1999 Malaysian general election
A general election was held on Monday, 29 November 1999 for members of the 10th Parliament of Malaysia. Voting took place in all 193 parliamentary constituencies of Malaysia, each electing one Member of Parliament to the Dewan Rakyat, the dominant house of Parliament. State elections also took place in 394 state constituencies in 11 out of 13 states of Malaysia (except Sabah and Sarawak) on the same day.
All 193 seats to the Dewan Rakyat
97 seats needed for a majority
6,631,094 out of 9,564,071 registered voters cast their vote in this election. Although Barisan Nasional maintained its majority in Parliament, its overall popular vote dropped to roughly 56%. The parliamentary results are as follows:
|United Malays National Organisation||UMNO||72||37.31|
|Malaysian Chinese Association||MCA||29||15.03|
|United Traditional Bumiputera Party||PBB||100,062||11||5.70|
|Malaysian Indian Congress||MIC||7||3.63|
|Sarawak United People's Party||SUPP||129,356||7||3.63|
|Malaysian People's Movement Party||Gerakan||6||3.11|
|Parti Bansa Dayak Sarawak||PBDS||51,659||6||3.11|
|Sarawak National Party||SNAP||45,519||4||2.07|
|United Pasokmomogun Kadazandusun Murut Organisation||UPKO||3||1.55||New|
|Sabah Progressive Party||SAPP||2||1.04|
|Liberal Democratic Party||LDP||1||0.52|
|Barisan Nasional Direct Candidate||11,327||0.18||1||0.52|
|People's Progressive Party||PPP||0||0.00|
|People's Justice Front||AKAR||0||0.00|
|United Sabah People's Party||PBRS||0||0.00|
|Parties in the informal coalition, Alternative Front||BA||2,667,818||40.23||42||21.76|
|Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party||PAS||994,279||14.99||27||13.99|
|Democratic Action Party||DAP||830,870||12.53||10||5.18|
|National Justice Party||KeADILan||773,679||11.67||5||2.59||New|
|United Sabah Party||PBS||143,342||2.16||3||1.55|
|Malaysian People's Party||PRM||68,990||1.04||0||0.00|
|State Reform Party||STAR||23,354||0.35||0||0.00||New|
|Malaysian Democratic Party||MDP||8,001||0.12||0||0.00||New|
|Pan-Malaysian Islamic Front||BERJASA||409||0.01||0||0.00||New|
|Malaysian People's Justice Front||AKIM||274||0.00||0||0.00|
|Total votes (voter turnout: 69.3%)||6,631,094||100.00||193||100.00||+1|
|Did not vote||2,932,977|
|Voting age population (aged 21 years and above)||13,411,519|
- Contested using dacing election symbol on the ballot papers.
- Parties in the informal coalition, Alternatif Front (Barisan Alternatif). Contested using separate election symbol on the ballot papers.
Results by state
|Summary of the 29 November 1999 Malaysian Dewan Rakyat election results by state|
Template:Malaysian general election, 1999 (Kuala Lumpur)
Template:Malaysian general election, 1999 (Labuan)
The opposition won a total of 113 state assembly seats, 98 of which went to the PAS, 11 to the DAP and 4 for Keadilan. In the states of Kelantan and Terengganu, the PAS won by a huge margin–41-2 against Barisan Nasional out of a total of 43 seats and 28-4 out of a total of 32 seats respectively, hence allowing them to form the state governments in these states. In addition, PAS also captured one-third of the state seats in Kedah, with the remaining two-thirds going to Barisan Nasional (UMNO won 16 seats, MCA 2 seats in Kedah).
The election results were seen as a great gain for PAS, who previously had no state seats in Kedah and capturing only one seat in Terengganu in the 1995 General Elections. Observers attributed this to the neglect by the Federal Administration in the states of Terengganu and Kelantan.
- Chin, James (2000). "A New Balance: The Chinese Vote in the 1999 Malaysian General Election". South East Asia Research. 8 (3): 281–299. doi:10.5367/000000000101297299.
- "Malaysia unlikely to go fundamentalist: Lee Kuan Yew". (Dec. 13, 1999). Agence France Presse.
- The previous election was contested under separate parties, mainly PAS and DAP
- "PILIHAN RAYA UMUM 1999 - DEWAN UNDANGAN NEGERI". Archived from the original on 2017-10-09. Retrieved 2008-09-05.
- Swee-Hock Saw, K. Kesavapany (2006). Malaysia recent trends and challenges. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. pp. 97–8. ISBN 981-230-339-1.