2010 Catalan regional election

The 2010 Catalan regional election was held on Sunday, 28 November 2010, to elect the 9th Parliament of the Autonomous Community of Catalonia. All 135 seats in the Parliament were up for election. This was the first election held in Catalonia after the Constitutional Court of Spain struck down parts of the regional 2006 Statute of Autonomy that granted new powers of self-rule to the region. The ruling came after four years of deliberation concerning a constitutional appeal filed by the conservative People's Party (PP) under Mariano Rajoy and was met with anger and street protests throughout the region.[1][2]

2010 Catalan regional election

28 November 2010

All 135 seats in the Parliament of Catalonia
68 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Registered5,363,688 0.8%
Turnout3,152,630 (58.8%)
2.8 pp
  First party Second party Third party
Leader Artur Mas José Montilla Alicia Sánchez-Camacho
Leader since 7 January 2002 15 July 2006 6 July 2008
Leader's seat Barcelona Barcelona Barcelona
Last election 48 seats, 31.5% 37 seats, 26.8% 14 seats, 10.7%
Seats won 62 28 18
Seat change 14 9 4
Popular vote 1,202,830 575,233 387,066
Percentage 38.4% 18.4% 12.4%
Swing 6.9 pp 8.4 pp 1.7 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
Leader Joan Herrera Joan Puigcercós Joan Laporta
Leader since 23 November 2008 7 June 2008 4 September 2010
Leader's seat Barcelona Barcelona Barcelona
Last election 12 seats, 9.5% 21 seats, 14.0% Did not contest
Seats won 10 10 4
Seat change 2 11 4
Popular vote 230,824 219,173 102,921
Percentage 7.4% 7.0% 3.3%
Swing 2.1 pp 7.0 pp New party

  Seventh party
Leader Albert Rivera
Party C's
Leader since 9 July 2006
Leader's seat Barcelona
Last election 3 seats, 3.0%
Seats won 3
Seat change 0
Popular vote 106,154
Percentage 3.4%
Swing 0.4 pp

Constituency results map for the Parliament of Catalonia

President before election

José Montilla

Elected President

Artur Mas

The election resulted in a resounding victory for the Catalan nationalist Convergence and Union (CiU) federation under Artur Mas, whose 62 seats—six short of an absolute majority—virtually ensured that no alternative government was mathematically possible, as the left-wing alliance which had formed the government of Catalonia for the previous seven years fell to a bare 48 seats. The tripartit (English: tripartite) coalition formed by the Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC), Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) and Initiative for Catalonia Greens (ICV) was already on its death rattle going into the election, with political disagreements between the former allies having led Socialist President José Montilla to announce that he would not seek a third alliance with ERC and ICV even if numbers favored such a possibility.[3] The election saw all three parties collapse and Montilla's retirement from the PSC leadership shortly afterwards.[4]

The PP had one of its best showings in a Catalan regional election, with 12.4% of the vote and 18 seats. Albert Rivera's Citizens (C's) party saw a slight increase in its vote share, whereas the pro-Catalan independence Catalan Solidarity for Independence (SI) led by former FC Barcelona president Joan Laporta secured 4 seats in the Parliament.


Electoral system

The Parliament of Catalonia was the devolved, unicameral legislature of the autonomous community of Catalonia, having legislative power in regional matters as defined by the Spanish Constitution and the Catalan Statute of Autonomy, as well as the ability to vote confidence in or withdraw it from a President of the Government.[5][6] Voting for the Parliament was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals over eighteen, registered in Catalonia and in full enjoyment of their political rights.

The 135 members of the Parliament of Catalonia were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3 percent of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Parties not reaching the threshold were not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Additionally, the use of the D'Hondt method might result in an effective threshold over three percent, depending on the district magnitude.[7] Seats were allocated to constituencies, corresponding to the provinces of Barcelona, Girona, Lleida and Tarragona. Each constituency was allocated a fixed number of seats: 85 for Barcelona, 17 for Girona, 15 for Lleida and 18 for Tarragona.[5][6][8]

The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors were required to secure the signature of at least 1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they sought election. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.[9][10]

Election date

The term of the Parliament of Catalonia expired four years after the date of its previous election, unless it was dissolved earlier. The President of the Government was required to call an election fifteen days prior to the date of expiry of parliament, with election day taking place within from forty to sixty days after the call. The previous election was held on 1 November 2006, which meant that the legislature's term would have expired on 1 November 2010. The election was required to be called no later than 17 October 2010, with it taking place up to the sixtieth day from the call, setting the latest possible election date for the Parliament on Thursday, 16 December 2010.[5][6]

The President of the Government had the prerogative to dissolve the Parliament of Catalonia and call a snap election, provided that no motion of no confidence was in process and that dissolution did not occur before one year had elapsed since a previous one under this procedure. In the event of an investiture process failing to elect a regional President within a two-month period from the first ballot, the Parliament was to be automatically dissolved and a fresh election called.[5][6]

Parties and leaders

Below is a list of the main parties and coalitions which contested the election:

Parties and coalitions Ideology Candidate
Convergence and Union (CiU) Centrism, Catalan autonomism Artur Mas
Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) Social democracy José Montilla
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) Left-wing nationalism, Catalan independentism Joan Puigcercós
People's Party (PP) Conservatism, Christian democracy Alicia Sánchez-Camacho
Initiative for Catalonia Greens–United and Alternative Left (ICV–EUiA) Eco-socialism, Communism Joan Herrera
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) Liberalism Albert Rivera
Catalan Solidarity for Independence (SI) Catalan independentism Joan Laporta

Opinion polls

The table below lists voting intention estimates in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first and using the dates when the survey fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. Where the fieldwork dates are unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed with its background shaded in the leading party's colour. If a tie ensues, this is applied to the figures with the highest percentages. The "Lead" column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the parties with the highest percentages in a given poll. When available, seat projections are also displayed below the voting estimates in a smaller font. 68 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Parliament of Catalonia.

Color key:

  Poll conducted after legal ban on opinion polls   Exit poll



Summary of the 28 November 2010 Parliament of Catalonia election results
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Convergence and Union (CiU) 1,202,83038.43+6.91 62+14
Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) 575,23318.38–8.44 28–9
People's Party (PP) 387,06612.37+1.72 18+4
Initiative for Catalonia Greens–United and Alternative Left (ICV–EUiA) 230,8247.37–2.15 10–2
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 219,1737.00–7.03 10–11
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 106,1543.39+0.36 3±0
Catalan Solidarity for Independence (SI) 102,9213.29New 4+4
Platform for Catalonia (PxC) 75,1342.40New 0±0
Independence Rally (RI.cat) 39,8341.27New 0±0
Blank SeatsCitizens for Blank Votes (EB–CenB)1 18,6790.60+0.35 0±0
The Greens–European Green Group (EV–GVE) 15,7840.50New 0±0
Anti-Bullfighting Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 14,2380.45–0.01 0±0
From Below (Des de Baix) 7,1890.23New 0±0
Reus Independent Coordinator (CORI) 6,9900.22New 0±0
Pirates of Catalonia (Pirata.cat) 6,4510.21New 0±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 5,4180.17New 0±0
Pensioners in Action Party (PDLPEA) 3,3300.11New 0±0
Communist Party of the Catalan People (PCPC) 3,0280.10–0.08 0±0
Government Alternative (AG) 2,2080.07New 0±0
Family and Life Party (PFiV) 2,2010.07–0.02 0±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 2,1000.07+0.04 0±0
Internationalist Socialist Workers' Party (POSI) 1,9200.06–0.13 0±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 1,7600.06New 0±0
Left Republican Party–Republican Left (PRE–IR) 1,5470.05+0.03 0±0
Castilian Party (PCAS) 1,0660.03New 0±0
Humanist Party (PH) 9080.03–0.06 0±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 9040.03New 0±0
Farmers for the Catalan Rural Dignity (PDR.cat) 8240.03New 0±0
Republican Social Movement (MSR) 7880.03–0.01 0±0
Our People (GN) 5970.02New 0±0
We Are All Equal (GLBTH/TSI) 4980.02New 0±0
Party for Catalonia (PxCAT) 3140.01New 0±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 2180.01New 0±0
Catalan Sovereigntist Bloc (Bloc SC) 1870.01New 0±0
Aragonese Party (PAR) 980.00New 0±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 820.00New 0±0
Social and Liberal Alternative (ALS) 540.00New 0±0
Progress and Justice Party (PJP) 490.00New 0±0
Democratic Web (DW) 460.00New 0±0
Blank ballots 91,6312.93+0.90
Total 3,130,276 135±0
Valid votes 3,130,27699.29–0.25
Invalid votes 22,3540.71+0.25
Votes cast / turnout 3,152,63058.78+2.74
Abstentions 2,211,05841.22–2.74
Registered voters 5,363,688
Popular vote
Blank ballots

Distribution by constituency

Constituency CiU PSC PP ICV–EUiA ERC C's SI
% S % S % S % S % S % S % S
Barcelona 36.8 35 19.2 18 12.9 12 8.3 8 6.4 6 3.8 3 3.1 3
Girona 45.1 9 14.3 3 8.6 1 4.8 1 9.2 2 1.7 4.7 1
Lleida 46.9 8 14.8 3 10.2 2 4.0 9.1 1 1.5 3.1
Tarragona 39.3 9 18.2 4 13.4 3 5.1 1 8.5 1 2.7 3.4
Total 38.4 62 18.4 28 12.4 18 7.4 10 7.0 10 3.4 3 3.3 4


Artur Mas (CiU)
Ballot → 21 December 2010 23 December 2010
Required majority → 68 out of 135 N Simple Y
62 / 135
62 / 135
73 / 135
45 / 135
0 / 135
28 / 135
0 / 135
0 / 135


Opinion poll sources
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  2. "CiU, a un pas de la majoria absoluta i dur revés per a PSC". El Periòdic d'Andorra (in Catalan). 27 November 2010.
  3. "El PSC no aconsegueix retallar la diferència amb CiU". El Periòdic d'Andorra (in Catalan). 27 November 2010.
  4. "CiU, ganador indiscutible y Laporta podría conseguir representación en el Parlamento". COPE (in Spanish). 28 November 2010.
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  6. "CiU s'acosta a la majoria absoluta". El Periòdic d'Andorra (in Catalan). 26 November 2010.
  7. "Estabilitat dels dos primers i ascens d'ICV-EUiA". El Periòdic d'Andorra (in Catalan). 25 November 2010.
  8. "CiU avança als 65 escons i el PSC es recupera". El Periòdic d'Andorra (in Catalan). 24 November 2010.
  9. "CiU manté els 64 escons i el PSC segueix a la baixa". El Periòdic d'Andorra (in Catalan). 23 November 2010.
  10. "CiU se acerca aún más a la mayoría absoluta". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 22 November 2010.
  11. "CiU s'acosta encara més a la majoria absoluta". El Periòdic d'Andorra (in Catalan). 22 November 2010.
  12. "CiU se sitúa al borde de la mayoría absoluta". Público (in Spanish). 22 November 2010.
  13. "CIU ganaría con comodidad las elecciones catalanas, a día de hoy". Antena 3 (in Spanish). 19 November 2010.
  14. "Seis escaños separan a CiU de la mayoría absoluta". La Razón (in Spanish). 22 November 2010.
  15. "CiU podría gobernar sin aliados". El Mundo (in Spanish). 21 November 2010.
  16. "Catalunya prefiere el cambio". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 21 November 2010.
  17. "CiU obtendría entre 60 y 62 escaños ante un tripartito sin mayoría". ABC (in Spanish). 21 November 2010.
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  19. "Ciutadans duplica sus escaños (El País)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 21 November 2010.
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  21. "Convergència i Unió manté les distàncies a menys de dues per les eleccions segons l'últim Racòmetre". RAC 1 (in Catalan). 15 November 2010.
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  24. "CiU gana por el desplome de ERC". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 15 November 2010.
  25. "Ligera recuperación del PSC mientras ERC sigue bajando (El Periódico)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 15 November 2010.
  26. "Desplome de ERC". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 22 November 2010.
  27. "CIU ganaría las elecciones catalanas con más del 42% de los votos y entre 65 y 66 escaños". Cadena SER (in Spanish). 11 November 2010.
  28. "Pulsómetro 11/11/2010" (PDF). Instituto Opina (in Spanish). 11 November 2010.
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  64. "CiU superaría al tripartito si la elecciones se celebrasen hoy". Antena 3 (in Spanish). 26 March 2010.
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  68. "El retroceso del tripartito acerca a CiU a la mayoría absoluta". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 23 March 2010.
  69. "Barómetro COPE: el ascenso de CiU anticipa un cambio de gobierno en Cataluña". COPE (in Spanish). 18 March 2010.
  70. "CiU se sitúa a nueve escaños de la mayoría absoluta y podría gobernar con el apoyo del PP, según el Barómetro Cope". Electómetro (in Spanish). 23 March 2010.
  71. "CiU roza la mayoría absoluta y el tripartito se hunde en plena nevada". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 14 March 2010.
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  76. "Mas amplía la brecha en el pulso con Montilla por la presidencia". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 1 November 2009.
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  79. "La caída de ERC lastra al tripartito". Público (in Spanish). 11 September 2009.
  80. "Una alianza entre CiU y PPC empata con la suma de un tercer tripartito". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 18 July 2009.
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  85. "CiU le saca nueve puntos al PSC y deja al tripartito sin la mayoría". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 22 March 2009.
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  88. "CiU avanza y amenaza la mayoría del tripartito, que retrocede ligeramente". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 30 November 2008.
  89. "El tripartito consolida su mayoría pero CiU se mantiene por delante". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 20 November 2008.
  90. "Baròmetre d'Opinió Política 15. Novembre 2008" (PDF). CEO (in Catalan). 20 November 2008.
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  92. "El tripartito, al borde de perder la mayoría mientras CiU se consolida". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 10 July 2008.
  93. "Baròmetre d'Opinió Política 14. Juliol 2008" (PDF). CEO (in Catalan). 24 July 2008.
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  97. "El Govern de la Entesa mantiene la mayoría pese al avance de CiU". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 2 May 2008.
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  99. "El final de una fantasía". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 30 May 2008.
  100. "La Entesa ve peligrar por primera vez la hegemonía en el Parlament". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 18 January 2008.
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  102. "CiU y PSC mantienen sus apoyos pero Montilla es el preferido frente a Mas". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 4 November 2007.
  103. "CiU y PSC mantienen su pulso sin despegarse ni un milímetro". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 14 October 2007.
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  108. "CiU continúa en cabeza pero el PSC no deja que se desmarque". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 2 July 2007.
  109. "CiU se mantiene en cabeza pero la Entesa consolida su mayoría". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 26 April 2007.
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