2014 in spaceflight

In 2014, the maiden flight of the Angara A5, Antares 120 and Antares 130 took place.

2014 in spaceflight
Orion EFT-1, the first test flight of the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle, occurred on 5 December 2014.
Orbital launches
First5 January
Last31 December
Total92
Successes88
Failures2
Partial failures2
Catalogued90
National firsts
Satellite Lithuania
 Bermuda
 Belgium
 Iraq
 Uruguay
Rockets
Maiden flights
RetirementsAntares 120
Antares 130
Crewed flights
Orbital4
Total travellers12
EVAs7

Overview

An Ariane 5 ES launched the Georges Lemaître Automated Transfer Vehicle, the last one of the series, which also marked 60 successfully completed Ariane 5 launches in a row.

On 22 August 2014, Arianespace launched the first two Full Operational Capability Galileo satellites for the European satellite navigation system.

A number of significant events in planetary exploration occurred in 2014, including the entry of the Rosetta spacecraft into orbit around the comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko in August 2014 and the deployment of the Philae lander to its surface in November, which marked the first orbit of and landing on a comet, respectively, and featured prominently in social media. Another notable occurrence was the entry of India's Mars Orbiter Mission into Martian orbit in September, making India the first Asian nation to reach Mars.

On 5 December 2014, a United Launch Alliance Delta IV Heavy launched the first Orion spacecraft test mission for NASA, Exploration Flight Test 1.

Orbital launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January

5 January
10:48:00
GSLV Mk II Satish Dhawan SLP ISRO
GSAT-14 ISRO Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
6 January
22:06:00
Falcon 9 v1.1 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Thaicom 6 Thaicom (Shin Corporation) Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
9 January
18:07:05
Antares 120 MARS LP-0A Orbital Sciences
Cygnus CRS Orb-1
S.S. C. Gordon Fullerton
NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics19 February 2014
18:20
Successful
ArduSat-2 NanoSatisfi Low Earth Technology demonstration1 July 2014
Lituanica SAT-1 VU Low Earth Technology demonstration28 July 2014
LitSat-1 LSA, KTU, VGTU Low Earth Technology demonstration22 May 2014
SkyCube SkyCube Low Earth Technology demonstration8 November 2014
UAPSat-1 UAP Low Earth Technology demonstration22 May 2014
Flock-1 × 28 Planet Labs Low Earth Earth observationFirst: 3 May 2014
Last: 29 October 2014
First Orbital Sciences CRS operational flight, maiden flight of Antares 120. All payloads other than Cygnus are CubeSats carried aboard the Cygnus for deployment from the ISS. CubeSats include first Lithuanian satellites.
24 January
02:33:00
Atlas V 401 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United Launch Alliance
TDRS-L (TDRS-12) NASA Geosynchronous Communications / Data RelayIn orbitOperational

February

5 February
16:23:32
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5 Roskosmos
Progress M-22M / 54P Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics18 April 2014
15:46
Successful
Chasqui-1[3] Universidad Nacional de Ingeniería del Perú Low Earth Technology demonstration15 January 2015[4]Spacecraft failure
Chasqui-1 released from the ISS by cosmonauts during EVA on 18 August.
6 February
21:30:07
Ariane 5 ECA Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
ABS-2 ABS Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Athena-Fidus CNES / ASI Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
14 February
21:09:03
Proton-M / Briz-M Baikonur Site 81/24 International Launch Services
Türksat 4A Türksat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
21 February
01:59:00
Delta IV M+(4,2) Cape Canaveral SLC-37B United Launch Alliance
USA-248 (GPS IIF-5) US Air Force Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
27 February
18:37:00
H-IIA 202 Tanegashima Y1 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
GPM-Core JAXA / NASA Low Earth EnvironmentalIn orbitOperational
Ginrei (ShindaiSat) Shinshu University Low Earth Technology demonstration24 November 2014Successful
STARS-II Kagawa University Low Earth Technology demonstration26 April 2014
TeikyoSat-3 Teikyo University Technology demonstration / Microbiology25 October 2014Successful
KSAT-2 Kagoshima University Low Earth Technology demonstration18 May 2014Successful
OPUSAT OPU Low Earth Technology demonstration24 July 2014
INVADER Tamabi Low Earth Amateur radio2 September 2014Successful
ITF-1 Tsukuba Universit Low Earth Amateur radio29 June 2014Spacecraft failure
ITF-1 failed to communicate.

March

15 March
23:08:00
Proton-M / Briz-M Baikonur Site 81/24 Khrunichev
Ekspress-AT1 RSCC Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Ekspress-AT2 RSCC Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
22 March
22:04:07
Ariane 5 ECA Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
Astra 5B SES S.A. Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Amazonas 4A Hispasat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
23 March
22:54:03
Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Plesetsk Site 43/4 RVSN RF
Kosmos 2494 (GLONASS-M 754) VKO Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
25 March
21:17:23
Soyuz-FG Baikonur Site 1/5 Roskosmos
Soyuz TMA-12M Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 39 / 4011 September 2014
02:23
Successful
Manned flight with three cosmonauts
31 March
02:46:03
Long March 2C Jiuquan SLS-2 CALT
Shijian 11-06 CASC Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational

April

3 April
14:46:30
Atlas V 401 Vandenberg SLC-3E United Launch Alliance
USA-249 (DMSP-5D3 F19) US Air Force / NOAA Low Earth (SSO) MeteorologyIn orbitSpacecraft failure (11 February 2016)[5]
3 April
21:02:26
Soyuz-STA / Fregat Kourou ELS Arianespace
Sentinel-1A ESA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational
4 April
11:44:00
PSLV-XL Satish Dhawan FLP ISRO
IRNSS-1B ISRO Geosynchronous NavigationIn orbitOperational
9 April
15:26:27
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5 Roskosmos
Progress M-23M / 55P Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics31 July 2014Successful
9 April
19:06:02[6]
Shavit Palmachim Airbase Israel Aerospace Industries
Ofeq 10 Israel Defense Forces Low Earth ReconnaissanceIn orbitOperational
10 April
17:45:00
Atlas V 541 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United Launch Alliance
USA-250 (NRO L-67) NRO Geosynchronous ELINT (?)In orbitOperational
NRO Launch 67
16 April
16:20:00
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 31/6 Roskosmos
EgyptSat 2 NARSSS Low Earth Remote sensingIn orbitOperational
18 April
19:25:22
Falcon 9 v1.1 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
SpaceX CRS-3 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics18 May 2014
19:05
Successful
KickSat KickSat / Cornell Low Earth Technology demonstration14 May 2014
01:30
Spacecraft failure
ALL-STAR/THEIA Colorado / ALL-STAR Low Earth Technology demonstration26 May 2014
SporeSat NASA Ames / Purdue Low Earth Life sciences4 June 2014
TestSat-Lite Taylor University Low Earth Technology demonstration28 May 2014
PhoneSat 2.5 NASA Ames Low Earth Technology demonstration15 May 2014
KickSat carried and failed to deploy 104 femtosatellites in low Earth orbit.[7][8]
28 April
04:25:00
Proton-M / Briz-M Baikonur Site 81/24 Roscosmos
Luch 5V Gonets Satellite System Geosynchronous Communications / Data RelayIn orbitOperational
KazSat-3 JSC KazSat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
30 April
01:35:15
Vega Kourou ELV Arianespace
KazEOSat 1 KGS Low Earth (SSO) Optical imagingIn orbitOperational

May

6 May
13:49:35
Soyuz-2.1a Plesetsk Site 43/4 RVSN RF
Kosmos 2495 (Kobalt-M) VKO Low Earth Reconnaissance3 September 2014Successful
15 May
21:42:00
Proton-M / Briz-M Baikonur Site 200/39 Khrunichev
Ekspress-AM4R RSCC Intended: Geosynchronous Communications15 May 2014Launch failure
A third stage vernier thruster failed at T+542 seconds after the failure of the turbopump structural support caused damage to the oxidiser inlet line.[9]
17 May
00:03:00
Delta IV M+(4,2) Cape Canaveral SLC-37B United Launch Alliance
USA-251 (GPS IIF-6) U.S. Air Force Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
22 May
13:09:00
Atlas V 401 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United Launch Alliance
USA-252 (Quasar) NRO Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
NRO Launch 33
23 May
05:27:54
Rokot / Briz-KM Plesetsk Site 133/3 VKO
Kosmos 2496 (Strela-3M) VKO Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Kosmos 2497 (Strela-3M) VKO Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Kosmos 2498 (Strela-3M) VKO Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Kosmos 2499 VKO Low Earth Technology demonstration / Satellite Inspection (?)In orbitOperational
24 May
03:05:14
H-IIA 202 Tanegashima Y1 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
ALOS-2 JAXA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational
RISING-2 Tohoku Low Earth (SSO) Remote sensingIn orbitOperational
UNIFORM-1 Wakayama University Low Earth (SSO) Remote sensingIn orbitOperational
SOCRATES AES Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitSuccessful
SPROUT Nihon Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration / Amateur radioIn orbitOperational
26 May
21:09:59
Zenit-3SL Odyssey Sea Launch
Eutelsat 3B Eutelsat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
28 May
19:57:41
Soyuz-FG Baikonur Site 1/5 Roskosmos
Soyuz TMA-13M Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 40 / 4110 November 2014
03:58
Successful
Manned flight with three cosmonauts

June

14 June
17:16:48
Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Plesetsk Site 43/4 RVSN RF
Kosmos 2500 (GLONASS-M 755) VKO Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
19 June
19:11:17
Dnepr Dombarovsky Site 13 ISC Kosmotras
Deimos-2 Deimos Space Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational
KazEOSat 2 KGS Low Earth (SSO) Optical imagingIn orbitOperational
UniSat 6 La Sapienza Low Earth (SSO) Optical imagingIn orbitOperational
SaudiSat-4 KACST Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
AprizeSat 9 SpaceQuest, Ltd. Low Earth (SSO) CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
AprizeSat 10 SpaceQuest, Ltd. Low Earth (SSO) CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Hodoyoshi 3 University of Tokyo Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Hodoyoshi 4 University of Tokyo Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
BRITE-CA 1 UTIAS Low Earth (SSO) Photometry / Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
BRITE-CA 2 UTIAS Low Earth (SSO) Photometry / Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
TabletSat-Aurora SPUTNIX Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration / Earth observationIn orbitOperational
BugSat 1 Satellogic S.A. Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration / Earth observationIn orbitOperational
Perseus-M 1 Canopus Systems US / Dauria Aerospace Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Perseus-M 2 Canopus Systems US / Dauria Aerospace Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
QB50P1 Von Karman Institute Low Earth (SSO) Thermosphere researchIn orbitOperational
QB50P2 Von Karman Institute Low Earth (SSO) Thermosphere researchIn orbitOperational
NanoSatC-Br 1 INPE Low Earth (SSO) Magnetosphere researchIn orbitOperational
DTUSat 2 DTU Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
POPSAT-HIP 1 Microspace Rapid, Singapore Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
PolyITAN 1 KPI Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
PACE NCKU Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Duchifat-1 HSC Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Flock-1c 1–11 Planet Labs Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational
AeroCube 6 The Aerospace Corporation Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Lemur 1 NanoSatisfi Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational
ANTELSAT UdelaR Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Tigrisat MOST / La Sapienza Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational
include first Belgian (pair), Uruguay's and Iraqi satellites.
30 June
04:22:00
PSLV-CA Satish Dhawan FLP ISRO
SPOT 7 Spot Image Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational
CanX-4 UTIAS Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
CanX-5 UTIAS Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
AISat DLR Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
VELOX-I NTU Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational

July

2 July
09:56:23
Delta II 7320-10C Vandenberg SLC-2W United Launch Alliance
OCO-2 NASA Low Earth (SSO) ClimatologyIn orbitOperational
3 July
12:43:52
Rokot / Briz-KM Plesetsk Site 133/3 VKO
Gonets-M 8 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Gonets-M 9 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Gonets-M 10 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
8 July
15:58:28
Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Baikonur Site 31/6 Roskosmos
Meteor-M No.2 Roskosmos Low Earth (SSO) MeteorologyIn orbitOperational
MKA-PN2 (Relek) Roskosmos Low Earth (SSO) Magnetosphere researchIn orbitSpacecraft failure
DX-1 Dauria Aerospace Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
UKube-1 UKSA Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
TechDemoSat-1 UKSA Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
SkySat-2 Skybox Imaging Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational
AISSat-2 NDRE Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
10 July
18:55:56
Soyuz-STB / Fregat Kourou ELS Arianespace
O3b FM3 O3b Networks Medium Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
O3b FM6 O3b Networks Medium Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
O3b FM7 O3b Networks Medium Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
O3b FM8 O3b Networks Medium Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
13 July
16:52:14
Antares 120 MARS LP-0A Orbital Sciences
Cygnus CRS Orb-2
S.S. Janice Voss
NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics17 August 2014Successful
TechEdSat 4 NASA Ames Low Earth Optical imaging3 April 2015Successful
MicroMAS MIT Low Earth Technology demonstration1 August 2015Successful
GEARRS Taylor University / USAF Low Earth Technology demonstration8 November 2015Successful
Lambdasat Lambda Team Low Earth Technology demonstration16 May 2015Successful
Flock-1b 1–28 Planet Labs Low Earth Optical imagingFirst: 13 December 2014
Last: 16 October 2015
Successful
All payloads other than Cygnus are CubeSats carried aboard the Cygnus for deployment from the ISS. Flock-1b 3/4/13/14/19/20 were not deployed.
14 July
15:15:00
Falcon 9 v1.1 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Orbcomm-2 F3 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Orbcomm-2 F4 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Orbcomm-2 F6 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Orbcomm-2 F7 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Orbcomm-2 F9 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Orbcomm-2 F11 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
18 July
20:50:00
Soyuz-2.1a Baikonur Site 31/6 Roskosmos
Foton-M No.4 Roscosmos Low Earth Microgravity science1 September 2014
09:18
Successful
23 July
21:44:44
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5 Roskosmos
Progress M-24M / 56P Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics20 November 2014Successful
28 July
23:28:00
Delta IV M+(4,2) Cape Canaveral SLC-37B United Launch Alliance
USA-253 (GSSAP #1 ) U.S. Air Force Geosynchronous Space surveillanceIn orbitOperational
USA-254 (GSSAP #2 ) U.S. Air Force Geosynchronous Space surveillanceIn orbitOperational
ANGELS (USA-255) AFRL Geosynchronous Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Air Force Space Command Launch 4. First launch for the USAF Geosynchronous Space Situational Awareness Program.
29 July
23:47:38
Ariane 5 ES Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
Georges Lemaître ATV ESA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics15 February 2015Successful

August

2 August
03:23:00
Atlas V 401 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United Launch Alliance
USA-256 (GPS IIF-7) U.S. Air Force Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
5 August
08:00:00
Falcon 9 v1.1 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
AsiaSat 8 AsiaSat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
9 August
05:45:03
Long March 4C Jiuquan SLS-2 SAST
Yaogan 20A CAST Low Earth ELINTIn orbitOperational
Yaogan 20B CAST Low Earth ELINTIn orbitOperational
Yaogan 20C CAST Low Earth ELINTIn orbitOperational
13 August
18:30:30
Atlas V 401 Vandenberg SLC-3E United Launch Alliance
WorldView-3 DigitalGlobe Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational
19 August
03:15:05
Long March 4B Taiyuan LC-9 SAST
Gaofen 2 CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational
Heweliusz (BRITE-PL2) PAS Low Earth (SSO) PhotometryIn orbitOperational
22 August
12:27:11
Soyuz-STB / Fregat Kourou ELS Arianespace
Galileo FOC 1 ESA Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitPartial launch failure
Operational
Galileo FOC 2 ESA Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitPartial launch failure
Operational
Spacecraft in incorrect orbit due to an interruption of the Fregat’s upper stage attitude control thrusters when its hydrazine propellant supply became frozen by a cold helium feed line incorrectly routed close to it.[10] Both satellites were later moved to a usable orbit on their own power.[11]

September

4 September
00:15:04
Long March 2D Jiuquan SLS-2 SAST
Chuangxin 1-04 CAS Low Earth (SSO) CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Lingqiao Tsinghua Low Earth (SSO) Communications / Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
7 September
05:00:00
Falcon 9 v1.1 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
AsiaSat 6 AsiaSat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
8 September
03:22:05
Long March 4B Taiyuan LC-9 SAST
Yaogan 21 CAST Low Earth (SSO) ReconnaissanceIn orbitOperational
Tiantuo 2 NUDT Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
11 September
22:05:07
Ariane 5 ECA Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
MEASAT 3b MEASAT Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Optus 10 Optus Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
17 September
00:10:00
Atlas V 401 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United Launch Alliance
USA-257 (CLIO / Nemesis 2) NRO[12][13] Geosynchronous COMINTIn orbitOperational
21 September
05:52:03
Falcon 9 v1.1 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
SpaceX CRS-4 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics25 October 2014Successful
SpinSat NRL Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
SpinSat was deployed from the ISS on 28 November.
25 September
20:25:00
Soyuz-FG Baikonur Site 1/5 Roskosmos
Soyuz TMA-14M Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 41 / 4212 March 2015
02:07
Successful
Manned flight with three cosmonauts.
27 September
20:23:00
Proton-M / Briz-M Baikonur Site 81/24 Khrunichev
Olymp-K (Luch) VKO Geosynchronous CommunicationsnIn orbitOperational
28 September
05:13:03
Long March 2C Jiuquan SLS-2 CALT
Shijian 11-07 CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational

October

7 October
05:16:00
H-IIA 202 Tanegashima Y1 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
Himawari 8 JMA Geosynchronous MeteorologyIn orbitOperational
15 October
20:02:00
PSLV-XL Satish Dhawan FLP ISRO
IRNSS-1C ISRO Geosynchronous NavigationIn orbitOperational
16 October
21:43:52
Ariane 5 ECA Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
Intelsat 30 Intelsat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
ARSAT-1 AR-SAT SA Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
20 October
06:31:04
Long March 4C Taiyuan LC-9 SAST
Yaogan 22 CAST Low Earth (SSO) ReconnaissanceIn orbitOperational
21 October
15:09:32
Proton-M / Briz-M Baikonur Site 81/24 Khrunichev
Ekspress AM6 RSCC Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitPartial launch failure
Operational
Upper stage underperformance resulted in lower than planned deployment orbit.[14]
23 October
18:00:04
Long March 3C Xichang LC-2 CALT
Chang'e 5-T1 CNSA Lunar free-return trajectory Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Chang'e 5-T1 return capsule CNSA Lunar free-return trajectory Technology demonstration31 October
22:42
Successful
Testing of Chang'e 5 lunar sample return module in lunar free-return trajectory; main spacecraft later flew to Earth-Moon L2 Lagrange point.
27 October
06:59:03
Long March 2C Jiuquan SLS-2 CALT
Shijian 11-08 CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
28 October
22:22:38
Antares 130 MARS LP-0A Orbital Sciences
Cygnus CRS Orb-3
S.S. Deke Slayton
NASA Intended: Low Earth (ISS) ISS logisticsT+15 secondsLaunch failure
First stage failure; rocket crashed near launch pad; estimated US$20 million in repairs to rebuild Pad 0A.[15] Only flight of Antares 130.
29 October
07:09:43
Soyuz-2.1a Baikonur Site 31/6 Roskosmos
Progress M-25M / 57P Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics26 April 2015Successful
29 October
17:21:00
Atlas V 401 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United Launch Alliance
USA-258 (GPS IIF-8) U.S. Air Force Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
30 October
01:42:52
Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat Plesetsk Site 43/4 RVSN RF
Meridian 7 VKO Molniya CommunicationsIn orbitOperational

November

6 November
07:35:49
Dnepr Dombarovsky Site 13 ISC Kosmotras
Asnaro-1 USEF Low Earth (SSO) Remote sensingIn orbitOperational
ChubuSat 1 Nagoya University Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Hodoyoshi 1 University of Tokyo Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
QSAT-EOS Kyushu University Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
TSUBAME TIT / JAXA Low Earth (SSO) Gamma-ray astronomyIn orbitOperational
14 November
18:53:05
Long March 2C Taiyuan LC-9 CALT
Yaogan 23 CAST Low Earth (SSO) ReconnaissanceIn orbitOperational
20 November
07:12:03
Long March 2D Jiuquan SLS-2 SAST
Yaogan 24 CAST Low Earth (SSO) ReconnaissanceIn orbitOperational
21 November
06:37:08
Kuaizhou Jiuquan SLS-2 CASIC
Kuaizhou-2 CAS Low Earth (SSO) Optical imaging9 October 2016Successful
23 November
21:01:14
Soyuz-FG Baikonur Site 31/6 Roskosmos
Soyuz TMA-15M Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 42 / 4311 June 2015
13:44
Successful
Manned flight with three cosmonauts.
30 November
21:52:26
Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Plesetsk Site 43/4 RVSN RF
Kosmos 2501 (GLONASS-K 702) VKO Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational

December

3 December
04:22:04
H-IIA 202 Tanegashima Y1 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
Hayabusa2 JAXA Heliocentric Asteroid sample returnIn orbitOperational
DCAM3 JAXA Heliocentric Asteroid probe 
MINERVA-II-1 Rover 1A JAXA Heliocentric (162173 Ryugu) Asteroid landerIn orbitOperational
MINERVA-II-1 Rover 1B JAXA Heliocentric (162173 Ryugu) Asteroid landerIn orbitOperational
MINERVA-II Rover 2 JAXA Heliocentric (162173 Ryugu) Asteroid lander 
MASCOT DLR / CNES Heliocentric (162173 Ryugu) Asteroid landerIn orbitSuccessful
Shin'en 2 Kyutech Heliocentric Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Despatch (Artsat 2) Tamabi / UT Heliocentric Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
PROCYON UT Heliocentric Technology demonstration / Asteroid flybyIn orbitOperational
DCAM3, MINERVA-II (Rover 1A, 1B, 2), and MASCOT are carried aboard Hayabusa2 to be deployed in proximity or onto the surface of asteroid 162173 Ryugu. MINERVA-II Rover 1A and 1B were deployed on 21 September 2018. MASCOT was deployed on 3 October 2018.
5 December
12:05:00
Delta IV Heavy Cape Canaveral SLC-37B United Launch Alliance
EFT-1 NASA HEO Technology demonstration5 December 2014
16:29
Successful
First test flight of Orion spacecraft
6 December
20:40:07
Ariane 5 ECA Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
DirecTV-14 DirecTV Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
GSAT-16 ISRO Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
7 December
03:26:04
Long March 4B Taiyuan LC-9 SAST
CBERS-4 CASC / INPE Low Earth (SSO) Remote sensingIn orbitOperational
10 December
19:33:03
Long March 4C Jiuquan SLS-2 SAST
Yaogan 25A CAST Low Earth ELINTIn orbitOperational
Yaogan 25B CAST Low Earth ELINTIn orbitOperational
Yaogan 25C CAST Low Earth ELINTIn orbitOperational
13 December
03:19:00
Atlas V 541 Vandenberg SLC-3E United Launch Alliance
USA-259 (NRO L-35) NRO Molniya ELINTIn orbitOperational
NRO Launch 35
15 December
00:16:00
Proton-M / Briz-M Baikonur Site 81/24 Khrunichev
Yamal-401 Gazprom Space Systems Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
18 December
18:37:00
Soyuz-STB / Fregat Kourou ELS Arianespace
O3b FM9 O3b Networks Medium Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
O3b FM10 O3b Networks Medium Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
O3b FM11 O3b Networks Medium Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
O3b FM12 O3b Networks Medium Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
19 December
04:43:33
Strela Baikonur Site 175/59 Roskosmos
Kondor-E Roskosmos / DoD Low Earth Synthetic-aperture radar imagingIn orbitOperational
23 December
05:57:00
Angara A5 / Briz-M Plesetsk Site 35/1 Khrunichev
IPM Khrunichev Geosynchronous[16] Test flightIn orbitOperational
Maiden flight of Angara A5
25 December
03:01:13
Soyuz-2.1b Plesetsk Site 43/4 RVSN RF
Kosmos 2502 (Lotos-S) VKO Low Earth ELINTIn orbitOperational
26 December
18:55:50
Soyuz-2.1b Baikonur Site 31/6 Roskosmos
Resurs-P No.2 Roskosmos Low Earth (SSO) Remote sensingIn orbitOperational
27 December
03:22:04
Long March 4B Taiyuan LC-9 SAST
Yaogan 26 CAST Low Earth (SSO) ReconnaissanceIn orbitOperational
27 December
21:37:49
Proton-M / Briz-M Baikonur Site 200/39 International Launch Services
Astra 2G SES S.A. Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
31 December
01:02:04
Long March 3A Xichang LC-2 CALT
Fengyun 2G CMA Geosynchronous MeteorologyIn orbitOperational

Suborbital flights

Deep space rendezvous

Date (GMT) Spacecraft Event Remarks
1 January Cassini 98th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 1,400 kilometres (870 mi).
2 February Cassini 99th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 1,236 kilometres (768 mi).
6 March Cassini 100th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 1,500 kilometres (930 mi).
7 April Cassini 101st flyby of Titan Closest approach: 963 kilometres (598 mi).
17 May Cassini 102nd flyby of Titan Closest approach: 2,994 kilometres (1,860 mi).
18 June Cassini 103rd flyby of Titan Closest approach: 3,659 kilometres (2,274 mi).
20 July Cassini 104th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 5,103 kilometres (3,171 mi).
6 August Rosetta Enters orbit of 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko First artificial satellite of a comet. Initial orbit was 100 kilometres (62 mi)high and was reduced to 30 kilometres (19 mi) until 10 September.
10 August ISEE-3/ICE flyby of Earth and Moon Closest approach Earth: 178,400 kilometres (110,900 mi), closest approach Moon: 15,938 kilometres (9,903 mi).
21 August Cassini 105th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 964 kilometres (599 mi).
21 September Cassini 106th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 1,400 kilometres (870 mi).
22 September MAVEN Areocentric orbit injection Preliminary orbit was 380 kilometres (240 mi) x 44,600 kilometres (27,700 mi), inclined 75 deg to the equator.
24 September Mars Orbiter Mission Areocentric orbit injection India's first mission to Mars,[22] preliminary orbit was 422 kilometres (262 mi) x 76,994 kilometres (47,842 mi), inclined 150 deg to the equator.
23 October Cassini 107th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 1,013 kilometres (629 mi).
28 October[23] Chang'e 5-T1 lunar flyby on a free return trajectory Closest approach: 13,000 kilometres (8,100 mi).
12 November Philae Landing on 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko First soft landing on a comet nucleus. Mission cut short when landing conditions resulted in its solar panels being out of position, depleting the lander's batteries. Data was still collected.
10 December Cassini 108th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 980 kilometres (610 mi).

Extra-Vehicular Activities (EVAs)

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks
27 January
14:00
6 hours
8 minutes
20:08 Expedition 38 / 39

ISS Pirs

Oleg Kotov

Sergey Ryazansky

Installed High Resolution Camera (HRC) on SM Plane IV; installed Medium Resolution Camera (MRC) on SM Plane IV; photographed electrical connectors on ФП11 and ФП19 connector patch panels of SM; removed Worksite Interfaces (WIF) adaptor from SSRMS LEE B;

retrieved СКК #2-СО cassette container from DC-1.[24]

23 April
13:56
1 hours
36 minutes
15:32 Expedition 39 / 40

ISS Quest

Richard Mastracchio

Steven Swanson

Replaced failed Multiplexer/Demultiplexer (MDM) unit on S0 truss; also removed two lanyards from Secondary Power Distribution Assembly (SPDA) doors.[25][26]
19 June
14:10
7 hours
23 minutes
21:33 Expedition 40 / 41

ISS Pirs

Alexander Skvortsov

Oleg Artemyev

Installed an automated phased antenna array used for the Russian command and telemetry system, relocated a part of the Obstanovka experiment that monitors charged particles and plasma in Low Earth Orbit, verifying the correct installation of the universal work platform (URM-D), taking samples from one of Zvezda's windows, and jettisoning an experiment frame.[27][28]
18 August
14:02
5 hours
11 minutes
19:13 Expedition 40 / 41

ISS Pirs

Alexander Skvortsov

Oleg Artemyev

Released Chasqui-1 cubesat into space; installed experiment packages (EXPOSE-R2 biological experiment, Plume Impingement and Deposit Monitoring unit), retrieved experiments (Vinoslivost materials exposure panel, Biorisk biological experiment), replaced cassette on SKK experiment and attached a handrail on an antenna.[29][30]
7 October
12:30
6 hours
13 minutes
18:43 Expedition 41 / 42

ISS Quest

Reid Wiseman

Alexander Gerst

Re-located a failed pump module to a permanent stowage position, installed a back-up power supply for the Mobile Transporter and replaced a light on the robotic arm.[31][32]
15 October
12:16
6 hours
34 minutes
18:50 Expedition 41 / 42

ISS Quest

Reid Wiseman

Barry E. Wilmore

Replaced failed sequential shunt unit (SSU) for 3A power system, relocated articulating portable foot restraint/tool stanchion (APFR/TS), removed camera port (CP) 7, relocated wireless video system external transceiver assembly (WETA) from CP8 to CP11, installed external TV camera group at CP8.[33][34]
22 October
13:28
3 hours
38 minutes
17:06 Expedition 41 / 42

ISS Pirs

Maksim Surayev

Aleksandr Samokutyayev

Removed and jettisoned Radiometriya experiment from Zvezda Plane II, removed EXPOSE-R experiment protective cover, took surface samples from Pirs extravehicular hatch 2 window (TEST experiment), removed and jettisoned two KURS attennas 2ACф1-1 and 2ACф1-2 from Poisk, photographed exterior of ISS Russian segment.[35][36]

Orbital launch statistics

By country

For the purposes of this section, the yearly tally of orbital launches by country assigns each flight to the country of origin of the rocket, not to the launch services provider or the spaceport. For example, Soyuz launches by Arianespace in Kourou are counted under Russia because Soyuz-2 is a Russian rocket.

Country Launches Successes Failures Partial
failures
Remarks
 China161600
 Europe7700
 India4400
 Israel1100
 Japan4400
 Russia343112Includes 4 Soyuz launches from Kourou
 Ukraine3300Zenit and Dnepr rockets were launched from Russia
 United States232210
World928822

By rocket

By family

Family Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Angara Russia1100Maiden flight
Antares United States3210
Ariane Europe6600
Atlas United States9900
Delta United States5500
Falcon United States6600
H-II Japan4400
Kuaizhou China1100
Long March China151500
R-7 Russia222101
R-36 Ukraine2200
SLV India4400
Shavit Israel1100
Universal Rocket Russia11911
Vega Europe1100
Zenit Ukraine /  Russia1100

By type

Rocket Country Family Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Angara A5 RussiaAngara1100Maiden flight
Antares United StatesAntares3210
Ariane 5 EuropeAriane6600
Atlas V United StatesAtlas9900
Delta II United StatesDelta1100
Delta IV United StatesDelta4400
Dnepr UkraineR-362200
Falcon 9 United StatesFalcon6600
GSLV IndiaSLV1100
Kuaizhou ChinaKuaizhou1100
H-IIA JapanH-II4400
Long March 2 ChinaLong March6600
Long March 3 ChinaLong March2200
Long March 4 ChinaLong March7700
Proton RussiaUniversal Rocket8611
PSLV IndiaSLV3300
Shavit IsraelShavit1100
Soyuz RussiaR-78800
Soyuz-2 RussiaR-7141301
UR-100 RussiaUniversal Rocket3300
Vega EuropeVega1100
Zenit UkraineEnergia1100

By configuration

By spaceport

10
20
30
40
China
France
India
Israel
Japan
Russia +
Kazakhstan
United States
International waters
Site Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Baikonur Kazakhstan211911
Cape Canaveral United States161600
Dombarovsky Russia2200
Jiuquan China8800
Kourou France111001
MARS United States3210
Ocean Odyssey International waters1100
Palmachim Israel1100
Plesetsk Russia9900
Satish Dhawan India4400
Taiyuan China6600
Tanegashima Japan4400
Vandenberg United States4400
Xichang China2200

By orbit

Orbital regime Launches Achieved Not achieved Accidentally
achieved
Remarks
Transatmospheric1100Deployed into a transatmospheric orbit via low and medium Earth orbits
Low Earth50491014 to ISS (1 failure)
Medium Earth9801
Geosynchronous282611
High Earth3300
Heliocentric1100

References

  • Bergin, Chris. "NASASpaceFlight.com".
  • Clark, Stephen. "Spaceflight Now".
  • Kelso, T.S. "Satellite Catalog (SATCAT)". CelesTrak.
  • Krebs, Gunter. "Chronology of Space Launches".
  • Kyle, Ed. "Space Launch Report".
  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Jonathan's Space Report".
  • Pietrobon, Steven. "Steven Pietrobon's Space Archive".
  • Wade, Mark. "Encyclopedia Astronautica".
  • Webb, Brian. "Southwest Space Archive".
  • Zak, Anatoly. "Russian Space Web".
  • "ISS Calendar". Spaceflight 101.
  • "NSSDCA Master Catalog". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
  • "Space Calendar". NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
  • "Space Information Center". JAXA.
  • "Хроника освоения космоса" [Chronicle of space exploration]. CosmoWorld (in Russian).
Generic references:

Footnotes

  1. Krebs, Gunter. "Chasqui 1". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 16 August 2019.
  2. "CHASQUI-1". N2YO.com. Retrieved 16 August 2019.
  3. Krebs, Gunter. "Chasqui 1". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 16 August 2019.
  4. "CHASQUI-1". N2YO.com. Retrieved 16 August 2019.
  5. Gruss, Mike (3 March 2016). "USAF weather woes grow as DMSP-19 stops obeying orders". SpaceNews. Retrieved 3 March 2016.
  6. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IHi7SVYdzDA
  7. "KickSat Has Been Deployed in Low-Earth Orbit". arrl.org. 19 April 2014. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
  8. "KickSat Has Reentered". www.kickstarter.com. 14 May 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
  9. "Failure Review Oversight Board (FROB) Concludes Express AM4R Investigation; Return to Flight Mission Success on September 28". International Launch Services. Retrieved 9 October 2014.
  10. "Soyuz Flight VS09: Independent Inquiry Board announces definitive conclusions concerning the Fregat upper stage anomaly". Arianespace. Retrieved 9 October 2014.
  11. "Sixth Galileo Satellite reaches corrected orbit". ESA. 13 March 2015. Archived from the original on 23 April 2016. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  12. William Graham (16 September 2014). "ULA Atlas V successfully launches secretive CLIO mission". NASASpaceFlight.com. Retrieved 8 February 2016.
  13. Krebs, Gunter. "Nemesis 1, 2 (PAN, CLIO / P360)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 16 August 2019.
  14. «Бриз-М» отклонился от задания (in Russian). Kommersant. 28 October 2014. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
  15. Foust, Jeff (21 November 2014). "Virginia May Seek Federal Funds for Wallops Spaceport Repairs". Space News. Retrieved 1 December 2014.
  16. "Russia made its first test launch "Angara-A5"". RIA Novosti. 23 December 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  17. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 January 2009. Retrieved 12 March 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. "観測ロケットS-310-43号機 打上げ結果について" (in Japanese). JAXA. 5 August 2014. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  19. 2014年度第一次観測ロケット実験の実施について (in Japanese). JAXA. 18 June 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
  20. "2014年度第一次観測ロケット実験の実施について". JAXA. 18 June 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
  21. "Late ship postponed Mars mission launch, says official". The Times of India. 17 January 2014.
  22. Jayaraman, K.S. (28 June 2013). "NASA's Deep Space Network to Support India's Mars Mission". Space.com. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  23. "The mission". LuxSpace. Archived from the original on 13 September 2014. Retrieved 11 November 2014.
  24. "NASA ISS On-Orbit Status 27 January 2014". 27 January 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
  25. "Astronauts Complete Short Spacewalk to Replace Backup Computer". NASA. 23 April 2014. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
  26. Pete Harding (23 April 2014). "Astronauts completed speedy EVA to replace failed EXT-2 MDM". NASASpaceflight.com. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
  27. "Spacewalkers Complete Installation and Experiment Work". NASA. 19 June 2014. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
  28. David Štula (19 June 2014). "EVA-38: Frustration morphs into success during Russian spacewalk". NASASpaceflight.com. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
  29. "Station Spacewalkers Deploy Nanosatellite, Install and Retrieve Science". NASA. 18 August 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
  30. David Štula and Chris Bergin (18 August 2014). "Russian spacewalkers successfully complete science-oriented EVA". NASASpaceflight.com. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
  31. "Wiseman and Gerst Complete First Spacewalk of Expedition 41". NASA. 7 October 2014. Retrieved 8 October 2014.
  32. Pete Harding (7 October 2014). "EVA-27: Astronaut duo complete US spacewalk outside ISS". NASASpaceflight.com. Retrieved 8 October 2014.
  33. "Station Spacewalkers Replace Power Regulator, Move Equipment". NASA. 15 October 2014. Retrieved 15 October 2014.
  34. Pete Harding (15 October 2014). "American duo complete EVA to prepare ISS for commercial crew". NASASpaceflight.com. Retrieved 15 October 2014.
  35. "Cosmonauts Complete Third October Spacewalk". NASA. 22 October 2014. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
  36. David Štula (24 October 2014). "Russian EVA-40 concludes final ISS spacewalk of 2014". NASASpaceflight.com. Retrieved 24 October 2014.
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