1995 in spaceflight

This article outlines notable events occurring in 1995 in spaceflight, including major launches and EVAs.

1995 in spaceflight
Space Shuttle Atlantis launches on STS-71, the first Shuttle-Mir mission to dock with Mir
Orbital launches
First11 January
Last24 December
Total80
Successes72
Failures5
Partial failures3
Catalogued74
National firsts
Satellite Czech Republic (post Czechoslovakian)
 Ukraine (post Soviet)
Rockets
Maiden flightsAthena I
Conestoga
Delta II 7920
Long March 1D
Volna
RetirementsAtlas E/F
Conestoga
Long March 2E
Mu-3SII
Soyuz-U2
Crewed flights
Orbital9
Total travellers48

Launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January

10 January
06:18
Atlas IIAS Cape Canaveral LC-36B International Launch Services
Intelsat 704 Intelsat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
15 January
13:45
Mu-3SII Uchinoura ISAS
Express 1 ISAS Low Earth Material research15 JanuaryFailure
Final flight of Mu-3SII
Second stage control malfunction, decayed from orbit shortly after launch over Ghana; Spacecraft intended to be recovered
19 January UGM-133 Trident II Submarine, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test19 JanuarySuccessful
19 January UGM-133 Trident II Submarine, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test19 JanuarySuccessful
19 January
20:01
LGM-118 Peacekeeper Vandenberg LF-02 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test19 JanuarySuccessful
23 January
12:30
S-520 Uchinoura LA-K ISAS
ISAS Suborbital Infrared astronomy23 JanuarySuccessful
24 January
03:54
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/1
Tsikada MO RF Low Earth (Polar) NavigationIn orbitOperational
Astrid SSC Low Earth (Polar) Auroral research27 SeptemberSuccessful
FAISAT FAI Low Earth (Polar) CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
25 January
03:54
Black Brant XII Andøya NASA
SCIFER NASA Suborbital Ionospheric research25 JanuarySuccessful
Apogee: 1,453 kilometres (903 mi). Launch led to Norwegian rocket incident; Russia briefly mistook the launch as a potential nuclear attack despite receiving prior notice of the launch.
25 January
22:40
Long March 2E Xichang LC-2 CASC
Apstar 2 APT Intended: Geosynchronous Communications25 JanuaryLaunch Failure
Windshear caused the collapse of the payload fairing and a guidance error caused the launch vehicle to explode; 20-120 ground casualties
28 January
16:00
S-520 Uchinoura LA-K ISAS
ISAS Suborbital Ultraviolet astronomy28 JanuarySuccessful
29 January
06:18
Atlas II Cape Canaveral LC-36A
USA-108 (UHF F/O F4) US Navy Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational

February

1 February LGM-30G Minuteman III Vandenberg LF-09 US Air Force
GT-156GM US Air Force Suborbital Missile test1 FebruarySuccessful
2 February
15:27
Black Brant VIIIC Poker Flat NASA
NASA Suborbital Ionospheric research2 FebruarySuccessful
2 February
15:51
Nike Tomahawk Poker Flat NASA
NASA Suborbital Ionospheric research2 FebruarySuccessful
3 February
05:22
Space Shuttle Discovery Kennedy LC-39B United Space Alliance
STS-63 NASA Low Earth (Mir) Shuttle-Mir flight11 February
11:51
Successful
SpaceHab LSM NASA/SpaceHab Low Earth (Discovery) Scientific research
SPARTAN 204 NRL Low Earth Ultraviolet astronomy
ODERACS 2A NASA Low Earth Laser calibration9 March 1996Successful
ODERACS 2B NASA Low Earth Laser calibration28 AugustSuccessful
ODERACS 2C NASA Low Earth Laser calibration7 February 1996Successful
ODERACS 2D NASA Low Earth Laser calibration2 MarchSuccessful
ODERACS 2E NASA Low Earth Laser calibration27 FebruarySuccessful
ODERACS 2F NASA Low Earth Laser calibration20 FebruarySuccessful
Manned orbital flight with six astronauts; First Shuttle-Mir flight (rendezvous only, no docking)
ODERACS deployed on 4 February
7 February Storm White Sands US Air Force
BTTV-6 US Air Force Suborbital Target7 FebruarySuccessful
12 February Aries Wallops Island BMDO
LEAP BMDO Suborbital Target7 FebruarySuccessful
14 February M4 Centre d'Essais des Landes
Suborbital Missile test14 FebruarySuccessful
15 February
16:48
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5 Roskosmos
Progress M-26 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Logistics15 March
06:15
Successful
16 February
17:39
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/4 Roskosmos
Foton 10 Roskosmos Low Earth Microgravity research3 MarchSuccessful
24 February
10:21
Black Brant XII Poker Flat NASA
AMICIST NASA Suborbital Auroral research24 FebruarySuccessful

March

2 March
06:38
Space Shuttle Endeavour Kennedy LC-39A United Space Alliance
STS-67 NASA Low Earth Astronomy18 March
21:48
Successful
Spacelab Pallets and Igloo NASA Low Earth (Endeavour) ASTRO-2
EDO Pallet NASA Low Earth (Endeavour) Cryogenic mission extension pallet
Manned orbital flight with seven astronauts
2 March
13:00
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/1
Kosmos 2306 (Rhomb) MO RF Low Earth Laser calibration30 October 2000Successful
4 March Aries Wallops Island BMDO
LEAP BMDO Suborbital Target4 MarchSuccessful
6 March UGM-96 Trident I Submarine, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test6 MarchSuccessful
6 March UGM-96 Trident I Submarine, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test6 MarchSuccessful
6 March UGM-96 Trident I Submarine, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test6 MarchSuccessful
7 March
09:23
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 200/39
Kosmos 2307 (GLONASS) MOM Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2308 (GLONASS) MOM Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2309 (GLONASS) MOM Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
14 March UGM-96 Trident I Submarine, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test14 MarchSuccessful
14 March UGM-96 Trident I Submarine, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test14 MarchSuccessful
14 March
06:11
Soyuz-U2 Baikonur Site 1/5 Roskosmos
Soyuz TM-21 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Mir EO-1811 September
06:52
Successful
Manned orbital flight with three cosmonauts including the first American to fly on a Russian rocket
15 March
20:21
Nike Orion Wallops Island NASA
NASA Suborbital Test rocket15 MarchSuccessful
17 March LGM-30G Minuteman III Vandenberg LF-09 US Air Force
GT-159GM US Air Force Suborbital Missile test17 MarchSuccessful
18 March
08:01
H-II Tanegashima LA-Y1 MHI[1]
Space Flyer Unit NASDA Low Earth Materials research20 January 1996
07:42
Successful
Himawari 5 NASDA Low Earth Weather satelliteIn orbitOperational
Space Flyer Unit retrieved by Space Shuttle Endeavour during STS-72 in January 1996
19 March
15:00
Nike Orion White Sands NASA
CWAS-37 NASA Suborbital Aeronomy19 MarchSuccessful
21 March
19:11
Black Brant IX White Sands LC-36 NASA
PIMS NASA Suborbital Ionospheric research21 MarchSuccessful
22 March
04:09
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/1
Kosmos 2310 (Parus) MO RF Low Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
22 March
06:18
Atlas IIAS Cape Canaveral LC-36B International Launch Services
Intelsat 705 Intelsat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
22 March
16:44
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/3
Kosmos 2311 (Yantar) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance31 MaySuccessful
24 March
14:05
Atlas E Vandenberg SLC-3W
USA-109 (DMSP 5D2 F13) US Air Force/NOAA Sun-synchronous Meteorology3 February 2015Successful
Final flight of Atlas E and 1.5 stage-to-orbit configuration of Atlas rocket
Satellite exploded on 3 February 2015, leaving at least 47 tracked pieces of debris.[2]
25 March
08:55
Black Brant XCM1 Poker Flat NASA
NASA Suborbital Ionospheric research25 MarchSuccessful
27 March
15:40
Nike Orion White Sands NASA
CWAS-38 NASA Suborbital Astronomy27 MarchSuccessful
28 March Aries Wallops Island BMDO
LEAP BMDO Suborbital Target28 MarchSuccessful
28 March
10:00
Start Plesetsk Site 158 RVSN
Gurwin 1 IAI Intended: Low Earth Technology development28 MarchLaunch Failure
EKV Intended: Low Earth Technology development
Oscar 29 UNAM/AMSAT Intended: Low Earth Communications
Failed to orbit, crased into the Sea of Okhotsk
28 March
23:14
Ariane 4 (44LP) Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
Brasilsat B2 Telebrás Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Hot Bird 1 Eutelsat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful

April

1 April
09:33
Black Brant IX Poker Flat NASA
NASA Suborbital Aeronomy1 AprilSuccessful
3 April
13:48
Pegasus-H Stargazer, Vandenberg Orbital Sciences
Orbcomm F1 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Orbcomm F2 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Orbview 1 Orbimage Low Earth Earth observationIn orbitSuccessful
5 April
11:16
Shavit-1 Palmachim IAI
Ofeq-3 IAI Low Earth (retrograde) Reconnaissance24 October 2000Successful
7 April
21:47
Atlas IIAS Cape Canaveral LC-36A International Launch Services
AMSC-1 AMSC Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
9 April UGM-133 Trident II Submarine, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test9 AprilSuccessful
9 April UGM-133 Trident II Submarine, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test9 AprilSuccessful
9 April
19:34
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5 Roskosmos
Progress M-27 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Logistics23 May
03:27
Successful
GFZ Low Earth Laser calibration23 June 1999Successful
GFZ deployed from Mir on 19 April
14 April
11:30
RT-2PM Topol Plesetsk Site 158 RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test14 AprilSuccessful
15 April
10:07
Black Brant IX White Sands LC-36 NASA
NASA Suborbital Aeronomy15 AprilSuccessful
18 April
18:00
Black Brant IX White Sands LC-36 NASA
NASA Suborbital Solar research18 AprilSuccessful
21 April
01:44
Ariane 4 (40) Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
ERS-2 ESA Sun-synchronous Remote sensingIn orbitOperational
21 April
15:04
THAAD White Sands US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight21 AprilSuccessful
Maiden flight of THAAD
24 April Hera White Sands LC-32 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight24 AprilSuccessful
Maiden flight of Hera
29 April
05:55
Nike Orion Esrange DLR
Mini-Texus 4 DLR Suborbital Microgravity research29 AprilSuccessful

May

2 May
05:55
Nike Orion Esrange DLR
Mini-Texus 3 DLR Suborbital Microgravity research2 MaySuccessful
14 May
13:45
Titan IVA (401)/Centaur Cape Canaveral LC-40 Lockheed Martin
USA-110 (Mentor-1) NRO Geosynchronous SIGINTIn orbitOperational
15 May
18:00
Black Brant IX White Sands LC-36 NASA
SERTS-35 NASA Suborbital Solar research15 MaySuccessful
17 May
06:34
Ariane 4 (44LP) Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
Intelsat 706 Intelsat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
20 May
03:33
Proton-K Baikonur Site 81/23 Roskosmos
Spektr Roskosmos/NASA Low Earth (Mir) Mir module23 March 2001
05:50
Successful
Heavily damaged in collision with Progress M-34 on 25 June 1997
22 May
07:05
Black Brant IX White Sands LC-36 NASA
NASA Suborbital Astronomy22 MaySuccessful
23 May
05:52
Atlas I Cape Canaveral LC-36B International Launch Services
GOES-9 (GOES-J) NOAA Current: Graveyard
Operational: Geosynchronous
MeteorologyIn orbitSuccessful
Retired on 14 June 2007
24 May
20:10
Molniya-M Plesetsk Site 16/2
Kosmos 2312 (Oko) MOM Molniya Early warningIn orbitSuccessful
29 May Long March 1D Taiyuan CASC
CASC Suborbital Test flight29 MaySuccessful
Maiden flight of Long March 1D
31 May
15:27
Atlas II Cape Canaveral LC-36A
USA-111 (UHF F/O F5) US Navy Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational

June

6 June
22:00
Taurus-Orion Poker Flat NASA
NASA Suborbital Ionospheric research6 JuneSuccessful
6 June
22:10
Volna Submarine, Barents Sea Russian Navy
Bremen Suborbital Test flight6 JuneSuccessful
Maiden flight of Volna
8 June
04:43
Tsyklon-2 Baikonur Site 90/20
Kosmos 2313 (EORSAT) MO RF Low Earth SIGINT11 July 1997Successful
8 June
12:45
UR-100N Baikonur RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test8 JuneSuccessful
10 June
00:24
Ariane 4 (42P) Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
DirecTV-2 DirecTV Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
14 June LGM-118 Peacekeeper Vandenberg LF-05 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test14 JuneSuccessful
22 June
19:58
Pegasus-XL Stargazer, Vandenberg Orbital Sciences
STEP 3 US Air Force Intended: Low Earth Technology development22 JuneLaunch Failure
Second stage malfunction, destroyed by range safety
26 June Strypi IX Barking Sands US Air Force
ETCE-11 US Air Force Suborbital Target26 JuneFailure
27 June
19:32
Space Shuttle Atlantis Kennedy LC-39A United Space Alliance
STS-71 NASA Low Earth (Mir) Shuttle-Mir flight7 July
14:55
Successful
Spacelab Long Module 2 NASA Low Earth (Atlantis) Medical research
Manned orbital flight launching with seven and landing with eight astronauts
First Shuttle-Mir docking, exchanged Mir EO-18 for EO-19 (first space station crew exchange using a Space Shuttle)
28 June
18:25
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/3
Kosmos 2314 (Yantar-4K1) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance6 SeptemberSuccessful
29 June Strypi IX Barking Sands US Air Force
ETCE-12 US Air Force Suborbital Target29 JuneSuccessful
30 June
18:00
Terrier-Orion Wallops Island NASA
NASA Suborbital Test rocket30 JuneSuccessful

July

5 July
03:09
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/1
Kosmos 2315 (Tsikada) MO RF Low Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
7 July
16:23
Ariane 4 (40) Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
Helios 1A CNES Sun-synchronous ReconnaissanceIn orbitOperational
Cerise CNES Sun-synchronous Radiation researchIn orbitOperational
UPM/LBSAT 1 UPM Sun-synchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
10 July
12:38
Titan IVA (401)/Centaur Cape Canaveral LC-41 Lockheed Martin
USA-112 (Trumpet-2) NRO Molniya ELINTIn orbitOperational
13 July
13:41
Space Shuttle Discovery Kennedy LC-39A United Space Alliance
STS-70 NASA Low Earth Satellite deployment22 July
12:02
Successful
TDRS-7 (TDRS-G) NASA Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Manned orbital flight with five astronauts
TDRS deployed on 13 July using an Inertial Upper Stage
20 July
03:04
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5 Roskosmos
Progress M-28 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Logistics4 September
08:58
Successful
24 July
15:52
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 200/39
Kosmos 2316 (GLONASS) MOM Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
Kosmos 2317 (GLONASS) MOM Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
Kosmos 2318 (GLONASS) MOM Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
24 July
22:30
UGM-133 Trident II HMS Victorious, Eastern Range Royal Navy
Royal Navy Suborbital Missile test24 JulySuccessful
First missile launch from HMS Victorious
26 July
09:33
Nike Orion Poker Flat NASA
NASA Suborbital Ionospheric research26 JulySuccessful
31 July THAAD White Sands US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight31 JulySuccessful
31 July
23:30
Atlas IIA Cape Canaveral LC-36A
USA-113 (DSCS III B-7) US Air Force Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
July DF-21 Taiyuan
Suborbital Missile test+15 minutesSuccessful

August

2 August
23:59
Molniya-M Plesetsk Site 43/3 VKS
Interbol 1 Roskosmos High Earth (elliptical) Magnetospheric research16 October 2000Successful
Magion 4 High Earth (elliptical) Magnetospheric research16 October 2000Successful
Magion 4 was the first Czech (post Czechoslovakian) satellite
3 August
22:58
Ariane 4 (42L) Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
PAS-4 PanAmSat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
5 August
11:10
Delta II 7925 Cape Canaveral LC-17B Boeing IDS
Koreasat 1 Korea Telecom Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitPartial Failure
SRM malfunction resulted in incorrect orbit which was corrected using the satellite's own engines at the expense of half of the expected lifespan of the satellite
8 August
08:20
Nike Orion Poker Flat NASA
NASA Suborbital Ionospheric research8 AugustSuccessful
9 August
23:59
Molniya-M Plesetsk Site 43/3 VKS
Molniya 3-47 MOM Molniya CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
15 August
22:30
Athena I Vandenberg SLC-6 Lockheed Martin
GemStar 1 (VitaSat) VITA Intended: Low Earth Communications+160 secondsLaunch Failure
Maiden flight of Athena I and first launch from SLC-6
Destroyed by range safety after loss of control system
16 August Storm White Sands LC-36 US Air Force
MTD-1 US Air Force Suborbital GPS targeting16 AugustSuccessful
16 August RH-560 Sriharikota ISRO
ISRO Suborbital Test rocket16 AugustSuccessful
22 August UGM-133 Trident II HMS Victorious, Eastern Range Royal Navy
Royal Navy Suborbital Missile test22 AugustSuccessful
24 August
20:00
TR-1 Tanegashima LA-T NASDA
NASDA Suborbital Microgravity research24 AugustSuccessful
25 August R-39 Rif Submarine, North Pole Russian Navy
Russian Navy Suborbital Missile test25 AugustSuccessful
28 August
17:30
Black Brant IX White Sands LC-36 NASA
NASA Suborbital Test rocket28 AugustSuccessful
29 August
00:53
Atlas IIAS Cape Canaveral LC-36B International Launch Services
JCSAT-3 JSAT Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
29 August
06:41
Ariane 4 (44P) Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
N-STAR a NTT Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
30 August LGM-118 Peacekeeper Vandenberg LF-02 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test30 AugustSuccessful
30 August
19:33
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 200/39 VKS
Kosmos 2319 (Potok) MOM Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
31 August
06:49
Tsyklon-3 Plesetsk Site 32 VKS
Sich-1 (Okean) NKAU Low Earth Remote sensingIn orbitOperational
FASat-Alfa (FASat-Alfa) FACH Low Earth Technology developmentIn orbitPartial Failure
Sich 1 was the first Ukrainian satellite; FASat-Alfa intended to be the first Chilean satellite and failed to separate from Sich 1

September

2 September
01:13
Black Brant IX White Sands LC-36 NASA
Thunderstorm III NASA Suborbital Ionospheric research2 SeptemberSuccessful
3 September
09:00
Soyuz-U2 Baikonur Site 1/5 Roskosmos
Soyuz TM-22 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Mir EO-2029 February 1996
10:42
Successful
Manned orbital flight with three cosmonauts
Final flight of Soyuz-U2
5 September
07:50
RT-2PM Topol Plesetsk Site 158 RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test5 SeptemberSuccessful
7 September
15:09
Space Shuttle Endeavour Kennedy LC-39A United Space Alliance
STS-69 NASA Low Earth Microgravity research16 September
11:38
Successful
SPARTAN-201 NASA Low Earth Solar research
Wake Shield Facility NASA Low Earth Materials research
IEH-1 ESA Low Earth (Endeavour) Ultraviolet astronomy
Manned orbital flight with five astronauts
SPARTAN deployed on 8 September and retrieved on 10 September; WSF deployed on 7 September and retrieved on 14 September
12 September
18:05
Black Brant 9CM1 White Sands LC-36 NASA
NASA Suborbital Solar research12 SeptemberSuccessful
17 September
07:30
S-520 Uchinoura LA-K ISAS
ISAS Suborbital Technology demonstration17 SeptemberFailure
24 September
00:06
Ariane 4 (42L) Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
Telstar 402R AT&T Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Power failure on 19 September 2003 resulted in loss of satellite
26 September
11:20
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/4 VKS
Resurs F2 MOM Low Earth Resource location26 OctoberSuccessful
29 September
04:25
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 31/6 VKS
Kosmos 2320 (Yantar-4KS1) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance28 September 1996Successful

October

2 October Hera White Sands LC-94 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Target2 OctoberSuccessful
6 October
03:23
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/1 VKS
Kosmos 2321 (Parus) MO RF Low Earth Navigation21 August 1997Partial Failure
Second stage malfunction, placed in useless orbit
8 October
18:50
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5 VKS
Progress M-29 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Logistics19 December
16:15
Successful
10 October RT-2PM Topol Plesetsk Site 158 RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test10 OctoberSuccessful
11 October
16:26
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 81/23 VKS
Luch-1Luch MOM Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Retired on 1 June 1999
13 October Storm White Sands SULF US Air Force
BTTV-9 US Air Force Suborbital ABM target13 OctoberSuccessful
13 October THAAD White Sands US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital ABM test13 OctoberSuccessful
19 October
00:38
Ariane 4 (42L) Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
Astra 1E SES Astra Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
20 October
13:53
Space Shuttle Columbia Kennedy LC-39B United Space Alliance
STS-73 NASA Low Earth Microgravity research5 November
11:46
Successful
Spacelab Long Module 1 NASA Low Earth (Columbia) Spacelab USML-2
EDO Pallet NASA Low Earth (Columbia) Cryogenic mission extension pallet
Manned orbital flight with seven astronauts
22 October
08:00
Atlas II Cape Canaveral LC-36A
USA-114 (UHF F/O F6) US Navy Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
23 October
22:03
Conestoga 1620 Wallops Island LP-0A
Meteor Intended: Low Earth Meteorology+ 46 secondsLaunch Failure
Self-destruct activated after loss of control; Only flight of Conestoga rocket
25 October
13:13
Black Brant IX Woomera LA-2-N NASA
NASA Suborbital X-ray astronomy25 OctoberSuccessful
28 October
18:00
Black Brant IX Woomera LA-2-N NASA
NASA Suborbital Astronomy28 OctoberSuccessful
29 October UGM-96 Trident I Submarine, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test29 OctoberSuccessful
31 October
20:19
Zenit-2 Baikonur Site 45/1 VKS
Kosmos 2322 (Tselina-2) MO RF Low Earth SIGINTIn orbitOperational

November

2 November Kosmos-3MP Kapustin Yar Site 107 RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Test re-entry vehicle2 NovemberSuccessful
4 November
14:22
Delta II 7920-10 Vandenberg SLC-2W Boeing IDS
RADARSAT-1 CSA Sun-synchronous Earth imagingIn orbitOperational
SURFSAT NASA Sun-synchronous Test DSNIn orbitSuccessful
Maiden flight of Delta II 7920 and first Delta II launch from Vandenberg Air Force Base
5 November
16:14
Black Brant IX Woomera LA-2-N NASA
NASA Suborbital Astronomy5 NovemberSuccessful
6 November
05:51
Titan IVA (401)/Centaur Cape Canaveral LC-40 Lockheed Martin
USA-115 (Milstar-2) US Air Force Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
7 November
06:38
Black Brant XII Poker Flat NASA
OEDIPUS-C CSA Suborbital Ionospheric research7 NovemberSuccessful
10 November DF-21 Taiyuan
Suborbital Missile test10 NovemberSuccessful
12 November
12:30
Space Shuttle Atlantis Kennedy LC-39A United Space Alliance
STS-74 NASA Low Earth (Mir) Shuttle-Mir flight20 November
17:02
Successful
Mir Docking Module Roskosmos/NASA Low Earth (Mir) Mir module23 March 2001
05:50
Successful
Manned orbital flight with five astronauts
14 November
17:04
Black Brant IX Woomera LA-2-N NASA
NASA Suborbital Astronomy14 NovemberSuccessful
17 November
01:20
Ariane 4 (44P) Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
Infrared Space Observatory ESA High Earth (elliptical) Infrared astronomyIn orbitSuccessful
Retired on 16 May 1998
17 November
14:25
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 200/39 VKS
Gals-2 MOM Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
19 November
15:30
Black Brant IX Woomera LA-2-N NASA
NASA Suborbital Astronomy19 NovemberSuccessful
20 November
17:00
Black Brant IX Woomera LA-2-N NASA
NASA Suborbital Astronomy20 NovemberSuccessful
24 November
14:00
Nike Tomahawk Poker Flat NASA
NASA Ionospheric research 24 NovemberSuccessful
27 November
08:03
Nike Tomahawk Poker Flat NASA
NASA Suborbital Ionospheric research27 NovemberSuccessful
27 November
08:07
Black Brant VIIIC Poker Flat NASA
NASA Suborbital Ionospheric research27 NovemberSuccessful
28 November
09:42
Maxus Esrange SSC
DLR Suborbital Microgravity research28 NovemberSuccessful
28 November
11:30
Long March 2E Taiyuan LC-2 CASC
AsiaSat 2 AsiaSat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational

December

2 December
08:08
Atlas IIAS Cape Canaveral LC-36B International Launch Services
SOHO ESA/NASA Earth-Sun L1 point Solar researchIn orbitOperational
4 December
11:20
Black Brant VIIIC White Sands LC-36 NASA
NASA Suborbital X-ray astronomy4 DecemberSuccessful
5 December
21:18
Titan IVA (404) Vandenberg SLC-4E Lockheed Martin
USA-116 (KH-12) NRO Sun-synchronous ReconnaissanceIn orbitOperational
6 December
23:23
Ariane 4 (44L) Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
Telecom 2C France Télécom Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
INSAT-2C ISRO Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
7 December UGM-133 Trident II Submarine, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test7 DecemberSuccessful
13 December Storm White Sands SULF US Air Force
BTTV-10 US Air Force Suborbital ABM target13 DecemberSuccessful
13 December THAAD White Sands US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital ABM test13 DecemberSuccessful
14 December
06:10
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 200/39 VKS
Kosmos 2323 (GLONASS) MOM Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
Kosmos 2324 (GLONASS) MOM Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
Kosmos 2325 (GLONASS) MOM Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
15 December
00:23
Atlas IIA Cape Canaveral LC-36A International Launch Services
Galaxy 3R PanAmSat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSpacecraft failure
Failed March 2006
18 December
14:31
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5 VKS
Progress M-30 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Logistics22 February 1996
11:02
Successful
20 December
00:52
Tsyklon-2 Baikonur Site 90/20 VKS
Kosmos 2326 (EORSAT) MO RF Low Earth SIGINT8 November 1997Successful
28 December
06:45
Molniya-M Baikonur Site 31/6 VKS
IRS-1C ISRO Low Earth Remote sensingIn orbitSuccessful
Skipper Utah State Low Earth Aerobraking experimentIn orbitSpacecraft failure
Skipper suffered a solar array malfunction
28 December
11:50
Long March 2E Xichang LC-2 CASC
EchoStar 1 EchoStar Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Final flight of Long March 2E
30 December
13:48
Delta II 7920-10 Cape Canaveral LC-17A Boeing IDS
RXTE NASA Low Earth X-ray astronomy30 April 2018Successful

Deep Space Rendezvous

Date (GMT) Spacecraft Event Remarks
7 DecemberGalileoFirst impact of spacecraft to Jupiter - subprobe descent through the Jovian atmosphere
8 DecemberGalileoFirst orbiter of Jupiter - jovian orbit insertion
no dateUlyssesPass over solar north pole

EVAs

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks
9 February
11:56
4 hours
39 minutes
16:35 STS-63
Discovery
/Michael Foale
Bernard A. Harris, Jr.
Conducted a test of moving large mass objects and tested the effectiveness of the new spacesuit temperature control underwear by being lofted outside the payload bay by the RMS.[3]
12 May
04:20
6 hours
15 minutes
10:35 Mir EO-18
Kvant-2
Vladimir Dezhurov
Gennadi Strekalov
Made preparations for the arrival of the Spektr module. Installed some electrical cable attachments, adjusted solar array actuators, and practiced folding the Kristall solar arrays for the future move to Kvant-1.[4]
17 May
02:38
6 hours
42 minutes
09:20 Mir EO-18
Kvant-2
Vladimir Dezhurov
Gennadi Strekalov
Moved the solar arrays from Kristall to Kvant-1. Their suits ran low on oxygen before they were able to re-install the arrays on Kvant-1.[4]
22 May
00:10
5 hours
15 minutes
05:25 Mir EO-18
Kvant-2
Vladimir Dezhurov
Gennadi Strekalov
Completed installation of the relocated solar array on Kvant-1. Also retracted some solar panels to prepare for moving Kristall.[4]
28 May
22:22
21 minutes 22:43 Mir EO-18
base block
Vladimir Dezhurov
Gennadi Strekalov
Conducting a spacewalk inside the transfer compartment of the Mir base block Dezhurov and Strekalov relocated a docking cone from the -X port to the -Z port.
1 June
22:05
23 minutes 22:28 Mir EO-18
base block
Vladimir Dezhurov
Gennadi Strekalov
Again working from the depressurized base block transfer compartment, Dezhurov and Strekalov prepared to move the recently arrived Spektr module by relocating a docking cone from the -Z port to the -Y port.
14 July
03:56
5 hours
34 minutes
09:30 Mir EO-19
Kvant-2
Anatoly Solovyev
Nikolai Budarin
Used the Strela boom to move to the Spektr module and freed the stuck solar array. Also inspected the -Z docking port and found it to be undamaged.
19 July
00:39
3 hours
8 minutes
03:47 Mir EO-19
Kvant-2
Anatoly Solovyev
Nikolai Budarin
Solovyev had problems with his Orlan-DMA spacesuit cooling system, and had to stay tethered to an umbilical at Kvant-2. Budarin was able work his way to the far end of Spektr and do some preparations for the installation of the Mir infrared spectrometer (MIRAS). He also collected the American TREK cosmic ray panel that had been installed on Kvant-2 since 1991.
21 July
00:28
5 hours
50 minutes
06:18 Mir EO-19
Kvant-2
Anatoly Solovyev
Nikolai Budarin
Used the Strela boom to reach the Spektr module, where they completed the installation of MIRAS.
16 September
08:20
6 hours
46 minutes
15:06 STS-69
Endeavour
James S. Voss
Michael L. Gernhardt
Installed thermal instruments on the apparatus in the payload bay. Also tested redesigned spacesuit helmet lights and spacesuit heaters.[5]
20 October
11:50
5 hours
16 minutes
17:06 Mir EO-20
Kvant-2
Sergei Avdeyev
Thomas Reiter
Used the Strela boom to move to the Spektr module and installed several experiments on the European Space Exposure Facility. Reiter became the first ESA cosmonaut and German to complete an EVA.
8 December
19:23
29 minutes 19:52 Mir EO-20
base block
Sergei Avdeyev
Yuri Gidzenko
From inside the depressurized base block transfer compartment, Avdeyev and Gidzenko moved the Konus docking cone from the -Z port to the +Z port.

References

  • Bergin, Chris. "NASASpaceFlight.com".
  • Clark, Stephen. "Spaceflight Now".
  • Kelso, T.S. "Satellite Catalog (SATCAT)". CelesTrak.
  • Krebs, Gunter. "Chronology of Space Launches".
  • Kyle, Ed. "Space Launch Report".
  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Jonathan's Space Report".
  • Pietrobon, Steven. "Steven Pietrobon's Space Archive".
  • Wade, Mark. "Encyclopedia Astronautica".
  • Webb, Brian. "Southwest Space Archive".
  • Zak, Anatoly. "Russian Space Web".
  • "ISS Calendar". Spaceflight 101.
  • "NSSDCA Master Catalog". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
  • "Space Calendar". NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
  • "Space Information Center". JAXA.
  • "Хроника освоения космоса" [Chronicle of space exploration]. CosmoWorld (in Russian).
Generic references:

Footnotes

  1. MHI - H-IIA Launch Services
  2. http://www.space.com/28709-military-weather-satellite-explodes-photo.html
  3. Dumouline, Jim (2001). "sts-63-patch STS-63 (67)". NASA Space Shuttle Launch Archive. NASA. Archived from the original on 20 March 2009. Retrieved 5 March 2009.
  4. McDonald, Sue (December 1998). "Mir Mission Chronicle" (PDF). NASA. p. 12. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 March 2009. Retrieved 6 March 2009.
  5. Dudoulin, Jim (2001). "STS-69 Day 9 Highlights". NASA Space Shuttle Launch Archive. NASA. Archived from the original on 21 March 2009. Retrieved 6 March 2009.


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