2005 in spaceflight

This article outlines notable events occurring in 2005 in spaceflight, including major launches and EVAs. 2005 saw Iran launch its first satellite.

2005 in spaceflight
Launch of the last Titan rocket, a Titan IVB, from Vandenberg SLC-4E
Orbital launches
First12 January
Last29 December
Total55
Successes52
Failures3
Partial failures0
Catalogued52
National firsts
Satellite Iran
Rockets
Maiden flightsAriane 5GS
Atlas V 431
H-IIA 2022
RetirementsAtlas IIIB
Titan IVB
Crewed flights
Orbital4
Total travellers15

Launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January

12 January
18:47:08[1]
Delta II 7925 Cape Canaveral SLC-17B Boeing IDS
Deep Impact NASA Heliocentric Comet flybyIn orbitSuccessful
Deep Impact impactor NASA Heliocentric Comet impactor4 July
05:52
Successful
Visited 9P/Tempel. Impactor impacted comet to test composition, main probe subsequently reused for EPOXI mission to study extrasolar planets and conduct a flyby of comet 103P/Hartley. Stardust-NExT mission will fly past comet to inspect the crater caused by the impactor, as debris thrown up prevented Deep Impact from doing so.
18 January
13:58:00[2]
Super Loki Andøya DLR
ROMA 2005 RWCH05[3] DLR Suborbital Weather18 JanuarySuccessful
18 January
16:07[2]
Super Loki Andøya DLR
ROMA 2005 RWCH08[3] DLR Suborbital Weather18 JanuarySuccessful
18 January
17:57[2]
Super Loki Andøya DLR
ROMA 2005 RWCH11[3] DLR Suborbital Weather18 JanuarySuccessful
20 January
03:00:07[1]
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/1
Kosmos 2414 (Parus) Low Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
Universitetsky-Tatyana (RS-23) MGU Low Earth Technology[4]In orbitSuccessful
Universitetsky-Tatyana ceased operations at around 21:00 UTC on 6 March 2007[5]
20 January
09:16[2]
Super Loki Andøya DLR
ROMA 2005 RWCH14[3] DLR Suborbital Weather18 JanuarySuccessful

February

1 February M45 Biscarosse French Navy
French Navy Suborbital Missile test1 FebruarySuccessful
Apogee: 800 kilometres (500 mi)[6]
2 February
20:57:00[6]
Terrier-Orion Barking Sands NASA
NAWC Suborbital Target[6]2 FebruarySuccessful
Apogee: 130 kilometres (81 mi)[6]
3 February
02:27:32
Proton-M/Briz-M Baikonur Site 81/24 International Launch Services
AMC-12 (WORLDSAT 2) SES Americom Geosynchronous CommunicationIn orbitOperational
3 February
07:41
Atlas IIIB Cape Canaveral SLC-36B International Launch Services
USA-181 (NOSS-3 F3A) NRO Low Earth ELINTIn orbitOperational
USA-181 (NOSS-3 F3B) NRO Low Earth ELINTIn orbitOperational
NRO Launch 23 "Canis Minor", final flight of Atlas IIIB
12 February
21:03:01
Ariane 5ECA Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
XTAR-EUR XTAR[7] Geosynchronous CommunicationIn orbitOperational
Maqsat-B2 Arianespace Geosynchronous transfer Technology3 December 2012Successful
Sloshsat-FLEVO SRON Geosynchronous transfer MicrogravityIn orbitSuccessful
Sloshsat-FLEVO deployed from Maqsat-B2
14 February
06:22[6]
UGM-27 Polaris (STARS) Kodiak SMDC
IFT-14 Target MDA Suborbital Target[6]14 FebruarySuccessful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi),[6] interceptor launch cancelled[8]
24 February
21:03[6]
Aries Barking Sands US Navy
FTM-04-1 Target MDA Suborbital Target[6]24 FebruarySuccessful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi),[6] interceped by SM-3
24 February
21:04[6]
RIM-161 Standard Missile 3 USS Lake Erie[9] MDA
FTM-04-1 Interceptor MDA Suborbital Aegis test24 FebruarySuccessful
"Stellar Dragon", apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi),[6] interceped Aries
26 February
09:25
H-IIA 2022 Tanegashima LA-Y1 JAXA
Himawari 6 (MTSAT 1R) MLIT/JMA Geosynchronous ATC/WeatherIn orbitOperational
Maiden flight of H-IIA 2022
28 February
19:09:18
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5 Roskosmos
Progress M-52 Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Logistics16 June
00:02
Successful
TNS-0 RNII KP Low Earth Technology30 August[10]Successful
ISS flight 17P, TNS-0 deployed from the International Space Station at 08:30 UTC on 28 March, during an EVA

March

1 March
03:50:59
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Sea Launch
XM-3 "Rhythm" XM Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
1 March
23:13:00[6]
Terrier-Orion Barking Sands NASA
NAWC Suborbital Target1 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 130 kilometres (81 mi)
2 March
04:00:14[6]
UGM-133 Trident II D5 USS Tennessee, ETR LP-5 US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test2 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi), FCET-33
2 March
05:09:16[6]
UGM-133 Trident II D5 USS Tennessee, ETR LP-5 US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test2 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi), FCET-33
2 March
21:11:00[6]
Terrier-Orion Barking Sands NASA
NAWC Suborbital Target2 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 130 kilometres (81 mi)
2 March
22:05:00[6]
Terrier-Oriole Barking Sands NASA
NAWC Suborbital Target2 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
6 March
10:31:17[11]
Black Brant XII Poker Flat LC-4 NASA
CASCADES Dartmouth Intended: Suborbital Auroral6 MarchLaunch failure
Third stage failed to ignite,[12] apogee: 29 kilometres (18 mi)[11]
11 March
21:42
Atlas V 431 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 International Launch Services
Inmarsat-4 F1 Inmarsat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Maiden flight of Atlas V 431
15 March
05:45:00[6]
Improved Orion Poker Flat LC-3 NASA
DUST Dartmouth Suborbital Micrometeoroids[13]15 MarchSuccessful[14]
Apogee: 105 kilometres (65 mi)
15 March
07:45:00[6]
Improved Orion Poker Flat LC-2 NASA
DUST Dartmouth Suborbital Micrometeoroids[13]15 MarchSuccessful[14]
Apogee: 105 kilometres (65 mi)
19 March Shaheen-II Sonmiani Army of Pakistan
Army of Pakistan Suborbital Missile test19 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
29 March
22:31L00
Proton-K/DM-2M Baikonur Site 200/39 VKS
Ekspress AM-2 RSCC Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational

April

8 April
05:56
RH-300 Mk.II Satish Dhawan ISRO
PRL Suborbital Aeronomy8 AprilSuccessful
Apogee: 130 kilometres (81 mi)
8 April
17:30
Castor 4B MRT C-17, Pacific Ocean Orbital Sciences
Orbital Sciences Suborbital Test flight8 AprilSuccessful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
11 April
13:35
Minotaur I Vandenberg SLC-8 Orbital Sciences
USA-165 (XSS-11) USAFRL Low Earth Technology11 November 2013Successful
12 April
12:00
Long March 3B Xichang LA-2 CASC
Apstar VI APT Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
15 April
00:46:25
Soyuz-FG Baikonur Site 1/5 Roskosmos
Soyuz TMA-6 Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 1111 October
01:09:00
Successful
Manned orbital flight with 3 cosmonauts
15 April
17:26:50
Pegasus-XL Stargazer, Vandenberg Orbital Sciences
DART NASA Low Earth Technology7 May 2016
08:32
Spacecraft failure
Rendezvous with MUBLCOM communications satellite failed due to navigation malfunction which led to satellites colliding in orbit. Deactivated eleven hours after launch.
26 April
07:31:29
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Sea Launch
Spaceway 1 DirecTV Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
30 April
00:50
Titan IV(405)B Cape Canaveral SLC-40 Lockheed Martin
USA-182 (Lacrosse 5) NRO Low Earth Radar imagingIn orbitOperational
NRO Launch 16, final Titan launch from Cape Canaveral

May

2 May
05:00
Skylark 7 Esrange Skylark Tower Sounding Rocket Services[15]
Maser-10 ESA Suborbital Microgravity2 MaySuccessful
Final Skylark launch, apogee: 252 kilometres (157 mi)
5 May
04:45
PSLV Satish Dhawan SLP ISRO
CARTOSAT-1 ISRO Sun-synchronous Remote sensingIn orbitOperational
HAMSAT (VUSat-Oscar 52) AMSAT-India Sun-synchronous Amateur radioIn orbitOperational
5 May
09:35:00
Terrier-Orion Wallops NASA
MCAFT-1/IBSi IBSi Suborbital Biological5 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 156 kilometres (97 mi)
20 May
10:22:01
Delta II 7320 Vandenberg SLC-2W Boeing IDS
NOAA-18 (NOAA-N) NOAA Sun-synchronous WeatherIn orbitOperational
22 May
17:59:08
Proton-M/Briz-M Baikonur Site 200/39 International Launch Services
DirecTV-8 DirecTV Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
27 May R-17 Elbrus (B) Minakh Syrian Army
Syrian Army Suborbital Missile test27 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
27 May R-17 Elbrus (D) Minakh Syrian Army
Syrian Army Suborbital Missile test27 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
27 May R-17 Elbrus (D) Minakh Syrian Army
Syrian Army Suborbital Missile test27 MayLaunch failure
Disintegrated over Turkey
31 May
12:00
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5 Roskosmos
Foton-M2 Roskosmos/ESA Low Earth Microgravity16 JuneSuccessful
Recovered intact

June

12 June Ju Lang 2 Submarine, Yellow Sea PLAN
PLAN Suborbital Missile test12 JuneSuccessful
16 June
23:09:34
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5 Roskosmos
Progress M-53 Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Logistics7 September
14:12:40
Successful
ISS flight 18P
21 June
00:49:37
Molniya-M/ML Plesetsk Site 16/2 VKS
Molniya-3K #12L VKS Intended: Molniya Communications+6 minutesLaunch failure
Failed to achieve orbit following third stage malfunction
21 June
19:46:09
Volna K-496 Borisoglebsk, Barents Sea VMF
Cosmos 1 Planetary Society Intended: Low Earth Technology21 JuneLaunch failure
Experimental solar sail, first stage engine failure 83 seconds after launch
23 June
14:03:00
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Sea Launch
Intelsat Americas 8 (2005–2007)
Galaxy 28 (2007—)
Intelsat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Originally ordered as Telstar 8 for Loral Space & Communications, sold to Intelsat before launch
24 June
19:41:00
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 200/39 VKS
Ekspress AM-3 RSCC Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
28 June
22:54
Terrier-ASAS Wallops NASA
NASA Suborbital Test flight28 JuneSuccessful

July

4 July
08:41
Improved Orion Andøya FFI
IMEF Oslo Suborbital Aeronomy/Ionospheric4 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
5 July
22:40
Long March 2D Jiuquan LA-4/SLS-1[16] CASC
Shijian 7 CASC Low Earth ScientificIn orbitOperational
7 July
16:20:00
Black Brant IX White Sands NASA
VAULT 3 NRL Suborbital Solar7 JulySuccessful
7 July
16:20:00
Dong Feng 21 Xichang PLA
PLA Suborbital ASAT test7 JulyLaunch failure
Intercept failed
10 July
03:30
M-V Uchinoura JAXA
Suzaku (ASTRO-EII) JAXA Low Earth X-ray astronomyIn orbitOperational
21 July
08:01
LGM-30G Minuteman III Vandenberg LF-10 US Air Force
SERV-1 US Air Force Suborbital Missile test21 JulySuccessful
26 July
14:39:00
Space Shuttle Discovery Kennedy LC-39B United Space Alliance
STS-114 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS assembly9 August
12:11:22
Successful
Raffaello MPLM ASI/NASA Low Earth (ISS) LogisticsSuccessful
Manned orbital flight with seven astronauts, first Return to Flight mission after Columbia accident, Orbiter required repairs whilst in orbit.

August

2 August
07:30[1]
Long March 2C Jiuquan CNSA
FSW-21 (FSW-3 #4)[18] CNSA Low Earth Remote sensing28 August
23:38[19]
Successful
Recovered after reentry
3 August
18:45
Black Brant IX White Sands NASA
USC-6 USCLA Suborbital Solar3 AugustSuccessful
3 August Castor 4B Barking Sands US Army
CHCM-1 US Army Suborbital Test flight3 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 400 kilometres (250 mi)
11 August
08:20:44
Ariane 5GS Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
Thaicom 4 (iPSTAR) Shin Satellite Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Maiden flight of Ariane 5GS
12 August
11:43:00
Atlas V 401 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 International Launch Services
Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter NASA Areocentric Mars orbiterIn orbitOperational
13 August
23:28:26
Soyuz-FG/Fregat Baikonur Site 31/6 Starsem
Galaxy 14 PanAmSat (2005–2006)
Intelsat (2006—)
Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
17 August
07:06
R-29RMU Sineva Severodvinsk, Barents Sea VMF
VMF Suborbital Missile test17 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
18 August Castor 4B Barking Sands US Army
CHCM-1 US Army Suborbital Test flight18 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 400 kilometres (250 mi)
23 August
21:09:59
Dnepr Baikonur Site 109/95 ISC Kosmotras
Kirari (OICETS) JAXA Low Earth TechnologyIn orbitSuccessful
Reimei (INDEX) JAXA Low Earth TechnologyIn orbitOperational
Kirari deactivated on 24 September 2009[20]
26 August
08:01
LGM-30G Minuteman III Vandenberg LF-26 US Air Force
GT-188GM/SERV-2 US Air Force Suborbital Missile test26 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 1,300 kilometres (810 mi)
26 August
18:34:28
Rokot/Briz-KM Plesetsk Site 133/3 VKS
Monitor-E Roskosmos Low Earth EnvironmentalIn orbitOperational
Control issues shortly after launch, resolved within a few months
29 August
18:45
Long March 2D Jiuquan LA-4 CASC
FSW-22 (FSW-3 #5) CNSA Low Earth Reconnaissance17 OctoberSuccessful

September

2 September
09:50
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 31/6 VKS
Kosmos 2415 (Yantar-1KFT/Kometa) VKS Low Earth Optical imaging15 October
21:44
Successful
1,700th launch of R-7 derived rocket, film capsule and camera recovered after reentry
7 September
08:53
LGM-30G Minuteman III Vandenberg LF-04 US Air Force
GT-187-1GM US Air Force Suborbital Missile test7 SeptemberSuccessful
Apogee: 1,300 kilometres (810 mi)
8 September
13:07:54
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5 Roskosmos
Progress M-54 Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Logistics3 March 2006
13:05
Successful
RadioSkaf (SuitSat/AO-54) AMSAT Low Earth Amateur radio7 September 2006
16:00
Partial spacecraft failure
ISS flight 19P. RadioSkaf integrated into Orlan-M No. 14 to form SuitSat, which was deployed from the ISS at 23:05 UTC on 3 February 2006, during an EVA. SuitSat transmissions significantly weaker than expected.
8 September
21:53:40
Proton-M/Briz-M Baikonur Site 200/39 International Launch Services
Anik F1R Telesat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
14 September
08:01
LGM-30G Minuteman III Vandenberg LF-09 US Air Force
GT-189GM/ALCS US Air Force Suborbital Missile test14 SeptemberSuccessful
Apogee: 1,300 kilometres (810 mi)
23 September
02:24:29
Minotaur I Vandenberg SLC-8 Orbital Sciences
USA-185 (STP-R1/Streak) DARPA Low Earth TechnologyIn orbitOperational
26 September
03:37:00
Delta II 7925-9.5 Cape Canaveral SLC-17A Boeing IDS
USA-183 (GPS IIR-14/M1) US Air Force Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
26 September LRALT C-17, Midway MDA
MDA Suborbital Target26 SeptemberSuccessful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi), test of COBRA DANE radar system
27 September
13:22
RSM-56 Bulava Dmitri Donskoi, White Sea VMF
VMF Suborbital Missile test27 SeptemberSuccessful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi), maiden flight of Bulava, launched whilst submarine was surfaced
30 September
07:06
R-29R Volna Svyatoy Georgiy Pobedonosets, Okhotsk VMF
VMF Suborbital Missile test30 SeptemberSuccessful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)

October

1 October
03:54:53
Soyuz-FG Baikonur Site 1/5 Roskosmos
Soyuz TMA-7 Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 128 April 2006
23:48
Successful
Manned orbital flight with three cosmonauts
7 October
21:30
Volna Borisoglebsk, Barents Sea VMF
IRDT-2R ESA/NPO Lavochkin Suborbital Technology6 OctoberSpacecraft failure
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi), recovery failed
7 October
21:30
R-29RMU Sineva Borisoglebsk, Barents Sea VMF
VMF Suborbital Missile test7 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
8 October
15:02:00
Rokot/Briz-KM Plesetsk Site 133/3 Eurockot
CryoSat ESA Intended: Low Earth Environmental8 OctoberLaunch failure
Second stage failed to shut down and separate, failed to orbit.
10 October
21:10:08[6]
UGM-133 Trident II D5 HMS Vanguard, ETR Royal Navy
Royal Navy Suborbital Missile test10 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi), DASO-8
12 October
01:00
Long March 2F Jiuquan LA-4/SLS-1 CALT
Shenzhou 6 CASC Low Earth Technology/Biological16 October
04:32:50
Successful
Carried two crewmembers, first Chinese spaceflight with multiple crew
13 October
22:32:00
Ariane 5GS Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
Syracuse 3A DGA Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Galaxy 15 PanAmSat (2005–2006)
Intelsat (2006—)
Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSpacecraft failure
19 October
18:05
Titan IV(404)B Vandenberg SLC-4E Lockheed Martin
USA-186 (Improved Crystal) NRO Low Earth ReconnaissanceIn orbitOperational
NRO Launch 20, Final flight of Titan IVB and the Titan family of rockets.
20 October
07:30[6]
RS-18B UR-100NU Baikonur Site 175/2[21] RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test20 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
27 October
06:52:26
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/1 NPO Polyot
Beijing-1 (China-DMC+4) Tsinghua Low Earth Optical imagingIn orbitOperational
TopSat MoD Low Earth Optical imagingIn orbitOperational
Sinah-1 ISA Low Earth Remote sensingIn orbitOperational
SSETI Express (XO-53) SSETI/ESA Low Earth TechnologyIn orbitSpacecraft failure
CubeSat XI-V (CO-58) University of Tokyo Low Earth TechnologyIn orbitOperational
UWE-1 UWE Low Earth TechnologyIn orbitSuccessful
nCUBE-2 NSSP Low Earth Amateur radioIn orbitSpacecraft failure
Mozhaets-5 (RS-25) Mozhaiskiy/NPO PM Low Earth Technology
Amateur radio
In orbitSpacecraft failure
Rubin-5-ASOLANT OHB System/AATiS Low Earth TechnologySuccessful
Sinah-1 was the first Iranian satellite, SSETI Express lost due to power failure twelve and a half hours after launch as solar arrays were unable to recharge batteries;[22] Mozhaets 5 failed to separate from the carrier rocket, NCUBE-2 failed to contact the ground and Rubin-5 remained intentionally attached to the carrier rocket. UWE-1 operated until 17 November.[23]
27 October
13:45
VS-30/Orion Andøya DLR
SHEFEX DLR Suborbital Missile test27 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 211 kilometres (131 mi)

November

1 November
17:10
RT-2PM Topol Kapustin Yar RVSN
IP-10 RVSN Suborbital Missile test1 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
2 November
22:34
Terrier Mk.70-Oriole Barking Sands NASA
NAWC Suborbital Target2 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
8 November
14:06:59
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Sea Launch
Inmarsat-4 F2 Inmarsat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
9 November
03:33:34
Soyuz-FG/Fregat Baikonur Site 31/6 Starsem
Venus Express ESA Cytherocentric Venus orbiterIn orbitOperational
14 November
20:30
Terrier-Improved Orion White Sands NASA
NAWC Suborbital Target14 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 130 kilometres (81 mi)
16 November
23:46:00
Ariane 5ECA Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
Spaceway 2 DirecTV Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
 IndonesiaTelkom 2 PT Telkom Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
18 November
18:12
Castor 4B (MRT) Barking Sands US Navy
FTM-04-2 Target US Navy Suborbital Target18 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi), intercepted by SM-3
18 November
18:16
RIM-161 Standard Missile 3 USS Lake Erie US Navy
FTM-04-2 Interceptor US Navy Suborbital Aegis test18 NovemberSuccessful
"Stellar Valkyrie", apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi), interceped MRT
18 November
20:13
Terrier-Improved Orion White Sands NASA
NAWC Suborbital Target18 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 130 kilometres (81 mi)
22 November THAAD White Sands Lockheed Martin[6]
FTT-1 Lockheed Martin Suborbital Test flight22 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
29 November
07:44
RT-2PM Topol Plesetsk RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test29 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)

December

9 December
19:02:42
UGM-133 Trident II D5 Submarine, ETR LP-5 US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test9 DecemberSuccessful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi), FCET-34
14 December
03:04
Orbital Boost Vehicle Meck MDA
FT-1 MDA Suborbital GBI test14 DecemberSuccessful
Apogee: 1,800 kilometres (1,100 mi)
20 December
19:30
Terrier-Orion Wallops NASA
NASA Suborbital Technology20 DecemberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
21 December
05:19
RSM-56 Bulava Dmitri Donskoi, White Sea VMF
VMF Suborbital Missile test21 DecemberSuccessful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi), first submerged Bulava launch
21 December
18:38:20
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5 Roskosmos
Progress M-55 Roskomsos Low Earth (ISS) Logistics19 June 2006
17:53
Successful
ISS flight 20P
21 December
19:34:20
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/1 VKS
GonetsM No.1 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Kosmos 2416 (Rodnik) VKS Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
21 December
22:33
Ariane 5GS Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
Meteosat-9 (MSG-2) Eumetsat Geosynchronous WeatherIn orbitOperational
INSAT-4A ISRO Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
25 December
05:07:10
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 81/24 VKS
Kosmos 2417 (GLONASS-M) VKS Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
Kosmos 2418 (GLONASS-M) VKS Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
Kosmos 2419 (GLONASS) VKS Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
28 December
05:19
Soyuz-FG/Fregat Baikonur Site 31/6 Starsem
GIOVE A ESA Medium Earth Navigation
Technology
In orbitOperational
29 December
02:28
Proton-M/Briz-M Baikonur Site 200/39 International Launch Services
AMC-23 (2005–2007)
GE-23 (2007—)
SES Americom (2005–2007)
SAT-GE (2007—)
Geosynchronous CommunicationIn orbitOperational
Originally ordered by GE Americom as GE-2i, transferred to SES Americom before launch and renamed AMC-13, then transferred to Worldsat as Worldsat-3 before being transferred back to SES Americom as AMC-23 in early 2005. Transferred to SAT-GE when it split from SES Americom in 2007.[24]
Unknown RH-300 Mk.II Satish Dhawan ISRO
ISRO Suborbital Test flight Successful
Apogee: 130 kilometres (81 mi)
Unknown UGM-133 Trident II D5 Submarine, WTR US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)

Deep Space Rendezvous

Date (GMT) Spacecraft Event Remarks
14 JanuaryCassiniFlyby of TitanClosest approach: 60,000 kilometres (37,000 mi)
14 JanuaryHuygensFirst soft landing on planet's satellite outside Moon and on Titan
15 FebruaryCassini3rd flyby of TitanClosest approach: 950 kilometres (590 mi)
17 FebruaryCassiniFlyby of EnceladusClosest approach: 1,180 kilometres (730 mi)
4 MarchRosetta1st flyby of the EarthGravity assist
9 MarchCassiniFlyby of EnceladusClosest approach: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
31 MarchCassini4th flyby of TitanClosest approach: 2,523 kilometres (1,568 mi)
16 AprilCassini5th flyby of TitanClosest approach: 950 kilometres (590 mi)
4 JulyDeep ImpactFirst impact to cometProjectile impacts 9P/Tempel 1
14 JulyCassiniFlyby of EnceladusClosest approach: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
2 AugustMESSENGERFlyby of the EarthGravity assist
22 AugustCassini6th flyby of TitanClosest approach: 4,015 kilometres (2,495 mi)
7 SeptemberCassini7th flyby of TitanClosest approach: 950 kilometres (590 mi)
12 SeptemberHayabusaArrival at asteroid 25143 Itokawa
26 SeptemberCassiniFlyby of HyperionClosest approach: 990 kilometres (620 mi)
11 OctoberCassiniFlyby of DioneClosest approach: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
28 OctoberCassini8th flyby of TitanClosest approach: 1,446 kilometres (899 mi)
12 NovemberMINERVAFailed to land on Itokawa
19 NovemberHayabusaAccidentally landed on Itokawa
The first asteroid ascent
Stayed for 30 min
25 NovemberHayabusaMade a touch-and-go on Itokawa for samplingStatus unclear
26 NovemberCassiniFlyby of RheaClosest approach: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
26 DecemberCassini9th flyby of TitanClosest approach: 10,429 kilometres (6,480 mi)

EVAs

Start Date/Time
(UTC)
Duration End Time
(UTC)
Spacecraft Crew Remarks
26 January
07:43
5 hours
28 minutes
13:11 Expedition 10
ISS Pirs
Leroy Chiao
Salizhan Sharipov
Completed the installation of the Universal Work Platform, mounted the European commercial experiment Rokviss (Robotic Components Verification on ISS) and its antenna, installed the Russian Biorisk experiment, and relocated a Japanese exposure experiment.[25][26]
28 March
06:25
4 hours
30 minutes
10:55 Expedition 10
ISS Pirs
Leroy Chiao
Salizhan Sharipov
Installed navigational and communications equipment for the arrival of the first Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV), and deployed the 5-kilogram (11-pound) Russian TNS-0 nanosatellite.[25][27]
30 July
09:48
6 hours
50 minutes
17:36 STS-114
Discovery
Soichi Noguchi
Stephen Robinson
Performed using Shuttle airlock whilst docked to the ISS. Demonstrated shuttle thermal protection repair techniques and enhancements to the Station's attitude control system. installed a base and cabling for an External Stowage Platform, rerouted power to Control Moment Gyroscope-2 (CMG-2), retrieved two exposure experiments, and replaced a faulty global positioning system antenna on the station.[28]
1 August
08:42
7 hours
14 minutes
15:56 STS-114
Discovery
Soichi Noguchi
Stephen Robinson
Performed using Shuttle airlock whilst docked to the ISS. Removed faulty CMG-1 from the Z1 truss, installed faulty CMG-1 into Discovery's payload bay, and installed new CMG-1 onto the Z1 truss segment.[29][30]
3 August
08:48
6 hours
1 minute
14:49 STS-114
Discovery
Soichi Noguchi
Stephen Robinson
Performed using Shuttle airlock whilst docked to the ISS. Photographed and inspected Discovery's heat shield, removed two protruding gap fillers from between tiles in the forward area of the orbiter's underside, and installed amateur radio satellite PCSAT2.[31]
18 August
19:02
4 hours
58 minutes
19 August
00:00
Expedition 11
ISS Pirs
Sergei Krikalyov
John L. Phillips
Retrieved one of three canisters from the Biorisk experiment, removed Micro-Particles Capturer experiment and Space Environment Exposure Device from Zvezda, retrieved Matroska experiment, installed an ATV docking television camera.[32][33]
7 November
15:32
5 hours
22 minutes
20:54 Expedition 12
ISS Quest
William S. McArthur
Valery Tokarev
Installed and set up the P1 Truss camera, retrieved a failed Rotary Joint Motor Controller (RJMC), jettisoned a Floating Potential Probe, and removed and replaced a remote power controller module on the Mobile Transporter.[34] First Quest-based spacewalk since April 2003.

Orbital launch summary

By country

Country Launches Successes Failures Partial
failures
Remarks
 China5500
 Europe5500
 India1100
International4400Sea Launch
 Japan2200
 Russia /
 CIS
262330
 United States121200
World555230

By rocket

By family

Family Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Ariane Europe5500
Atlas United States3300
Delta United States3300
Energia Ukraine4400
H-II Japan1100
Long March People's Republic of China5500
Minotaur United States2200
Mu Japan1100
Pegasus United States1100
R07R-7 Russia121110
R14R-14 Russia3300
R29R-29 Russia1100
R36R-36 Ukraine1100
PSLV India1100
Space Shuttle United States1100
Titan United States2200Retired
Universal Rocket Russia9810

By type

Rocket Country Family Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Ariane 5 EuropeAriane5500
Atlas III United StatesAtlas1100Retired
Atlas V United StatesAtlas2200
Delta II United StatesDelta3300
Dnepr UkraineR-361100
H-IIA JapanH-II1100
Kosmos RussiaR-12/R-143300
Long March 2 People's Republic of ChinaLong March4400
Long March 3 People's Republic of ChinaLong March1100
M-V JapanMu1100
Minotaur I United StatesMinotaur2200
Molniya RussiaR-71010
Pegasus United StatesPegasus1100
PSLV IndiaPSLV1100
Proton RussiaUniversal Rocket7700
Soyuz RussiaR-7111100
Space Shuttle United StatesSpace Shuttle1100
Titan IV United StatesTitan2200Retired
UR-100 RussiaUniversal Rocket2110
Volna RussiaR-291010
Zenit UkraineEnergia4400

By configuration

By launch site

Site Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Baikonur Kazakhstan191900
Barents Sea Russia1010Launched from K-496 Borisoglebsk submarine
Cape Canaveral United States6600
Jiuquan People's Republic of China4400
Kennedy United States1100
Kourou France5500
Ocean Odyssey International4400
Plesetsk Russia6420
Satish Dhawan India1100
Tanegashima Japan1100
Uchinoura Japan1100
Vandenberg United States5500One launch used Stargazer aircraft
Xichang People's Republic of China1100

By orbit

Orbital regime Launches Achieved Not Achieved Accidentally
Achieved
Remarks
Low Earth orbit 29 27 2 0 7 to ISS
Medium Earth orbit 3 3 0 0
Geosynchronous/transfer 19 19 0 0
High Earth orbit 1 0 1 0 Molniya
Heliocentric orbit 3 3 0 0 Including planetary transfer orbits

References

  • Bergin, Chris. "NASASpaceFlight.com".
  • Clark, Stephen. "Spaceflight Now".
  • Kelso, T.S. "Satellite Catalog (SATCAT)". CelesTrak.
  • Krebs, Gunter. "Chronology of Space Launches".
  • Kyle, Ed. "Space Launch Report".
  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Jonathan's Space Report".
  • Pietrobon, Steven. "Steven Pietrobon's Space Archive".
  • Wade, Mark. "Encyclopedia Astronautica".
  • Webb, Brian. "Southwest Space Archive".
  • Zak, Anatoly. "Russian Space Web".
  • "ISS Calendar". Spaceflight 101.
  • "NSSDCA Master Catalog". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
  • "Space Calendar". NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
  • "Space Information Center". JAXA.
  • "Хроника освоения космоса" [Chronicle of space exploration]. CosmoWorld (in Russian).
Generic references:

Footnotes

  1. McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 8 January 2010.
  2. McDowell, Jonathan. "Y: Suborbital weather rocket launches". Orbital and Suborbital Launch Database. Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 8 January 2010.
  3. Wade, Mark. "Loki". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 2 January 2010. Retrieved 8 January 2010.
  4. Krebs, Gunter. "Universitetsky (Tatyana, RS 23)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 8 January 2010.
  5. "Universitetsky [Tatyana, Tatiana]". Sat ND. 6 April 2007. Retrieved 8 January 2010.
  6. McDowell, Jonathan. "S: Suborbital launches (apogee 80+ km)". Orbital and Suborbital Launch Database. Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 8 January 2010.
  7. Krebs, Gunter. "XTAR-EUR". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 8 January 2010.
  8. "Ground Based Interceptor Testing". GlobalSecurity.org. 1 March 2008. Retrieved 8 January 2010.
  9. "Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense Flight Test Successful" (PDF). Missile Defense Agency. 24 March 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 December 2010. Retrieved 8 January 2010.
  10. McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 8 January 2010.
  11. McDowell, Jonathan. "A: Atmospheric launches (apogee 0–50 km)". Orbital and Suborbital Launch Database. Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 8 January 2010.
  12. Lynch, Kristina (8 March 2005). "CASCADES - Update". Dartmouth College. Retrieved 8 January 2010.
  13. "DUST - DustOrions, a Study of Mesospheric Meteoric Dust Layers". Dartmouth College. Retrieved 8 January 2010.
  14. "DUST - Update". Dartmouth College. 15 March 2005. Retrieved 8 January 2010.
  15. "Last launch for UK Skylark rocket". BBC News. 29 April 2005. Retrieved 9 January 2010.
  16. "LM-2D Successfully Launches Shijian-7 Satellite". China Great Wall Industry Corporation. 6 July 2009. Retrieved 9 January 2010.
  17. Wade, Mark. "FSW". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 16 January 2010. Retrieved 8 January 2010.
  18. Wade, Mark. "FSW". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 16 January 2010. Retrieved 8 January 2010.
  19. "China's 21st Scientific Satellite Successfully Launched". China Great Wall Industry Corporation. 2 August 2009. Retrieved 9 January 2010.
  20. "Project Topics". Kirari. JAXA. 24 September 2009. Retrieved 9 January 2010.
  21. Wade, Mark. "Baikonur LC175/2". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 1 February 2010. Retrieved 10 January 2010.
  22. "SSETI Express nominated for 'Space Oscar'". European Space Agency. 6 April 2006. Archived from the original on 9 February 2010. Retrieved 10 January 2010.
  23. "UWE-1". AMSAT. Archived from the original on 18 June 2010. Retrieved 10 January 2010.
  24. Krebs, Gunter. "AMC 23 -> GE 23". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 11 January 2010.
  25. NASA (2005). "Expedition 10 Spacewalks". NASA. Archived from the original on 5 October 2008. Retrieved 7 October 2008.
  26. NASA (2005). "International Space Station Status Report #05-4". NASA. Archived from the original on 11 October 2008. Retrieved 7 October 2008.
  27. NASA (2005). "International Space Station Status Report #05-16". NASA. Archived from the original on 11 October 2008. Retrieved 7 October 2008.
  28. NASA (2005). "STS-114 MCC Status Report #09". NASA. Archived from the original on 20 October 2008. Retrieved 7 October 2008.
  29. NASA (2005). "STS-114 MCC Status Report #13". NASA. Archived from the original on 6 October 2008. Retrieved 7 October 2008.
  30. Tariq Malik (2005). "Shuttle Astronauts Repair ISS Gyroscope in Second Spacewalk". Space.com. Retrieved 7 October 2008.
  31. NASA (2005). "STS-114 MCC Status Report #17". NASA. Archived from the original on 20 October 2008. Retrieved 7 October 2008.
  32. NASA (2005). "Station Crew Completes Spacewalk". NASA. Archived from the original on 20 October 2008. Retrieved 7 October 2008.
  33. NASA (2005). "International Space Station Status Report #05-40". NASA. Archived from the original on 13 February 2009. Retrieved 7 October 2008.
  34. NASA (2005). "International Space Station Status Report #05-55". NASA. Archived from the original on 13 February 2009. Retrieved 7 October 2008.


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