2007 Argentine general election

Argentina held national presidential and legislative elections on Sunday, October 28, 2007, and elections for provincial governors took place on staggered dates throughout the year. For the national elections, each of the 23 provinces and the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires are considered electoral districts. Voter turnout was 76.2%. Buenos Aires Province Senator and First Lady Cristina Fernández de Kirchner of the Front for Victory won the election, making her the second female president of Argentina and the first female president to be directly elected.

2007 Argentine general election

October 28, 2007
Registered27,137,536
Turnout76.20%
 
Nominee Cristina Fernández de Kirchner Elisa Carrió Roberto Lavagna
Party Justicialist Party Support for an Egalitarian Republic Independent
Alliance Front for Victory Civic Coalition (Argentina) An Advanced Nation
Home state Buenos Aires Province Chaco Province City of Buenos Aires
Running mate Julio Cobos Rubén Giustiniani Gerardo Morales
States carried 21 CABA 1
Popular vote 8,652,293 4,403,642 3,230,236
Percentage 45.28% 23.05% 16.91%


President before election

Néstor Kirchner
FPV-PJ

Elected President

Cristina Fernández de Kirchner
FPV-PJ

Background

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
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Elections for a successor to President Néstor Kirchner were held in October. Kirchner had declined to run for a second term.

In addition to the President, each district elected a number of members of the Lower House (the Chamber of Deputies) roughly proportional to their population, and eight districts elected members to the Argentine Senate, where each district is entitled to three senators (two for the majority, one for the largest minority party). In most provinces, the national elections were conducted in parallel with local ones, whereby a number of municipalities elect legislative officials (concejales) and in some cases also a mayor (or the equivalent executive post). Each provincial election follows local regulations and some, such as Tucumán, hold municipal elections on other dates in the year.

According to the rules for elections in Argentina, to win the presidential election without needing a "ballotage" round, a candidate needs either more than 45% of the valid votes, or more than 40% of the valid votes with a margin of 10 points from the runner-up. Following months of speculation, and despite high approval ratings, President Kirchner confirmed his decision to forfeit the 2007 race, and the ruling Front for Victory (FpV), a center-left Peronist Party, nominated the First Lady, Senator Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, on July 19.[1] Acknowledging the support of a growing number of UCR figures ("K Radicals") to the populist policies advanced by Kirchnerism, the FpV nominated Mendoza Province Governor Julio Cobos as her running mate.[2]

The ideologically diverse field also included former Economy Minister Roberto Lavagna (who broke with Kirchner in late 2005, obtained the endorsement of the UCR, and ran slightly to the right of the FpV), Elisa Carrió (a center-left Congresswoman close to the Catholic Church),[3] and numerous conservatives and socialists; in all, fourteen candidates registered for the election. The UCR, for the first time since it first ran in a presidential campaign in 1892, joined a coalition (Lavagna's UNA) rather than nominate its own candidate.

The President, who had maintained high approval ratings throughout his term on the heels of a strong recovery in the Argentine economy, was beset by controversies during 2007, including Commerce Secretary Guillermo Moreno's firing of Graciela Bevacqua (the INDEC statistician overseeing inflation data), allegations of Planning Minister Julio de Vido's involvement in a Skanska bribery case, and the "suitcase scandal." These controversies, however, did not ultimately overshadow positive consumer sentiment and a generally high presidential job approval.[4]

The Front for Victory's candidate, Senator and First Lady Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, maintained a comfortable lead in polling during the campaign. Her opponents focused on denying her the vote share needed to win outright. However, with 13 challengers splitting the vote, Fernández won a decisive first-round victory with 45.3% of the valid votes, more than 22 percent ahead of runner-up Carrió. She won in every province or district except San Luis (won by Alberto Rodríguez Saá), Córdoba (won by Lavagna), and the City of Buenos Aires (won by Carrió). Carrió, who obtained 23%, made history as the first runner-up to another woman in a national election in the Americas.[3]

Presidential candidates

A total of 14 candidates were on the presidential ballot, although only 3 or 4 garnered statistically significant amounts of support in polls. The candidates were as follows:

Results

President

Presidential
candidate
Vice Presidential
candidate
Party or Coalition Votes %
Cristina Fernández de Kirchner Julio Cobos 8,652,293 45.28
Elisa Carrió Rubén Giustiniani 4,403,642 23.05
Roberto Lavagna Gerardo Morales 3,230,236 16.91
Alberto Rodríguez Saá Héctor María Maya 1,459,174 7.64
Fernando Solanas Angel Cadelli Authentic Socialist Party 301,537 1.58
Ricardo López Murphy Esteban Bullrich Recreate for Growth 273,406 1.43
Jorge Sobisch Jorge Asís 268,401 1.40
Vilma Ripoll Héctor Bidonde Workers' Socialist Movement 142,528 0.75
Néstor Pitrola Gabriela Arroyo Workers' Party 116,688 0.61
José Montes Héctor Heberling 84,694 0.44
Luis Ammann Rogelio de Leonardi 69,787 0.37
Raúl Castells Nina Pelozo Movimiento Independiente de Jubilados y Desocupados 48.878 0.26
Gustavo Breide Obeid Héctor Vergara Peoples Reconstruction Party 45,318 0.24
Juan Ricardo Mussa Bernardo Nespral Confederación Lealtad Popular 10,558 0.06
Total 19,107,140 100
Positive votes 19,107,140 97.28
Blank votes 1,331,011 6.44
Invalid votes 241,175 1.17
Votes errors 1 0.00
Turnout 20,679,327 76.20
Abstentions 6,458,209 23.80
Registered voters 27,137,536 100
Source: Dirección Nacional Electoral - Recorriendo las Elecciones de 1983 a 2013
Votes
Fernández
45.28%
Carrió
23.05%
Lavagna
16.91%
Rodríguez Saá
7.64%
Others
7.12%

Congress

Elections were also held for 130 of the 257 members of the Argentine Chamber of Deputies and for 24 of the 72 members of the Argentine Senate. Results were as follows:

Chamber of Deputies
Senate

Governors

The elections for governors took place in ten provinces in September, which were won in six provinces by Kirchner's Front for Victory. Hermes Binner was elected governor of Santa Fe, defeating Peronist Rafael Bielsa, the former Minister of Foreign Affairs for Pres. Néstor Kirchner. Binner thus became the first Socialist governor in Argentina's history and the first non-Justicialist elected governor of that province. Center-left Fabiana Ríos (ARI) became the first woman elected governor in Argentina, winning an upset in Tierra del Fuego Province, while the moderately conservative Mauricio Macri was elected Mayor of Buenos Aires (an office similar to governor) in June 2007.[5]

Corrientes Province and Santiago del Estero Province did not have elections for governors in 2007, as they had already taken place in 2005.

District Elected Governor Party % Runner-up Party %
Buenos AiresDaniel ScioliFront for Victory (FPV)48.2Margarita StolbizerCivic Coalition16.6
CatamarcaEduardo Brizuela del MoralCivic Social Front - FPV52.6Luis BarrionuevoJusticialist Party (JP)37.6
ChacoJorge CapitanichJusticialist46.8Ángel Rozas LFront for All (UCR)46.6
ChubutMario Das NevesJusticialist76.7Raúl BarnecheUCR13.5
City of Buenos AiresMauricio MacriPRO60.9Daniel Filmus LFront for Victory (FPV)39.1
Córdoba1Juan SchiarettiJusticialist37.2Luis JuezSocial and Civic Agreement36.0
Entre RíosSergio UrribarriFPV47.0Gustavo CusinatoUCR19.9
FormosaGildo Insfrán RJusticialist76.0Gabriel HernándezUCR19.2
JujuyWalter BarrionuevoFPV36.0Carlos SnopekJujuy First Alliance30.0
La PampaÓscar JorgeJusticialist53.5Juan Carlos MarinoSocial and Civic Agreement36.6
La RiojaLuis Beder Herrera RLa Rioja People's Front42.6Ricardo QuintelaFPV27.8
MendozaCelso JaqueJusticialist37.9César BiffiCitizen's Alliance30.0
MisionesMaurice ClossFront for the Renewal of Concord38.4Pablo TschirschFPV28.6
NeuquénJorge SapagNeuquén People's Movement48.3Horacio QuirogaFPV - UCR Alliance35.0
Río NegroMiguel SaizUCR47.3Miguel Ángel PichettoFPV40.8
SaltaJuan Manuel UrtubeySalta Renewal Party - FPV Alliance46.3Walter WayarJusticialist45.3
San JuanJosé Luis GiojaFPV61.2Roberto BasualdoFront for Change24.5
San LuisAlberto Rodríguez Saá RJusticialist86.3Roque PalmaPopular Socialist9.8
Santa CruzDaniel PeraltaFPV58.1Eduardo CostaUCR38.8
Santa FeHermes BinnerProgressive, Civic and Social Front52.7Rafael BielsaFPV41.9
Santiago del Estero2Gerardo Zamora RCivic Front for Santiago85.1Marcelo LugonesPopular Unity Force (UCR)5.0
Tierra del FuegoFabiana RíosARI52.4Hugo CóccaroFPV47.6
TucumánJosé Alperovich RFPV78.2Ricardo BussiRepublican Force5.3

Sources: Clarín, September 3, 2007. National Electoral Direction, Ministry of Interior.
1: Civic and Social Front candidate Luis Juez, who lost by 1.1%, accused Justicialist candidate Juan Schiaretti of electoral fraud; the Argentine Supreme Court certified the results in October.[6]
2: Election held November 30, 2008.
R: Reelected.
L: Incumbent lost.

References

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