2019 Argentine general election

General elections were held in Argentina on 27 October 2019, to elect the president of Argentina, members of the national congress and the governors of most provinces.[2] Former Cabinet Chief Alberto Fernández of the Justicialist Party won the presidency, and incumbent president Mauricio Macri lost his re-election bid for a second term. Macri became the first incumbent president in Argentine history to be defeated in his reelection bid.

2019 Argentine general election

27 October 2019[1]
Opinion polls
Registered33,858,733
Turnout81.31%
 
Nominee Alberto Fernández Mauricio Macri Roberto Lavagna
Party Justicialist Party PRO Independent
Alliance Everyone’s Front Together for Change Federal Consensus
Home state City of Buenos Aires City of Buenos Aires City of Buenos Aires
Running mate Cristina Fernández de Kirchner Miguel Pichetto Manuel Urtubey
States carried 18 5 + CABA 0
Popular vote 12,945,990 10,811,345 1,649,315
Percentage 48.24% 40.28% 6.14%


President before election

Mauricio Macri
Cambiemos-PRO

Elected President

Alberto Fernández
FDT-PJ

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Argentina
Argentina portal

Electoral system

The election of the president will be conducted under the ballotage system, a modified version of the two-round system. A candidate can win the presidency in a single round by either winning 45% of the vote, or if they win 40% of the vote while finishing 10 percentage points ahead of the second-place candidate. If no candidate meets either threshold, a runoff takes place between the top two candidates.[3] Voting is compulsory for citizens between 18 and 70 years old.[4] Suffrage was also extended to 16- and 17-year-olds, though without compulsory voting.[5]

There are a total of 257 seats of the Chamber of Deputies. They are elected from 24 electoral districts–the 23 provinces, plus the federal district of Buenos Aires, which elects its own executive and legislature and is represented in the national Congress like all other provinces.[6] The number of seats are distributed in relation to the population of the province. One-third of the seats in the Chamber of Deputies are reserved for women. The 130 seats of the Chamber of Deputies up for election were elected from 24 multi-member constituencies based on the 23 provinces and Buenos Aires. Seats were allocated using the D'Hondt method of proportional representation, with an electoral threshold of 3%.[4]

The 24 seats in the Senate up for election were elected in three-seat constituencies using the closed list system. Each district is represented by three senatorial seats. Each party is allowed to register up to two candidates; one of those registered must be female. The party receiving the most votes wins two seats, and the second-placed party won one.[7] The third senatorial seat was established in the Constitution of 1994 in order to better represent the largest minority in each district.

Congress

Number of Deputies at stake in each province.
Provinces that will elect Senators in blue.

Chamber of Deputies

The 257 members of the Chamber of Deputies are elected by proportional representation in 24 multi-member constituencies based on the provinces (plus the City of Buenos Aires). Seats are allocated using the d'Hondt method with a 3% electoral threshold. In this election, 130 of the 257 seats are up for renewal for a 4-year term.

Province Total
seats
Seats
at stake
Buenos Aires 70 35
Buenos Aires City 25 12
Catamarca 5 2
Chaco 7 3
Chubut 5 3
Córdoba 18 9
Corrientes 7 4
Entre Ríos 9 4
Formosa 5 3
Jujuy 6 3
La Pampa 5 2
La Rioja 5 3
Mendoza 10 5
Misiones 7 4
Neuquén 5 2
Río Negro 5 3
Salta 7 4
San Juan 6 3
San Luis 5 2
Santa Cruz 5 2
Santa Fe 19 10
Santiago del Estero 7 4
Tierra del Fuego 5 3
Tucumán 9 5
Total 257 130

Senate

The 72 members of the Senate are elected in the same 24 constituencies, with three seats in each. The party receiving the most votes in each constituency wins two seats, with the third seat awarded to the second-placed party. The 2019 elections will see one-third of Senators renewed, with eight provinces electing three Senators for a 6-year term; Buenos Aires City, Chaco, Entre Ríos, Neuquén, Río Negro, Salta, Santiago del Estero and Tierra del Fuego.

Confirmed candidates

The following candidates have successfully registered their nominations before the limit date of 22 June 2019.[8][9]

Presidential candidate
(political party)
Vice-Presidential candidate
(political party)
Coalition Coalition parties Presidential candidate prior political offices
Mauricio Macri
(PRO)
Miguel Ángel Pichetto
(PJ)
President of Argentina (since 2015)
Chief of Government of Buenos Aires (2007–2015)
Alberto Fernández
(PJ)
Cristina Fernández de Kirchner
(PJ)
Chief of the Cabinet of Ministers (2003–2008)
Roberto Lavagna
(Independent)
Juan Manuel Urtubey
(PJ)
Federal Consensus
Minister of Economy and Production (2003–2005)
Nicolás del Caño
(PTS)
Romina Del Plá
(PO)
National Deputy from Buenos Aires (since 2017)
José Luis Espert
(PL)
Luis Rosales
(PL)
None (economist and professor)
Alejandro Biondini
(BV)
Enrique Venturino
(BV)
Patriotic Front
None (founder and president of Bandera Vecinal)
Manuela Castañeira
(Nuevo MAS)
Eduardo Mulhall
(Nuevo MAS)
None (sociologist)
Juan José Gómez Centurión
(NOS)
Cynthia Hotton
(Valores para mi País)
NOS Vice-President of the Bank of the Argentine Nation (2017–2019)
José Antonio Romero Feris
(PAN)
Guillermo Sueldo
(PAN)
National Senator for Corrientes (1987–2001)
Governor of Corrientes (1983–1987)
Raúl Humberto Albarracín
(Movimiento de Acción Vecinal)
Sergio Darío Pastore
(Movimiento de Acción Vecinal)
Provincial legislator of Córdoba (2007–2011)

Opinion polls

Results

Primary elections

Open primary elections for the Presidency were held nationwide on 11 August. With this system, all parties run primary elections on a single ballot. All parties must take part in it, both the parties with internal factions and parties with a single candidate list. Citizens may vote for any candidate of any party, but may only cast a single vote. The most voted candidate of parties gaining 1.5% or higher of the valid votes advances to the general election.

Fernández came top with 47.8% of the vote, with Macri trailing behind with 31.8%. Lavagna, del Caño, Gómez Centurión and Espert all received enough valid votes to participate in the general election.

Party Presidential candidate Running mate Votes %
Everyone's FrontAlberto FernándezCristina Fernández de Kirchner12,205,93847.79
Together for ChangeMauricio MacriMiguel Ángel Pichetto8,121,68931.80
Federal ConsensusRoberto LavagnaJuan Manuel Urtubey2,081,3158.15
Workers' Left Front – UnityNicolás del CañoRomina del Plá723,1472.83
NOS FrontJuan José Gómez CenturiónCynthia Hotton670,1622.62
Unite for Liberty and DignityJosé Luis EspertLuis Rosales550,5932.16
New Movement for SocialismManuela CastañeiraEduardo Mulhall179,4610.70
Patriotic FrontAlejandro BiondiniEnrique Venturino58,9440.23
Neighborhood Action MovementRaúl AlbarracínSergio Pastore36,4110.14
National Autonomist PartyJosé Antonio FerisGuillermo Sueldo32,7220.13
Blank votes882,6593.46
Invalid votes318,009
Total25,861,050100
Registered voters/turnout33,871,83276.35
Source: Poder Judicial de la Nación

President

Candidate Running mate Party Votes %
Alberto FernándezCristina Fernández de KirchnerEveryone's Front12,945,99048.24
Mauricio MacriMiguel Ángel PichettoTogether for Change10,811,34540.28
Roberto LavagnaJuan Manuel UrtubeyFederal Consensus1,649,3156.14
Nicolás del CañoRomina Del PláWorkers' Left Front – Unity579,1972.16
Juan José Gómez CenturiónCynthia HottonNOS Front457,9551.71
José Luis EspertLuis RosalesUnite for Liberty and Dignity394,2061.47
Blank/invalid votes692,874
Total26,838,008100
Registered voters/turnout33,858,73381.31
Source: Resultados
Popular vote
Fernández
48.24%
Macri
40.28%
Lavagna
6.14%
del Caño
2.16%
Gómez Centurión
1.71%
Espert
1.47%

Results by district

Province Fernández/Fernández

(Frente de Todos)

Macri/Pichetto

(Juntos por el Cambio)

Lavagna/Urtubey

(Consenso Federal)

Del Caño/del Plá

(FIT–U)

Gómez Centurión/Hotton

(NOS)

Espert/Rosales

(UNITE)

Blanks/Invalid Turnout
Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes %
Buenos Aires 5.294.879 52.20% 3.640.552 35.89% 638.990 6.30% 273.495 2.70% 150.067 1.48% 145.743 1.43% 230.767 2.22% 10.374.493 82.19%
Federal Capital 719.655 35.46% 1.068.134 52.64% 130.475 6.43% 59.066 2.91% 13.863 0.68% 38.013 1.87% 46.228 2.23% 2.075.434 76.85%
Catamarca 132.590 56.66% 79.568 34.00% 13.197 5.64% 3.508 1.50% 2.136 0.91% 3.011 1.29% 24.941 9.63% 258.951 81.04%
Chaco 404.758 55.73% 258.432 35.58% 27.636 3.81% 6.986 0.96% 20.617 2.84% 7.856 1.08% 11.370 1.54% 737.655 77.61%
Chubut 174.726 52.42% 97.837 29.35% 25.357 7.61% 13.117 3.94% 14.253 4.28% 8.029 2.40% 14.289 4.11% 347.608 77.78%
Córdoba 666.445 29.31% 1.394.104 61.31% 113.734 5.00% 37.612 1.65% 31.869 1.40% 30.213 1.33% 68.489 2.93% 2.342.466 79.01%
Corrientes 354.968 51.19% 290.690 41.92% 21.658 3.12% 6.522 0.94% 12.515 1.80% 7.044 1.02% 13.427 1.90% 706.824 80.75%
Entre Ríos 390.587 44.37% 391.495 44.47% 55.030 6.25% 14.504 1.65% 14.647 1.66% 14.111 1.60% 14.576 1.63% 894.950 80.59%
Formosa 229.774 65.21% 100.280 28.46% 11.057 3.14% 3.112 0.88% 5.334 1.51% 2.797 0.79% 5.137 1.44% 357.491 77.75%
Jujuy 207.120 46.19% 186.104 41.50% 26.835 5.98% 9.214 2.05% 10.512 2.34% 8.617 1.92% 8.714 1.91% 457.116 81.79%
La Pampa 115.095 50.07% 86.744 37.74% 15.137 6.59% 4.727 2.06% 4.676 2.03% 3.471 1.51% 3.665 1.57% 233.515 81.25%
La Rioja 85.779 47.37% 80.462 44.43% 7.844 4.33% 2.127 1.17% 2.087 1.15% 2.801 1.55% 52.964 22.63% 234.064 80.78%
Mendoza 435.313 37.83% 576.493 50.10% 75.448 6.56% 26.315 2.29% 22.715 1.97% 14.370 1.25% 23.902 2.03% 1.174.556 81.10%
Misiones 417.752 57.71% 245.254 33.88% 24.451 3.38% 6.704 0.93% 21.239 2.93% 8.537 1.18% 18.551 2.50% 742.488 79.90%
Neuquén 194.158 47.75% 151.698 37.31% 25.621 6.30% 15.205 3.74% 11.742 2.89% 8.166 2.01% 20.127 4.72% 426.717 84.23%
Río Negro 247.664 57.23% 123.674 28.58% 27.483 6.35% 11.252 2.60% 14.173 3.28% 8.482 1.96% 19.431 4.30% 452.159 80.35%
Salta 374.369 48.82% 266.406 34.74% 82.358 10.74% 13.625 1.78% 16.635 2.17% 13.378 1.74% 17.608 2.24% 784.379 76.11%
San Juan 242.060 53.01% 160.449 35.14% 33.004 7.23% 6.928 1.52% 8.388 1.84% 5.759 1.26% 8.341 1.79% 464.929 82.44%
San Luis 129.118 41.68% 139.479 45.03% 20.954 6.76% 7.171 2.32% 7.683 2.48% 5.354 1.73% 8.076 2.54% 317.835 81.53%
Santa Cruz 108.323 59.77% 51.183 28.24% 9.123 5.03% 6.032 3.33% 5.171 2.85% 1.402 0.77% 7.649 4.05% 188.883 74.73%
Santa Fe 920.202 42.68% 937.611 43.49% 193.603 8.98% 30.862 1.43% 33.247 1.54% 40.353 1.87% 43.662 1.99% 2.199.540 79.48%
Santiago del Estero 451.082 74.95% 110.525 18.37% 20.103 3.34% 5.755 0.96% 9.220 1.53% 5.123 0.85% 9.924 1.62% 611.732 80.45%
Tierra del Fuego 57.887 56.93% 26.529 26.09% 7.785 7.66% 2.760 2.71% 3.925 3.86% 2.803 2.76% 3.208 3.06% 104.897 75.88%
Tucumán 591.686 57.76% 347.642 33.94% 42.432 4.14% 12.598 1.23% 21.241 2.07% 8.773 0.86% 17.801 1.71% 1.042.173 82.84%
Total 12.945.990 48.24% 10.811.345 40.28% 1.649.315 6.14% 579.197 2.16% 457.955 1.71% 394.206 1.47% 692.847 2.52% 27.530.855 81.31%

Chamber of Deputies

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Total
before
Not
up
Won Total
after
Everyone's Front11,359,508 45.505364 120
Together for Change10,020,83540.146356116
Federal Consensus1,466,8815.883310
Civic Front for Santiago326,5661.26503(TODOS)
We Do for Córdoba377,8441.510011
Front for the Renewal of Concord191,7570.77521(TODOS)
Together We Are Río Negro121,4780.490011
Let's All Live Better17,9920.070011
Others parties1,098,5954.3803
Invalid/blank votes
Total100257127130257-
Registered voters / turnout32,890,049
Source:
Popular vote
TODOS
45.50%
JxC
40.14%
CF
5.88%
Others
8.48%
Seats summary
TODOS
46.69%
JxC
45.14%
CF
2.33%
Others
5.84%

Senate

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Total
before
Not
up
Won Total
after
Everyone's Front1336
Together for Change828
Civic Front for Santiago328,627220
Together We Are Río Negro153,33800111
Others parties0
Invalid/blank votes
Total10072482472-
Registered voters / turnout
Source:
Seats summary
TODOS
50.00%
JxC
38.89%
Others
11.11%

Provincial Elections

Date District Offices Winner Runner-up
10 March Neuquén Governor

Vice Governor

35 provincial deputies

Omar Gutiérrez - Marcos Koopmann

(People's Neuquin Movement)

(40,19 %)

Ramón Rioseco - Darío Martínez

(Neuquin Front–Citizens' Unity)

(25,93 %)

7 April Río Negro Governor

Vice Governor

46 provincial deputies

Arabela Carreras - Alejandro Palmieri

(Together we are Río Negro)

(52,63 %)

Martín Soria - Magdalena Odarda

(Front for Victory)

(34,97 %)

12 May Córdoba Governor

Vice Governor

70 provincial deputies

Juan Schiaretti - Manuel Calvo

(We do for Córdoba)

(57,38 %)

Mario Negri - Héctor Baldassi

(Córdoba Changes)

(18,85 %)

19 May La Pampa Governor

Vice Governor

30 provincial deputies

Sergio Ziliotto - Mariano Fernández

(Pampean Justicialist Front)

(52,68 %)

Daniel Kroneberger - Luis Evangelista

(Cambiemos La Pampa)

(31,80 %)

2 June Misiones Governor

Vice Governor

20 provincial deputies

Oscar Herrera Ahuad - Carlos Omar Arce

(Front for the Renewal of Concord)

(72,81 %)

Humberto Schiavoni - Luis Mario Pastori

(Together for Change)

(17,59 %)

San Juan Governor

Vice Governor

36 provincial deputies

Sergio Uñac - Roberto Gattoni

(Everyone Front)

(55,84 %)

Marcelo Orrego - Susana Laciar

(Front with You)

(33,91 %)

9 June Chubut Governor

Vice Governor

27 provincial deputies

Mariano Arcioni - Ricardo Sastre

(Chubut Ahead)

(41,35 %)

Carlos Linares - Claudia Bard

(Chubut Patriotic Front)

(33,97 %)

Entre Ríos Governor

Vice Governor

34 provincial deputies

17 provincial senators

Gustavo Bordet - María Laura Stratta

(Believe Entre Ríos)

(57,43 %)

Atilio Benedetti - Gustavo Hein

(Cambiemos)

(35,57 %)

Jujuy Governor

Vice Governor

24 provincial deputies

Gerardo Morales - Carlos Haquim

(Change Jujuy)

(43,76 %)

Julio Ferreyra - Adrián Mendieta

(Justicialist Front)

(32,77 %)

Tucumán Governor

Vice Governor

49 provincial deputies

Juan Luis Manzur - Osvaldo Jaldo

(Justicialist Front for Tucumán)

(51,86 %)

Silvia Elías de Pérez - José Manuel Paz

(Let's Go Tucumán)

(20,41 %)

16 June Formosa Governor

Vice Governor

15 provincial deputies

Gildo Insfrán - Eber Wilson Solís

(Justicialist Party)

(70,66 %)

Adrián Bogado - Iván Nicolás Kaluk

(Formosan Broad Front)

(28,89 %)

San Luis Governor

Vice Governor

21 provincial deputies

5 provincial senators

Alberto Rodríguez Saá - Eduardo Mones Ruiz

(Justicialist Unity)

(42,34 %)

Claudio Poggi - Enrique Ariel Ponce

(United San Luis)

(34,54 %)

Santa Fe Governor

Vice Governor

50 provincial deputies

19 provincial senators

Omar Perotti - Alejandra Rodenas

(Together Front)

(42,31 %)

Antonio Bonfatti - María Victoria Tejeda

(Progessive, Civic and Social Front)

(37,91 %)

Tierra del Fuego Governor

Vice Governor

15 provincial deputies

Gustavo Melella - Mónica Urquiza

(FORJA)

(55,03 %)

Rosana Bertone - Juan Carlos Arcando

(Fueguin Unity)

(40,86 %)

11 August Santa Cruz Governor

Vice Governor

24 provincial deputies

Alicia Kirchner - Eugenio Quiroga

(Santacruzean Accord)

(58,59%)

Eduardo Costa - Liliana Andrade

(To get out ahead)

(32,03%)

29 September Mendoza Governor

Vice Governor

24 provincial deputies

19 provincial senators

Rodolfo Suárez - Mario Abed

(Change Mendoza)

(51,63%)

Anabel Fernández Sagasti - Jorge Tanus

(Choose Mendoza)

(36,21%)

13 October Chaco Governor

Vice Governor

16 provincial deputies

Jorge Capitanich - Analía Rach Quiroga

(Chaquean Front)

(49,32%)

Carim Peche - Roy Nikisch

(We are all Chaco)

(31,40%)

27 October Buenos Aires

(in detail)

Governor

Vice Governor

46 provincial deputies

23 provincial senators

Axel Kicillof - Verónica Magario

(Everyone's Front)

(52,28%)

María Eugenia Vidal - Daniel Salvador

(Together for Change)

(38,39%)

Catamarca Governor

Vice Governor

20 provincial deputies

8 provincial senators

Raúl Jalil - Rubén Dusso

(Everyone's Front)

(60,40%)

Roberto Gómez - Lía Quiroga

(Together for Change)

(33,46%)

Buenos Aires City Chief of Government

Vice Chief of Government

30 legislators

Horacio Rodríguez Larreta - Diego Santilli

(Together for Change)

(55,90%)

Matías Lammens - Gisela Marziotta

(Everyone's Front)

(35,06%)

La Rioja Governor

Vice Governor

18 provincial deputies

Ricardo Quintela - Florencia López

(Everyone's Front)

(40,84%)

Julio Martínez - Teresita Luna

(Together for La Rioja)

(27,90%)

10 November Salta Governor

Vice Governor

30 provincial deputies

11 provincial senators

Gustavo Sáenz - Antonio Marocco

(Sáenz Governor Front)

(53,85%)

Sergio Leavy - Emiliano Estrada

(Everyone's Front)

(26,00%)

References

  1. "Calendario electoral 2019: las fechas del cronograma, provincia por provincia". La Nación (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  2. "Reuters TV - Live". Reuters TV. Retrieved Oct 29, 2019.
  3. David Hodari (23 October 2015). "Argentina elections 2015: a guide to the parties, polls and electoral system". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 November 2015.
  4. Chamber of Deputies: Electoral system Archived 31 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine IPU
  5. Voto de los Jóvenes de 16 y 17 años0 Archived 2017-03-30 at the Wayback Machine Camara Nacional Electoral
  6. Regúnaga, Carlos (22 October 2007). "CSIS Hemisphere Focus" (PDF). The Argentine Elections: Systems and Candidates. Retrieved 22 April 2016.
  7. Argentine Republic: Election for Senado (Senate) IFES
  8. "Cierre de listas electorales: todos los candidatos para las elecciones 2019". La Nación (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  9. "Mirá las boletas de los principales candidatos en Argentina". Infobae (in Spanish). 23 June 2019. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
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