2013 Jordanian general election

Electoral system

Prior to the elections a new electoral law was passed, allowing voters to cast two ballots; one for a candidate in their constituency and one for party lists elected by proportional representation at the national level.[1] In addition, the number of seats reserved for candidates of political parties was raised from 17 to 27 out of the 150 seats in the House of Representatives.[1] Fifteen seats were reserved for women, whilst the remaining 108 seats were elected by first-past-the-post system in constituencies.[2][3] A new Independent Election Commission was also created.[4]

Around 70% of eligible voters were reported to have registered to vote.[5] Although over two-third of the population lived in urban areas at the time of the election, cities were allocated less than one-third of seats in the House of Representatives.[2]

Campaign

In July 2012, the Muslim Brotherhood-affiliated Islamic Action Front announced that the party would boycott the elections, stating that the changes to the electoral law increasing the number of seats for political parties did not go far enough and that the constituency system favoured tribal candidates.[1] Opposition parties had demanded that 50% of seats be reserved for parties rather than the 18% provided for.[2]

A total of 1,400 candidates registered to contest the elections, of which 22 were described as Islamists.[5]

Conduct

The Islamist opposition complained that the elections had been marred by fraud, claiming that turnout had been artificially inflated during the last two hours of voting. The voting period had been extended by an hour to 20:00.[2]

The National Democratic Institute for International Affairs (NDI) reported that there had been a "marked improvement in procedures and administration", but also noted shortcomings and irregularities. The NDI also criticised unequal constituency sizes, claiming that they increased tribal cleavages.[4]

Results

Party Votes % Seats
Muslim Centre Party114,4583
Stronger Jordan100,1592
The Homeland94,9822
National Union Party68,1492
National Current Party48,9701
Salvation37,2081
Labour and Professionalism36,5551
Cooperation35,5651
Dignity33,8581
Unified Front32,8401
National Unity31,4771
Construction30,9381
The People28,8941
People of Determination24,1151
Free Voice23,2221
Voice of the Nation20,2901
National Labour19,8061
al-Quds17,8341
al-Bayareq16,6041
The Dawn16,3131
Shabab al-Wifaq14,6201
Citizenship14,0121
Independents540,571123
Total150
Source: Jordan Times

Aftermath

Following the elections Interim Prime Minister Abdullah Ensour was appointed to the post on a permanent basis, with King Abdullah consulting Parliament on membership of the cabinet for the first time.[6] With 19 members, the new cabinet was the smallest in four decades.[6]

References

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