1999 in spaceflight

The table below shows 208 satellite launches were made in 1999.
81 (39%) of these launches were communications satellites.

1999 in spaceflight
Launch of STS-93, to deploy the Chandra X-ray Observatory
Orbital launches
First3 January
Last27 December
Total79
Successes73
Failures6
Catalogued73
National firsts
Satellite Denmark
 Republic of China
 South Africa
Rockets
Maiden flightsDelta II 7320
Delta II 7426
Dnepr
Long March 2F
Long March 4B
Zenit-3SL
RetirementsAriane 4 40
Athena II
H-II
Crewed flights
Orbital4
Total travellers22

Launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January

3 January
20:21
Delta II 7425-9.5 Cape Canaveral SLC-17B Boeing IDS
Mars Polar Lander NASA Heliocentric Mars lander3 December
~20:01
Spacecraft failure
Scott (Microprobe/Penetrator 1) NASA Heliocentric Mars lander
Amundsen (Microprobe/Penetrator 2) NASA Heliocentric Mars lander
Contact lost at 19:51 UTC on 3 December 1999
15 January Shaheen 1 Sonmiani PAF
PAF Suborbital Missile test15 JanuaryFailure
Maiden flight of Shaheen 1
21 January
06:13
Black Brant XII Andøya NASA
CAPER NASA Suborbital Ionosphere research21 JanuarySuccessful
22 January
13:57
Black Brant XII Poker Flat NASA
APEX (North Star) NASA Suborbital Plasma research22 JanuarySuccessful
22 January
15:20
Black Brant VB Poker Flat NASA
NASA Suborbital Ionosphere research22 JanuarySuccessful
22 January
15:31
Taurus- Orion Poker Flat NASA
NASA Suborbital Ionosphere research22 JanuarySuccessful
27 January
00:34
Athena I Spaceport Florida LC-46 Lockheed Martin
ROCSAT-1 NSPO Low Earth Imagery/CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
First Taiwanese satellite

February

2 February
01:30
S-310 Uchinoura LC-K ISAS
Suborbital Ionosphere and X-ray research2 FebruarySuccessful
7 February
21:04
Delta II 7426-9.5 Cape Canaveral SLC-17A Boeing IDS
Stardust NASA Heliocentric Comet sample returnIn orbitSuccessful
Stardust return capsule NASA Heliocentric Comet sample return16 January 2006Successful
Maiden flight of Delta II 7426
Returned sample from 81P/Wild and will visit Tempel 1
9 February Trident D-5 Submarine, Eastern Test Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test9 FebruarySuccessful
9 February Trident D-5 Submarine, Eastern Test Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test9 FebruarySuccessful
9 February
03:53
Soyuz-U/Ikar Baikonur Site 1/5 Starsem
Globalstar 23 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 40 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 36 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 38 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
First launch contracted by Starsem
10 February
08:06
Minuteman III Vandenberg LF-04 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test10 FebruarySuccessful
11 February
06:45
Black Brant X Poker Flat NASA
ENSTROPHY NASA Suborbital Ionosphere research11 FebruarySuccessful
15 February
05:12
Proton-K/DM-2M Baikonur Site 81/23 International Launch Services
Telstar 6 Telstar Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
16 February
01:45
Atlas IIAS Cape Canaveral SLC-36A International Launch Services
JCSAT-6 JSAT Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
20 February
04:18
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5 Roskosmos
Soyuz TM-29 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Mir EO-2728 August
00:34
Successful
Manned orbital flight with three cosmonauts
20 February
04:45
Black Brant IX White Sands NASA
SPINR NASA Suborbital Ultraviolet astronomy20 FebruarySuccessful
23 February
10:29
Delta II 7920-10 Vandenberg SLC-2W Boeing IDS
ARGOS US Air Force Sun-synchronous Technology developmentIn orbitSuccessful
Ørsted DMI Sun-synchronous Magnetosphere researchIn orbitOperational
SUNSAT Stellenbosch Sun-synchronous Technology demonstrationIn orbitSuccessful
ARGOS was retired on 31 July 2003
Ørsted was the first Danish satellite and SUNSAT was the first South African satellite
26 February
22:44
Ariane 4 44L Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
Arabsat 3A Arabsat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Skynet 4E MoD Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
28 February
04:00
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 81/23
Raduga-1 MO RF Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational

March

5 March
02:56
Pegasus-XL Stargazer, Vandenberg Orbital Sciences
WIRE NASA Low Earth Infrared astronomy10 May 2011Spacecraft failure
Coolant leak resulted in loss of control in orbit
10 March
08:01
Peacekeeper Vandenberg LF-02 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test10 MarchSuccessful
15 March
03:06
Soyuz-U/Ikar Baikonur Site 1/5 Starsem
Globalstar 22 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 41 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 46 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 37 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
15 March
09:52
VS-30 Alcântara AEB
Operacao San Marcos AEB Suborbital Microgravity research15 MarchSuccessful
21 March
00:09
Proton-K/DM-2M Baikonur Site 81/23 International Launch Services
AsiaSat 3S AsiaSat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
23 March Trident C-4 Submarine, Eastern Test Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test23 MarchSuccessful
23 March Trident C-4 Submarine, Eastern Test Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test23 MarchSuccessful
25 March Trident C-4 Submarine, Eastern Test Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test25 MarchSuccessful
25 March Trident C-4 Submarine, Eastern Test Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test25 MarchSuccessful
28 March
01:29
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Sea Launch
DemoSat Sea Launch Geostationary transfer Test launch vehicleIn orbitSuccessful
Maiden flight of Zenit-3SL
28 March
09:00
Black Brant VIIIC White Sands NASA
NASA Suborbital X-ray astronomy28 MarchSuccessful
29 March
12:06
Hera White Sands LC-94 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital ABM target28 MarchSuccessful
29 March
12:13
THAAD White Sands US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital ABM Interceptor29 MarchSuccessful
31 March
00:15
SR19 C-130, Pacific Missile Range US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital SRALT test31 MarchSuccessful

April

1 April R-29 Submarine, Barents Sea Russian Navy
Russian Navy Suborbital Missile test1 AprilSuccessful
2 April
11:28
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5 Roskosmos
Progress M-41 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Logistics17 July
19:51
Successful
Sputnik 99 AMSAT Low Earth Communications29 JulySuccessful
Sputnik 99 deployed from Mir during EVA on 16 April
2 April
22:03
Ariane 4 42P Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
INSAT-2E ISRO Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
9 April
17:01
Titan IVB (402)/IUS Cape Canaveral SLC-41 Lockheed Martin
USA-142 (DSP-19) US Air Force Intended: Geosynchronous
Achieved: Geostationary transfer
Early warningIn orbitLaunch failure
Final Titan launch from SLC-41
IUS second stage failed to separate
11 April
04:17
Agni-II Balasore IC-4 IDRDL
IDRDL Suborbital Missile test11 AprilSuccessful
Maiden flight of Agni-II
12 April
06:35
Black Brant IX White Sands NASA
NASA Suborbital Ultraviolet astronomy12 AprilSuccessful
12 April
22:50
Atlas IIAS Cape Canaveral SLC-36A International Launch Services
Eutelsat W3 Eutelsat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
14 April
05:35
Ghauri-II Tilla PAF
PAF Suborbital Missile test14 AprilSuccessful
Maiden flight of Ghauri-II
15 April
00:46
Soyuz-U/Ikar Baikonur Site 1/5 Starsem
Globalstar 45 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 19 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 44 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 42 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
15 April
04:58
Shaheen 1 Sonmiani PAF
PAF Suborbital Missile test15 AprilSuccessful
15 April
18:32
Delta II 7920-10 Vandenberg SLC-2W Boeing IDS
Landsat 7 NASA/USGS Low Earth Remote sensingIn orbitOperational
21 April
04:59
Dnepr Baikonur Site 109/95 ISC Kosmotras
UoSAT-12 Surrey Satellite Technology Low Earth Technology developmentIn orbitSuccessful
Maiden flight of Dnepr
26 April Trident D-5 Submarine, Eastern Test Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test26 AprilSuccessful
26 April Trident D-5 Submarine, Eastern Test Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test26 AprilSuccessful
27 April
18:22
Athena II Vandenberg SLC-6 Lockheed Martin
IKONOS 1 Space Imaging Intended: Sun-synchronous Earth imaging27 AprilLaunch Failure
Payload fairing failed to separate; Failed to orbit due to additional weight of the fairing
28 April
20:30
Kosmos-3M Kapustin Yar Area 107
ABRIXAS DLR Low Earth X-ray astronomyIn orbitSpacecraft failure
Megsat-0 MegSat Low Earth Communications4 October 2003Successful
ABRIXAS' power system failed three days after launch
30 April
16:30
Titan IVB (401)/Centaur Cape Canaveral SLC-40 Lockheed Martin
USA-143 (Milstar-3) US Air Force Intended: Geosynchronous
Achieved: Medium Earth
CommunicationsIn orbitLaunch Failure
Centaur programming error led to three burns in a 90 minute period which were intended to be performed over a six-hour period. Payload stranded in a useless orbit.

May

4 May M4 Submarine, Bay of Biscay French Navy
French Navy Suborbital Missile test4 MaySuccessful
4 May M4 Submarine, Bay of Biscay French Navy
French Navy Suborbital Missile test4 MaySuccessful
5 May
01:00
Delta III 8930 Cape Canaveral SLC-17B Boeing IDS
Orion 3 Loral Orion Intended: Geosynchronous
Achieved: Medium Earth
CommunicationsIn orbitLaunch Failure
Upper stage engine failure resulted in payload being stranded in a useless orbit
7 May
20:00
Black Brant IX White Sands NASA
VAULT NASA Suborbital Ultraviolet astronomy7 MaySuccessful
10 May
01:22
Long March 4B Taiyuan LC-1 CASC
Feng Yun 1C CASC Sun-synchronous Weather satellite12 January 2007Successful
Shi Jian 5 CASC Sun-synchronous Magnetosphere researchIn orbitOperational
Maiden flight of Long March 4B
FY-1C destroyed by ASAT after retirement
14 May
11:33
Skylark VII Esrange LC-S SSC
MASER 8 SSC Suborbital Microgravity research14 MaySuccessful
18 May
05:09
Pegasus-XL/HAPS Stargazer, Vandenberg Orbital Sciences
TERRIERS NASA/Boston Low Earth Ionosphere researchIn orbitSpacecraft failure
MUBLCOM DARPA/US Army Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
TERRIERS solar panel failed to track the sun and the satellite's batteries exhausted their power supply on 20 May
MUBLCOM collided with DART but is still operational.
20 May
22:30
Proton-K/DM-2M Baikonur Site 81/23 International Launch Services
Nimiq 1 Telesat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
22 May
09:36
Titan IVB (404) Vandenberg SLC-4E Lockheed Martin
USA-144 (Misty-2) NRO Medium Earth ReconnaissanceIn orbitOperational
26 May
06:22
PSLV Sriharikota FLP ISRO
Oceansat-1 ISRO Sun-synchronous OceanographyIn orbitOperational
Kitsat-3 KAIST Sun-synchronous In orbitOperational
DLR-Tubsat DLR Sun-synchronous Technology developmentIn orbitOperational
27 May
10:49
Space Shuttle Discovery Kennedy LC-39B United Space Alliance
STS-96 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS assembly6 June
06:02
Successful
SpaceHab Double Module NASA/SpaceHab Low Earth (Discovery) Logistics
STARSHINE NASA/NRL Low Earth Observation target18 February 2000Successful
Manned orbital flight with seven astronauts
Starshine deployed from Discovery at 07:21 UTC on 5 June

June

3 June
14:20
Topol M Plesetsk Site 158 RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test3 JuneSuccessful
10 June
11:07
Hera White Sands LC-94 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital ABM target10 JuneSuccessful
10 June
11:14
THAAD White Sands US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital ABM Interceptor10 JuneSuccessful
10 June
13:48
Delta II 7420-10C Cape Canaveral SLC-17B Boeing IDS
Globalstar 25 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 49 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 47 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 52 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
11 June
17:15
Long March 2C Taiyuan LC-1
Iridium 14A Iridium Low Earth Communications15 March 2019[2]Successful
Iridium 21A Iridium Low Earth Communications24 May 2018[4]Successful
14 June
07:40
Black Brant IX White Sands NASA
NASA Suborbital Ultraviolet astronomy14 JuneSuccessful
18 June
01:49
Proton-K/DM-2M Baikonur Site 81/23 International Launch Services
Astra 1H SES Astra Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
20 June
02:15
Titan 23G Vandenberg SLC-4W Lockheed Martin
QuickSCAT NASA/NOAA Sun-synchronous OceanographyIn orbitOperational
24 June
15:44
Delta II 7320-10 Cape Canaveral SLC-17A Boeing IDS
FUSE NASA Low Earth Ultraviolet astronomyIn orbitSuccessful
Maiden flight of Delta II 7320
FUSE was deactivated on 18 October 2007
24 June
17:00
Black Brant IX White Sands NASA
SERTS-99 NASA Suborbital Solar observation24 JuneSuccessful

July

1 July Malmute II Pacific Missile Range US Navy
Slugger US Navy Suborbital TMBD target1 JulySuccessful
5 July
03:57
Black Brant VC Wallops Island NASA
NASA Suborbital Ionosphere research5 JulySuccessful
5 July
04:02
Taurus-Orion Wallops Island NASA
NASA Suborbital Ionosphere research5 JulySuccessful
5 July
13:32
Proton-K/Briz-M Baikonur Site 81/24 RVSN
Raduga RVSN Intended: Geosynchronous Communications5 July
+45 seconds
Launch Failure
Maiden flight of Briz-M upper stage
Second stage exploded
5 July
23:36
Black Brant VA Andøya NASA
MD-DR-04 DROPPS-1 NASA Suborbital Aeronomy research5 JulySuccessful
8 July
08:45
Molniya-M Plesetsk Site 43/3
Molniya 3–50 MO RF Molniya CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
10 July
08:45
Delta II 7420-10C Cape Canaveral SLC-17B Boeing IDS
Globalstar 35 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 32 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 51 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 30 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
14 July
03:28
Black Brant VA Andøya NASA
MD-DR-13 DROPPS-2 NASA Suborbital Aeronomy research14 JulySuccessful
16 July
16:39
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5 Roskosmos
Progress M-42 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Logistics2 February 2000
06:10
Successful
17 July
06:38
Zenit-2 Baikonur Site 45/1
Okean-O RAKA/NKAU Low Earth OceanographyIn orbitOperational
18 July
03:31
Taurus-Orion Wallops Island NASA
NASA Suborbital Ionosphere research18 JulySuccessful
23 July
04:31
Space Shuttle Columbia Kennedy LC-39B United Space Alliance
STS-93 NASA Low Earth Satellite deployment28 July
03:20
Successful
Chandra X-ray Observatory NASA High Earth X-ray astronomyIn orbitOperational
Manned orbital flight with five astronauts
First Shuttle mission with female commander (Eileen Collins)
Engine control failures and fuel leak during ascent resulted in lower orbit than planned and IUS underperformance resulted in lower orbit than planned for Chandra, IPS used to raise orbit, reducing lifespan
Chandra deployed by Columbia at 11:47 UTC on 23 July
25 July
07:46
Delta II 7420-10C Cape Canaveral SLC-17A Boeing IDS
Globalstar 48 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 26 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 43 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 28 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
27 July
22:48
Black Brant VB Esrange NASA
ICON NASA Suborbital Ionosphere research27 JulySuccessful

August

2 August DF-31 Taiyuan CASC
CASC Suborbital Missile test2 AugustSuccessful
2 August
11:37
Hera White Sands LC-94 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital ABM target2 AugustSuccessful
2 August
11:44
THAAD White Sands US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital ABM Interceptor2 AugustSuccessful
12 August
22:52
Ariane 4 42P Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
Telkom 1 PT Telkom Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
17 August
04:37
Delta II 7420-10C Cape Canaveral SLC-17B Boeing IDS
Globalstar 24 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 27 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 54 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 53 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
18 August
18:00
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/3
Kosmos 2365 (Yantar-4K1) MO RF Low Earth Reconnaissance15 DecemberSuccessful
18 August
18:05
Black Brant 9CM1 White Sands LC-43 NASA
NASA Suborbital Solar research18 AugustSuccessful
Data used to calibrate SOHO spacecraft
20 August
08:45
Minuteman III Vandenberg LF-10 US Air Force
RCT-1 GT-170GM/RRF-6 US Air Force Suborbital Missile test20 AugustSuccessful
20 August
11:27
Minuteman III Vandenberg LF-09 US Air Force
FOT GT-171GM US Air Force Suborbital Missile test20 AugustSuccessful
24 August
07:07
Black Brant IX White Sands NASA
NASA Suborbital Ultraviolet astronomy24 AugustSuccessful
26 August
12:02
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/1
Kosmos 2366 (Parus) MO RF Low Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
29 August Kosmos-3MP Kapustin Yar Area 107 RVSN
Re-entry vehicle RVSN Suborbital Test RV29 AugustFailure

September

3 September
11:44
Topol M Plesetsk Site 158 RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test3 SeptemberSuccessful
4 September
22:34
Ariane 4 42P Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
Koreasat 3 Korea Telecom Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
6 September SR-19 Aircraft, Wake Island Orbital Sciences
TCMP-3A US Air Force Suborbital Test re-entry vehicle6 SeptemberSuccessful
6 September
16:36
Proton-K/DM-2M Baikonur Site 81/23
Yamal 101 AO Gazco Operational: Geosynchronous
Current: Graveyard
CommunicationsIn orbitSpacecraft failure
Yamal 102 AO Gazco Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
9 September
18:00
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/4
Foton 12 RAKA/ESA Low Earth Microgravity research24 SeptemberSuccessful
15 September
21:00
Castor M57A1 Kodiak
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight15 SeptemberSuccessful
22 September
14:33
Soyuz-U/Ikar Baikonur Site 1/5 Starsem
Globalstar 58 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 50 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 33 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 55 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
23 September
06:02
Atlas IIAS Cape Canaveral SLC-36A International Launch Services
Echostar 5 EchoStar Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
24 September SM-3 USS Shiloh, Pacific Missile Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test24 SeptemberSuccessful
24 September
18:21
Athena II Vandenberg SLC-6 Lockheed Martin
Ikonos 2 Space Imaging Sun-synchronous Earth imagingIn orbitOperational
Final flight of Athena II
25 September
06:29
Ariane 4 44P Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
Telstar 7 Loral Skynet Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
26 September
22:30
Proton-K/DM-2M Baikonur Site 81/23 International Launch Services
LMI-1 LMI Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
27 September
10:00
Black Brant IX White Sands NASA
NASA Suborbital Ultraviolet astronomy27 SeptemberSuccessful
28 September
11:00
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/4
Resurs F-1M Roskosmos Low Earth Remote sensing22 OctoberSuccessful

October

1 October R-29 Submarine, Sea of Okhotsk Russian Navy
Russian Navy Suborbital Missile test1 OctoberSuccessful
1 October
08:42
Topol M Plesetsk Site 158 RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test1 OctoberSuccessful
2 October R-29 Submarine, Sea of Okhotsk Russian Navy
Russian Navy Suborbital Missile test2 OctoberSuccessful
3 October
02:01
Minuteman II Vandenberg LF-03 US Air Force
MSLS IFT-2 US Air Force Suborbital ABM target3 OctoberSuccessful
3 October
02:22
PLV Meck Island, Kwajalein Atoll US Air Force
EKV US Air Force Suborbital ABM test3 OctoberSuccessful
7 October
12:51
Delta II 7925-9.5 Cape Canaveral SLC-17A Boeing IDS
USA-145 (GPS IIR-3) US Air Force Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
10 October
03:28
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Sea Launch
DirecTV-1R DirecTV Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
14 October
03:15
Long March 4B Taiyuan LC-1 CASC
Zi Yuan 1 CAST/INPE Low Earth Remote sensingIn orbitPartial satellite failure
SACI 1 INPE Low Earth Technology developmentIn orbitSpacecraft failure
Zi Yuan 1 Wide field camera failed 177 days after launch; SACI 1 ceased communications less than a month after launch
18 October
13:22
Soyuz-U/Ikar Baikonur Site 1/5 Starsem
Globalstar 57 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 59 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 56 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 31 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
19 October
06:22
Ariane 4 44LP Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
Orion 2 Loral Orion Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
20 October UR-100N Baikonur Site 175 RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test20 OctoberSuccessful
27 October
16:16
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 200/39
Ekspress-A1 AO Komichekaya Intended: Geosynchronous Communications27 OctoberLaunch Failure
Second stage malfunction

November

November A-350R Sary Shagan PRO Противоракетная оборона (ПРО)
Suborbital Missile testWithin one hourSuccessful
1 November RH-300 Sriharikota ISRO
EWS ISRO Suborbital Ionosphere research1 NovemberSuccessful
10 November Trident D-5 Submarine, Eastern Test Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test10 NovemberSuccessful
10 November Trident D-5 Submarine, Eastern Test Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test10 NovemberSuccessful
13 November
08:20
Minuteman III Vandenberg LF-26 US Air Force
PRP FTM-01 US Air Force Suborbital Missile test13 NovemberSuccessful
13 November
22:52
Ariane 4 44LP Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
GE 4 GE Americom Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
15 November
07:29
H-II Tanegashima LA-Y1 NASDA
MTSAT NASDA Intended: Geosynchronous Weather/Communications15 NovemberLaunch Failure
Final flight of H-II
First stage malfunction
17 November R-39 Submarine, Barents Sea Russian Navy
Russian Navy Suborbital Missile test17 NovemberSuccessful
17 November R-39 Submarine, Barents Sea Russian Navy
Russian Navy Suborbital Missile test17 NovemberSuccessful
18 November
01:55
RH-300 MK-II Sriharikota ISRO
LMS ISRO Suborbital Ionosphere/Meteor research18 NovemberSuccessful
19 November
22:30
Long March 2F Jiuquan SLS CASC
Shenzhou 1 CASC Low Earth Test spacecraft20 November
19:41
Successful
Maiden flight of Long March 2F and Shenzhou spacecraft
20 November
01:35
RH-300 MK-II Sriharikota ISRO
LMS ISRO Suborbital Ionosphere/Meteor research20 NovemberSuccessful
22 November
16:20
Soyuz-U/Ikar Baikonur Site 1/5 Starsem
Globalstar 39 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 34 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 29 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 61 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
23 November
04:06
Atlas IIA Cape Canaveral SLC-36B
USA-146 (UHF F/O F10) US Navy Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational

December

3 December
16:22
Ariane 4 40 Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
Hélios 1B French government Low Earth ReconnaissanceIn orbitSuccessful
Clementine DGA Low Earth SIGINTIn orbitOperational
Final flight of Ariane 4 40
Hélios 1B decommissioned in October 2004
4 December
18:53
Pegasus-XL/HAPS Stargazer, Wallops Island Orbital Sciences
Orbcomm 30 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Orbcomm 31 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Orbcomm 32 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Orbcomm 33 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Orbcomm 34 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Orbcomm 35 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Orbcomm 36 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
10 December
14:32
Ariane 5G Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
XMM-Newton ESA High Earth X-ray AstronomyIn orbitOperational
11 December
18:25
VLS-1 Alcântara INPE
SACI-2 INPE Intended: Low Earth Technology development11 DecemberLaunch Failure
Self-destruct activated after second stage failed to ignite
12 December
17:38
Titan II 23G Vandenberg SLC-4W Lockheed Martin
USA-147 (DMSP 5D3 F15) US Air force Sun-synchronous Weather satelliteIn orbitOperational
14 December
08:05
Topol M Plesetsk Site 158 RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test14 DecemberSuccessful
17 December
17:00
Terrier-Orion Wallops Island NASA
MG.Pool Boiling NASA Suborbital Microgravity research17 DecemberSuccessful
18 December
18:57
Atlas IIAS Vandenberg SLC-3E
Terra NASA Sun-synchronous Earth observationIn orbitOperational
20 December
00:50
Space Shuttle Discovery Kennedy LC-39B United Space Alliance
STS-103 NASA Low Earth (HST) HST Servicing28 December
00:01
Successful
Manned orbital flight with seven astronauts
Hubble Space Telescope Servicing Mission 3A
21 December
07:13
Taurus 2110 Vandenberg LC-576E Orbital Sciences
KOMPSAT KAIST Sun-synchronous Ocean colour sensorIn orbitSuccessful
ACRIMSAT NASA Sun-synchronous Solar researchIn orbitOperational
Celestis-03 Celestis Sun-synchronous Space burialIn orbitSuccessful
Contact with KOMPSAT lost on 6 January 2008
22 December
00:50
Ariane 4 44L Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
Galaxy 11 PanAmSat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
24 December Rokot/Briz-K Plesetsk Site 133 RVSN
RVSN-40 RVSN Planned: MEO Satellite navigation testFailed on launch padLaunch Failure
26 December
08:00
Tsyklon-2 Baikonur Site 90/20
Kosmos 2367 (US-PM) Russian Navy Low Earth SIGINT19 July 2002Successful
27 December
19:12
Molniya-M Plesetsk Site 16/2
Kosmos 2368 (Oko) VKS Molniya Early warningIn orbitOperational

Deep Space Rendezvous

Date (GMT) Spacecraft Event Remarks
1 FebruaryGalileo11th flyby of Europa
5 MayGalileo4th flyby of Callisto
24 JuneCassini2nd flyby of VenusGravity assist; Closest approach: 598 kilometres (372 mi)
30 JuneGalileo5th flyby of Callisto
29 JulyDeep Space 1Flyby of 9969 Braille
31 JulyLunar ProspectorDeliberate impact of the Moon
14 AugustGalileo6th flyby of Callisto
18 AugustCassiniFlyby of the EarthGravity assist; Closest approach: 1,166 kilometres (725 mi)
16 SeptemberGalileo7th flyby of Callisto
23 SeptemberMars Climate OrbiterBurned up in the Martian atmosphere
11 OctoberGalileo1st flyby of Io
26 NovemberGalileo2nd flyby of Io
3 DecemberMars Polar LanderCrash-landed at Planum Australe, Mars
3 DecemberAmundsen and ScottSubprobes lost in Mars Polar Lander crash-landing

EVAs

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Function Remarks
16 April
04:37
6 hours
19 minutes
10:56 Mir EO-27
Kvant-2
Viktor Afanasyev
Jean-Pierre Haigneré
Recovered experiments from the exterior of Mir and installed other experiments on the outer surface.[5]
30 May
02:56
7 hours
55 minutes
10:51 STS-96
ISS Discovery
Tamara E. Jernigan
Daniel T. Barry
Transferred and installed two cranes from the shuttle's payload bay to locations on the outside of the station. Installed two new portable foot restraints that will fit both American and Russian space boots, and attached three bags filled with tools and handrails that will be used during future assembly operations.[6]
23 July
11:06
6 hours
7 minutes
17:13 Mir EO-27
Kvant-2
Viktor Afanasyev
Sergei Avdeyev
Installed a communications antenna on the Sofora girder, and attempted to find a leak in Kvant-2. Retrieved the Exobiology and Dvikon experiments.[7]
28 July
09:37
5 hours
22 minutes
14:59 Mir EO-27
Kvant-2
Viktor Afanasyev
Sergei Avdeyev
Completed the deployment of the antenna mounted on the Sofora girder and pushed it into space. Installed the experiments Indicator and Sprut-4, traded out tape cassettes on the Migmas ion spectromer and recovered the Danko-M and Ekran-D experiments for return to Earth.[8]
22 December
18:54
8 hours
15 minutes
23 December
03:09
STS-103
Discovery
Steven Smith
John M. Grunsfeld
Replaced three Rate Sensor Units, installed Voltage/Temperature Improvement Kits on all six batteries.[9] Hubble Space Telescope servicing
23 December
19:06
8 hours
10 minutes
24 December
03:16
STS-103
Discovery
/Michael Foale
Claude Nicollier
Replaced the telescope's central computer and a Fine Guidance Sensor.[9] Hubble Space Telescope servicing
24 December
19:17
8 hours
8 minutes
25 December
03:25
STS-103
Discovery
Steven Smith
John M. Grunsfeld
Installed a transmitter and a solid state recorder.[9] Hubble Space Telescope servicing

References

  • Bergin, Chris. "NASASpaceFlight.com".
  • Clark, Stephen. "Spaceflight Now".
  • Kelso, T.S. "Satellite Catalog (SATCAT)". CelesTrak.
  • Krebs, Gunter. "Chronology of Space Launches".
  • Kyle, Ed. "Space Launch Report".
  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Jonathan's Space Report".
  • Pietrobon, Steven. "Steven Pietrobon's Space Archive".
  • Wade, Mark. "Encyclopedia Astronautica".
  • Webb, Brian. "Southwest Space Archive".
  • Zak, Anatoly. "Russian Space Web".
  • "ISS Calendar". Spaceflight 101.
  • "NSSDCA Master Catalog". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
  • "Space Calendar". NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
  • "Space Information Center". JAXA.
  • "Хроника освоения космоса" [Chronicle of space exploration]. CosmoWorld (in Russian).
Generic references:

Footnotes

  1. "IRIDIUM 14". N2YO.com. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  2. "IRIDIUM 14". N2YO.com. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  3. "IRIDIUM 21". N2YO.com. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  4. "IRIDIUM 21". N2YO.com. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  5. van der Berg, Chris (April 1999). "MIRNEWS.459". MirNews. SpaceOnLine. Archived from the original on 27 August 2008. Retrieved 13 March 2009.
  6. NASA (1999). "STS-96 Day 4 Highlights". NASA. Archived from the original on 16 September 2008. Retrieved 6 October 2008.
  7. van der Berg, Chris (24 July 1999). "MIRNEWS.463". MirNews. SpaceOnLine. Archived from the original on 8 September 2008. Retrieved 13 March 2009.
  8. van der Berg, Chris (29 July 1999). "MIRNEWS.464 29 JULY 1999". MirNews. SpaceOnLine. Archived from the original on 27 August 2008. Retrieved 14 March 2009.
  9. NASA (2002). "STS-103 Extravehicular Activities". NASA. Retrieved 15 March 2009.


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