1993 in spaceflight

The following is an outline of 1993 in spaceflight.

1993 in spaceflight
Orbital launches
First12 January
Last22 December
Total83
Successes77
Failures4
Partial failures2
National firsts
Satellite Portugal
Rockets
Maiden flightsAriane 4 42L
Atlas IIAS
PSLV
Start-1
Crewed flights
Orbital9
Total travellers47

Launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January

12 January
11:10:17
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 133/3 VKS
Kosmos 2230 (Tsikada) MO RF Low Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
13 January
01:49
Molniya-M Plesetsk Site 43/3 VKS
Molniya-1-85 MOM Molniya Communications15 November 2005Successful
13 January
13:59:30[1]
Space Shuttle Endeavour[2] Kennedy LC-39B United Space Alliance
STS-54 NASA Low Earth Satellite deployment19 January
13:37:47
Successful
TDRS-6 (TDRS-F) NASA Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Manned orbital flight with five astronauts
19 January
14:49:01
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/3 VKS
Kosmos 2231 (Yantar-4K2-66) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance25 MarchSuccessful
24 January
05:58:05
Soyuz-U2 Baikonur Site 1/5 VKS
Soyuz TM-16 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Mir EO-1322 JulySuccessful
Manned orbital flight with two cosmonauts
26 January
15:55:26
Molniya-M Plesetsk Site 16/2 VKS
Kosmos 2232 (Oko) MOM Molniya Missile defenceIn orbitOperational
27 January
10:43:41
Black Brant XII Poker Flat NASA
PHAZE NASA Suborbital IonosphereIn orbitFailure
Apogee: 10 kilometres (6.2 mi); Failed before reaching space
28 January HPB Wake Island Orbital Sciences
US Air Force Suborbital Reentry vehicle test28 JanuarySuccessful
Apogee: 400 kilometres (250 mi)

February

3 February
02:55
Delta II (7925) Cape Canaveral LC-17A McDonnell Douglas
USA-88 (GPS IIA-9) US Air Force Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
5 February
16:24
Storm White Sands SULF US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital BTTV-3 Validation5 FebruarySuccessful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi);
7 February Prithvi Balasore DRDO
DRDO Suborbital Missile test7 FebruarySuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
8 February
20:00
Black Brant IX White Sands LC-36 NASA
NASA Suborbital Solar8 FebruarySuccessful
Apogee: 289 kilometres (180 mi)
9 February
02:56:56
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 133/3 VKS
Kosmos 2233 (Parus) MO RF Low Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
9 February
14:30
Pegasus Kennedy Balls 8 Orbital Sciences
Orbcomm CDS-1 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Orbcomm SCD-1 Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
11 February HPB Wake Island Orbital Sciences
Orbital Sciences Suborbital Re-entry vehicle test11 FebruaryFailure
Apogee: 2 kilometres (1.2 mi)
17 February
20:09:47
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 81/23 VKS
Kosmos 2234 (GLONASS) MOM Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
Kosmos 2235 (GLONASS) MOM Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
Kosmos 2236 (GLONASS) MOM Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
18 February
07:00
S-520 Kagoshima LA-K ISAS
METS ISAS Suborbital Ionosphere and Plasma18 FebruarySuccessful
Apogee: 272 kilometres (169 mi)
19 February
13:45
RH-560 Sriharikota ISRO
ISRO Suborbital Ionosphere19 FebruarySuccessful
Apogee: 290 kilometres (180 mi)
19 February
13:15
RH-560 Sriharikota ISRO
ISRO Suborbital Ionosphere19 FebruarySuccessful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
19 February
18:00
Black Brant 9CM1 White Sands LC-36 Space Services Incorporated
CONSORT-6 SSI Suborbital Microgravity19 FebruarySuccessful
Apogee: 301 kilometres (187 mi)
20 February
02:20
Mu-3S-II Kagoshima LA-M1 ISAS
ASCA (ASTRO-D) ISAS Low Earth Astronomy2 March 2001Successful
21 February
18:32:33
Soyuz-U2 Baikonur Site 1/5 VKS
Progress M-16 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Logistics27 MarchSuccessful
25 February
13:40
RT-2PM Topol Plesetsk RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test25 FebruarySuccessful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
26 February
20:45
Polaris/STARS Barking Sands LC-42 Space Data Corporation
FTU-1 SDC Suborbital Test26 FebruarySuccessful
Maiden flight of UGM-27 Polaris in STARS configuration; Apogee: 900 kilometres (560 mi)

March

2 March LGM-118 Peacekeeper Vandenberg LF-02 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test2 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
8 March
00:15
Nike-Orion White Sands NASA
CWAS 29 NASA Suborbital Aeronomy8 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
10 March
13:38
Nike-Orion White Sands NASA
CWAS 30 NASA Suborbital Aeronomy10 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
10 March LGM-30G Minuteman III Vandenberg LF-26 US Air Force
GT-151GB US Air Force Suborbital Missile test10 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 1,300 kilometres (810 mi)
16 March
02:12:41
Black Brant 9CM1 Wallops Island LA-2 SDIO
SPEAR 3 SDIO Suborbital Plasma16 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 290 kilometres (180 mi)
22 March Sonda-2 Alcântara INPE
Maruda INPE Suborbital Ionosphere22 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 102 kilometres (63 mi)
25 March
02:28
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 81/23 VKS
Raduga 29 MOM Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
25 March
13:15:27
Start-1 Plesetsk Site 158 RVSN
EKA MO RF Low Earth TechnologyIn orbitSuccessful
Maiden flight of Start-1
25 March
21:38
Atlas I Cape Canaveral LC-36B General Dynamics
UHF-1 US Navy Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitLaunch failure
Booster engine failure left spacecraft in useless orbit
26 March
02:21
Zenit-2 Baikonur Site 45/1 VKS
Kosmos 2237 (Tselina-2) MO RF Low Earth ELINTIn orbitOperational
30 March
03:09
Delta II (7925) Cape Canaveral LC-17A McDonnell Douglas
USA-90 (GPS IIA-10) US Air Force Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
Decommissioned on 24 October 2005
30 March
12:00
Tsyklon-2 Baikonur Site 90 VKS
Kosmos 2238 (US-PM) MO RF Low Earth Reconnaissance10 December 1994Successful
31 March
03:34:13
Soyuz-U2 Baikonur Site 1/5 VKS
Progress M-17 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Logistics3 March 1994Successful

April

1 April
18:57:26
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 133/3 VKS
Kosmos 2239 (Parus) MO RF Low Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
2 April
10:09
Black Brant XII Poker Flat NASA
Alaska 93 NASA/UCB Suborbital Ionosphere2 AprilSuccessful
Apogee: 1,425 kilometres (885 mi)
2 April
14:30:01
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 16/2 VKS
Kosmos 2240 (Yantar-4K2) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance7 JuneSuccessful
6 April
19:07:27
Molniya-M Plesetsk Site 43/4 VKS
Kosmos 2241 (Oko) MOM Molniya Missile defenceIn orbitOperational
8 April
05:29[1]
Space Shuttle Discovery[3] Kennedy LC-39B United Space Alliance
STS-56 NASA Low Earth Solar astronomy17 April
11:37:19
Successful
Spacelab Pallet ESA/NASA Low Earth (Discovery) Spacelab ATLAS-2
SPARTAN-201 NASA Low Earth (Discovery) Solar
Manned orbital flight with five astronauts; SPARTAN deployed from Discovery on 11 April and retrieved on 13 April
12 April
17:18
Black Brant IX White Sands LC-36 NASA
NIXT NASA Suborbital Solar12 AprilSuccessful
Apogee: 226 kilometres (140 mi)
16 April
07:49
Tsyklon-3 Plesetsk VKS
Kosmos 2242 (Tselina) MO RF Low Earth ELINTIn orbitOperational
17 April
09:15
Black Brant IX White Sands LC-36 NASA
SXT NASA/Colorado at Boulder Suborbital X-Ray astronomy17 AprilSuccessful
Apogee: 254 kilometres (158 mi)
19 April
05:50
RH-560 Sriharikota ISRO
SPICE-3 ISRO Suborbital Ionosphere19 AprilSuccessful
Apogee: 323 kilometres (201 mi)
21 April
00:23
Molniya-M Plesetsk Site 43/4 VKS
Molniya 3-57L MOM Molniya Communications25 January 2004Successful
25 April
13:56
Pegasus Edwards Balls 8 Orbital Sciences
Orbcomm CDS-2 (VSUME) Orbcomm Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Alexis STP Low Earth TechnologyIn orbitSuccessful
26 April
14:50[1]
Space Shuttle Columbia[4] Kennedy LC-39A United Space Alliance
STS-55 NASA/DLR Low Earth Microgravity6 May
14:30
Successful
Spacelab Long Module 1 NASA/DLR Low Earth (Columbia) Spacelab D2
Manned orbital flight with seven astronauts
27 April
10:35
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 31/6 VKS
Kosmos 2243 (Yantar-1KFT) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance6 MaySpacecraft failure
Mission aborted after six days
28 April
03:39:20
Tsyklon-2 Baikonur Site 90 VKS
Kosmos 2244 (US-PM) MO RF Low Earth Reconnaissance18 March 1995Successful

May

1 May
05:35
Skylark 7 Esrange LA-S DLR
TEXUS 30 DLR Suborbital Microgravity1 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 234 kilometres (145 mi)
6 May
15:38
Black Brant VIIIC Poker Flat NASA
NASA Suborbital Plasma6 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 271 kilometres (168 mi)
11 May
14:56:01
Tsyklon-3 Plesetsk VKS
Kosmos 2245 (Strela) MO RF Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2246 (Strela) MO RF Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2247 (Strela) MO RF Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2248 (Strela) MO RF Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2249 (Strela) MO RF Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Komsos 2250 (Strela) MO RF Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
12 May
00:56:32
Ariane 4 (42L) Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
Astra 1C SES Astra Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Arsene (Oscar-24) RACE/AMSAT Medium Earth CommunicationsIn orbitPartial satellite failure
Maiden flight of Ariane 4 (42L); VHF transponder on Arsene failed during launch and UHF/S-band transponder failed on 6 September 1993, making satellite unusable
13 May
00:07
Delta II (7925) Cape Canaveral LC-17A McDonnell Douglas
USA-91 (GPS IIA-11) US Air Force Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
Decommissioned on 20 December 2007
14 May
01:10
Nike-Orion White Sands NASA
CWAS-31 NASA Suborbital Aeronomy14 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
19 May
00:47
Nike-Orion White Sands NASA
CWAS-32 NASA Suborbital Aeronomy19 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
21 May
09:15:01
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 16/2 VKS
Resurs F-17 MOM Low Earth Remote sensing20 JuneSuccessful
22 May
06:41:47
Soyuz-U2 Baikonur Site 1/5 VKS
Progress M-18 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Logistics4 JulySuccessful
23 May
09:17
LCLV Cape Canaveral LC-20 BMDO
Red Tigress 2A BMDO Suborbital Target23 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 378 kilometres (235 mi)
26 May
03:23
Molniya-M Plesetsk Site 43/4 VKS
Molniya 1–86 MOM Molniya CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
26 May
09:43
Nike-Orion Centre d'Essais des Landes DLR
DLR/Aérospatiale Suborbital Test flight26 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
27 May
01:22
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 81/23 VKS
Gorizont 28 RSCC Intended: Geosynchronous Communications27 MayLaunch Failure
28 May
08:34
LCLV Cape Canaveral LC-20 BMDO
BMDO Suborbital Target28 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 390 kilometres (240 mi)
29 May Hwaseong 6 Musudan-ri
Suborbital Missile test29 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
29 May Hwaseong 6 Musudan-ri
Suborbital Missile test29 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
29 May Rodong-1 Musudan-ri
Suborbital Missile test29 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
30 May Hwaseong 6 Musudan-ri
Suborbital Missile test30 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)

June

15 June
17:30
LGM-30B Minuteman I Vandenberg LF-03 US Air Force
RSLP TDT-1 US Air Force Suborbital Target15 JuneLaunch failure
Apogee: 1 kilometre (0.62 mi)
16 June
04:39
Black Brant IX White Sands LC-36 NASA
NASA Suborbital Aeronomy16 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 253 kilometres (157 mi)
16 June
04:17
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/1 VKS
Kosmos 2251 (Strela-2M) MO RF Low Earth Communications10 February 2009Successful
Collided with Iridium 33 after retirement.[5]
21 June
13:07:22[1]
Space Shuttle Endeavour[6] Kennedy LC-39B United Space Alliance
STS-57 NASA Low Earth Microgravity1 July
12:52
Successful
SpaceHab LSM NASA/SpaceHab Low Earth (Endeavour) Scientific research
Manned orbital flight with six astronauts; Retrieved European Retrievable Carrier
22 June Aries White Sands LC-36 Orbital Sciences
BMDO Suborbital Technology22 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
24 June
04:12:41
Tsyklon-3 Plesetsk VKS
Kosmos 2252 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2253 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2254 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2255 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2256 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2257 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
25 June
00:18
Ariane 4 (42P) Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
Galaxy-4H Hughes Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
25 June
08:20
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 16/2 VKS
Resurs F-17 MOM Low Earth Remote sensing12 JulySuccessful
25 June
23:30
Scout G-1 Vandenberg SLC-5 NASA
RADCAL (P92-1) US Air Force/STP Low Earth (Polar) Radar calibrationIn orbitSuccessful
26 June
13:27
Delta II (7925) Cape Canaveral LC-17A McDonnell Douglas
USA-92 (GPS IIA-12) US Air Force Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
PMG NASA Low Earth TechnologyIn orbitSuccessful
June Prithvi Balasore DRDO
DRDO Suborbital Missile testL+1 hourSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)

July

1 July
14:32:58
Soyuz-U2 Baikonur Site 1/5 VKS
Soyuz TM-17 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Mir EO-1414 January 1994Successful
Manned orbital fight with three cosmonauts
2 July LGM-30G Minuteman III Vandenberg LF-09 US Air Force
GT-152GM US Air Force Suborbital Missile test2 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 1,300 kilometres (810 mi)
7 July
07:15
Tsyklon-2 Baikonur Site 90 VKS
Kosmos 2258 (US-PM) MO RF Low Earth Reconnaissance8 June 1995Successful
7 July UGM-133 Trident II USS Pennsylvania, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test7 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
7 July UGM-133 Trident II USS Pennsylvania, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test7 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
14 July
03:19
LGM-118 Peacekeeper Vandenberg LF-05 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test14 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
14 July
16:40
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/3 VKS
Kosmos 2259 (Yantar-4K2) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance25 JulySuccessful
19 July
22:04
Atlas II/IABS Cape Canaveral LC-36A General Dynamics
USA-93 (DSCS IIIB-9) US Air Force Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
22 July
08:25
Black Brant X Wallops Island NASA
WISP-2 NASA Suborbital Plasma22 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 900 kilometres (560 mi)
22 July
08:45
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/3 VKS
Kosmos 2260 (Zenit-8) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance5 AugustSuccessful
22 July
22:58:55
Ariane 4 (44L) Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
Hispasat 1B Hispasat Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
INSAT-2B ISRO Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
23 July
08:22
RT-2PM Topol Plesetsk RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test23 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
27 July Black Brant 9CM1 Centre d'Essais des Landes LA-CE Matra
BLANC Matra Suborbital Photography27 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
28 July
05:43
Viper IIIA Esrange NASA
NASA Suborbital Aeronomy28 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 116 kilometres (72 mi)
30 July
06:19
Viper IIIA Esrange NASA
NASA Suborbital Aeronomy30 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 116 kilometres (72 mi)

August

1 August
01:46
Nike-Orion Andøya NDRE
SCT-06 NDRE Suborbital Aeronomy1 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
2 August
00:37
Viper IIIA Esrange NASA
NASA Suborbital Aeronomy2 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 110 kilometres (68 mi)
2 August
01:02
Nike-Orion Esrange DLR/SSC
Decimals-B SSC Suborbital Aeronomy2 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 105 kilometres (65 mi)
2 August
01:24
Viper IIIA Esrange NASA
NASA Suborbital Aeronomy2 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 105 kilometres (65 mi)
2 August
03:24
Viper IIIA Esrange NASA
NASA Suborbital Aeronomy2 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 106 kilometres (66 mi)
2 August
05:54
Viper IIIA Esrange NASA
NASA Suborbital Aeronomy2 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 107 kilometres (66 mi)
2 August
19:59
Titan IVA (403) Vandenberg SLC-4E US Air Force
SLDCOM-3 NRO Intended: Low Earth CommunicationsT+101 secondsLaunch Failure
NOSS-2-3A US Navy Intended: Low Earth ELINT
NOSS-2-3B US Navy Intended: Low Earth ELINT
NOSS-2-3C US Navy Intended: Low Earth ELINT
Apogee: 33 kilometres (21 mi)
4 August
00:52
Molniya-M Plesetsk Site 43/3 VKS
Molniya-3 No.58L MOM Molniya Communications31 December 2013Successful
9 August
10:02
Atlas E Vandenberg SLC-3W US Air Force
NOAA-13 NOAA Sun-synchronous WeatherIn orbitSuccessful
10 August
14:53:45
Molniya-M Plesetsk Site 16/2 VKS
Kosmos 2261 (Oko) MOM Molniya Missile defenceIn orbitOperational
10 August
22:23:45
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5 VKS
Progress M-19 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Logistics13 OctoberSuccessful
17 August
18:00
Black Brant IX White Sands LC-36 NASA
SERTS 93-5 NASA Suborbital Solar17 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 312 kilometres (194 mi)
20 August
18:27
UGM-133 Trident II USS Nebraska, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test20 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
24 August
10:45
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 16/2 VKS
Resurs F-19 MOM Low Earth Remote sensing10 SeptemberSuccessful
25 August
10:00
Polaris/STARS Barking Sands LC-42 Space Data Corporation
Zodiac Beauchamp SDC Suborbital Target25 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 900 kilometres (560 mi)
28 August
09:45
Aries White Sands LC-36 NASA
SXT (XOGS) NASA Suborbital X-Ray astronomy28 AugustLaunch Failure
Apogee: 8 kilometres (5.0 mi)
30 August
12:38
Delta II (7925) Cape Canaveral LC-17B McDonnell Douglas
USA-94 (GPS IIA-13) US Air Force Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
Decommissioned on 1 May 2013[7]
31 August
04:40
Tsyklon-3 Plesetsk VKS
Meteor 2–21 Roskosmos Low Earth WeatherIn orbitSuccessful
Temisat Telespazio Low Earth TechnologyIn orbitSuccessful
31 August LGM-30G Minuteman III Vandenberg LF-26 US Air Force
GT-153GB US Air Force Suborbital Missile test31 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 1,300 kilometres (810 mi)

September

3 September
11:17
Atlas I Cape Canaveral LC-36B General Dynamics
USA-95 (UHF-2) US Navy Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
7 September
13:25
Soyuz-U2 Baikonur Site 31/6 VKS
Kosmos 2262 (Don) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance18 DecemberSuccessful
10 September
16:00
Nike-Orion White Sands NASA
CWAS 33 NASA Suborbital Aeronomy10 SeptemberSuccessful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
12 September
11:45
Space Shuttle Discovery Kennedy LC-39B United Space Alliance
STS-51 NASA Low Earth Satellite deployment22 September
07:56
Successful
ORFEUS-SPAS NASA/DARA Low Earth (Discovery) Astronomy
ACTS NASA Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Manned orbital flight with five astronauts; ACTS deployed using Transfer Orbit Stage and retired on 28 April 2004
13 September
18:00
Nike-Orion White Sands NASA
CWAS 34 NASA Suborbital Aeronomy13 SeptemberSuccessful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
15 September LGM-118 Peacekeeper Vandenberg LF-02 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test15 SeptemberSuccessful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
16 September
07:36:19
Zenit-2 Baikonur Site 45/1 VKS
Kosmos 2263 (Tselina-2) MO RF Low Earth ELINTIn orbitSuccessful
16 September
23:00
TR-1A Tanegashima LA-T NASDA
NASDA Suborbital Microgravity16 SeptemberSuccessful
Apogee: 264 kilometres (164 mi)
17 September
00:43:10
Tsyklon-2 Baikonur Site 90 VKS
Kosmos 2264 (US-PM) MO RF Low Earth Reconnaissance7 August 1995Successful
20 September
05:12
PSLV Sriharikota FLP ISRO
IRS 1E ISRO Intended: Low Earth Remote sensing20 SeptemberLaunch Failure
Maiden flight of PSLV; failed to reach orbit due to guidance system malfunction
26 September
01:45
Ariane 4 (40) Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
SPOT 3 Spot Image Sun-synchronous Remote sensingIn orbitSuccessful
Stella CNES Low Earth GravityIn orbitSuccessful
Healthsat-2 SatelLife Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kitsat-2 KAIST Low Earth TechnologyIn orbitSuccessful
Eyesat Interferometrics/AMSAT Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
ItamSat Interferometrics/AMSAT Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
PoSAT-1 Low Earth TechnologyIn orbitSuccessful
SPOT 3 ceased functioning on 14 November 1997; PoSAT-1 is the first Portuguese satellite
30 September
17:05:59
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 81/23 VKS
Raduga 30 MOM Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitOperational

October

4 October
17:45
Black Brant IX White Sands LC-36 NASA
CU-4 NASA Suborbital Ultraviolet astronomy4 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
4 October
19:35
Taurus-Orion White Sands NASA
NASA Suborbital Plasma4 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
5 October
17:56
Titan 23G/Star-37XFP-ISS Vandenberg SLC-4W US Air Force
Landsat 6 NASA Intended: Low Earth Remote sensing5 OctoberLaunch Failure
Upper stage failed to ignite; Apogee: 724 kilometres (450 mi)
8 October
08:00
Long March 2C Jiuquan LA-2B CALT
FSW 1–5 CASC Low Earth Reconnaissance28 OctoberSuccessful
8 October Storm White Sands SULF US Air Force
BTTV-4 (PAC-2) US Air Force Suborbital Target8 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
11 October
21:33:19
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5 VKS
Progress M-20 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Logistics21 NovemberSuccessful
18 October
14:53:10
Space Shuttle Columbia Kennedy LC-39B United Space Alliance
STS-58 NASA Low Earth Microgravity1 NovemberSuccessful
Spacelab Long Module 2 NASA Low Earth (Columbia) Spacelab SLS-2
EDO Pallet NASA Low Earth (Columbia) Cryogenic mission extension pallet
Manned orbital flight with seven astronauts
21 October
01:46
INTA-300B El Arenosillo INTA
FEIROX (FEIROH) INTA Suborbital Aeronomy21 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 154 kilometres (96 mi)
22 October
06:46
Ariane 4 (44LP) Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
Intelsat 701 Intelsat Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
26 October
10:00:04
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/1 VKS
Kosmos 2265 (Taifun) MO RF Low Earth Radar calibration11 August 2003Successful
26 October Storm White Sands LC-36 US Air Force
BTTV-5 (ERINT) US Air Force Suborbital Target26 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
28 October
15:17
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 81/23 VKS
Gorizont 28 MOM Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
28 October
17:04
Delta II (7925) Cape Canaveral LC-17B McDonnell Douglas
USA-96 (GPS IIA-14) US Air Force Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational

November

2 November
12:10:09
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/1 VKS
Kosmos 2266 (Parus) MO RF Low Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
3 November S3 Centre d'Essais des Landes
Suborbital Missile test3 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
4 November
07:07
Skylark 7 Esrange LA-S SSC
MASER 6 SSC Suborbital Microgravity4 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 243 kilometres (151 mi)
5 November
08:25
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5 VKS
Kosmos 2267 (Yantar-4KS1M) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance28 December 1994Successful
17 November Sonda-2 Natal INPE
INPE Suborbital Ionosphere17 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 555 kilometres (345 mi)
18 November
13:54:59
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 81/23 VKS
Gorizont 29 MOM Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Sold to Rimsat as Rimsat-1, then to PASI as PASI-1, then to LMI as LIM-AP-1
18 November UGM-133 Trident II USS Nebraska, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test18 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
20 November
01:17
Ariane 4 (44LP) Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
Solidaridad-1 Tele Mexico Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Meteosat 6 EUMETSAT Geostationary WeatherIn orbitOperational
26 November
11:00
Skylark 7 Esrange LA-S DLR
TEXUS 31 DLR Suborbital Microgravity26 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 257 kilometres (160 mi)
28 November
23:40
Atlas II Cape Canaveral LC-36A General Dynamics
USA-97 (DSCS IIIB-10) US Air Force Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
29 November
09:30
Nike-Improved Orion Esrange DLR
MINI-TEXUS 1 DLR Suborbital Microgravity29 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 146 kilometres (91 mi)
30 November Storm White Sands LC-36 US Air Force
BTTV-6 (ERINT/GTF-2) US Air Force Suborbital Target30 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)

December

2 December
09:27
Space Shuttle Endeavour Kennedy LC-39B United Space Alliance
STS-61 NASA Low Earth (HST) Satellite refurbishment (HST-SM1)13 DecemberSuccessful
Manned orbital flight with seven astronauts
8 December
00:48
Delta II (7925) Cape Canaveral LC-17A McDonnell Douglas
USA-98 (NATO-4B) NATO/US Air Force Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
16 December
00:38
Atlas IIAS Cape Canaveral LC-36B General Dynamics
Telstar 401 AT&T Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Maiden flight of Atlas IIAS; Telstar 401 destroyed by a magnetic storm in 1997
17 December Storm White Sands SULF US Air Force
MTTV-1 (ERINT) US Air Force Suborbital Target17 DecemberSuccessful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
18 December
01:27
Ariane 4 (44L) Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
DBS-1 Hughes Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Thaicom 1 Shin Corporation Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
22 December
20:37:16
Molniya-M Plesetsk Site 43/3 VKS
Molniya 1–87 MOM Molniya CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
December Volna Submarine Russian Navy
Russian Navy Suborbital Missile testL+1 hourSuccessful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
December Zyb Submarine, Pacific Ocean Russian Navy
Efir RVSN Suborbital TechnologyL+1 hourSuccessful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)

Deep Space Rendezvous

Date (GMT) Spacecraft Event Remarks
10 AprilHitenCrashed intentionally on the Moon
22 AugustMars ObserverLost contact prior to orbit insertion
28 AugustGalileoFlyby of 243 IdaClosest approach: 2,400 kilometres (1,500 mi)

EVAs

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks
17 January 4 hours
28 minutes
STS-54
Endeavour
Gregory J. Harbaugh
Mario Runco, Jr.
Tested space station construction techniques and mobility techniques.[8]
19 April
17:15
5 hours
25 minutes
22:40 Mir EO-13
Kvant-2
Gennadi Manakov
Aleksandr Poleshchuk
Used the Strela boom to install an electric motor on the Kvant-1 module for solar arrays originally installed on the Kristall module. After the installation, Poleshchuk noticed that one of the handles on the Strela boom had become loose and drifted away from Mir. The loss of the Strela handle meant the next EVA would have to be delayed until a new handle could be lifted to orbit the next Progress supply launch.
18 June
17:25
4 hours
33 minutes
21:58 Mir EO-13
Kvant-2
Gennadi Manakov
Aleksandr Poleschuk
After receiving the replacement part, Manakov and Poleshchuk first repaired the Strela boom and then installed the second electric drive for the solar array.
25 June 5 hours
50 minutes
STS-57
Endeavour
G. David Low
Peter Wisoff
Helped secure the antenna on the captured EURECA satellite in its stored position for return to earth. Then both spacewalkers practiced construction maneuvers on the RMS.[9]
16 September
05:57
4 hours
18 minutes
10:16 Mir EO-14
Kvant-2
Vasily Tsibliyev
Aleksandr Serebrov
Began assembly of the experimental Rapana truss structure.
16 September
08:40
7 hours
5 minutes
15:45 STS-51
Discovery
James H. Newman
Carl E. Walz
Carried out tests on tools, tethers, and a foot restraint system in anticipation of the repair of the Hubble Space Telescope. A stuck tool chest lid slowed the closeout of spacewalk for at least 45 minutes.[10]
20 September
03:51
3 hours
13 minutes
07:05 Mir EO-14
Kvant-2
Vasily Tsibliyev
Aleksandr Serebrov
Completed assembly of the Rapana truss.
28 September
00:57
1 hour
52 minutes
02:48 Mir EO-14
Kvant-2
Vasily Tsibliyev
Aleksandr Serebrov
Inspected the Mir exterior for damage from the recent Perseid meteoroid shower. The most notable damage they found was a 5-millimetre (0.20 in) hole on one of the solar arrays.
22 October
15:47
38 minutes 16:25 Mir EO-14
Kvant-2
Vasily Tsibliyev
Aleksandr Serebrov
Continued their inspection of the Mir exterior for damage from the Perseids.
29 October
13:38
4 hours
12 minutes
17:50 Mir EO-14
Kvant-2
Vasily Tsibliyev
Aleksandr Serebrov
Completed their inspection of the entire outer surface of the Mir. They observed several marks on the hull, there were no complete penetrations. The spacewalking team did notice an unidentified piece of metal drifting by the orbital complex during their inspections.
5 December
03:44
7 hours
54 minutes
11:38 STS-61
Endeavour
Story Musgrave
Jeffrey A. Hoffman
HST servicing: Replaced two sets of gryoscopes and electrical control units, as well as a set of eight fuses. The spacewalks had considerable difficulty closing the latches on the doors due to thermal expansion of the closure bolts. Before re-entering the shuttle, the team prepared the payload bay for the next EVA.[11]
6 December
03:29
6 hours
36 minutes
10:05 STS-61
Endeavour
Kathryn C. Thornton
Thomas Akers
HST servicing: Thorton rode the RMS to handle the solar arrays while Akers made the cable connections as the team replaced two solar arrays on Hubble. One array was discarded into space, and one array was furled and stowed for return to earth.[11]
7 December
03:35
6 hours
47 minutes
10:22 STS-61
Endeavour
Story Musgrave
Jeffrey A. Hoffman
HST servicing: Replaced the WFPC with WFPC 2 and two magnetometers.[11]
8 December
03:13
7 hours
21 minutes
10:03 STS-61
Endeavour
Kathryn C. Thornton
Thomas Akers
HST servicing: Replaced Hubble's High Speed Photometer (HSP) with the Corrective Optics Space Telescope Axial Replacement (COSTAR). This replacement fixed the spherical aberration in Hubble's mirror. The HSP was stowed for return to earth.[11]
9 December
03:30
7 hours
21 minutes
10:51 STS-61
Endeavour
Story Musgrave
Jeffrey A. Hoffman
HST servicing: Replaced the electronics for the solar array drive motors. They also placed some made-on-Endeavour covers over the new magnetometers to protect them from debris.[11]

References

  • Bergin, Chris. "NASASpaceFlight.com".
  • Clark, Stephen. "Spaceflight Now".
  • Kelso, T.S. "Satellite Catalog (SATCAT)". CelesTrak.
  • Krebs, Gunter. "Chronology of Space Launches".
  • Kyle, Ed. "Space Launch Report".
  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Jonathan's Space Report".
  • Pietrobon, Steven. "Steven Pietrobon's Space Archive".
  • Wade, Mark. "Encyclopedia Astronautica".
  • Webb, Brian. "Southwest Space Archive".
  • Zak, Anatoly. "Russian Space Web".
  • "ISS Calendar". Spaceflight 101.
  • "NSSDCA Master Catalog". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
  • "Space Calendar". NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
  • "Space Information Center". JAXA.
  • "Хроника освоения космоса" [Chronicle of space exploration]. CosmoWorld (in Russian).
Generic references:

Footnotes

  1. "Launch Log". Retrieved 11 May 2008.
  2. NASA (23 November 2007). "NASA – STS-54". National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Archived from the original on 10 June 2008. Retrieved 11 May 2008.
  3. NASA (23 November 2007). "NASA – STS-56". National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Archived from the original on 10 June 2008. Retrieved 11 May 2008.
  4. NASA (23 November 2007). "NASA – STS-55". National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Archived from the original on 16 May 2008. Retrieved 11 May 2008.
  5. Iannotta, Becky (11 February 2009). "U.S. Satellite Destroyed in Space Collision". Space.com. Archived from the original on 13 February 2009. Retrieved 11 February 2009.
  6. NASA (23 November 2007). "NASA – STS-57". National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Archived from the original on 10 June 2008. Retrieved 12 May 2008.
  7. "NOTICE ADVISORY TO NAVSTAR USERS (NANU) 2013027". United States Coast Guard. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
  8. "Space Shuttle Flight 53 (STS-54)". NASA. 2008. Retrieved 1 March 2009.
  9. Dumoulin, Jim (2001). "STS-57 (56)". NASA Space Shuttle Launch Archive. NASA. Archived from the original on 28 February 2009. Retrieved 2 March 2009.
  10. Dumoulin, Jim (2001). "STS-51 (57)". NASA Space Shuttle Launch Archive. NASA. Archived from the original on 2 March 2009. Retrieved 2 March 2009.
  11. Dumoulin, Jim (2001). "STS-61 (59)". NASA Space Shuttle Launch Archive. NASA. Archived from the original on 20 March 2009. Retrieved 3 March 2009.


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