1998 FIFA World Cup

The 1998 FIFA World Cup was the 16th FIFA World Cup, the world championship for men's national association football teams. It was held in France from 10 June to 12 July 1998. The country was chosen as the host nation by FIFA for the second time in the history of the tournament, defeating Morocco in the bidding process. It was the second time that France staged the competition (the first was in 1938) and the ninth time that it was held in Europe. It was the first World Cup to be held under the presidency of Sepp Blatter.

1998 FIFA World Cup
Coupe du Monde – France 98
1998 FIFA World Cup official logo
Tournament details
Host countryFrance
Dates10 June – 12 July
Teams32 (from 5 confederations)
Venue(s)10 (in 10 host cities)
Final positions
Champions France (1st title)
Runners-up Brazil
Third place Croatia
Fourth place Netherlands
Tournament statistics
Matches played64
Goals scored171 (2.67 per match)
Attendance2,784,687 (43,511 per match)
Top scorer(s) Davor Šuker (6 goals)
Best player(s) Ronaldo
Best young player Michael Owen
Best goalkeeper Fabien Barthez
Fair play award England

Qualification for the finals began in March 1996 and concluded in November 1997. For the first time in the competition, the group stage was expanded from 24 teams to 32, with eight groups of four. 64 matches were played in 10 stadiums in 10 host cities, with the opening match and final staged at the Stade de France, Saint-Denis.

The tournament was won by host country France, who beat defending champions Brazil 3–0 in the final. France won their first title, becoming the seventh nation to win a World Cup, and the sixth (after Uruguay, Italy, England, West Germany and Argentina) to win the tournament on home soil. Croatia, Jamaica, Japan and South Africa made their first appearances in the finals.

Host selection

France was awarded the 1998 World Cup on 2 July 1992 by the executive committee of FIFA during a general meeting in Zürich, Switzerland. They defeated Morocco by 12 votes to 7.[1][2] Switzerland withdrew, due to being unable to meet FIFA's requirements. This made France the third country to host two World Cups, after Mexico and Italy in 1986 and 1990 respectively. France previously hosted the third edition of the World Cup in 1938. England, who hosted the competition in 1966 and won it, were among the original applicants, but later withdrew their application in favour of an ultimately successful bid to host UEFA Euro 1996.

Voting results[3]
Country Round 1

Bribery and corruption investigations

On 4 June 2015, while co-operating with the FBI and the Swiss authorities, Chuck Blazer confirmed that he and other members of FIFA's executive committee were bribed during the 1998 and 2010 World Cups host selection process. Blazer stated that "we facilitated bribes in conjunction with the selection of the host nation for the 1998 World Cup". Since France won the selection process it was initially thought the bribery came from its bid committee. It eventually transpired that the bribe payment was from the failed Moroccan bid.[4][5][6]


The qualification draw for the 1998 World Cup finals took place in the Musée du Louvre, Paris on 12 December 1995.[7] As tournament hosts, France was exempt from the draw as was defending champion Brazil. 174 teams from six confederations participated, 24 more than in the previous round. Fourteen countries qualified from the European zone (in addition to hosts France). Ten were determined after group play – nine group winners and the best second-placed team; the other eight group runners-up were drawn into pairs of four play-off matches with the winners qualifying for the finals as well.[8] CONMEBOL (South America) and CAF (Africa) were each given five spots in the final tournament, while three spots were contested between 30 CONCACAF members in the North and Central America and the Caribbean zone. The winner of the Oceanian zone advanced to an intercontinental play-off against the runner-up of the Asian play-off, determined by the two best second placed teams.

Four nations qualified for the first time: Croatia, Jamaica, Japan and South Africa. The last team to qualify was Iran by virtue of beating Australia in a two-legged tie on 29 November 1997.[9] This was Team Melli's first appearance in the finals since 1978, the last time Tunisia also qualified for the tournament. Chile qualified for the first time since 1982, after serving a ban that saw them miss out on the two previous tournaments. Paraguay and Denmark returned for the first time since 1986. Austria, England, Scotland and Yugoslavia returned after missing out on the 1994 tournament, with the Balkan team now appearing under the name of FR Yugoslavia. Among the teams who failed to qualify were two-time winners Uruguay (for the second successive tournament); Sweden, who finished third in 1994; Russia (who failed to qualify for the first time since 1978 after losing to Italy in the play-off round); and the Republic of Ireland, who had qualified for the previous two tournaments.[10] As of 2018, this is the most recent time Austria, Scotland, Norway, Bulgaria, Romania, and Jamaica have qualified for a FIFA World Cup finals, as well as the last time Portugal missed out. The highest ranked team not to qualify was Czech Republic (ranked 3rd), while the lowest ranked team that did qualify was Nigeria (ranked 74th).

List of qualified teams

The following 32 teams, shown with final pre-tournament rankings,[11] qualified for the final tournament.


France's bid to host the World Cup centered on a national stadium with 80,000 seats and nine other stadiums located across the country.[13] When the finals were originally awarded in July 1992, none of the regional club grounds were of a capacity meeting FIFA's requirements – namely being able to safely seat 40,000.[13] The proposed national stadium, colloquially referred to as the 'Grand stade' met with controversy at every stage of planning; the stadium's location was determined by politics, finance and national symbolism.[14] As Mayor of Paris, Jacques Chirac successfully negotiated a deal with Prime Minister Édouard Balladur to bring the Stade de France – as it was named now, to the commune of Saint-Denis just north of the capital city.[14] Construction on the stadium started in December 1995 and was completed after 26 months of work in November 1997 at a cost of ₣2.67 billion.[15]

The choice of stadium locations was drafted from an original list of 14 cities.[16] FIFA and CFO monitored the progress and quality of preparations, culminating in the former providing final checks of the grounds weeks before the tournament commenced. Montpellier was the surprise inclusion from the final list of cities because of its low urban hierarchy in comparison to Strasbourg, who boasted a better hierarchy and success from its local football team, having been taken over by a consortium. Montpellier however was considered ambitious by the selecting panel to host World Cup matches. The local city and regional authories in particular had invested heavily into football the previous two decades and were able to measure economic effects, in terms of jobs as early as in 1997.[17] Some of the venues used for this tournament were also used for the previous World Cup in France in 1938. The Stade Vélodrome in Marseille, the Stade Municipal in Toulouse, the Gerland in Lyon, the Parc Lescure in Bordeaux and the Parc des Princes in Paris received the honour of hosting World Cup matches once again in 1998 as they had all done in 1938.

10 stadiums in total were used for the finals; in addition to nine matches being played at the Stade de France (the most used stadium in the tournament), a further six matches took place in Paris Saint-Germain's Parc des Princes, bringing Paris's total matches hosted to 15. France played four of their seven matches in the national stadium; they also played in the country's second and third largest cities, Marseille (hosting 7 total matches) and Lyon (hosting 6 total matches), as well as a Round of 16 knockout match in the northern city of Lens (also hosting 6 total matches). Nantes, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Montpellier and Saint-Etienne also hosted 6 matches in total; all of the stadiums used also hosted knockout round matches.

(Paris area)
Marseille Paris Lyon
Stade de France Stade Vélodrome Parc des Princes Stade de Gerland
48°55′28″N 2°21′36″E 43°16′11″N 5°23′45″E 48°50′29″N 2°15′11″E 45°43′26″N 4°49′56″E
Capacity: 80,000 Capacity: 60,000 Capacity: 48,875 Capacity: 44,000
Stade Félix-Bollaert
50°25′58.26″N 2°48′53.47″E
Capacity: 41,300
Stade de la Beaujoire
47°15′20.27″N 1°31′31.35″W
Capacity: 39,500
Toulouse Saint-Étienne Bordeaux Montpellier
Stadium de Toulouse Stade Geoffroy-Guichard Parc Lescure Stade de la Mosson
43°34′59.93″N 1°26′2.57″E 45°27′38.76″N 4°23′24.42″E 44°49′45″N 0°35′52″W 43°37′19.85″N 3°48′43.28″E
Capacity: 37,000 Capacity: 36,000 Capacity: 35,200 Capacity: 34,000



This was the first World Cup where fourth officials used electronic boards, instead of cardboard.[18]

Rule changes

This was the first World Cup since the introduction of golden goals,[18] banning of tackles from behind that endanger the safety of an opponent[19] and allowance of three substitutions per game.[20]

Match officials

34 referees and 33 assistants officiated in the 1998 World Cup.[21] As a result of the extension to 32 teams in the finals, there was an increase of 10 referees and 11 officials from the 1994 World Cup.[21]


Pot A Pot B Pot C Pot D


As with the preceding tournament, each team's squad for the 1998 World Cup finals consisted of 22 players. Each participating national association had to confirm their final 22-player squad by 1 June 1998.

Out of the 704 players participating in the 1998 World Cup, 447 were signed up with a European club; 90 in Asia, 67 in South America, 61 in Northern and Central America and 37 in Africa.[22] 75 played their club football in England – five more than Italy and Spain. Barcelona of Spain was the club contributing to the most players in the tournament with 13 players on their side.[22]

The average age of all teams was 27 years, 8 months – five months older than the previous tournament.[23] Samuel Eto'o of Cameroon was the youngest player selected in the competition at 17 years, 3 months, while the oldest was Jim Leighton of Scotland at 39 years, 11 months.[23]


Group stage

All times are Central European Summer Time (UTC+2)

Group A

Defending champions Brazil won Group A after only two matches as the nation achieved victories over Scotland (2–1) and Morocco (3–0). Heading into the third game, Brazil had nothing to play for but still started its regulars against Norway, who was looking to upset Brazil once again. Needing a victory, Norway overturned a 1–0 deficit with 12 minutes remaining to defeat Brazil 2–1, with Kjetil Rekdal scoring[24] the winning penalty to send Norway into the knockout stage for the first time.

Norway's victory denied Morocco a chance at the Round of 16, despite winning 3–0 against Scotland. It was only Morocco's second ever victory at a World Cup, having recorded its only previous win 12 years earlier on 11 June 1986.

Scotland managed only one point, coming in a 1–1 draw against Norway, and failed to get out of the first round for an eighth time in the FIFA World Cup, a record that stands to this date.

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Brazil 3 2 0 1 6 3 +3 6 Advance to knockout stage
2  Norway 3 1 2 0 5 4 +1 5
3  Morocco 3 1 1 1 5 5 0 4
4  Scotland 3 0 1 2 2 6 4 1
Source: FIFA
10 June 1998
Brazil 2–1 ScotlandStade de France, Saint-Denis
Morocco 2–2 NorwayStade de la Mosson, Montpellier
16 June 1998
Scotland 1–1 NorwayParc Lescure, Bordeaux
Brazil 3–0 MoroccoStade de la Beaujoire, Nantes
23 June 1998
Brazil 1–2 NorwayStade Vélodrome, Marseille
Scotland 0–3 MoroccoStade Geoffroy-Guichard, Saint-Étienne

Group B

Italy and Chile progressed to the second round, while Austria failed to score any win for the first time since 1958 and Cameroon failed to get out of the group stage for the second time in a row.

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Italy 3 2 1 0 7 3 +4 7 Advance to knockout stage
2  Chile 3 0 3 0 4 4 0 3
3  Austria 3 0 2 1 3 4 1 2
4  Cameroon 3 0 2 1 2 5 3 2
Source: FIFA
11 June 1998
Italy 2–2 ChileParc Lescure, Bordeaux
Cameroon 1–1 AustriaStade de Toulouse, Toulouse
17 June 1998
Chile 1–1 AustriaStade Geoffroy-Guichard, Saint-Étienne
Italy 3–0 CameroonStade de la Mosson, Montpellier
23 June 1998
Italy 2–1 AustriaStade de France, Saint-Denis
Chile 1–1 CameroonStade de la Beaujoire, Nantes

Group C

France, the host nation, swept Group C when the start of their path to their first FIFA World Cup trophy culminated with their 2–1 win over Denmark, who despite their loss, progressed to the second round. Saudi Arabia, after an impressive performance four years earlier, ultimately suffered a complete humiliation with the team finished bottom with only a point. Debutant South Africa grabbed two points and also exited from the group stage.

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  France (H) 3 3 0 0 9 1 +8 9 Advance to knockout stage
2  Denmark 3 1 1 1 3 3 0 4
3  South Africa 3 0 2 1 3 6 3 2
4  Saudi Arabia 3 0 1 2 2 7 5 1
Source: FIFA
(H) Host.
12 June 1998
Saudi Arabia 0–1 DenmarkStade Félix-Bollaert, Lens
France 3–0 South AfricaStade Vélodrome, Marseille
18 June 1998
South Africa 1–1 DenmarkStade de Toulouse, Toulouse
France 4–0 Saudi ArabiaStade de France, Saint-Denis
24 June 1998
France 2–1 DenmarkStade de Gerland, Lyon
South Africa 2–2 Saudi ArabiaParc Lescure, Bordeaux

Group D

Nigeria and Paraguay advanced to the Round of 16 after a surprise elimination of top seed Spain, while Bulgaria failed to repeat their surprise performance from the previous tournament.

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Nigeria 3 2 0 1 5 5 0 6 Advance to knockout stage
2  Paraguay 3 1 2 0 3 1 +2 5
3  Spain 3 1 1 1 8 4 +4 4
4  Bulgaria 3 0 1 2 1 7 6 1
Source: FIFA
12 June 1998
Paraguay 0–0 BulgariaStade de la Mosson, Montpellier
13 June 1998
Spain 2–3 NigeriaStade de la Beaujoire, Nantes
19 June 1998
Nigeria 1–0 BulgariaParc des Princes, Paris
Spain 0–0 ParaguayStade Geoffroy-Guichard, Saint-Étienne
24 June 1998
Nigeria 1–3 ParaguayStade de Toulouse, Toulouse
Spain 6–1 BulgariaStade Félix-Bollaert, Lens

Group E

The Netherlands and Mexico advanced with the same record (The Netherlands placed first on goal difference); Belgium and eventual 2002 FIFA World Cup co-hosts South Korea failed to advance.

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Netherlands 3 1 2 0 7 2 +5 5 Advance to knockout stage
2  Mexico 3 1 2 0 7 5 +2 5
3  Belgium 3 0 3 0 3 3 0 3
4  South Korea 3 0 1 2 2 9 7 1
Source: FIFA
13 June 1998
South Korea 1–3 MexicoStade de Gerland, Lyon
Netherlands 0–0 BelgiumStade de France, Saint-Denis
20 June 1998
Belgium 2–2 MexicoParc Lescure, Bordeaux
Netherlands 5–0 South KoreaStade Vélodrome, Marseille
25 June 1998
Netherlands 2–2 MexicoStade Geoffroy-Guichard, Saint-Étienne
Belgium 1–1 South KoreaParc des Princes, Paris

Group F

Germany and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia advanced, each with 7 points (Germany took 1st through goal differential tiebreak). Iran and 1994 host United States failed to advance.

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Germany 3 2 1 0 6 2 +4 7 Advance to knockout stage
2  Yugoslavia 3 2 1 0 4 2 +2 7
3  Iran 3 1 0 2 2 4 2 3
4  United States 3 0 0 3 1 5 4 0
Source: FIFA
14 June 1998
Yugoslavia 1–0 IranStade Geoffroy-Guichard, Saint-Étienne
15 June 1998
Germany 2–0 United StatesParc des Princes, Paris
21 June 1998
Germany 2–2 YugoslaviaStade Félix-Bollaert, Lens
United States 1–2 IranStade de Gerland, Lyon
25 June 1998
United States 0–1 YugoslaviaStade de la Beaujoire, Nantes
Germany 2–0 IranStade de la Mosson, Montpellier

Group G

Romania and England became Group G top finishers as Colombia and Tunisia were unable to reach the last 16, despite Colombia having one win.

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Romania 3 2 1 0 4 2 +2 7 Advance to knockout stage
2  England 3 2 0 1 5 2 +3 6
3  Colombia 3 1 0 2 1 3 2 3
4  Tunisia 3 0 1 2 1 4 3 1
Source: FIFA
15 June 1998
England 2–0 TunisiaStade Vélodrome, Marseille
Romania 1–0 ColombiaStade de Gerland, Lyon
22 June 1998
Colombia 1–0 TunisiaStade de la Mosson, Montpellier
Romania 2–1 EnglandStade de Toulouse, Toulouse
26 June 1998
Colombia 0–2 EnglandStade Félix-Bollaert, Lens
Romania 1–1 TunisiaStade de France, Saint-Denis

Group H

Argentina and World Cup debutants Croatia finished at the top of Group H while Jamaica (another debutant) and 2002 FIFA World Cup co-hosts Japan (another debutant) failed to advance.

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Argentina 3 3 0 0 7 0 +7 9 Advance to knockout stage
2  Croatia 3 2 0 1 4 2 +2 6
3  Jamaica 3 1 0 2 3 9 6 3
4  Japan 3 0 0 3 1 4 3 0
Source: FIFA
14 June 1998
Argentina 1–0 JapanStade de Toulouse, Toulouse
Jamaica 1–3 CroatiaStade Félix-Bollaert, Lens
20 June 1998
Japan 0–1 CroatiaStade de la Beaujoire, Nantes
21 June 1998
Argentina 5–0 JamaicaParc des Princes, Paris
26 June 1998
Argentina 1–0 CroatiaParc Lescure, Bordeaux
Japan 1–2 JamaicaStade de Gerland, Lyon

Knockout stage

The knockout stage comprised the 16 teams that advanced from the group stage of the tournament. For each game in the knockout stage, any draw at 90 minutes was followed by 30 minutes of extra time; if scores were still level, there was a penalty shoot-out to determine who progressed to the next round. Golden goal comes into play if a team scores during extra time, thus becoming the winner which concludes the game.

Round of 16Quarter-finalsSemi-finalsFinal
27 June – Paris
3 July – Nantes
28 June – Saint-Denis
7 July – Marseille
 Brazil (p)1 (4)
29 June – Toulouse
 Netherlands1 (2)
4 July – Marseille
30 June – Saint-Étienne
 Argentina (p)2 (4)
12 July – Saint-Denis
 England2 (3)
27 June – Marseille
3 July – Saint-Denis
 Italy0 (3)
28 June – Lens
 France (p)0 (4)
 France (asdet)1
8 July – Saint-Denis
29 June – Montpellier
 Croatia1 Third place
4 July – Lyon11 July – Paris
 Germany0 Netherlands1
30 June – Bordeaux
 Croatia3  Croatia2

Round of 16

Italy 1–0 Norway
Vieri  18' Report
Attendance: 55,000

Brazil 4–1 Chile
César Sampaio  11', 27'
Ronaldo  45+1' (pen.), 70'
Report Salas  68'
Attendance: 45,500
Referee: Marc Batta (France)

France 1–0 (a.e.t.) Paraguay
Blanc  114' Report

Nigeria 1–4 Denmark
Babangida  78' Report Møller  3'
B. Laudrup  12'
Sand  60'
Helveg  76'
Attendance: 77,000

Germany 2–1 Mexico
Klinsmann  75'
Bierhoff  86'
Report Hernández  47'

Netherlands 2–1 Yugoslavia
Bergkamp  38'
Davids  90+2'
Report Komljenović  48'
Attendance: 33,500
Referee: José María Garcia-Aranda (Spain)

Romania 0–1 Croatia
Report Šuker  45+2' (pen.)
Attendance: 31,800


Brazil 3–2 Denmark
Bebeto  11'
Rivaldo  27', 60'
Report Jørgensen  2'
B. Laudrup  50'

Netherlands 2–1 Argentina
Kluivert  12'
Bergkamp  90'
Report López  17'

Germany 0–3 Croatia
Report Jarni  45+3'
Vlaović  80'
Šuker  85'
Attendance: 39,100


France 2–1 Croatia
Thuram  47', 69' Report Šuker  46'

Third place play-off

Croatia beat the Netherlands to earn third place in the competition. Davor Šuker scored the winner in the 35th minute to secure the golden boot.[25]

Netherlands 1–2 Croatia
Zenden  21' Report Prosinečki  13'
Šuker  35'
Attendance: 45,500


The final was held on 12 July 1998 at the Stade de France, Saint-Denis. France defeated holders Brazil 3–0, with two goals from Zinedine Zidane and a stoppage time strike from Emmanuel Petit. The win gave France their first World Cup title, becoming the sixth national team after Uruguay, Italy, England, West Germany and Argentina to win the tournament on their home soil. They also inflicted the second-heaviest World Cup defeat on Brazil,[26] later to be topped by Brazil's 7–1 defeat by Germany in the semi-finals of the 2014 FIFA World Cup.[27]

The pre-match build up was dominated by the omission of Brazilian striker Ronaldo from the starting lineup only to be reinstated 45 minutes before kick-off.[28] He managed to create the first open chance for Brazil in the 22nd minute, dribbling past defender Thuram before sending a cross out on the left side that goalkeeper Fabien Barthez struggled to hold onto. France however took the lead after Brazilian defender Roberto Carlos conceded a corner from which Zidane scored via a header. Three minutes before half-time, Zidane scored his second goal of the match, similarly another header from a corner. The tournament hosts went down to ten men in the 68th minute as Marcel Desailly was sent off for a second bookable offence. Brazil reacted to this by making an attacking substitution and although they applied pressure France sealed the win with a third goal: substitute Patrick Vieira set up his club teammate Petit in a counterattack to shoot low past goalkeeper Cláudio Taffarel.[29]

French president Jacques Chirac was in attendance to congratulate and commiserate the winners and runners-up respectively after the match.[30] Several days after the victory, winning manager Aimé Jacquet announced his resignation from the French team with immediate effect.[31][32]

Brazil 0–3 France
Report Zidane  27', 45+1'
Petit  90+3'
Attendance: 80,000



Davor Šuker received the Golden Boot for scoring six goals. In total, 171 goals were scored by 112 players:

6 goals
5 goals
4 goals
3 goals
2 goals
1 goal
Own goals


Golden Ball Award Golden Shoe Award Yashin Award FIFA Fair Play Trophy Most Entertaining Team
Ronaldo Davor Šuker Fabien Barthez  England

Players who were red-carded during the tournament

All-star team

The All-star team is a squad consisting of the 16 most impressive players at the 1998 World Cup, as selected by FIFA's Technical Study Group.[33]

Goalkeepers Defenders Midfielders Forwards

Fabien Barthez
José Luis Chilavert

Roberto Carlos
Marcel Desailly
Lilian Thuram
Frank de Boer
Carlos Gamarra

Michael Laudrup
Zinedine Zidane
Edgar Davids

Davor Šuker
Brian Laudrup
Dennis Bergkamp

Final standings

After the tournament, FIFA published a ranking of all teams that competed in the 1998 World Cup finals based on progress in the competition and overall results.[34]

R Team G P W D L GF GA GD Pts.
1 FranceC7610152+1319
2 BrazilA74121410+413
3 CroatiaH7502115+615
4 NetherlandsE7331137+612
Eliminated in the quarter-finals
5 ItalyB532083+511
6 ArgentinaH5311104+610
7 GermanyF531186+210
8 DenmarkC521297+27
Eliminated in the round of 16
9 EnglandG421174+37
10 YugoslaviaF421154+17
11 RomaniaG421143+17
12 NigeriaD420269−36
13 MexicoE412187+15
14 ParaguayD412132+15
15 NorwayA41215505
16 ChileB403158−33
Eliminated in the group stage
17 SpainD311184+44
18 MoroccoA31115504
19 BelgiumE30303303
20 IranF310224−23
21 ColombiaG310213−23
22 JamaicaH310239−63
23 AustriaB302134−12
24 South AfricaC302136−32
25 CameroonB302125−32
26 TunisiaG301214−31
27 ScotlandA301226−41
28 Saudi ArabiaC301227−51
29 BulgariaD301217−61
30 South KoreaE301229−71
31 JapanH300314−30
32 United StatesF300315−40



The official mascot was Footix, a rooster first presented in May 1996.[35] It was created by graphic designer Fabrice Pialot and selected from a shortlist of five mascots.[36] Research carried out about the choice of having a cockerel as a mascot was greatly received: 91% associated it immediately with France, the traditional symbol of the nation.[35] Footix, the name chosen by French television viewers, is a portmanteau of "football" and the ending "-ix" from the popular Astérix comic strip.[35] The mascot's colours reflect those of the host nation's flag and home strip – blue for the jump suit, a red crest and with the words 'France 98' coloured in white.

Official song

The official song of the 1998 FIFA World Cup was "The Cup of Life," aka "La Copa de la Vida" recorded by Ricky Martin.[37][38]

Match ball

The match ball for the 1998 World Cup, manufactured by Adidas was named the Tricolore, meaning 'three-coloured' in French.[39] It was the eighth World Cup match ball made for the tournament by the German company and was the first in the series to be multi-coloured.[40] The tricolour flag and cockerel, traditional symbols of France were used as inspiration for the design.[40]



The sponsors of the 1998 FIFA World Cup are divided into two categories: FIFA World Cup Sponsors and France Supporters.[41][42]

FIFA World Cup sponsorsFrance Supporters

The absence of Budweiser (which was one of the sponsors in the previous two World Cups) is notable due to the Evin law, which forbids alcohol-related sponsorship in France, including in sports events (and thus, being replaced by Casio).[65]


FIFA, through several companies, sold the broadcasting rights for the 1998 FIFA World Cup to many broadcasters. In the UK BBC and ITV had the broadcasting rights. The pictures and audio of the competition were supplied to the TV and radio channels by the company TVRS 98, the broadcaster of the tournament.[66]

The World Cup matches were broadcast in 200 countries. 818 photographers were credited for the tournament. In every match, a stand was reserved for the press. The number of places granted to them reached its maximum in the final, when 1,750 reporters and 110 TV commentators were present in the stand.[67]

Video games

In most of the world, the official video game was, World Cup 98 released by EA Sports on 13 March 1998 for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation, Nintendo 64 and the Game Boy. It was the first international football game developed by Electronic Arts since obtaining the rights from FIFA in 1997 and received mostly favourable reviews.[68][69][70]

In Japan, Konami was granted the FIFA World Cup licence and produced two distinct video games: Jikkyou World Soccer: World Cup France 98 by KCEO for the Nintendo 64, and World Soccer Jikkyou Winning Eleven 3: World Cup France '98 by KCET for the PlayStation. These games were released in the rest of the world as International Superstar Soccer '98 and International Superstar Soccer Pro '98, without the official FIFA World Cup licence, branding or real player names.

Also in Japan, Sega was granted the FIFA World Cup licence to produce the Saturn video game World Cup '98 France: Road to Win.

Many other video games, including World League Soccer 98, Actua Soccer 2 and Neo Geo Cup '98: The Road to the Victory were released in the buildup to the 1998 World Cup and evidently were based on the tournament. FIFA: Road to World Cup 98, also by EA Sports focused on the qualification stage.


Honorary FIFA President João Havelange praised France's hosting of the World Cup, describing the tournament as one that would "remain with me forever, as I am sure they will remain with everyone who witnessed this unforgettable competition".[71] Lennart Johansson, the chairman of the organising committee for the World Cup and President of UEFA added that France provided "subject matter of a quality that made the world hold its breath".[72]

Cour des Comptes, the quasi-judicial body of the French government released its report on the organisation of the 1998 World Cup in 2000.[73]

See also


  1. "France Gets 1998 World Cup". The New York Times. 3 July 1992. Retrieved 15 July 2012.
  2. "France awarded 1998 World Cup". The Item. 2 July 1992. p. 3. Retrieved 15 July 2012.
  3. "FIFA World Cup™ host announcement decision" (PDF). FIFA. Retrieved 15 July 2012.
  4. Vicki Hodges, Giles Mole, JJ Bull, Luke Brown and Rob Crilly, "Fifa whistleblower Chuck Blazer – bribes accepted for 1998 and 2010 World Cups: as it happened", The Telegraph, 3 June 2015. Retrieved 4 June 2015
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