2013 in spaceflight

In 2013, the maiden spaceflight of the Orbital Sciences' Antares launch vehicle, designated A-ONE, took place on 13 April.[1] Orbital Science also launched its first spacecraft, Cygnus, that docked with the International Space Station in late September 2013.

2013 in spaceflight
The first launch of the Antares rocket occurred on 21 April 2013.
Orbital launches
First15 January
Last28 December
Total81
Successes77
Failures3
Partial failures1
Catalogued78
National firsts
Satellite
Orbital launch South Korea[lower-alpha 1]
Rockets
Maiden flights
Retirements
Crewed flights
Orbital5
Total travellers15
EVAs11

Overview

India's Indian Space Research Organisation launched its first mission to Mars with the Mars Orbiter Mission that successfully reached Mars orbit on 23 September 2014.[2]

Numerous significant milestones in robotic spaceflight occurred in 2013, including the landing of China's Chang'e 3 lander at Moon's Mare Imbrium on 14 December; it was the first time that country had a successful touchdown on an extraterrestrial surface.

Five manned orbital launches were conducted during 2013, all successfully, carrying a total of 15 astronauts into orbit. Four of these missions were flown with the Russian Soyuz spacecraft and one with the Chinese Shenzhou.

Launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January

15 January
16:24:59[3]
Rokot / Briz-KM Plesetsk Site 133/3 VKO
Kosmos 2482 (Strela-3M) VKO Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Kosmos 2483 (Strela-3M) VKO Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitLaunch Failure
Kosmos 2484 (Strela-3M) VKO Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Briz-KM failed around the time of spacecraft separation, resulting in the loss of one satellite.
27 January
04:40:00
H-IIA 202 Tanegashima LA-Y1 Mitsubishi
IGS Radar 4 CSIC Low Earth (SSO) ReconnaissanceIn orbitOperational
IGS Optical 5V CSIC Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration20 February 2019[5]Successful
30 January
07:00:00
Naro-1 Naro LC-1 Khrunichev / KARI
STSAT-2C KARI Low Earth Technology demonstration13 November 2019[7]Successful
First successful launch of Naro-1; first successful South Korean launch with Russian assistance; final flight of Naro-1.
31 January
01:48:00
Atlas V 401 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United Launch Alliance
TDRS-K (TDRS-11) NASA Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational

February

1 February
06:56:00
Zenit-3SL Odyssey Sea Launch
Intelsat 27 Intelsat Intended: Geosynchronous Communications+40 secondsLaunch failure
First stage failure, impacted ocean at 40 seconds after launch. Accident caused by failure of the first stage hydraulic power supply unit pump at T+3.9s, which lead to loss of engine gimbal control.[8]
6 February
16:04:24
Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat Baikonur Site 31/6 Starsem
Globalstar M078 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar M093 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar M094 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar M095 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar M096 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar M097 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
7 February
21:36:07
Ariane 5 ECA Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
Azerspace-1/Africasat-1a AMAKA Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Amazonas 3 Hispasat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
11 February
14:41:46
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5 Roscosmos
Progress M-18M / 50P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics26 JulySuccessful
11 February
18:02:00
Atlas V 401 Vandenberg SLC-3E United Launch Alliance
Landsat DCM USGS Low Earth (SSO) Remote sensingIn orbitOperational
25 February
12:31
PSLV-CA Satish Dhawan FLP ISRO
SARAL ISRO / CNES Low Earth (SSO) OceanographyIn orbitOperational
Sapphire DND Low Earth (SSO) Space surveillanceIn orbitOperational
NEOSSat CSA Low Earth (SSO) Asteroid detectionIn orbitOperational
UniBRITE-1 University of Vienna Low Earth (SSO) Optical astronomyIn orbitOperational
TUGSAT-1 TU Graz Low Earth (SSO) Optical astronomyIn orbitOperational
AAUSAT3 Aalborg Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
STRaND-1 SSTL Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
TUGSAT-1 is the first Austrian satellite.

March

1 March
15:10:13
Falcon 9 v1.0 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
SpaceX CRS-2 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics26 March
16:34
Successful
Final flight of Falcon 9 v1.0
19 March
21:21:00
Atlas V 401 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United Launch Alliance
USA-241 (SBIRS-GEO 2) US Air Force Geosynchronous Missile defenseIn orbitOperational
26 March
19:06:48
Proton-M / Briz-M Baikonur Site 200/39 International Launch Services
Satmex 8 Satmex Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
28 March
20:43:20
Soyuz-FG Baikonur Site 1/5 Roscosmos
Soyuz TMA-08M Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 35/3611 September
02:58
Successful
Manned flight

April

15 April
18:36:00
Proton-M / Briz-M Baikonur Site 200/39 International Launch Services
Anik G1 Telesat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
19 April
10:00:00
Soyuz-2.1a Baikonur Site 31/6 Roscosmos
Bion-M No.1 Roscosmos Low Earth Biological science19 May
03:12
Successful
AIST No.2 SSAU Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Dove 2 Cosmogia Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
BeeSat 2 TU Berlin Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
BeeSat 3 TU Berlin Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
SOMP TU Dresden Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
OSSI-1 OSSI Low Earth Amateur radio8 July[10]Successful
21 April
21:00:02
Antares 110 MARS LP-0A Orbital Sciences
Cygnus Mass Simulator NASA Low Earth Test flight10 MaySuccessful
Alexander (PhoneSat-2.0) NASA Low Earth Technology demonstration27 AprilSuccessful
Graham (PhoneSat-1.0) NASA Low Earth Technology demonstration27 AprilSuccessful
Bell (PhoneSat-1.0) NASA Low Earth Technology demonstration27 AprilSuccessful
Dove 1 Cosmogia Low Earth Technology demonstration27 AprilSuccessful
Maiden flight of Antares, COTS risk reduction flight.
24 April
10:12:16
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5 Roscosmos
Progress M-19M / 51P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics19 JuneSuccessful
26 April
04:13:04
Long March 2D Jiuquan SLS-2 SAST
Gaofen 1 CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational
TurkSat-3USat ITU Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
NEE-01 Pegaso EXA Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
CubeBug-1 INVAP Low Earth (SSO)] Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
NEE-01 Pegaso is the first Ecuadorian satellite.
26 April
05:23:41
Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Plesetsk Site 43/4 RVSN RF
Kosmos 2485 (GLONASS-M 747) VKO Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational

May

1 May
16:06:04
Long March 3B/E Xichang LC-2 CALT
ChinaSat 11 China Satcom Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
7 May
02:06:31
Vega Kourou ELV Arianespace
Proba-V ESA Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
VNREDSat 1A VAST Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational
ESTCube-1 Tartu Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
ESTCube-1 is the first Estonian satellite.
14 May
16:02:00
Proton-M / Briz-M Baikonur Site 200/39 International Launch Services
Eutelsat 3D Eutelsat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
15 May
21:38:00
Atlas V 401 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United Launch Alliance
USA-242 (GPS IIF-4) U.S. Air Force Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
25 May
00:27:00
Delta IV-M+ (5,4) Cape Canaveral SLC-37B United Launch Alliance
USA-243 (WGS-5) U.S. Air Force Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
28 May
20:31:24
Soyuz-FG Baikonur Site 1/5 Roscosmos
Soyuz TMA-09M Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 36/3711 November
02:49
Successful
Manned flight

June

3 June
09:18:31
Proton-M / Briz-M Baikonur Site 200/39 International Launch Services
SES-6 SES S.A. Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
5 June
21:52:11
Ariane 5 ES Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
Albert Einstein ATV ESA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics28 OctoberSuccessful
7 June
18:37:59
Soyuz-2.1b Plesetsk Site 43/4 VKO
Kosmos 2486 (Persona) VKO Low Earth (SSO) Optical reconnaissanceIn orbitOperational
11 June
09:38:02
Long March 2F Jiuquan SLS-1 CALT
Shenzhou 10 CASC Low Earth (Tiangong-1) Technology demonstration26 June
00:07
Successful
China's fifth manned spaceflight mission (2 men, 1 woman astronaut) to Tiangong-1 space lab.
25 June
17:28:48
Soyuz-2.1b Baikonur Site 31/6 Roscosmos
Resurs-P No.1 Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Remote sensingIn orbitOperational
25 June
19:27:03
Soyuz-STB / Fregat Kourou ELS Arianespace
O3b PFM O3b Networks Medium Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
O3b FM2 O3b Networks Medium Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
O3b FM4 O3b Networks Medium Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
O3b FM5 O3b Networks Medium Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
27 June
16:53:00
Strela Baikonur Site 175/59 Roscosmos
Kosmos 2487 (Kondor No.202) Roscosmos Low Earth Radar imaging[11]In orbitOperational
28 June
02:27:46
Pegasus-XL Stargazer, Vandenberg Orbital Sciences
IRIS NASA Low Earth (SSO) HeliophysicsIn orbitOperational

July

1 July
18:11
PSLV-XL Satish Dhawan FLP ISRO
IRNSS-1A ISRO Geosynchronous NavigationIn orbitOperational
2 July
02:38:22
Proton-M / DM-03 Enhanced Baikonur Site 81/24 RVSN RF
GLONASS-M 748 VKO Intended: Medium Earth Navigation2 JulyLaunch failure
GLONASS-M 749 VKO Intended: Medium Earth Navigation
GLONASS-M 750 VKO Intended: Medium Earth Navigation
First stage guidance failure due to angular velocity sensors installed upside down, rocket crashed near launch pad.[12]
15 July
09:27:03
Long March 2C Jiuquan SLS-2 CALT
Shijian 11-05 CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
19 July
13:00:00
Atlas V 551 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United Launch Alliance
MUOS-2 U.S. Navy Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
19 July
23:37:55
Long March 4C Taiyuan LC-9 SAST
Shijian 15 CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Shiyan 7 CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Chuang Xin 3 CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
25 July
19:54:07
Ariane 5 ECA Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
Alphasat I-XL (Inmarsat-XL) ESA / Inmarsat Geosynchronous Technology demonstration / CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
INSAT-3D ISRO Geosynchronous MeteorologyIn orbitOperational
First Alphabus satellite.
27 July
20:45:08
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 31/6 Roscosmos
Progress M-20M / 52P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics11 February 2014Successful

August

3 August
19:48:46
H-IIB Tanegashima LA-Y2 MHI
Kounotori 4 JAXA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics7 SeptemberSuccessful
TechEdSat-3p NASA Ames Low Earth Technology demonstration16 January 2014Successful
PicoDragon VNSC Low Earth Technology demonstration28 February 2014Successful
ArduSat-1 NanoSatisfi Low Earth Technology demonstration16 April 2014Successful
ArduSat-X NanoSatisfi Low Earth Technology demonstration15 April 2014Successful
8 August
00:29:00
Delta IV-M+ (5,4) Cape Canaveral SLC-37B United Launch Alliance
USA-244 (WGS-6) U.S. Air Force Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
22 August
14:39:13
Dnepr Dombarovsky Site 13 ISC Kosmotras
KOMPSat-5 (Arirang-5) KARI Low Earth (SSO) Remote sensingIn orbitOperational
28 August
18:03:00
Delta IV Heavy Vandenberg SLC-6 United Launch Alliance
USA-245 (KH-11) NRO Low Earth (SSO) Optical Imaging[13]In orbitOperational
NRO Launch 65; final KH-11 satellite.
29 August
20:30:07
Ariane 5 ECA Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
Eutelsat 25B/Es'hail 1 Eutelsat / Es'hailSat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
GSAT-7 ISRO Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
31 August
20:05:00
Zenit-3SLB Baikonur Site 45/1 SIS
Amos-4 SCL Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational

September

1 September
19:16
Long March 4C Jiuquan SLS-2 SAST
Yaogan 17A CNSA Low Earth ELINTIn orbitOperational
Yaogan 17B CNSA Low Earth ELINTIn orbitOperational
Yaogan 17C CNSA Low Earth ELINTIn orbitOperational
7 September
03:27:00
Minotaur V MARS LP-0B Orbital Sciences
LADEE NASA Selenocentric Lunar orbiter18 April 2014
04:30
Successful
Maiden flight of Minotaur V, first Lunar launch from MARS.
11 September
23:23:04
Rokot / Briz-KM Plesetsk Site 133/3 VKO
Gonets-M 5 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Gonets-M 6 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Gonets-M 7 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
14 September
05:00:00
Epsilon Uchinoura JAXA
Hisaki (SPRINT-A) JAXA Low Earth Ultraviolet astronomyIn orbitOperational
Maiden flight of the Epsilon rocket.
18 September
08:10:00
Atlas V 531 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United Launch Alliance
USA-246 (AEHF-3) U.S. Air Force Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
18 September
14:58:02
Antares 110 MARS LP-0A Orbital Sciences
Cygnus 1
S.S. G. David Low
NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics / Test flight23 October
18:16
Successful
Maiden flight of Cygnus; COTS demonstration flight; final flight of Antares 110.
23 September
03:07:11
Long March 4C Taiyuan LC-9 SAST
Fengyun 3C CMA Low Earth (SSO) MeteorologyIn orbitOperational
25 September
04:37[14]
Kuaizhou Jiuquan CASIC
Kuaizhou-1 CAS Low Earth (SSO) Optical imaging1 September 2015[16]Successful
Maiden flight of Kuaizhou.
25 September
20:58:50
Soyuz-FG Baikonur Site 1/5 Roscosmos
Soyuz TMA-10M Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 37/3811 March 2014
03:24
Successful
Manned flight
29 September
16:00:00
Falcon 9 v1.1 Vandenberg SLC-4E SpaceX
CASSIOPE MDA Corporation Low Earth Communications/science[17]In orbitOperational
CUSat[18] Cornell Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
DANDE[18] CU-Boulder Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
POPACS-1[18] Drexel Low Earth Atmospheric researchIn orbitOperational
POPACS-2[18] Drexel Low Earth Atmospheric researchIn orbitOperational
POPACS-3[18] Drexel Low Earth Atmospheric researchIn orbitOperational
Maiden flight of Falcon 9 v1.1.
29 September
21:38:10
Proton-M / Briz-M Baikonur Site 200/39 International Launch Services
Astra 2E SES S.A. Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational

October

25 October
03:50:03
Long March 4B Jiuquan SLS-2 SAST
Shijian 16 CNSA Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
25 October
18:08:54
Proton-M / Briz-M Baikonur Site 200/39 International Launch Services
Sirius FM-6 Sirius Satellite Radio Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
29 October
02:50:04
Long March 2C Taiyuan LC-9 CALT
Yaogan 18 CNSA Low Earth (SSO) ReconnaissanceIn orbitOperational

November

5 November
09:08[19]
PSLV-XL Satish Dhawan FLP ISRO
Mars Orbiter Mission ISRO Areocentric Mars orbiterIn orbitOperational
India's first interplanetary mission.
7 November
04:14:15
Soyuz-FG Baikonur Site 1/5 Roscosmos
Soyuz TMA-11M Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 38/3914 May 2014
01:58
Successful
Manned flight
11 November
23:46:00
Proton-M / Briz-M Baikonur Site 81/24 RVSN RF
Raduga-1M 3 VKO Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
18 November
18:28:00
Atlas V 401 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United Launch Alliance
MAVEN NASA Areocentric Martian atmospheric researchIn orbitOperational
NASA space probe to study the Martian atmosphere.[20]
20 November
01:15:00[21]
Minotaur I MARS LP-0B Orbital Sciences
ORS-3 ORS Low Earth Technology demonstration25 December 2015[23]Successful
STPSat 3 USAF STP Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
ORSES ORS Low Earth Technology demonstration3 January 2016[25]Successful
ORS Tech 1 ORS Low Earth Technology demonstration23 March 2015[27]Successful
ORS Tech 2 ORS Low Earth Technology demonstration3 April 2015[29]Successful
Prometheus 1A SOCOM Low Earth Technology demonstration12 December 2015[31]Successful
Prometheus 1B SOCOM Low Earth Technology demonstration10 December 2015[33]Successful
Prometheus 2A SOCOM Low Earth Technology demonstration8 December 2015[35]Successful
Prometheus 2B SOCOM Low Earth Technology demonstration13 December 2015[37]Successful
Prometheus 3A SOCOM Low Earth Technology demonstration29 November 2015[39]Successful
Prometheus 3B SOCOM Low Earth Technology demonstration10 December 2015[41]Successful
Prometheus 4A SOCOM Low Earth Technology demonstration5 December 2015[43]Successful
Prometheus 4B SOCOM Low Earth Technology demonstration1 December 2015[45]Successful
SENSE-1 USAF SMC Low Earth Technology demonstration21 March 2015[47]Successful
SENSE-2 USAF SMC Low Earth Technology demonstration28 October 2019[49]Successful
Firefly NASA / NRO Low Earth Atmospheric science1 November 2017[51]Successful
Horus (STARE-B) LLNL Low Earth Technology demonstration26 April 2018[53]Successful
Black Knight West Point Low Earth Technology demonstration16 July 2015[55]Successful
NPS-SCAT NPS Low Earth Technology demonstration28 October 2015[57]Successful
DragonSat-1 Drexel Low Earth Technology demonstration31 August 2016[59]Successful
COPPER St. Louis Low Earth Technology demonstration4 February 2016[61]Successful
ChargerSat-1 UAH Low Earth Technology demonstration19 March 2016[63]Successful
TJ3Sat TJHSST Low Earth Technology demonstration17 September 2015[65]Successful
Trailblazer 1 UNM Low Earth Technology demonstration22 May 2016[67]Successful
Vermont Lunar CubeSat Vermont Low Earth Technology demonstration21 November 2015[69]Successful
SwampSat UFL Low Earth Technology demonstration13 December 2015[71]Successful
CAPE-2 ULL Low Earth Technology demonstration23 October 2014[73]Successful
Ho'oponopono 2 Hawaii Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
KySat-2 Kentucky/Morehead Low Earth Technology demonstration12 February 2015[75]Successful
PhoneSat-2.4 NASA Ames Low Earth Technology demonstration31 January 2017[77]Successful
ORS-3 will remain attached to upper stage.
20 November
03:31:04
Long March 4C Taiyuan LC-9 SAST
Yaogan 19 CNSA Low Earth ReconnaissanceIn orbitOperational
21 November
07:10:16[78]
Dnepr Dombarovsky Site 370/13 ISC Kosmotras
DubaiSat-2 EIAST Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
STSAT-3 KARI Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
SkySat-1 Skybox Imaging Low Earth (SSO) Earth observationIn orbitOperational
WNISAT-1 Weather News Inc. Low Earth (SSO) MeteorologyIn orbitOperational
Lem (BRITE-PL) PAS Low Earth (SSO) Photometric astrometryIn orbitOperational
AprizeSat-7 AprizeSat Low Earth (SSO) CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
AprizeSat-8 AprizeSat Low Earth (SSO) CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
UniSat-5 La Sapienza Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Delfi-n3Xt TU-Delft Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Dove 3 Planet Labs Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Dove 4 Planet Labs Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Triton 1 ISIS-BV Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
KHUSat-1 (CINEMA-2) KHU Low Earth (SSO) Space weatherIn orbitOperational
KHUSat-2 (CINEMA-3) KHU Low Earth (SSO) Space weatherIn orbitOperational
CubeBug-2 INVAP Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
GOMX-1 GOMSpace Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
NEE-02 Krysaor EXA Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
FUNCube-1 AMSAT-UK/NL Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
HiNCube Narvik Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
ZACUBE-1 CPUT Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
ICube-1 PIST Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
HumSat-D Vigo Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
PUCPSat-1 PUCP Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Pocket-PUCP PUCP Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
UWE-3 Würzburg Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
BeakerSat-1 Morehead Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration13 February 2019[80]Successful
QubeScout-1 UMBC Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
WREN STADOKO UG Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
$50SAT Morehead Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration19 May 2018[82]Successful
First-MOVE TU-Munich Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Velox-P2 NTU Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
OPTOS INTA Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
BPA-3 Hartron-Arkos Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
22 November
12:02:29
Rokot / Briz-KM Plesetsk Site 133/3 Eurockot
Swarm A ESA Low Earth MagnetosphericIn orbitOperational
Swarm B ESA Low Earth MagnetosphericIn orbitOperational
Swarm C ESA Low Earth MagnetosphericIn orbitOperational
25 November
02:12:04
Long March 2D Jiuquan SLS-2 SAST
Shiyan Weixing 5 CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
25 November
20:53:06
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 31/6 Roscosmos
Progress M-21M / 53P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics9 June 2014Successful

December

1 December
17:30:00 [83]
Long March 3B Xichang LC-2 CALT
Chang'e 3 CNSA Selenocentric Lunar lander14 December
13:12
Operational
Yutu CNSA Selenocentric Lunar roverOperational
China's first lunar rover, and the first spacecraft to make a soft landing on the Moon since the Soviet Luna 24 mission in 1976.[84]
3 December
22:41:00
Falcon 9 v1.1 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
SES-8 SES World Skies Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
First launch of Falcon 9 v1.1 from CCAFS; first SpaceX launch targeting GEO.
6 December
07:14:30
Atlas V 501 Vandenberg SLC-3E United Launch Alliance
USA-247 (Topaz) NRO Low Earth ReconnaissanceIn orbitOperational
ALICE AFIT Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
SMDC-ONE 2.3 U.S. Army Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
SMDC-ONE 2.4 U.S. Army Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
SNaP U.S. Army Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
TacSat-6 ORS Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
FIREBIRD A Montana State Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
FIREBIRD B Montana State Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
AeroCube-5A The Aerospace Corporation Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
AeroCube-5B The Aerospace Corporation Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
CUNYSAT 1 CUNY Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
IPEX NASA JPL Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
M-Cubed 2 Michigan Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
NRO Launch 39
8 December
12:12:00
Proton-M / Briz-M Baikonur Site 200/39 International Launch Services
Inmarsat 5-F1 Inmarsat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
9 December
03:26
Long March 4B Taiyuan LC-9 SAST
CBERS-3 CASC/INPE Intended: Low Earth (SSO) Remote sensing9 DecemberLaunch failure
Third stage shutdown 11 seconds too early.
19 December
09:12:19
Soyuz ST-B / Fregat-MT Kourou ELS Arianespace
Gaia ESA Sun–Earth L2 Astrometric observatoryIn orbitOperational
20 December
16:42:04
Long March 3B/E Xichang LC-2 CALT
Túpac Katari 1 Agencia Boliviana Espacial Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
25 December
00:31:55
Rokot / Briz-KM Plesetsk Site 133/3 VKO
Kosmos 2488 (Strela-3M) VKO Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Kosmos 2489 (Strela-3M) VKO Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Kosmos 2490 (Strela-3M) VKO Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Kosmos 2491 VKO Low Earth Technology demonstration/Satellite inspection (?)In orbitOperational
26 December
10:49:56
Proton-M / Briz-M Baikonur Site 81/24 Khrunichev
Ekspress AM-5 RSCC Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
28 December
12:30:00
Soyuz-2-1v / Volga Plesetsk Site 43/4 RVSN RF
Aist 1 SSAU Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Kosmos 2492 (SKRL-756-1) RVSN RF Low Earth Radar calibrationIn orbitOperational
Kosmos 2493 (SKRL-756-2) RVSN RF Low Earth Radar calibrationIn orbitOperational
Maiden flight of Soyuz-2-1v.

Suborbital flights

Deep space rendezvous

Date (UTC) Spacecraft Event Remarks
16 February Cassini 90th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 1,978 kilometres (1,229 mi).
9 March Cassini 4th flyby of Rhea Closest approach: 997 kilometres (620 mi). Last Cassini flyby of Rhea.
5 April Cassini 91st flyby of Titan Closest approach: 1,400 kilometres (870 mi).
12 April Cassini Flyby of Polydeuces Closest approach: 115,000 kilometres (71,000 mi).
23 May Cassini 92nd flyby of Titan Closest approach: 970 kilometres (600 mi).
10 July Cassini 93rd flyby of Titan Closest approach: 964 kilometres (599 mi).
26 July Cassini 94th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 1,400 kilometres (870 mi).
12 September Cassini 95th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 1,400 kilometres (870 mi).
6 October LADEE Injection into Selenocentric orbit Preliminary orbit was 269 kilometres (167 mi) x 15,772 kilometres (9,800 mi), inclined 157 deg to the equator.
9 October Juno Flyby of Earth Gravity assist, closest approach: 552 kilometres (343 mi).
13 October Cassini 96th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 961 kilometres (597 mi).
30 November Cassini 97th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 870 kilometres (540 mi).
6 December Chang'e 3 Injection into Selenocentric orbit Preliminary orbit was 100 kilometres (62 mi), reduced to 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) on 10 December.
14 December Chang'e 3 Landing at Mare Imbrium First Chinese lunar soft lander and rover.
28 December Mars Express Flyby of Phobos Closest approach: 45 kilometres (28 mi).

Extra-Vehicular Activity (EVAs)

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks
19 April
14:03
6 hours
38 minutes
20:41 Expedition 35/36

ISS Pirs

Pavel Vinogradov

Roman Romanenko

Installed the Obstanovka plasma waves and ionosphere experiment to the exterior of the Zvezda service module. Also replaced a faulty retro-reflector device used as navigational aids for the Automatic Transfer Vehicle and retrieved the Biorisk microbe exposure experiment. An attempt to retrieve the Vinoslivost materials sample experiment failed when it was accidentally dropped while being taken back to the Pirs module airlock.[88][89]
11 May
12:44
5 hours
30 minutes
18:14 Expedition 35/36

ISS Quest

Christopher Cassidy

Thomas Marshburn

Replaced the 2B Pump Flow Control Subassembly (PFCS) on the Port 6 truss in attempting to locate the source of an ammonia coolant leak on the Port 6 truss Photo Voltaic Thermal Control System (PVTCS).[90][91]
24 June
13:32
6 hours
34 minutes
20:06 Expedition 36/37

ISS Pirs

Fyodor Yurchikhin

Aleksandr Misurkin

Replaced a fluid flow regulator on the Zarya module, testing of the Kurs docking system on the station ahead of the arrival of a new Russian module, installing the "Indicator" experiment, installing gap spanners on to the outside of the station and photographing the multilayer insulation (MLI) protecting the Russian segment from micrometeoroids and taking samples from the exterior surface of the pressure hull underneath the MLI to identify signs of pressure hull material microscopic deterioration.[92][93]
9 July
12:02
6 hours
7 minutes
18:09 Expedition 36/37

ISS Quest

Christopher Cassidy

Luca Parmitano

Replaced a failed Space-to-Ground Transmitter Receiver Controller and the Mobile Base Camera Light Pan-Tilt Assembly, retrieved the MISSE-8 and ORMatE-III experiments, photographed the AMS-02, moved two Radiator Grapple Bars to either sides of the truss, routed power cables to support the addition of the new Russian MLM and installed a multi-layer insulation cover to protect the docking interface of PMA-2.[94][95]
16 July
11:57
1 hours
32 minutes
13:29 Expedition 36/37

ISS Quest

Christopher Cassidy

Luca Parmitano

Installed a Y-bypass jumper on power lines on the Z1 truss, routing 1553 data cables for a grapple fixture and Ethernet cables for a future Russian station module. The spacewalk was then cut short after Parmitano reported excess water leaking inside his helmet.[96][97][98]
16 August
14:36
7 hours
29 minutes
22:05 Expedition 36/37

ISS Pirs

Fyodor Yurchikhin

Aleksandr Misurkin

Routed power and ethernet cables for later attachment to the future Nauka module. Also installed connectors between modules and a material science experiment.[99][100]
22 August
11:34
5 hours
58 minutes
17:32 Expedition 36/37

ISS Pirs

Fyodor Yurchikhin

Aleksandr Misurkin

Removed a laser communication and installed an EVA work station and camera pointing platform outside the Zvezda service module, inspection and tightening of various antenna covers on Zvezda, and installed new spacewalk aids.[101][102]
9 November
14:34
5 hours
50 minutes
20:24 Expedition 37/38

ISS Pirs

Oleg Kotov

Sergey Ryazansky

Took the Olympic torch for the 2014 Winter Olympic Games to the outside of ISS. They also continued work on an extravehicular activity workstation and biaxial pointing platform by removing launch brackets and bolts, as well as retrieving an experimental package. The planned installation of a foot restraint on the mounting seat of the workstation was deferred to a future spacewalk after the spacewalkers noticed some issues with its alignment.[103][104]
21 December
12:01
5 hours
28 minutes
17:29 Expedition 38/39

ISS Quest

Richard Mastracchio

Michael S. Hopkins

Removed ammonia fluid lines from Active Thermal Control System pump module; removed pump module from starboard truss and stowed it on Payload Orbital Replacement Unit Accommodation.[105]
24 December
11:53
7 hours
30 minutes
19:23 Expedition 38/39

ISS Quest

Richard Mastracchio

Michael S. Hopkins

Retrieved spare ammonia pump module, installed it on starboard truss, and connected it to Loop A of Active Thermal Control System.[106][107]
27 December
13:00
8 hours
7 minutes
21:07 Expedition 38/39

ISS Pirs

Oleg Kotov

Sergey Ryazansky

Attempted installation of 2 HD cameras for commercial Earth observation on the outside of the Zvezda module, cancelled after one of the cameras failed to provide data to the ground during testing. Also installed and jettisoned experimental equipment outside the Russian segment. Longest Russian EVA in history.[108][109]

Orbital launch statistics

By country

For the purposes of this section, the yearly tally of orbital launches by country assigns each flight to the country of origin of the rocket, not to the launch services provider or the spaceport. For example, Soyuz launches by Arianespace in Kourou are counted under Russia because Soyuz-2 is a Russian rocket.

Country Launches Successes Failures Partial
failures
Remarks
 China151410
 Europe5500
 India3300
 Japan3300
 South Korea1100With Russian assistance
 Russia312821Includes 2 Soyuz launches from Kourou
 Ukraine4400
 United States191900
World817731

By rocket

By family

Family Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Angara Russia1100
Antares United States2200Maiden flight
Ariane Europe4400
Atlas United States8800
Delta United States3300
Epsilon Japan1100Maiden flight
Falcon United States3300
H-II Japan2200
Kuaizhou People's Republic of China1100Maiden flight
Long March People's Republic of China141310
Minotaur United States2200
Pegasus United States1100
PSLV India3300
R-7 Russia161600
R-36 Ukraine2200
Universal Rocket Russia151311
Vega Europe1100
Zenit Ukraine /  Russia2110

By type

Rocket Country Family Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Antares USAAntares2200Maiden flight
Ariane 5 EuropeAriane4400
Atlas V United StatesAtlas8800
Delta IV United StatesDelta3300
Dnepr UkraineR-362200
Epsilon JapanEpsilon1100Maiden flight
Falcon 9 United StatesFalcon3300
H-IIA JapanH-II1100
H-IIB JapanH-II1100
Kuaizhou People's Republic of ChinaKuaizhou1100Maiden flight
Long March 2 People's Republic of ChinaLong March5500
Long March 3 People's Republic of ChinaLong March3300
Long March 4 People's Republic of ChinaLong March6510
Minotaur I United StatesMinotaur1100
Minotaur IV United StatesMinotaur1100
Naro Russia /  South KoreaAngara1100Final flight
Pegasus-XL United StatesPegasus1100
PSLV IndiaPSLV3300
Proton RussiaUniversal Rocket10910
Soyuz RussiaR-78800
Soyuz-2 RussiaR-78800
UR-100 RussiaUniversal Rocket5401
Vega EuropeVega1100
Zenit Ukraine /  RussiaZenit2110

By configuration

By spaceport

10
20
30
40
China
France
India
Japan
South Korea
Russia +
Kazakhstan
United States
International waters
Site Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Baikonur Kazakhstan232210
Cape Canaveral United States101000
Dombarovsky Russia2200
Kourou France7700
Jiuquan China7700
MARS United States4400
Naro South Korea1100
Ocean Odyssey International waters1010
Plesetsk Russia7601
Satish Dhawan India3300
Tanegashima Japan2200
Taiyuan China5410
Uchinoura Japan1100
Vandenberg United States4400
Xichang China3300

By orbit

Orbital regime Launches Successes Failures Accidentally
achieved
Remarks
Low Earth47451112 to ISS, 1 to Tiangong-1
Medium Earth5410
Geosynchronous/transfer242310
High Earth3300
Heliocentric orbit1100Including planetary transfer orbits

References

  • Bergin, Chris. "NASASpaceFlight.com".
  • Clark, Stephen. "Spaceflight Now".
  • Kelso, T.S. "Satellite Catalog (SATCAT)". CelesTrak.
  • Krebs, Gunter. "Chronology of Space Launches".
  • Kyle, Ed. "Space Launch Report".
  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Jonathan's Space Report".
  • Pietrobon, Steven. "Steven Pietrobon's Space Archive".
  • Wade, Mark. "Encyclopedia Astronautica".
  • Webb, Brian. "Southwest Space Archive".
  • Zak, Anatoly. "Russian Space Web".
  • "ISS Calendar". Spaceflight 101.
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Footnotes

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