1st Congress of the Republic of Texas

The First Congress of the Republic of Texas, consisting of the Senate of the Republic of Texas and House of Representatives of the Republic of Texas, met in Columbia at two separate buildings (one for each chamber) and then in Houston from October 3, 1836, to June 13, 1837, during the first year of Sam Houston's presidency.

1st Congress of the Republic of Texas
2nd Congress of the Republic of Texas
The building that housed the House of Representatives of the Republic of Texas in Columbia (shown ca. 1897)
Overview
JurisdictionRepublic of Texas
Meeting placeColumbia and Houston
TermOctober 3, 1836 (1836-10-03) – June 13, 1837 (1837-06-13)
House of Representatives
Members31 Representatives
House SpeakerIra Ingram (1st session)[1]
Branch T. Archer (2nd session)
Senate
Members14 Senators
Senate PresidentMirabeau Lamar
Senate President pro tem.Richard Ellis (1st session)[2]
Jesse Grimes (2nd session)[3]
Sessions
1stOctober 3, 1836 (1836-10-03) – December 22, 1836 (1836-12-22)
2ndMay 1, 1837 (1837-05-01) – June 13, 1837 (1837-06-13)

All members of Congress were officially non-partisan.[4] According to the Constitution of the Republic of Texas of 1836, each member of the House of Representatives was elected for a term of one year.[5] Each county was guaranteed at least one representative.[6]

Each Senator was elected for a three-year term to represent a district that each had a nearly equal portion of the nation's population. Each district could have no more than one Senator.

Members

Senate

House of Representatives

  1. Resigned upon evidence presented that he was not duly elected

Standing committees

Employees

Senate

  • Sergeant at Arms William King (1st session),[7] Noah T. Byars (2nd session)[8]
  • Clerk Richardson A. Scurry (1st session),[2] Arthur Robertson (2nd session)[3]
  • Doorkeeper Joshua Canter (1st session),[7] Marshall Mann (2nd session)[1]

House of Representatives

  • Sergeant at Arms[1] A. L. Harrison (1st session), George S. Stratton (2nd session)
  • Clerk[1] Willis A. Farris (1st session), William Fairfax Gray (2nd session)
  • Doorkeeper[1] W. T. Hendricks (1st session), Abner S. McDonald (2nd session), S. L. Johnson (2nd session)

References

  1. Raines, C. W. (1901). Year Book for Texas. Austin, Texas: Gammel Book Company. pp. 59–60. Retrieved March 21, 2015.
  2. "Officers of the Senate". 1 (45) (1 ed.). Telegraph and Texas Register. December 9, 1836. p. 2. Retrieved March 21, 2015. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  3. McDonald Spaw, Patsy (1990). The Texas Senate: Republic to Civil War, 1836-1861, Volume 1. College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press. p. 24. ISBN 0890964424.
  4. Erath, Lucy A. (October 1923). Barker, Eugene C.; Bolton, Herbert E. (eds.). "Memoirs of George Bernard Erath IV". The Southwestern Historical Quarterly. Texas State Historical Association. 27 (2): 140. Retrieved March 21, 2015.
  5. May, Janice C. (1996). The Texas State Constitution: A Reference Guide. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 4. ISBN 0313266379.
  6. Steen, Ralph W. (June 12, 2010). "Congress of the Republic of Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved March 21, 2015.
  7. "Officers of the Senate". 1 (45) (1 ed.). Telegraph and Texas Register. December 9, 1836. p. 3. Retrieved March 21, 2015. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  8. Laughlin, Charlotte (June 12, 2010). "Byars, Noah Turner". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved March 21, 2015.
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