNews. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  227. Krebs, Gunter (2 November 2019). "Orbital Factory 2 (OF 2)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  228. Krebs, Gunter (2 November 2019). "Orbital Factory 2 (OF 2)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  229. "Upcoming ELaNa CubeSat Launches". NASA. 10 October 2019. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  230. Barbosa, Rui C. (3 November 2019). "Long March 4B launches Gaofen-7 – tests grid fin system". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 3 November 2019.
  231. Jones, Andrew (4 November 2019). "China tests grid fins with launch of Gaofen-7 imaging satellite". SpaceNews. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  232. Krebs, Gunter. "Gaofen 7 (GF 7)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
  233. Krebs, Gunter. "Gaofen 7 (GF 7)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
  234. ""黄埔一号"卫星载荷发射成功" ["Huangpu No. 1" satellite payload successfully launched]. People's Daily (in Chinese). 3 November 2019. Retrieved 3 November 2019.
  235. ""黄埔一号"卫星载荷发射成功" ["Huangpu No. 1" satellite payload successfully launched]. People's Daily (in Chinese). 3 November 2019. Retrieved 3 November 2019.
  236. "Sudan launches its first ever satellite in partnership with China". Al Jazeera English. 6 November 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  237. Barbosa, Rui C. (4 November 2019). "Long March 3B launches Beidou-3I3 (IGSO-3)". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  238. Burghardt, Thomas (10 November 2019). "SpaceX and Cape Canaveral Return to Action with First Operational Starlink Mission". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 11 November 2019.
  239. Barbosa, Rui C. (12 November 2019). "Kuaizhou-1A launches Jilin-1 Gaofen-2A". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  240. "China sends five satellites into orbit via single rocket". Xinhua. 13 November 2019. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  241. Barbosa, Rui C. (13 November 2019). "Long March 6 lofts five Ningxia-1 satellites". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  242. Krebs, Gunter (13 November 2019). "Ningxia-1 01, ..., 05". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  243. Krebs, Gunter (13 November 2019). "Ningxia-1 01, ..., 05". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  244. Li, Ivan (17 November 2019). "China launches second Kuaizhou-1A rocket in four days". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
  245. Krebs, Gunter (17 November 2019). "KL-Alpha A, B". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
  246. "China sends two global multimedia satellites into planned orbit". Xinhua. 17 November 2019. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
  247. Clark, Stephen (19 November 2019). "China's Kuaizhou launcher flies for second time in four days". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  248. ""一箭双星"发射成功 微小卫星研究院首个国际化项目交付" [Dual payload launch successfully delivers the CAS Microsatellite Research Institute's first international satellite order]. Yicai Global (in Chinese). 19 November 2019. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  249. Barbosa, Rui C. (22 November 2019). "Chinese bolster navigation system with dual Beidou launch". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
  250. China航天 (23 November 2019). "【发射视频】今早8时55分,我国在西昌卫星发射中心3号工位使用长征三号乙Y66火箭/远征一号Y14上面级发射第11组北斗三号MEO卫星" [[Launch Video] At 8:55 a.m. this morning, China launched the 11th group of Beidou 3 MEO satellites using the Long March 3B Y66 rocket/Yuanzheng 1 Y14 at Xichang Satellite Launch Center Station 3] (in Chinese). Retrieved 23 November 2019 via Sina Weibo.
  251. "Минобороны вывело на орбиту военный спутник-инспектор" [MoD deployed a military satellite inspector] (in Russian). RIA Novosti. 25 November 2019. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
  252. "Минобороны провело в космосе эксперимент по отделению малого спутника от другого аппарата" [Ministry of Defense announces separation of small satellite from main satellite to conduct experiments in space]. TASS (in Russian). 6 December 2019. Retrieved 7 December 2019.
  253. McDowell, Jonathan [@planet4589] (6 December 2019). "The Kosmos-2542 satellite, in a 368 x 857 km x 97 deg orbit, deployed a subsatellite today (likely codenamed Kosmos-2543). The Russian Defense Minstry says it's an inspector satellite; the mission appears to repeat Kosmos-2519/2521" (Tweet). Retrieved 7 December 2019 via Twitter.
  254. Henry, Caleb (26 November 2019). "Ariane 5 launches satellites for Egypt, Inmarsat". SpaceNews. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  255. Clark, Stephen (30 April 2017). "Arianespace wins launch contracts from Inmarsat, Embratel Star One". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
  256. "Arianespace to launch Inmarsat's fifth Global Xpress satellite". Arianespace. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  257. Clark, Stephen (16 October 2019). "Egyptian satellite, ESA science probe share plane ride to launch base". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  258. Clark, Stephen (16 October 2019). "Egyptian satellite, ESA science probe share plane ride to launch base". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  259. "PSLV-C47 / Cartosat-3 Mission". ISRO. 27 November 2019. Retrieved 27 November 2019.
  260. Clark, Stephen (27 November 2019). "PSLV delivers India's highest-resolution Earth observation satellite to orbit". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 27 November 2019.
  261. "PSLV-C47 Launch Kit" (PDF). ISRO. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  262. Safyan, Mike (24 October 2019). "12 SuperDove Satellites Hitching A Ride To Orbit On The PSLV". Planet Labs. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  263. Safyan, Mike (24 October 2019). "12 SuperDove Satellites Hitching A Ride To Orbit On The PSLV". Planet Labs. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  264. Krebs, Gunter. "Meshbed". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  265. Krebs, Gunter. "Meshbed". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  266. Barbosa, Rui C. (27 November 2019). "Long March 4C lofts Gaofen-12". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 28 November 2019.
  267. "长征四号丙 • 高分十二号 • 经过一次推迟后本月28日同一时间再次尝试 • 任务成功" [Long March 4C • Gaofen 12 • Successful launch on the 28th] (in Chinese). 28 November 2019. Retrieved 28 November 2019.
  268. Foust, Jeff (5 December 2019). "Falcon 9 launches Dragon cargo spacecraft to ISS". SpaceNews. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
  269. Krebs, Gunter. "AztechSat 1". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  270. Krebs, Gunter. "AztechSat 1". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  271. Krebs, Gunter. "CryoCube 1 (CC 1)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  272. Krebs, Gunter. "CryoCube 1 (CC 1)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  273. Krebs, Gunter. "SORTIE (Helio 5)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  274. Krebs, Gunter. "SORTIE (Helio 5)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  275. Krebs, Gunter. "CIRiS". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  276. Krebs, Gunter. "CIRiS". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  277. Krebs, Gunter. "EdgeCube". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  278. Krebs, Gunter. "EdgeCube". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  279. Krebs, Gunter. "QARMAN (QB50 BE05)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 8 December 2019.
  280. "New Reentry CubeSat Reaches Orbit". Parabolic Arc. 7 December 2019. Retrieved 8 December 2019.
  281. Krebs, Gunter. "QARMAN (QB50 BE05)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 8 December 2019.
  282. "New Reentry CubeSat Reaches Orbit". Parabolic Arc. 7 December 2019. Retrieved 8 December 2019.
  283. Krebs, Gunter. "MakerSat 0, 1". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 7 December 2019.
  284. Miller, Ashley (5 December 2019). "2C to the stars: Nampa students launch satellite into orbit". The Idaho Press-Tribune. Retrieved 8 December 2019.
  285. Krebs, Gunter. "MakerSat 0, 1". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 7 December 2019.
  286. Miller, Ashley (5 December 2019). "2C to the stars: Nampa students launch satellite into orbit". The Idaho Press-Tribune. Retrieved 8 December 2019.
  287. "Running Out Of Fingers". Rocket Lab. 6 December 2019. Retrieved 6 December 2019.
  288. Krebs, Gunter (5 November 2019). "NOOR 1A, 1B (Unicorn 2B, 2C)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
  289. Krebs, Gunter (5 November 2019). "NOOR 1A, 1B (Unicorn 2B, 2C)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
  290. "Next Generation Electron Booster on the Pad for Rocket Lab's 10th Mission". Rocket Lab. 5 November 2019. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
  291. Foust, Jeff (6 December 2019). "Electron launches smallsats in test of rocket reusability". SpaceNews. Retrieved 6 December 2019.
  292. Gebhardt, Chris (6 December 2019). "Roscosmos close 2019 Station year for Russia with Progress MS-13 launch". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 6 December 2019.
  293. "Роскосмос на две недели раньше привезет на МКС подарки к Новому году" [Roscosmos will bring gifts to the ISS two weeks earlier for the New Year] (in Russian). RIA Novosti. 14 September 2019. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
  294. "Роскосмос на две недели раньше привезет на МКС подарки к Новому году" [Roscosmos will bring gifts to the ISS two weeks earlier for the New Year] (in Russian). RIA Novosti. 14 September 2019. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
  295. Barbosa, Rui C. (7 December 2019). "China conducts double Kuaizhou-1A launch from Taiyuan". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 7 December 2019.
  296. Krebs, Gunter (7 December 2019). "HEAD 1, 2A, 2B (Hede 1, 2A, 2B)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 7 December 2019.
  297. Graham, William (11 December 2019). "Soyuz 2-1b launches latest GLONASS satellite – returns Plesetsk pad to service". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 11 December 2019.
  298. Graham, William (10 December 2019). "Indian PSLV launches RISAT-2BR1 military satellite". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 11 December 2019.
  299. "PSLV-C48/RISAT-2BR1 Mission Launch Kit" (PDF). ISRO. 5 December 2019. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
  300. Krebs, Gunter. "RISAT 2B, 2BR1, 2BR2". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 12 September 2019.
  301. Krebs, Gunter. "QPS-SAR 1, 2 (Izanagi, Izanami)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 21 October 2019.
  302. Krebs, Gunter. "QPS-SAR 1, 2 (Izanagi, Izanami)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 21 October 2019.
  303. Krebs, Gunter. "Duchifat 3". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2 December 2019.
  304. Krebs, Gunter. "Duchifat 3". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2 December 2019.
  305. Krebs, Gunter. "1HOPSat TD". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
  306. Krebs, Gunter. "1HOPSat TD". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
  307. Krebs, Gunter (6 December 2019). "COMMTRAIL (Tyvak 0092)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 8 December 2019.
  308. Krebs, Gunter (6 December 2019). "COMMTRAIL (Tyvak 0092)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 8 December 2019.
  309. Krebs, Gunter (6 December 2019). "PTD 1 (Pathfinder, Tyvak 0129)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 8 December 2019.
  310. Krebs, Gunter (6 December 2019). "PTD 1 (Pathfinder, Tyvak 0129)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 8 December 2019.
  311. Barbosa, Rui C. (16 December 2019). "China nears global coverage with the latest launch of Beidou-3M satellites". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  312. Krebs, Gunter. "JCSat 18 / Kacific 1". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
  313. Krebs, Gunter. "JCSat 18 / Kacific 1". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
  314. Krebs, Gunter (1 November 2019). "CHEOPS". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  315. Krebs, Gunter (1 November 2019). "CHEOPS". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  316. "EyeSat 3U CubeSat astronomy mission to study zodiacal light". ESA. Retrieved 10 October 2019.
  317. "EyeSat 3U CubeSat astronomy mission to study zodiacal light". ESA. Retrieved 10 October 2019.
  318. "ANGELS (Argos Neo on a Generic Economical and Light Satellite)". ESA. Retrieved 10 October 2019.
  319. "ANGELS (Argos Neo on a Generic Economical and Light Satellite)". ESA. Retrieved 10 October 2019.
  320. Dr.-Ing. Getahun Mekuria [@DrGetahun] (29 November 2019). "UPDATE: Ethiopia's First Ever Satellite #ETRSS1 Launching scheduled for Dec.17 is shifted to Dec.20 due to unfavourable weather condition at the launching city on Dec.17" (Tweet). Retrieved 30 November 2019 via Twitter.
  321. "FloripaSat-1: primeiro satélite da UFSC será lançado por foguete chinês em dezembro" [FloripaSat-1: UFSC's first satellite to be launched by Chinese rocket in December]. UFSC (in Portuguese). 12 November 2019. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  322. "Satélite CBERS-4A passa por revisão final na China" [CBERS-4A satellite under final review in China]. MundoGeo (in Portuguese). 2 October 2019. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  323. "Satélite CBERS-4A passa por revisão final na China" [CBERS-4A satellite under final review in China]. MundoGeo (in Portuguese). 2 October 2019. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  324. Yimer, Solomon (22 November 2019). "Ethiopia to Launch It's First-Ever Satellite Next Month". ethio.news. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
  325. Yimer, Solomon (22 November 2019). "Ethiopia to Launch It's First-Ever Satellite Next Month". ethio.news. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
  326. "FloripaSat-1 – A Brazilian Cubesat mission, developed by university students". UFSC. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  327. "FloripaSat-1 – A Brazilian Cubesat mission, developed by university students". UFSC. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  328. Ibeh, Joseph (26 April 2019). "Ethiopian Prime Minister visits CAST to inspect Ethiopia's first satellite ETRSS-1". Space in Africa. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  329. "Boeing Uncrewed Flight Test Launch Date Update". NASA. 6 December 2019. Retrieved 6 December 2019.
  330. Egan, Barbara [@barbegan13] (15 October 2016). "We are calling the config N22. No payload fairing with the Starliner on board" (Tweet) via Twitter.
  331. Foust, Jeff (20 August 2019). "Commercial crew providers prepare for fall test flights". SpaceNews. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  332. @LaunchStuff (9 December 2019). "Launch windows for Proton-M/DM-03 carrying Electro-L #3:
    24 1200-1240 UTC
    25 1200-1240 UTC
    26 1155-1235 UTC
    27 1150-1230 UTC
    28 1145-1225 UTC"
    (Tweet). Retrieved 10 December 2019 via Twitter.
  333. Pietrobon, Steven (16 October 2019). "Russian Launch Manifest". Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  334. "Источник: последний в 2019 году российский космический пуск отложили" [Final Russian space launch in 2019 delayed] (in Russian). RIA Novosti. 9 December 2019. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  335. Krebs, Gunter. "Gonets-M". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  336. "Источник сообщил о планируемом пуске ракеты "Рокот" в интересах Минобороны" [Source provided details about an MoD Rokot launch] (in Russian). RIA Novosti. 23 October 2018. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
  337. "Источник сообщил о планируемом пуске ракеты "Рокот" в интересах Минобороны" [Source provided details about an MoD Rokot launch] (in Russian). RIA Novosti. 23 October 2018. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
  338. "Russia's Soyuz-2.1b rocket to orbit Gonets-M telecoms satellites in 2020". TASS. 1 October 2019. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  339. "中国航天发射预报" [Expected Chinese Space Launches] (in Chinese). 7 December 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  340. Krebs, Gunter. "CZ-5 (Chang Zheng-5)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  341. "Commercial company to launch China's first low-Earth 5G backhaul satellite with capacity of 10Gbps". China News Service. 12 December 2019. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
  342. "银河航天 - "Galaxy-Ⅰ" Broadband Communication Satellite". GalaxySpace. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  343. "银河航天 - "Galaxy-Ⅰ" Broadband Communication Satellite". GalaxySpace. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  344. Bergin, Chris (2 August 2019). "SpaceX present to future: From retesting boosters to planning a Starship pad". NASASpaceFlight.com. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  345. "RÉPUBLIQUE POPULAIRE DE CHINE: Étude réalisée dans le cadre de la mission économique conjointe présidée par SAR la Princesse Astrid, Représentante de SM le Roi" [PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA: Study carried out as part of the joint economic mission chaired by HRH Princess Astrid, HM the King's representative] (PDF). Belgian Foreign Trade Agency (in French). October 2019. p. 78. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  346. Bergin, Chris (23 January 2019). "Blue Origin conducts New Shepard's 10th test flight". NASASpaceFlight.com. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  347. Clark, Stephen (19 January 2019). "Blue Origin aims to launch delayed New Shepard flight Monday". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 20 January 2019.
  348. "Exos Aerospace reflies suborbital rocket". SpaceNews.com. 7 March 2019.
  349. "A Rocket Built by Students Reached Space for the First Time". 22 May 2019. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  350. Blue Origin [@blueorigin] (1 May 2019). "We are targeting the next launch of #NewShepard tomorrow May 2nd at 8:30 am CDT / 13:30 UTC. The mission will take 38 microgravity research payloads to space. Watch the launch live at #NS11" (Tweet). Retrieved 1 May 2019 via Twitter.
  351. "観測ロケット「宇宙品質にシフトMOMO3号機」打上げ実験の結果について" [Result of the launch of the MOMO3 sounding rocket] (PDF) (in Japanese). Interstellar Technologies. 5 May 2019. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  352. "NASA Mission to Study Earth's Atmosphere by Forming Artificial Night-time Clouds over Marshall Islands". NASA. 30 May 2019. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  353. "NASA Launches Student Experiments to Space on a Suborbital Rocket". NASA. 20 June 2019. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  354. Parsonson, Andrew (30 June 2019). "Exos Aerospace Recovers SARGE Vehicle Despite Anomaly". Rocket Rundown. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  355. "Orion AA-2". NASA / Langley Research Center / Flight Projects Directorate. Archived from the original on 13 May 2017. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  356. Cawley, James (2 July 2019). "Ascent Abort-2 Hailed as 'Spectacular' Flight Test". NASA. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  357. Eshel, Tamir (28 July 2019). "Arrow-3 Successfully Intercepts Medium-Range Target Missile over the Pacific Ocean". Defense Update. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  358. Foust, Jeff (26 October 2019). "Exos Aerospace suborbital launch fails". SpaceNews. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
  359. Clark, Stuart (31 October 2019). "Spacewatch: Nasa tests new imaging technology in space". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
  360. "UP Aerospace Announces Successful Launch of Space Loft-14 Rocket from Spaceport America". UP Aerospace. 27 November 2019. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  361. "The ICI-5 sounding rocket launched 07:43:04 UT Nov. 26th from Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard, into a beautiful red auroral arc". Andøya Space Center. 27 November 2019. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  362. Rout, Hemant Kumar (1 December 2019). "Nuclear capable Agni-III missile fails in maiden night trial". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  363. Foust, Jeff (11 December 2019). "New Shepard sets reusability mark on latest suborbital spaceflight". SpaceNews. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  364. https://www.vandenberg.af.mil/News/Article-Display/Article/2038928/vandenberg-afb-supports-missile-flight-test/
  365. Jonathan McDowell [@planet4589] (7 December 2018). "Chang'e-4 confirmed in 200 x 420000 km orbit on the way to Luna. Should reach lunar orbit around Dec 11. Landing in the South Pole -Aitken Basin (SPA to its friends) scheduled for Jan 4" (Tweet) via Twitter.
  366. Davis, Jason (16 January 2019). "Hayabusa2 team sets date for sample collection, considers two touchdown sites". Planetary Society. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
  367. Chang, Kenneth (11 April 2019). "Israel's Beresheet Spacecraft Moon Landing Attempt Appears to End in Crash". The New York Times. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  368. McDowell, Jonathan (22 September 2019). "Jonathan's Space Report No. 769". Jonathan's Space Report. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  369. "Spacewalkers Complete Battery Swaps for Station Power Upgrades – Space Station". blogs.nasa.gov. Retrieved 30 March 2019.
  370. Weitering, Hanneke (22 March 2019). "Spacewalking Astronauts Swap Space Station Batteries in Power Upgrade". Space.com. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  371. Weitering, Hanneke (29 March 2019). "Spacewalking Astronauts Replace Old Batteries on Space Station". Space.com. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  372. "U.S. and Canadian Astronauts Wrap Up Power Upgrades Spacewalk – Space Station". blogs.nasa.gov. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  373. Garcia, Mark (21 August 2019). "Spacewalkers Complete Installation of Second Commercial Docking Port". NASA. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
  374. Garcia, Mark (6 October 2019). "First of Five Power Upgrade Spacewalks This Month Wraps Up". NASA. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
  375. Moran, Norah (11 October 2019). "Second of Five Power Upgrade Spacewalks Wraps Up". NASA. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
  376. Malik, Tariq (11 October 2019). "Astronauts Mourn Alexei Leonov, the World's 1st Spacewalker, While On a Spacewalk of Their Own". Space.com. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
  377. Garcia, Mark (18 October 2019). "NASA Astronauts Wrap Up Historic All-Woman Spacewalk". NASA. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
  378. T.S.Kelso [@TSKelso] (21 August 2019). "CelesTrak also has 3 more TLEs for debris from the Indian ASAT test (MICROSAT-R DEB). That brings the total, so far, to 121 pieces (including the original), of which only 65 have decayed — 148 days after the event" (Tweet) via Twitter.
  379. DiMascio, Jen (27 March 2019). "Indian ASAT Test Likely Targeted Microsat-R". Aviation Week. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  380. "US cautions nations on ASAT tests; warns of space debris". Business Today. 28 March 2019. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  381. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (1 August 2019). "Orbital Debris Quarterly News" (PDF). Orbital Debris Quarterly News. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
  382. Space-Track.org (6 August 2019). "Satellite Situation Report". TLE. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  383. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (1 August 2019). "Orbital Debris Quarterly News" (PDF). Orbital Debris Quarterly News. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
Generic references:
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.