1st Artillery Brigade (United Kingdom)

The British Army's 1st Artillery Brigade, formerly, 1st Artillery Brigade and Headquarters South West is a formation under 3rd UK Division that has control over close support artillery units within the British Army and was the Regional Point of Command (RPoC) for British Army units in the South West Region.[2][3]

1st Artillery Brigade
Insignia of 1st Artillery Brigade
Active1961 - Present
Allegiance United Kingdom
Branch British Army
TypeArtillery fire support and regional command
RoleCombat support
Size9 Regiments, 3 other support units
Part of3rd UK Division
HeadquartersJellalabad Barracks, Tidworth Camp
WebsiteHQ 1st Artillery Brigade
Brigadier Mark Pullan[1]


The brigade was originally formed as the 1st Artillery Group, Royal Artillery.[4] On 1 September 1977, 1st Artillery Brigade and 7th Artillery Brigade (Anti-Aircraft) were both disbanded, and their units absorbed by the new 1st Artillery Division which had its headquarters at Dortmund (Watson and Rinaldi 77). On formation the division had a MGM-52 Lance regiment; a M107 self-propelled gun regiment; and 94 Locating Regiment RA, as well as two RA Rapier air defence regiments. It was redesignated simply as the Artillery Division in 1981, and Artillery I (BR) Corps in 1984. 1st Artillery Brigade was further reformed on 1 November 1985 to control field and missile artillery. (Watson and Rinaldi 101).

Structure (c.1989):[5]

Reformation from 2014

The current brigade was formed on 1 September 2014 under the original Army 2020 plan, titled 1st Artillery Brigade and Headquarters South West, merging units and personnel of 43 (Wessex) Brigade with Royal Artillery regiments.[6] The brigade's mission will include commanding, preparing and generating assigned deployable forces. The brigade comprises a large number of units including 1 Royal Horse Artillery and 19 Regiment Royal Artillery[7] and 15 garrisons and stations across the south west.[8]

Previously, news articles reported that its personnel had control over the testing the Watchkeeper Remotely Piloted Aerial System.[9][10]

The brigade used to be under Forces Troops Command but has shifted operational command to 3rd UK Division. Headquarters South West remains as a Regional Point of Command under Regional Command.[11][12]

The brigade consists of the following units:[13][14]


  1. Colin Mackie (20 December 2018). "Generals December 2018" (PDF). Colin Mackie. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  2. "Army 2020 Report, pages 10-12" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 April 2015. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  3. "Regular Army Basing Announcement, page 1" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 August 2016. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  4. The British Army in Germany (BAOR and After): An Organizational History 1947 - 2004. 2005. p. 28. ISBN 0 9720296 9 9.
  5. "BOAR 1989" (PDF).
  6. "43 (Wessex) Brigade Lowers Flag For Last Time". Forces TV. Archived from the original on 20 December 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  7. "Change of Command Parade in South West of England - British Army Website". Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
  8. "Garrisons and stations". Archived from the original on 13 May 2016. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
  9. "Army cleared to fly next-generation eye-in-the-sky". gov.uk. 5 March 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  10. Tony Osborne (15 May 2014). "British Pilots Finally Training On Watchkeeper". Aviation Week. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  11. "First Colonel Cadets for HQ South West appointed MBE". Army Cadets. 12 June 2018. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  12. "Army Update: Commander HQ South West Colonel James Coote DSO OBE" (PDF). swlep.co.uk. Swindon & Wiltshire LEP. 25 May 2017. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  13. "HQ 1st Artillery Brigade". www.army.mod.uk. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  14. "Headquarters 1st Artillery Brigade - British Army Website". web.archive.org. 4 January 2018. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  15. "Royal Artillery:Written question - 68813". parliament.uk. UK Hansard. 21 March 2017. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
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