1998 in spaceflight

This article outlines notable events occurring in 1998 in spaceflight, including major launches and EVAs.

1998 in spaceflight
A Proton-K launches Zarya, the first module of the International Space Station
Orbital launches
First7 January
Last30 December
Total82
Successes75
Failures5
Partial failures2
Catalogued77
National firsts
Satellite Egypt
 Chile
Space traveller Spain
Rockets
Maiden flightsAthena II
Delta II 7326
Delta II 7420
Delta II 7425
Delta III
Shtil'
RetirementsAtlas II
Titan IVA
Crewed flights
Orbital7
Total travellers39

Launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January

7 January
02:28
Athena II Spaceport Florida LC-46 Lockheed Martin
Lunar Prospector NASA Selenocentric Lunar orbiter31 July 1999Successful
Maiden flight of Athena II, first orbital launch from Spaceport Florida
10 January
00:32
Delta II 7925-9.5 Cape Canaveral SLC-17B Boeing IDS
Skynet 4D MoD Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
16 January
03:25
Minuteman II Vandenberg LF-03 US Air Force
MSLS IFT-2 US Air Force Suborbital ABM target16 JanuarySuccessful
16 January
03:46
Payload Launch Vehicle Meck Island US Air Force/Orbital Sciences
EKV US Air Force Suborbital ABM interceptor16 JanuarySuccessful
22 January
12:56
Shavit Palmachim ISA
Ofeq-4 Intended: Low Earth (retrograde) Reconnaissance22 JanuaryLaunch Failure
Second stage failure
23 January
02:48
Space Shuttle Endeavour Kennedy LC-39A United Space Alliance
STS-89 NASA Low Earth (Mir) Shuttle-Mir Program31 January
16:57
Successful
SpaceHab Logistics Double Module NASA/SpaceHab Low Earth (Endeavour) Logistics
Manned orbital flight with seven astronauts
25 January
08:35
S-310 Uchinoura Pad K ISAS
SEEK ISAS Suborbital Ozone/Aeronomy research25 JanuarySuccessful
26 January
12:26
Nike Orion Esrange SSC
MERMAID SSC/DLR Suborbital Microgravity research26 JanuarySuccessful
29 January
16:33
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5 Roskosmos
Soyuz TM-27 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Mir EO-2525 August
05:24
Successful
Manned orbital flight with three cosmonauts
29 January
18:37
Atlas IIA Cape Canaveral SLC-36A
USA-137 (SDS-3-1) NRO Molniya CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
NRO Launch 5
31 January
04:30
S-520 Uchinoura Pad K ISAS
XUV Doppler Telescope ISAS Suborbital Solar observation31 JanuarySuccessful
31 January
23:43
VS-30 Andøya INPE
AL-VS30-229 DLR Suborbital Aeronomy research31 JanuarySuccessful

February

4 February
23:29
Ariane 4 44LP Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
Brazilsat B3 Embratel Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Inmarsat 3F5 Inmarsat Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
5 February
08:30
S-520 Uchinoura Pad K ISAS
ISAS Suborbital Plasma research5 FebruarySuccessful
7 February
07:40
Skylark VII Esrange Pad S SSC
TEXUS 36 SSC Suborbital Microgravity research7 FebruarySuccessful
10 February Trident C-4 Submarine, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test10 FebruarySuccessful
10 February Trident C-4 Submarine, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test10 FebruarySuccessful
10 February Trident C-4 Submarine, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test10 FebruarySuccessful
10 February Trident C-4 Submarine, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test10 FebruarySuccessful
10 February
13:20
Taurus 2210 Vandenberg LC-576E Orbital Sciences
GFO US Navy Low Earth Radar altimetryIn orbitOperational
Orbcomm G1 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Orbcomm G2 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Celestis-02 Celestis Low Earth Space burialIn orbitSuccessful
11 February
09:42
Nike-Orion Esrange DLR
Texus-5 DLR Suborbital Microgravity research11 FebruarySuccessful
14 February
14:34
Delta II 7420-10C Cape Canaveral SLC-17A Boeing IDS
Globalstar 1 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 4 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 2 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 3 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Maiden flight of Delta II 7420
17 February
10:34
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 31/6
Kosmos 2349 (Yantar) Low Earth Cartography2 AprilSuccessful
18 February
13:58
Delta II 7920-10C Vandenberg SLC-2W Boeing IDS
Iridium 52 Iridium Low Earth Communications5 November 2018[2]Successful
Iridium 56 Iridium Low Earth Communications11 October 2018[4]Successful
Iridium 54 Iridium Low Earth Communications11 May 2019[6]Successful
Iridium 50 Iridium Low Earth Communications23 September 2018[8]Successful
Iridium 53 Iridium Low Earth Communications30 September 2018[10]Successful
19 February R-29 Submarine, Barents Sea Russian Navy
Russian Navy Suborbital Missile test19 FebruarySuccessful
19 February R-29 Submarine, Barents Sea Russian Navy
Russian Navy Suborbital Missile test19 FebruarySuccessful
20 February
00:09
Black Brant VC Arecibo NASA
Coqui Dos SAL NASA Suborbital Ionosphere research20 FebruarySuccessful
20 February
00:37
Black Brant VC Arecibo NASA
Coqui Dos NASA Suborbital Ionosphere research20 FebruarySuccessful
20 February
08:23
Minuteman III Vandenberg LF-04 US Air Force
FOT GT166GM US Air Force Suborbital Missile test20 FebruaryFailure
21 February
07:55
H-II Tanegashima LA-Y NASDA
Kakehashi (COMETS) NASDA Intended: Geosynchronous
Actual: Medium Earth
CommunicationsIn orbitPartial Failure
Upper stage failure led to lower orbit than planned
25 February
03:17
Black Brant VC Arecibo NASA
Coqui Dos NASA Suborbital Ionosphere research25 FebruarySuccessful
25 February
07:43
Taurus-Orion Arecibo NASA
NASA Suborbital Ionosphere research25 FebruarySuccessful
25 February
07:50
Terrier-Orion Arecibo NASA
EDDY NASA Suborbital Ionosphere research25 FebruarySuccessful
26 February
07:07
Pegasus-XL Stargazer, Vandenberg Orbital Sciences
SNOE NASA/UC Boulder Low Earth Nitric Oxide research13 December 2003Successful
Teledesic 1 Teledesic Low Earth Communications9 October 2000Successful
27 February
22:38
Ariane 4 42P Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
Hot Bird 4 Eutelsat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
28 February
00:21
Atlas IIAS Cape Canaveral SLC-36B International Launch Services
Intelsat 806 Intelsat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational

March

3 March
22:33
Nike-Orion Esrange SSC
NLTE-1 Atomic 2A SSC Suborbital Ionosphere research3 MarchSuccessful
6 March
21:26
Nike-Orion Esrange SSC
NLTE-2 Atomic 2B SSC Suborbital Ionosphere research3 MarchSuccessful
7 March
01:33
Black Brant VC Arecibo NASA
Coqui Dos NASA Suborbital Ionosphere research7 MarchSuccessful
7 March Trident D-5 Submarine, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test7 MarchSuccessful
7 March Trident D-5 Submarine, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test7 MarchSuccessful
10 March Trident D-5 Submarine, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test10 MarchSuccessful
10 March Trident D-5 Submarine, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test10 MarchSuccessful
11 March
23:39
Black Brant IX Arecibo NASA
Coqui Dos LaTuR NASA Suborbital Ionosphere research11 MarchSuccessful
14 March
22:45
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5 Roskosmos
Progress M-38 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Logistics15 MaySuccessful
VDU 2 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Mir attitude control unit23 March 2001
05:50
Successful
16 March
21:32
Atlas II Cape Canaveral SLC-36A
USA-138 (UHF F/O F8) US Navy Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Final flight of baseline Atlas II
21 March VS-40 Alcântara INPE
INPE Suborbital Test sounding rocket21 MarchSuccessful
24 March
01:46
Ariane 4 40 Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
SPOT 4 CNES Sun-synchronous Earth ImagingIn orbitOperational
25 March
01:45
Black Brant VC Arecibo NASA
Coqui Dos NASA Suborbital Ionosphere research25 MarchSuccessful
25 March
17:01
Long March 2C Taiyuan LC-1
Iridium 51 Iridium Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Iridium 61 Iridium Low Earth Communications23 July 2019[12]Successful
30 March
06:02
Delta II 7920-10C Vandenberg SLC-2W Boeing IDS
Iridium 55 Iridium Low Earth Communications31 March 2019[14]Successful
Iridium 57 Iridium Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Iridium 58 Iridium Low Earth Communications7 April 2019[16]Successful
Iridium 59 Iridium Low Earth Communications11 March 2019[18]Successful
Iridium 60 Iridium Low Earth Communications17 March 2019[20]Successful

April

2 April
02:42
Pegasus-XL Stargazer, Vandenberg Orbital Sciences
TRACE NASA Low Earth Solar researchIn orbitOperational
6 April Ghauri Tilla PAF
PAF Suborbital Missile test6 AprilSuccessful
Maiden flight of Ghauri
6 April RH-560/200 MK II Sriharikota ISRO
ISRO Suborbital Aeronomy research6 AprilSuccessful
7 April
02:13
Proton-K/17S40 Baikonur Site 81/23 International Launch Services
Iridium 62 Iridium Low Earth Communications7 November 2018[22]Successful
Iridium 63 Iridium Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Iridium 64 Iridium Low Earth Communications1 April 2019[24]Successful
Iridium 65 Iridium Low Earth Communications19 July 2018[26]Successful
Iridium 66 Iridium Low Earth Communications23 August 2018[28]Successful
Iridium 67 Iridium Low Earth Communications2 July 2018[30]Successful
Iridium 68 Iridium Low Earth Communications6 June 2018[32]Successful
15 April R-36M2 Baikonur RVSN
RVSN/ISC Kosmotras Suborbital Missile test15 AprilSuccessful
Part of Dnepr development programme
17 April
18:05
Strypi Pacific Missile Range Sandia
Red Crow BMDO Suborbital Technology development17 AprilSuccessful
17 April
18:19
Space Shuttle Columbia Kennedy LC-39B United Space Alliance
STS-90 NASA Low Earth Microgravity research3 May
16:09
Successful
Spacelab LM-2 (Neurolab) NASA Low Earth (Columbia) Life science research
EDO Pallet NASA Low Earth (Columbia) Cryogenic mission duration extension pallet
Manned orbital flight with seven astronauts
Final flight of Spacelab Long Module No. 2
18 April
04:00
Black Brant IX White Sands NASA
NASA Suborbital Ultraviolet astronomy18 AprilSuccessful
18 April
07:30
Black Brant IX White Sands NASA
NASA Suborbital Ultraviolet astronomy18 AprilSuccessful
24 April
22:38
Delta II 7420-10C Cape Canaveral SLC-17A Boeing IDS
Globalstar 14 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 6 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 15 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Globalstar 8 Globalstar Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
28 April
12:10
Black Brant IXB SpacePort Canada Akjuit Aerospace
ACTIVE CSA Suborbital Ionosphere research28 AprilSuccessful
First and only launch conducted by Akjuit Aerospace. Final launch from the SpacePort Canada (Churchill Rocket Research Range) site.
28 April
22:53
Ariane 4 44P Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
Nilesat 101 Nilesat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
BSAT-1B BSAT Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Nilesat is the first Egyptian satellite
29 April
04:36
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 200/39 RVSN
Kosmos 2350 (Prognoz SPRN) RVSN Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational

May

2 May
09:16
Long March 2C Taiyuan LC-1
Iridium 69 Iridium Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Iridium 71 Iridium Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
7 May
08:53
Molniya-M Plesetsk Site 16/2
Kosmos 2351 (Oko) MO RF Molniya Early WarningIn orbitOperational
7 May
10:30
Peacekeeper Vandenberg LF-05 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test7 MaySuccessful
7 May
23:45
Proton-K/DM-2M Baikonur Site 81/23 International Launch Services
EchoStar 4 EchoStar Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
9 May
01:38
Titan IVB 401/Centaur Cape Canaveral SLC-40 Lockheed Martin
USA-139 (Mentor-2) NRO Geosynchronous SIGINTIn orbitOperational
12 May
11:22
Hera White Sands LC-94 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital ABM Target12 MaySuccessful
12 May
11:25
THAAD White Sands US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital ABM Interceptor12 MayFailure
13 May
15:52
Titan 23G Vandenberg SLC-4W Lockheed Martin
NOAA-15 (NOAA-K) NOAA Sun-synchronous Weather satelliteIn orbitOperational
14 May
22:12
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5 Roskosmos
Progress M-39 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Logistics29 October
04:14
Successful
17 May
21:16
Delta II 7920-10C Vandenberg SLC-2W Boeing IDS
Iridium 70 Iridium Low Earth Communications11 October 2018[34]Successful
Iridium 72 Iridium Low Earth Communications14 May 2018[36]Successful
Iridium 73 Iridium Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Iridium 74 Iridium Low Earth Communications11 June 2017[38]Successful
Iridium 75 Iridium Low Earth Communications10 July 2018[40]Successful
22 May
06:22
Black Brant IX White Sands NASA
NITE NASA Suborbital Infrared astronomy22 MaySuccessful
30 May
10:00
Long March 3B Xichang LC-2
Zhongwei 1 (ChinaStar 1) COTSC Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational

June

2 June
22:06
Space Shuttle Discovery Kennedy LC-39A United Space Alliance
STS-91 NASA Low Earth (Mir) Shuttle-Mir flight12 June
18:00
Successful
SpaceHab Logistics Double Module NASA/SpaceHab Low Earth (Discovery) Logistics
AMS-01 ESA Low Earth (Discovery) Particle physics
Manned orbital flight with six astronauts, landing with seven
Final Shuttle-Mir flight and first shuttle flight with Super-lightweight Aluminium/Lithium ET
3 June
19:57
Minuteman III Vandenberg LF-26 US Air Force
FOT GT167GB US Air Force Suborbital Missile test3 JuneSuccessful
10 June
00:35
Delta II 7925-9.5 Cape Canaveral SLC-17A Boeing IDS
Thor 3 Telenor Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
11 June
01:00
KSR-II Anhueng KARI
KARI Suborbital Ionosphere research
X-ray astronomy
11 JuneSuccessful
15 June
22:58
Tsyklon-3 Plesetsk Site 32
Kosmos 2352 (Strela-3) MO RF Intended: Medium Earth
Actual: Low Earth
CommunicationsIn orbitPartial Failure
Kosmos 2353 (Strela-3) MO RF Intended: Medium Earth
Actual: Low Earth
CommunicationsIn orbitPartial Failure
Kosmos 2354 (Strela-3) MO RF Intended: Medium Earth
Actual: Low Earth
CommunicationsIn orbitPartial Failure
Kosmos 2355 (Strela-3) MO RF Intended: Medium Earth
Actual: Low Earth
CommunicationsIn orbitPartial Failure
Kosmos 2356 (Strela-3) MO RF Intended: Medium Earth
Actual: Low Earth
CommunicationsIn orbitPartial Failure
Kosmos 2357 (Strela-3) MO RF Intended: Medium Earth
Actual: Low Earth
CommunicationsIn orbitPartial Failure
Third stage failure left satellites in lower orbit than planned
16 June
14:19
Nike-Orion Wallops Island NASA
NASA Suborbital Test sounding rocket16 JuneSuccessful
18 June
22:48
Atlas IIAS Cape Canaveral SLC-36A International Launch Services
Intelsat 805 Intelsat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
24 June
08:01
Minuteman III Vandenberg LF-09 US Air Force
GRP-IDF-1 US Air Force Suborbital Missile test24 JuneSuccessful
24 June
12:46
Minuteman III Vandenberg LF-10 US Air Force
FOT GT168GM US Air Force Suborbital Missile test24 JuneSuccessful
24 June
18:29
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/3
Kosmos 2358 (Yantar) MO RF Low Earth Reconnaissance22 OctoberSuccessful
25 June
14:00
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 31/6
Kosmos 2359 (Yantar) MO RF Low Earth Reconnaissance12 July 1999Successful

July

1 July
00:48
Molniya-M Plesetsk Site 43/3
Molniya 3–49 MOM Molniya Communications2 February 2011Successful
3 July
18:12
M-V Uchinoura ISAS
Nozomi (PLANET-B) ISAS Intended: Areocentric
Actual: Heliocentric
Mars orbiterIn orbitSpacecraft failure
Gravity assist produced less velocity than expected, spacecraft ran out of fuel trying to compensate
7 July
03:15
Shtil' Novomoskovsk (K-407), Barents Sea
Tubsat-N TUB Low Earth Communications23 April 2002Successful
Tubsat-N1 TUB Low Earth Communications21 October 2000Successful
Shtil 1 Makeev Low Earth Measure carrier rocket performanceIn orbitSuccessful
Maiden flight of Shtil' and first orbital launch from a submarine
10 July
06:30
Zenit-2 Baikonur Site 45/1
Resurs-O1 4 Low Earth Remote sensingIn orbitOperational
Fasat-Bravo FACh Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
TMSAT Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Gurwin Techsat 1B Technion Low Earth Technology developmentIn orbitOperational
WESTPAC WPLTN Low Earth Laser trackingIn orbitOperational
SAFIR-2 DLR Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Fasat-Bravo is the first successful Chilean satellite
18 July
09:20
Long March 3B Xichang LC-2
Sinosat-1 SinoSat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
22 July Shahab-3 Emamshahr
Suborbital Missile test22 JulyFailure
Maiden flight of Shahab-3
28 July
09:15
Zenit-2 Baikonur Site 45/1
Kosmos 2360 (Tselina-2) MO RF Low Earth SIGINTIn orbitOperational

August

2 August
16:24
Pegasus-XL/HAPS Stargazer, Wallops Flight Facility Orbital Sciences
Orbcomm B5 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Orbcomm B6 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Orbcomm B7 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Orbcomm B8 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Orbcomm B4 Orbcomm Low Earth Communications22 December 2018
07:12
Successful
Orbcomm B3 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Orbcomm B2 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Orbcomm B1 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
The decommissioned Orbcomm B4 satellite disintegrated into 34 pieces in 2018; the cause is under investigation as of January 2019[41]
12 August
11:30
Titan IVA 401/Centaur Cape Canaveral SLC-41 Lockheed Martin
Mercury-3 Intended: Geosynchronous ELINT12 August
T+40 seconds
Launch Failure
Final flight of Titan IVA
Control lost after guidance system malfunction; Range Safety self-destruct
13 August
09:43
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5 Roskosmos
Soyuz TM-28 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Mir EO-2628 February 1999
02:14
Successful
Manned orbital flight with three cosmonauts
15 August
05:30
Black Brant IX White Sands NASA
EEV CCD NASA Suborbital X-ray astronomy15 AugustSuccessful
19 August
23:01
Long March 2C Taiyuan LC-1
Iridium 3 Iridium Low Earth Communications8 February 2018[43]Successful
Iridium 76 Iridium Low Earth Communications28 August 2018[45]Successful
21 August R-29 Submarine, Barents Sea Russian Navy
Russian Navy Suborbital Missile test21 AugustSuccessful
25 August
23:07
Ariane 4 44P Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
ST-1 Singapore Telecom/Chunghwa Telecom Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
27 August
01:17
Delta III 8930 Cape Canaveral SLC-17B Boeing IDS
Galaxy 10 PanAmSat Intended: Geosynchronous Communications27 August
T+75 seconds
Launch Failure
Maiden flight of Delta III
Hydraulic failure in thrust vectoring system led to range safety self-destruct
30 August
00:31
Proton-K/DM-2M Baikonur Site 81/23 International Launch Services
Astra 2A SES Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
31 August
03:07
Taepodong-1 Musudan-ri
Kwangmyŏngsŏng-1 Chongon Intended: Low Earth Communications31 AugustLaunch Failure
First North Korean orbital launch attempt; Never achieved orbit due to a suspected third stage failure

September

8 September
21:13
Delta II 7920-10C Vandenberg SLC-2W Boeing IDS
Iridium 82 Iridium Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Iridium 81 Iridium Low Earth Communications17 July 2018[47]Successful
Iridium 80 Iridium Low Earth Communications12 August 2018[49]Successful
Iridium 79 Iridium Low Earth Communications29 November 2000Spacecraft Failure
Iridium 77 Iridium Low Earth Communications22 September 2017[51]Spacecraft Failure
9 September
20:29
Zenit-2 Baikonur Site 45/1
Globalstar 5 Globalstar Intended: Low Earth Communications9 SeptemberLaunch Failure
Globalstar 7 Globalstar Intended: Low Earth Communications
Globalstar 9 Globalstar Intended: Low Earth Communications
Globalstar 10 Globalstar Intended: Low Earth Communications
Globalstar 11 Globalstar Intended: Low Earth Communications
Globalstar 12 Globalstar Intended: Low Earth Communications
Globalstar 13 Globalstar Intended: Low Earth Communications
Globalstar 16 Globalstar Intended: Low Earth Communications
Globalstar 17 Globalstar Intended: Low Earth Communications
Globalstar 18 Globalstar Intended: Low Earth Communications
Globalstar 20 Globalstar Intended: Low Earth Communications
Globalstar 21 Globalstar Intended: Low Earth Communications
Computer error caused premature second stage cutout
16 September
06:31
Ariane 4 44LP Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
PanAmSat 7 PanAmSat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
16 September
11:10
Topol Plesetsk Site 158 RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test16 SeptemberSuccessful
18 September
08:01
Minuteman III Vandenberg LF-26 US Air Force
GRP-IDF-2 US Air Force Suborbital Missile test18 SeptemberSuccessful
18 September
15:00
Black Brant IX White Sands NASA
SOAREX-1 NASA Suborbital Hypersonic dynamics test18 SeptemberSuccessful
21 September
14:51
RH-560/300 MK II Sriharikota ISRO
DEOS F06 ISRO/DLR Suborbital Ionosphere research21 SeptemberSuccessful
23 September
05:06
Pegasus-XL/HAPS Stargazer, Wallops Island Orbital Sciences
Orbcomm C1 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Orbcomm C2 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Orbcomm C3 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Orbcomm C4 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Orbcomm C5 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Orbcomm C6 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Orbcomm C7 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Orbcomm C8 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
24 September
12:50
Storm-2 White Sands LC-32 Orbital Sciences
MTTV US Air Force Suborbital Target24 SeptemberSuccessful
MTD-3 US Air Force Suborbital Weapons test24 SeptemberSuccessful
28 September
15:11
RH-560/300 MK II Sriharikota ISRO
DEOS F07 ISRO/DLR Suborbital Ionosphere research28 SeptemberSuccessful
28 September
23:41
Molniya-M Plesetsk Site 43/3
Molniya-1T MOM Molniya CommunicationsIn orbitOperational

October

3 October
10:04
Taurus 1110 Vandenberg LC-576E Orbital Sciences
STEX NRO Low Earth Technology researchIn orbitPartial satellite failure
USA-141 (ATeX) NRO Low Earth Technology researchIn orbitSatellite failure
ATeX failed to deploy fully and was jettisoned from STEX on 16 January 1999 to protect the main spacecraft
5 October
22:51
Ariane 4 44L Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
Eutelsat W2 Eutelsat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Sirius 3 NSAB Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
7 October
12:00
UR-100NU Baikonur RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test7 OctoberSuccessful
9 October
22:50
Atlas IIA Cape Canaveral SLC-36B International Launch Services
Hot Bird 5 Eutelsat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
20 October
07:19
Atlas IIA Cape Canaveral SLC-36A
USA-140 (UHF F/O F9) US Navy Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
21 October
16:37
Ariane 5G Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
Maqsat 3 ESA Geosynchronous transfer Monitor rocket performanceIn orbitSuccessful
ARD ESA Suborbital Spacecraft recovery demonstration21 OctoberSuccessful
ARD recovered in Pacific Ocean by French Navy
22 October
12:53
Topol Plesetsk Site 158 RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test22 OctoberFailure
Self-destruct activated after rocket went off course
23 October
00:02
Pegasus-H Stargazer, Cape Canaveral Orbital Sciences
SCD-2 INPE Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
24 October
21:13
Delta II 7326-9.5 Cape Canaveral SLC-17A Boeing IDS
Deep Space 1 NASA Heliocentric Asteroid/Comet probeIn orbitSuccessful
SEDSAT-1 Alabama Low Earth Amateur radioIn orbitOperational
Maiden flight of Delta II 7326
Deep Space 1 performed flybys of 1992 KD and 19P/Borrelly
25 October
04:14
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5 Roskosmos
Progress M-40 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Logistics5 February 1999
11:10
Successful
Sputnik-41 ACF/AMSAT/RuAF Low Earth Amateur radio11 January 1999Successful
Sputnik-41 deployed from Mir during an EVA on 10 November
28 October
22:15
Ariane 4 44L Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
AfriStar 1worldspace Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
GE 5 GE Americom Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
29 October
19:19
Space Shuttle Discovery Kennedy LC-39B United Space Alliance
STS-95 NASA Low Earth Microgravity research7 November
17:03
Successful
SpaceHab Single Module NASA/SpaceHab Low Earth (Discovery) Scientific research
SPARTAN-201 NASA Low Earth Solar observation
PANSAT (PO-34) US Navy Low Earth Technology demonstrationIn orbitOperational
Manned orbital flight with seven astronauts including the first Spanish space traveller (Pedro Duque) and the oldest person to fly in space (John Glenn)
PANSAT deployed on 30 October; SPARTAN deployed on 1 November and retrieved on 3 November

November

2 November
18:20
Black Brant IX White Sands NASA
SOPHIE (NCAR/CU-7) NASA Suborbital Ultraviolet solar observation2 NovemberSuccessful
4 November
05:12
Proton-K/DM-2M Baikonur Site 81/23 International Launch services
PanAmSat 8 PanAmSat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
6 November
01:32
AIT-1 Kodiak Island Orbital Sciences
US Air Force Suborbital Rocket test6 NovemberSuccessful
First launch from Kodiak Island
6 November
13:37
Delta II 7920-10C Vandenberg SLC-2W Boeing IDS
Iridium 2 Iridium Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSpacecraft failure
Iridium 86 Iridium Low Earth Communications5 October 2018[53]Successful
Iridium 85 Iridium Low Earth Communications30 December 2000Spacecraft failure
Iridium 84 Iridium Low Earth Communications4 November 2018[55]Successful
Iridium 83 Iridium Low Earth Communications5 November 2018[57]Successful
18 November
15:40
Black Brant IX White Sands NASA
NASA Suborbital Microgravity research18 NovemberSuccessful
18 November
23:00
TR-1 Tanegashima LA-T NASDA
NASDA Suborbital Microgravity research18 NovemberSuccessful
20 November Aries Pacific Missile Range US Air Force
TTV-1 US Air Force Suborbital Target vehicle20 NovemberSuccessful
20 November
05:12
Proton-K Baikonur Site 81/23 Roskosmos
Zarya NASA/Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS moduleIn orbitOperational
First launch of the International Space Station programme
22 November
23:54
Delta II 7925-9.5 Cape Canaveral SLC-17B Boeing IDS
BONUM-1 Telenor Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
24 November
09:53
Maxus Esrange SSC
ESA Suborbital Scientific research24 NovemberSuccessful

December

3 December
11:04
Nike-Orion Esrange DLR
Mini-Texus 6 DLR Suborbital Microgravity research3 DecemberSuccessful
4 December
08:35
Space Shuttle Endeavour Kennedy LC-39A United Space Alliance
STS-88 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS assembly16 December
04:53
Successful
Unity (Node 1) NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS moduleIn orbitOperational
PMA-1 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS componentIn orbitOperational
PMA-2 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS componentIn orbitOperational
SAC-A CONAE Low Earth Technology demonstration25 October 1999Successful
MightySat 1 US Air Force Low Earth Technology demonstration21 November 1999Successful
Manned orbital flight with six astronauts
First manned flight to the International Space Station
SAC-A deployed on 14 December and MightySat on 15 December
6 December
00:43
Ariane 4 42L Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
Satmex 5 Satmex Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
6 December
00:57
Pegasus-XL Stargazer, Vandenberg Orbital Sciences
SWAS NASA Low Earth AstronomyIn orbitOperational
8 December
11:25
Topol Plesetsk Site 158 RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test8 DecemberSuccessful
9 December
10:20
RT-23 Plesetsk RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Test flight9 DecemberSuccessful
10 December UR-100NU Baikonur RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test10 DecemberSuccessful
10 December
11:57
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/1
Nadezhda 5 MO RF Low Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
Astrid-2 SSC Low Earth Aurora researchIn orbitOperational
11 December
18:45
Delta II 7425-9.5 Cape Canaveral SLC-17A Boeing IDS
Mars Climate Orbiter NASA Intended: Areocentric
Actual: Heliocentric
Mars orbiter23 September 1999Spacecraft failure
Maiden flight of Delta II 7425
MCO crashed into Mars during orbital inserition due to error in unit conversions between Metric and Imperial
15 December Sounding Rocket I Jiu Peng Air Base NSPO
NSPO Suborbital Ionospheric research15 DecemberSuccessful
Apogee: ~280 km (174 mi)
19 December
11:39
Long March 2C Taiyuan LC-1
Iridium 20 Iridium Low Earth Communications22 October 2018[59]Successful
Iridium 11 Iridium Low Earth Communications22 October 2018[61]Successful
22 December
01:08
Ariane 4 42L Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
PAS-6B PanAmSat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
24 December
20:02
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/1
Kosmos 2361 (Parus) MO RF Low Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
30 December
18:35
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 200/39
Kosmos 2362 (GLONASS) MOM Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
Kosmos 2363 (GLONASS) MOM Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
Kosmos 2364 (GLONASS) MOM Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational

Deep-space rendezvous

Date (GMT) Spacecraft Event Remarks
11 JanuaryLunar ProspectorSelenocentric orbit injection
23 JanuaryNEARFlyby of the EarthClosest approach: 540 kilometres (340 mi)
10 FebruaryGalileo5th flyby of Europa
29 MarchGalileo6th flyby of Europa
26 AprilCassini1st flyby of VenusGravity assist
13 MayAsiaSat 3/HGS 1 comsat1st flyby of the MoonFirst use of moon's gravity for a recovery mission; Closest approach: 6,200 kilometres (3,900 mi)
31 MayGalileo7th flyby of Europa
1 JuneAsiaSat 3/HGS 12nd flyby of the MoonClosest approach: 34,300 kilometres (21,300 mi)
21 JulyGalileo8th flyby of Europa
26 SeptemberGalileo9th flyby of Europa
22 NovemberGalileo10th flyby of Europa
20 DecemberNozomi1st flyby of the Earth
23 DecemberNEARFlyby of 433 ErosClosest approach: 3,827 kilometres (2,378 mi)

EVAs

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Function Remarks
8 January
23:08
3 hours
6 minutes
9 January
02:14
Mir EO-24 Anatoly Solovyev
Pavel Vinogradov
Repaired the damaged airlock sealing system, used the Strela boom to move across Mir and recover an American optical monitoring experiment. Checked the integrity of cable connects to several antennas.[62]
14 January
21:12
3 hours
52 minutes
15 January
01:04
Mir EO-24 Anatoly Solovyev
David Wolf
Continued to make more repairs to the airlock hatch on Kvant-2 and used a handheld photo-reflectometer to inspect the exterior surface of the station.[63]
1 April
13:35
6 hours
40 minutes
20:15 Mir EO-25 Talgat Musabayev
Nikolai Budarin
Installed a set of handrails and one of two foot restraints on the outside of the Spektr module in preparation for the repair of the damaged solar array.[64]
6 April
13:35
4 hours
15 minutes
17:50 Mir EO-25 Talgat Musabayev
Nikolai Budarin
Begin repair of the damaged Spektr solar panel. After installing a splint on the frayed panel, the spacewalkers had to quickly return to the airlock to handle a problem with station attitude control.[65]
11 April
09:55
6 Hours
25 minutes
16:20 Mir EO-25 Talgat Musabayev
Nikolai Budarin
Jettisoned the external thruster engine (VDU) that had been located at the top of the Sofora boom and recover an experiment from the Rapana structure.[66] Dismantling of the Rapana structure was not completed.[67]
17 April
07:40
6 Hours
33 minutes
14:13 Mir EO-25 Talgat Musabayev
Nikolai Budarin
Removed two structures and secured them to exterior surfaces and repositioned the new thrust engine (VDU) for future use.[67]
22 April
05:34
6 Hours
21 minutes
11:55 Mir EO-25 Talgat Musabayev
Nikolai Budarin
Completed installation of the new VDU thruster unit on top of the Sofora boom.[68]
15 September
20:00
30 minutes 20:30 Mir EO-26 Gennady Padalka
Sergei Avdeyev
Internal spacewalk in the depressurised Spektr module to connect electrical and control cables to the solar array servo motor.[69]
10 November
19:24
5 hours
54 minutes
11 November
01:18
Mir EO-26 Gennady Padalka
Sergei Avdeyev
Deployed Sputnik-41, deployed a French "meteorite trap" intended to catch some dust from the upcoming Leonids meteor shower.[70]
7 December
22:10
7 hours
21 minutes
8 December
05:31
STS-88
ISS Endeavour
Jerry L. Ross
James H. Newman
Connected computer and electrical cables between the Unity node, the two mating adapters attached to either end of Unity, and the Zarya Functional Cargo Block (FGB).[71] First ISS assembly EVA
9 December
20:33
7 hours
2 minutes
10 December
03:35
STS-88
ISS Endeavour
Jerry L. Ross
James H. Newman
Installed two box-like antennas on the outside of the Unity module that are part of the S-band early communications system.[72]
12 December
20:33
6 hours
59 minutes
13 December
03:32
STS-88
ISS Endeavour
Jerry L. Ross
James H. Newman
Checked on an insulation cover on a cable connection on the lower Pressurized Mating Adapter (PMA-2) to make sure it was fully installed, attached EVA tools on the side of Unity's upper mating adapter (PMA-1) in preparation for future EVAs, and inspected Orbiter Space Vision System targets on Unity.[73]

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Generic references:

Footnotes

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  6. "IRIDIUM 54". N2YO.com. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
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  26. "IRIDIUM 65". N2YO.com. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
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  44. "IRIDIUM 76". N2YO.com. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  45. "IRIDIUM 76". N2YO.com. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  46. "IRIDIUM 81". N2YO.com. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  47. "IRIDIUM 81". N2YO.com. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  48. "IRIDIUM 80". N2YO.com. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  49. "IRIDIUM 80". N2YO.com. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  50. "IRIDIUM 77". N2YO.com. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  51. "IRIDIUM 77". N2YO.com. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  52. "IRIDIUM 86". N2YO.com. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  53. "IRIDIUM 86". N2YO.com. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
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