1992 in spaceflight

The following is an outline of 1992 in spaceflight.

1992 in spaceflight
Richard Hieb, Thomas Akers, and Pierre J. Thuot undertake the first-ever three-person EVA to repair the Intelsat 603 spacecraft during STS-49, the maiden flight of the Space Shuttle Endeavour.
Orbital launches
First21 January
Last29 December
Total98
Successes94
Failures2
Partial failures2
National firsts
Orbital launch Russia
Space traveller Belgium
 Italy
  Switzerland
Rockets
Maiden flightsAtlas IIA
Space Shuttle Endeavour
RetirementsCommercial Titan III
Delta II 6920
Delta II 6925
H-I
Crewed flights
Orbital10
Total travellers59

Launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January

11 January
03:40
Black Brant IX White Sands LC-36 NASA
NASA Suborbital Astronomy11 JanuarySuccessful
Apogee: 248 kilometres (154 mi)
17 January Storm White Sands SULF US Air Force
BTTV-1 US Air Force Suborbital Test flight17 JanuarySuccessful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
21 January
15:00
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/3 VKS
Kosmos 2175 (Yantar-4K2) VKS Low Earth Reconnaissance20 MarchSuccessful
First Russian (post Soviet) satellite launch
22 January
14:52:33
Space Shuttle Discovery[1] Kennedy LC-39A United Space Alliance
STS-42 NASA Low Earth Microgravity30 January
16:07:17
Successful
Spacelab Long Module 2 ESA/NASA Low Earth (Discovery) Spacelab IML-1
Manned orbital flight with seven astronauts
23 January
19:19
Black Brant IX White Sands LC-36 NASA
NASA Suborbital Plasma23 JanuarySuccessful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
24 January
01:18:01
Molniya-M/2BL Plesetsk Site 43/3 VKS
Kosmos 2176 (Oko) VKS Molniya Missile defence17 January 2012Successful
25 January
07:50:17
Soyuz-U2 Baikonur Site 1/5 VKS
Progress M-11 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Logistics13 MarchSuccessful
28 January
12:00
S-310 Kagoshima LA-K ISAS
ISAS Suborbital Aeronomy28 JanuarySuccessful
Apogee: 223 kilometres (139 mi)
29 January
22:19:12
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 81/23 VKS
Kosmos 2177 (GLONASS) VKS Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2178 (GLONASS) VKS Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2179 (GLONASS) VKS Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
31 January
11:55
Black Brant IX White Sands LC-36 NASA
SXT NASA/Boulder Suborbital X-ray astronomy31 JanuarySuccessful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)

February

1 February
16:00
S-520 Kagoshima LA-K ISAS
CIR ISAS Suborbital Infrared astronomy1 FebruarySuccessful
Apogee: 338 kilometres (210 mi)
5 February Zenit-2 Baikonur Site 45/1 VKS
Tselina-2 #10 MO RF Intended: Low Earth ELINT5 FebruaryLaunch failure
Second stage overheated, causing malfunction
11 February
00:41:02
Atlas II Cape Canaveral LC-36A General Dynamics
USA-78 (DSCS IIIB-14) US Air Force Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
11 February
01:50
H-I Tanegashima LA-N NASDA
JERS-1 NASDA Sun-synchronous Earth observation3 December 2001Successful
Final flight of H-I
17 February
22:05:08
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 133/3 VKS
Kosmos 2180 (Parus) MO RF Low Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
18 February Aries White Sands LC-36 SDIO
SDIO Suborbital Technology18 FebruarySuccessful
Apogee: 320 kilometres (200 mi)
22 February
03:15
Black Brant IX White Sands LC-36 NASA
NASA Suborbital Astronomy22 FebruarySuccessful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
22 February UGM-133 Trident II USS West Virginia, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight22 FebruarySuccessful
Commander's Evaluation Test; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
22 February UGM-133 Trident II USS West Virginia, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight22 FebruarySuccessful
Commander's Evaluation Test; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
22 February UGM-133 Trident II USS West Virginia, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight22 FebruarySuccessful
Commander's Evaluation Test; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
22 February UGM-133 Trident II USS West Virginia, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight22 FebruarySuccessful
Commander's Evaluation Test; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
23 February
22:29
Delta II 7925 Cape Canaveral LC-17B McDonnell Douglas
USA-79 (GPS IIA-3) US Air Force Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
26 February
23:58:10
Ariane 4 44L Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
Superbird-B1 SCC Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Arabsat-1C ARABSAT Current: Graveyard
Operational: Geostationary
CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Arabsat sold to ISRO in November 1997 and operated until October 2004 as INSAT-2DT

March

3 March
13:57:30
Nike Tomahawk Poker Flat NASA
Aria-1 NASA Suborbital Plasma3 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 295 kilometres (183 mi)
3 March
14:06:48
Black Brant VIIIC Poker Flat NASA
Aria-1 NASA Suborbital Plasma3 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 289 kilometres (180 mi)
3 March
14:57
Nike Tomahawk Poker Flat NASA
Aria-1 NASA Suborbital Plasma3 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 270 kilometres (170 mi)
4 March
04:27
Molniya-M/ML Plesetsk Site 43/4 VKS
Molniya-1 #83 MOM Molniya Communications1 July 2007Successful
4 March LGM-118 Peacekeeper Vandenberg LF-05 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight4 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
6 March
13:57:30
Nike Tomahawk Poker Flat NASA
NASA Suborbital Plasma6 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 270 kilometres (170 mi)
9 March
22:35:59
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/1 VKS
Kosmos 2181 (Tsikada) MO RF Low Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
12 March
22:42
Nike Orion White Sands NASA
CWAS-21 NASA Suborbital Aeronomy12 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
13 March
18:15
LGM-30B Minuteman I Vandenberg LF-03 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Target13 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 1,300 kilometres (810 mi)
13 March
18:36:27
Aries Meck US Air Force
ERIS US Air Force Suborbital Interceptor13 MarchPartial failure
Final flight of ERIS; missed target due to programming issue caused by test conditions, enough data collected to proceed with operagional programme.
Apogee: 290 kilometres (180 mi)
14 March
00:00
Atlas I Cape Canaveral LC-36B General Dynamics
Galaxy 5 Hughes Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
15 March
22:46
Nike Orion White Sands NASA
CWAS-22 NASA Suborbital Aeronomy15 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
17 March
10:54:30
Soyuz-U2 Baikonur Site 1/5 VKS
Soyuz TM-14 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Mir EO-1110 AugustSuccessful
Manned orbital flight with three cosmonauts; First manned Russian (post-Soviet) launch
18 March Scout-II Salto di Quirra ASI
ASI Suborbital Test flight18 MarchLaunch failure
19 March
16:05
Black Brant IX White Sands LC-36 CSA
CSAR-1 CSA Suborbital Microgravity19 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 226 kilometres (140 mi)
19 March
16:10
Black Brant IX White Sands LC-36 NASA
HIRAAS-2 NASA Suborbital Airglow19 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
24 March
13:13:39
Space Shuttle Atlantis Kennedy LC-39A United Space Alliance
STS-45 NASA Low Earth Microgravity2 AprilSuccessful
Spacelab Double Pallet NASA Low Earth (Atlantis) Spacelab ATLAS-1
Manned orbital flight with seven astronauts including the first Belgian in space
29 March
07:27
Black Brant XI Poker Flat NASA
CHARGE-2B NASA Suborbital Ionosphere29 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 267 kilometres (166 mi)
29 March
08:07:45
HPB Poker Flat Orbital Sciences
Orbital Sciences Suborbital Infrared astronomy29 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 400 kilometres (250 mi)

April

1 April
14:18
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 16/2 VKS
Kosmos 2182 (Yantar-4K2) MO RF Low Earth Reconnaissance30 MaySuccessful
2 April
01:50
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 81/23 VKS
Gorizont 25 YeSSS Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
8 April
12:20
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 31/6 VKS
Kosmos 2183 (Yantar-4K2) MO RF Low Earth Reconnaissance16 February 1993Successful
8 April UGM-96 Trident I USS Henry L. Stimson, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight8 AprilSuccessful
Follow-on Commander's Evaluation Test 40; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
8 April UGM-96 Trident I USS Henry L. Stimson, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight8 AprilSuccessful
Follow-on Commander's Evaluation Test 40; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
9 April
10:40
Black Brant IXBM1 Esrange SSC
MASER-5 SSC Suborbital Microgravity9 AprilSuccessful
Apogee: 317 kilometres (197 mi)
10 April
03:20
Delta II 7925 Cape Canaveral LC-17B McDonnell Douglas
USA-80 (GPS IIA-4) US Air Force Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
15 April
07:17:43
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/1 VKS
Kosmos 2184 (Parus) MO RF Low Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
15 April
09:09
HPB Wallops Island Orbital Sciences
Orbital Sciences Suborbital Target15 AprilSuccessful
Apogee: 450 kilometres (280 mi)
15 April
23:25:27
Ariane 4 44L Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
Inmarsat-2F4 Inmarsat Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Télécom 2B France Télécom Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
19 April
21:29:25
Soyuz-U2 Baikonur Site 1/5 VKS
Progress M-12 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Logistics27 JuneSuccessful
25 April
08:53
Titan 23G Vandenberg SLC-4W US Air Force
USA-81 (Bernie/Singleton) NRO Low Earth (Polar) ELINTIn orbitOperational
29 April
09:00
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/4 VKS
Resurs-F #14 MO RF Low Earth Remote sensing29 MaySuccessful
29 April
10:10
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5 VKS
Kosmos 2185 (Yantar-1KFT) MO RF Low Earth Reconnaissance11 JuneSuccessful
29 April DF-21 Taiyuan CALT
CALT Suborbital Test flight29 AprilLaunch failure

May

5 May LGM-30G Minuteman III Vandenberg LF-10 US Air Force
GT-147GM-1 US Air Force Suborbital Test flight5 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 1,300 kilometres (810 mi)
5 May Prithvi Balasore DRDO
DRDO Suborbital Test flight5 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
7 May
23:40
Space Shuttle Endeavour Kennedy LC-39B United Space Alliance
STS-49 NASA Low Earth Satellite reboost16 MaySuccessful
Manned orbital flight with seven astronauts; Maiden flight of Space Shuttle Endeavour; reboosted Intelsat 603
12 May
14:26
Black Brant IX White Sands LC-36 NASA
SPARTAN (SPDE) NASA Suborbital Solar12 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
14 May
00:40
Delta II 7925-8 Cape Canaveral LC-17B McDonnell Douglas
Palapa-B4 Telkom Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
20 May
00:30
ASLV Sriharikota FLP ISRO
SROSS-C ISRO Low Earth Magnetosphere14 JulyPartial failure
Placed into incorrect orbit due to fifth stage spin-up failure
23 May
00:00
Nike Orion White Sands
CWAS-23 NASA Suborbital Aeronomy23 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
24 May Terrier Malemute Barking Sands SDIO
CDX (LWIS) SDIO Suborbital Target24 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 290 kilometres (180 mi)
25 May
23:52
Nike Tomahawk Arecibo NASA
AA-3A NASA Suborbital Plasma25 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 270 kilometres (170 mi)
27 May
12:27
Nike Orion White Sands NASA
CWAS-24 NASA Suborbital Aeronomy27 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
28 May
19:09:59
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 16/2 VKS
Kosmos 2186 (Yantar-4K2) MO RF Low Earth Reconnaissance24 JulySuccessful
28 May Agni-I Balasore DRDO
DRDO Suborbital Test flight28 MayFailure
30 May
08:11
Black Brant IX Arecibo NASA
AA-4IFH NASA/NRL Suborbital Plasma30 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 308 kilometres (191 mi)
May DF-21 Taiyuan CALT
CALT Suborbital Test flightL+1 hourFailure

June

1 June
02:52
Sonda 3 Alcântara INPE
INPE Suborbital Aeronomy1 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 282 kilometres (175 mi)
2 June LGM-30G Minuteman III Vandenberg LF-26 US Air Force
GT-148GB US Air Force Suborbital Test flight2 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 1,300 kilometres (810 mi)
3 June
00:50:30
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 133/3 VKS
Kosmos 2187 (Strela-1M) MO RF Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2188 (Strela-1M) MO RF Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2189 (Strela-1M) MO RF Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2190 (Strela-1M) MO RF Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2191 (Strela 1M) MO RF Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2192 (Strela-1M) MO RF Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2193 (Strela-1M) MO RF Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2194 (Strela-1M) MO RF Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
6 June
08:37:31
Black Brant IX Arecibo NASA
AA-3B NASA Suborbital Plasma6 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 370 kilometres (230 mi)
7 June
16:40
Delta II 6920-10 Cape Canaveral LC-17A McDonnell Douglas
EUVE NASA Low Earth Ultraviolet astronomy31 January 2002Successful
Final flight of Delta II 6920
9 June
05:32
Black Brant IX Arecibo NASA
NASA Suborbital Plasma9 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
10 June
00:00
Atlas IIA Cape Canaveral LC-36B General Dynamics
Intelsat K Intelsat Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Maiden flight of Atlas IIA
16 June Storm White Sands SULF US Air Force
BTTV-2 US Air Force Suborbital Test flight16 JuneFailure
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
18 June UGM-133 Trident II USS West Virginia, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight18 JuneSuccessful
Commander's Evaluation Test; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
18 June UGM-133 Trident II USS West Virginia, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight18 JuneSuccessful
Commander's Evaluation Test; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
18 June UGM-133 Trident II USS West Virginia, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight18 JuneSuccessful
Commander's Evaluation Test; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
18 June UGM-133 Trident II USS West Virginia, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight18 JuneSuccessful
Commander's Evaluation Test; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
19 June
11:01
Aries White Sands LC-36 SDIO
SDIO Suborbital Technology19 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 330 kilometres (210 mi)
23 June
00:24
Black Brant VC Arecibo NASA
NASA Suborbital Ionosphere23 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 250 kilometres (160 mi)
23 June
08:00
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/3 VKS
Resurs-F #15 MO RF Low Earth Remote sensing9 JulySuccessful
25 June
16:12:22
Space Shuttle Columbia Kennedy LC-39A United Space Alliance
STS-50 NASA Low Earth Microgravity9 JulySuccessful
Spacelab Long Module 1 NASA Low Earth (Columbia) Spacelab USML-1
EDO Pallet NASA Low Earth (Columbia) Cryogenic mission extension pallet
Manned orbital flight with seven astronauts; Maiden flight of EDO Pallet
30 June
16:43:13
Soyuz-U2 Baikonur Site 31/6 VKS
Progress M-13 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Logistics24 JulySuccessful
June Rodong-1 Musudan-ri KPA
KPA Suborbital Test flightL+1 hourFailure

July

1 July
02:20
LGM-118 Peacekeeper Vandenberg LF-02 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight1 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
1 July
20:16:22
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 133/3 VKS
Kosmos 2195 (Parus) MO RF Low Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
2 July
09:01:15
Black Brant IX Arecibo NASA
AA-1 NASA Suborbital Plasma2 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 250 kilometres (160 mi)
2 July
21:54:01
Atlas II/IABS Cape Canaveral LC-36A General Dynamics
USA-82 (DSCS IIIB-12) US Air Force Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
3 July
14:19
Scout G-1 Vandenberg SLC-5 NASA
SAMPEX (SMEX-1/Explorer 68) NASA Low Earth Solar13 November 2012Successful
3 July RH-560 Sriharikota ISRO
ISRO Suborbital Ionosphere3 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 320 kilometres (200 mi)
4 July
08:58
Black Brant IX Arecibo NASA
AA-7 NASA Suborbital Plasma4 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 250 kilometres (160 mi)
7 July
09:20:01
Delta II 7925 Cape Canaveral LC-17B McDonnell Douglas
USA-83 (GPS IIA-5) US Air Force Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
8 July
09:53:14
Molniya-M/2BL Plesetsk Site 43/3 VKS
Kosmos 2196 (Oko) MO RF Molniya Missile defenceIn orbitSuccessful
9 July
22:42:19
Ariane 4 44L Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
INSAT-2A ISRO Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Eutelsat 2F4 Eutelsat Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Eutelsat retired in 2003
12 July
09:02
Black Brant IX Arecibo NASA
AA-2 NASA Suborbital Plasma12 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 252 kilometres (157 mi)
13 July
17:41:40
Tsyklon-3 Plesetsk VKS
Kosmos 2197 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2198 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2199 (Gonets-D) Roskosmos Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2200 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2201 (Gonets-D) Roskosmos Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2202 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
14 July
22:02
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 81/23 VKS
Gorizont 26 YeSSS Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
24 July
13:36
Black Brant VIIIC Poker Flat NASA
NASA Suborbital Plasma24 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 340 kilometres (210 mi)
24 July
14:26
Delta II 6925 Cape Canaveral LC-17A McDonnell Douglas
GEOTAIL ISAS/NASA High Earth MagnetosphereIn orbitOperational
DUVE NASA/California Low Earth Ultraviolet astronomy16 March 2003Successful
Final flight of Delta II 6000-series
24 July
19:40
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/3 VKS
Kosmos 2203 (Yantar-4K2) MO RF Low Earth Reconnaissance22 SeptemberSuccessful
27 July
06:08:42
Soyuz-U2 Baikonur Site 1/5 VKS
Soyuz TM-15 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Mir EO-121 February 1993Successful
Manned orbital flight with three cosmonauts
28 July UR-100NU Baikonur RVSN
SLI RVSN Suborbital Test flight28 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
29 July UGM-133 Trident II USS Maryland, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight29 JulySuccessful
Demonstration and Shakedown Operation 9; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
30 July
01:59:01
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 81/23 VKS
Kosmos 2204 (GLONASS) VKS Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2205 (GLONASS) VKS Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2206 (GLONASS) VKS Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
30 July
11:00
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/4 VKS
Kosmos 2207 (Zenit-8) MO RF Low Earth Reconnaissance13 AugustSuccessful
31 July
13:56:48
Space Shuttle Atlantis Kennedy LC-39B United Space Alliance
STS-46 NASA Low Earth Satellite deployment8 AugustSuccessful
TSS-1 ASI Low Earth (Atlantis) TechnologyFailure
EURECA ESA Low Earth Microgravity/Solar1 July 1993Successful
Manned orbital flight with seven astronauts including the first Swiss and Italian in space
TSS tether jammed during deployment; EURECA returned to Earth by Space Shuttle Endeavour during STS-57
July Hwasong-6 Syrian Air Force
Syrian Air Force Suborbital Test flightL+1 hourSuccessful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
July Hwasong-6 Syrian Air Force
Syrian Air Force Suborbital Test flightL+1 hourSuccessful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)

August

4 August UGM-133 Trident II USS Tennessee, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight4 AugustSuccessful
Commander's Evaluation Test; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
4 August UGM-133 Trident II USS Tennessee, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight4 AugustSuccessful
Commander's Evaluation Test; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
4 August UGM-133 Trident II USS Tennessee, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight4 AugustSuccessful
Commander's Evaluation Test; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
4 August UGM-133 Trident II USS Tennessee, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight4 AugustSuccessful
Commander's Evaluation Test; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
6 August
19:30:59
Molniya-M/ML Plesetsk Site 43/3 VKS
Molniya-1 #84 MOM Molniya Communications4 April 2008Successful
9 August
08:00
Long March 2D Jiuquan LA-2B CALT
FSW-2 #1 CASC Low Earth Reconnaissance1 SeptemberSuccessful
10 August
23:08:07
Ariane 4 42P Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
TOPEX/Poseidon CNES/NASA Low Earth OceanographyIn orbitSuccessful
S80/T CNES Low Earth TechnologyIn orbitSuccessful
KitSAT-1 (OSCAR-23) KAIST Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
TOPEX/Poseidon mission ended in October 2005 and was deactivated on 18 January 2006.
12 August
05:44:01
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/1 VKS
Kosmos 2208 (Strela-2M) MO RF Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
13 August
23:00
Long March 2E Xichang LA-2 CALT
Optus B1 Optus Current: Graveyard
Operational: Geostationary
CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Retired and moved to graveyard orbit in May 2008
15 August
22:18:32
Soyuz-U2 Baikonur Site 31/6 VKS
Progress M-14 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Logistics21 OctoberSuccessful
18 August Prithvi Balasore DRDO
DRDO Suborbital Test flight18 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
19 August
10:20
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 16/2 VKS
Resurs-F #16 MO RF Low Earth Remote sensing4 SeptemberSuccessful
Pion-Germes 1 MOM Low Earth Remote sensing25 SeptemberSuccessful
Pion-Germes 2 MOM Low Earth Remote sensing24 SeptemberSuccessful
19 August
23:30
TR-1A Tanegashima LA-T NASDA
NASDA Suborbital Microgravity19 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 290 kilometres (180 mi)
21 August
17:46
Nike Orion White Sands NASA
NASA Suborbital Aeronomy21 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
22 August
22:40
Atlas I Cape Canaveral LC-36B General Dynamics
Galaxy 1R Hughes Intended: Geosynchronous Communications22 AugustLaunch failure
Upper stage turbopump failed to start, destroyed by range safety
24 August
16:30
Black Brant IX White Sands LC-36 NASA
HRTS-8 NASA/NRL Suborbital Solar24 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 249 kilometres (155 mi)
26 August
15:10
Nike Orion White Sands NASA
CWAS-25 NASA Suborbital Aeronomy26 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
27 August
18:30
Black Brant VIIIC Wallops Island NASA
NASA Suborbital Test flight27 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 198 kilometres (123 mi)
31 August
10:41
Delta II 7925 Cape Canaveral LC-17B McDonnell Douglas
Satcom C4 GE Americom Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful

September

1 September
01:00
Nike Orion White Sands NASA
CWAS-26 NASA Suborbital Aeronomy1 SeptemberSuccessful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
3 September UGM-133 Trident II USS Kentucky, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight3 SeptemberSuccessful
Commander's Evaluation Test; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
3 September UGM-133 Trident II USS Kentucky, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight3 SeptemberSuccessful
Commander's Evaluation Test; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
3 September UGM-133 Trident II USS Kentucky, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight3 SeptemberSuccessful
Commander's Evaluation Test; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
3 September UGM-133 Trident II USS Kentucky, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight3 SeptemberSuccessful
Commander's Evaluation Test; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
9 September
08:57
Delta II 7925 Cape Canaveral LC-17A McDonnell Douglas
USA-84 (GPS IIA-6) US Air Force Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitOperational
10 September
14:30
Black Brant IXCM1 White Sands LC-36 SSI
CONSORT-5 Huntsville Suborbital Microgravity10 SeptemberFailure
Apogee: 235 kilometres (146 mi)
10 September
18:01:18
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 81/23 VKS
Kosmos 2209 (Prognoz) MO RF Geostationary Missile defenceIn orbitOperational
10 September
23:04
Ariane 4 44LP Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
Hispasat 1A Hispasat Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Satcom C3 GE Americom Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Hispasat retired in 2003
12 September
14:23
Space Shuttle Endeavour Kennedy LC-39B United Space Alliance
STS-47 NASA Low Earth Microgravity20 SeptemberSuccessful
Spacelab Long Module 2 NASDA/NASA Low Earth (Endeavour) Spacelab-J
Manned orbital flight with seven astronauts; 50th mission of the Space Shuttle programme
16 September
03:15
LGM-118 Peacekeeper Vandenberg LF-05 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight16 SeptemberSuccessful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
22 September
16:10
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 16/2 VKS
Kosmos 2210 (Yantar-4K2) MO RF Low Earth Reconnaissance20 NovemberSuccessful
25 September
17:05:01
Commercial Titan III/TOS Cape Canaveral LC-40 Martin Marietta
Mars Observer NASA Intended: Areocentric
Achieved: Heliocentric
Mars orbiterUnknownPartial failure
Final flight of Commercial Titan III; Maiden flight of TOS
Contact lost three days before orbit insertion. It is unclear whether the spacecraft entered Aerocentric orbit, remained in Heliocentric orbit, or exploded.
28 September LGM-30G Minuteman III Vandenberg LF-26 US Air Force
GT-149GB US Air Force Suborbital Test flight28 SeptemberSuccessful
Apogee: 1,300 kilometres (810 mi)

October

6 October
06:20:05
Long March 2C Jiuquan LA-2B CALT
FSW-1 #4 CASC Low Earth Reconnaissance13 OctoberSuccessful
Freja SSC Low Earth MagnetosphereIn orbitSuccessful
Freja mission ended 30 June 1995 and last contact made on 14 October 1996
8 October
19:00
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/4 VKS
Foton-8 Roskosmos Low Earth Microgravity24 OctoberSuccessful
12 October
09:47
Delta II 7925 Cape Canaveral LC-17B McDonnell Douglas
DFS-3 Bundespost Current: Graveyard
Operational: Geostationary
CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Retired in February 2003
14 October
19:58
Molniya-M/ML Plesetsk Site 43/3 VKS
Molniya-3 #50L MOM Molniya CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
16 October Castor-Orbus Wake Island Orbital Sciences
SDIO Suborbital Reentry test16 OctoberFailure
Maiden flight of Castor-Orbus; Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
19 October UGM-133 Trident II USS Maryland, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight19 OctoberSuccessful
Demonstration and Shakedown Operation 10; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
20 October
12:58:12
Tsyklon-3 Plesetsk VKS
Kosmos 2211 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2212 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2213 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2214 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2215 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2216 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
21 October
10:21:22
Molniya-M/2BL Plesetsk Site 16/2 VKS
Kosmos 2217 (Oko) MO RF Molniya Missile defence6 November 2010
04:22[2]
Successful
22 October
17:09:40
Space Shuttle Columbia Kennedy LC-39B United Space Alliance
STS-52 NASA Low Earth USMP-11 NovemberSuccessful
CANEX-2 CSA Low Earth (Columbia) Microgravity
LAGEOS-2 ASI Medium Earth GeodesyIn orbitOperational
Manned orbital flight with six astronauts
22 October Aries Wallops Island SDIO
Orbus 1 (SPFE-3) SDIO Suborbital Target22 OctoberFailure
Apogee: 20 kilometres (12 mi)
25 October
01:06
LGM-30B Minuteman I Vandenberg LF-03 US Air Force
AST-DT2 US Air Force Suborbital Target25 OctoberFailure
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
27 October
17:19:41
Soyuz-U2 Baikonur Site 31/6 VKS
Progress M-15 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Logistics7 February 1993Successful
Mak-2 Roskosmos Low Earth Ionosphere1 April 1993Successful
Znamya 2 Roskosmos Low Earth Solar mirror5 February 1993Successful
Mak-2 deployed from Mir on 20 November 1992; Znamya deployed from Progress on 4 February 1993
27 October
18:30
Black Brant IX White Sands LC-36 NASA
CU-3 NASA Suborbital Ultraviolet astronomy27 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 298 kilometres (185 mi)
28 October
00:15
Ariane 4 42P Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
Galaxy 7 Hughes Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitSpacecraft failure
Major spacecraft malfunction November 2000
29 October
10:40:33
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 133/3 VKS
Kosmos 2218 (Parus) MO RF Low Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
30 October
14:59
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 81/23 VKS
Ekran-M3 MOM Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful

November

4 November
02:00
LGM-30G Minuteman III Vandenberg LF-04 US Air Force
GT-150GM US Air Force Suborbital Test flight4 NovemberFailure
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
8 November
10:25
Maxus Esrange SSC/DLR
MAXUS 1B ESA Suborbital Microgravity8 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 717 kilometres (446 mi)
10 November UGM-133 Trident II USS Tennessee, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight10 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
10 November UGM-133 Trident II USS Tennessee, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight10 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
10 November UGM-133 Trident II USS Tennessee, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight10 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
10 November UGM-133 Trident II USS Tennessee, Eastern Range US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight10 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
15 November
21:45:01
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 16/2 VKS
Resurs 500 MOM Low Earth Remote sensing22 NovemberSuccessful
17 November
07:47
Zenit-2 Baikonur Site 45/1 VKS
Kosmos 2219 (Tselina-2) MO RF Low Earth ELINTIn orbitOperational
20 November
15:29:59
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/4 VKS
Kosmos 2220 (Yantar-4K2) MO RF Low Earth Reconnaissance18 January 1993Successful
21 November
13:45
Scout G-1 Vandenberg SLC-5 NASA
MSTI-1 US Air Force/SDIO Sun-synchronous Technology18 July 1993Successful
22 November
09:22
Skylark 7 Esrange LA-S DLR
TEXUS 29 DLR Suborbital Microgravity22 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 230 kilometres (140 mi)
22 November
23:54
Delta II 7925 Cape Canaveral LC-17A McDonnell Douglas
USA-85 (GPS IIA-7) US Air Force Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
24 November
04:09:59
Tsyklon-3 Plesetsk VKS
Kosmos 2221 (Tselina-D) MO RF Low Earth ELINTIn orbitSuccessful
25 November
12:18:54
Molniya-M/2BL Plesetsk Site 43/3 VKS
Kosmos 2222 (Oko) MO RF Molniya Missile defenceIn orbitSuccessful
27 November
13:10
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 81/23 VKS
Gorizont 27 YeSSS Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
28 November
21:34
Titan IVA (404) Vandenberg SLC-4E US Air Force
USA-86 (KH-12-1) NRO Sun-synchronous Reconnaissance5 June 2000Successful

December

1 December
22:48
Ariane 4 42P Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
Superbird A1 SCC Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
1 December UR-100NU Baikonur RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Test flight1 DecemberFailure
2 December
01:57
Molniya-M/ML Plesetsk Site 43/3 VKS
Molniya-3 #56L MOM Molniya Communications8 November 2008Successful
2 December
13:24
Space Shuttle Discovery Kennedy LC-39A United Space Alliance
STS-53 NASA Low Earth Satellite deployment9 DecemberSuccessful
USA-89 (SDS-2-3) NRO Molniya CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
ODERACS A NASA Low Earth Calibration9 DecemberFailure
ODERACS B NASA Low Earth Calibration
ODERACS C NASA Low Earth Calibration
ODERACS D NASA Low Earth Calibration
ODERACS E NASA Low Earth Calibration
ODERACS F NASA Low Earth Calibration
Manned orbital flight with five astronauts; ODERACS deployment cancelled and reflown on STS-60
6 December
16:00
Nike Orion White Sands NASA
CWAS-27 NASA Suborbital Aeronomy6 DecemberSuccessful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
9 December
00:00
Zyb Submarine, Pacific Ocean VMF
Efir RVSN Suborbital Technology9 DecemberSuccessful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
9 December
11:25
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5 VKS
Kosmos 2223 (Yantar-4KS1) MO RF Low Earth Reconnaissance16 December 1993Successful
9 December Black Brant IXCM1 Centre d'Essais des Landes MATRA
POIVRE (VERT) MATRA Suborbital Imaging9 DecemberSuccessful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
11 December
22:45
Nike Orion White Sands NASA
CWAS-28 NASA Suborbital Aeronomy11 DecemberSuccessful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
15 December
03:00
Black Brant IX White Sands LC-36 NASA
NASA/JHU Suborbital Ultraviolet astronomy15 DecemberSuccessful
Apogee: 302 kilometres (188 mi)
17 December
12:45
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 200/39 VKS
Kosmos 2224 (Prognoz) MO RF Geosynchronous Missile defenceIn orbitOperational
18 December
22:16
Delta II 7925 Cape Canaveral LC-17B McDonnell Douglas
USA-87 (GPS IIA-8) US Air Force Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
21 December
11:21
Long March 2E Xichang LA-2 CALT
Optus B2 Optus Intended: Geosynchronous
Achieved: Low Earth
Communications29 June 1995Launch Partial Failure
Payload fairing collapsed during ascent; rocket continued to orbit deploying remains of payload and upper stage into low earth orbit
22 December
12:00
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 31/6 VKS
Kosmos 2225 (Ortlets) MO RF Low Earth Reconnaissance18 February 1993Successful
22 December
12:36
Tsyklon-3 Plesetsk Site 32/2 VKS
Kosmos 2226 (Geo-IK) MO RF Low Earth GeodesyIn orbitSuccessful
25 December
05:56
Zenit-2 Baikonur Site 45/1 VKS
Kosmos 2227 (Tselina-2) MO RF Low Earth ELINTIn orbitSuccessful
25 December
20:07:59
Tsyklon-3 Plesetsk VKS
Kosmos 2228 (Tselina-D) MO RF Low Earth ELINTIn orbitSuccessful
29 December
13:30:01
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/3 VKS
Kosmos 2229 (Bion 10) Roskosmos Low Earth Biological10 January 1993Successful

Deep Space Rendezvous

Date (GMT) Spacecraft Event Remarks
8 FebruaryUlysses1st flyby of JupiterGravity assist, inclination change
15 FebruaryHitenSelenocentric orbit injection
14 JulyGiottoFlyby of 26P/Grigg-SkjellerupClosest approach: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
8 OctoberPioneer Venus OrbiterDeliberately deorbited into the Venerian atmosphere
8 DecemberGalileo2nd flyby of the EarthGravity assist; Closest approach: 305 kilometres (190 mi)

EVAs

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks
20 February
20:09
4 hours
12 minutes
21 February
00:21
Mir EO-10
Kvant-2
Aleksandr Volkov
Sergei Krikalev
Performed maintenance activities on the outside of Mir, including cleaning camera lenses. Volkov had problems with the cooling system on his Orlan space suit, and was limited in his mobility.
10 May
20:40
3 hours
43 minutes
11 May
00:23
STS-49
Endeavour
Pierre J. Thuot
Richard Hieb
Thuot attempted to capture the Intelsat VI satellite using a capture bar while Hieb stood by to assist with placement in the payload bay. After multiple attempts to catch Intelsat VI, the spacewalkers returned to the airlock to consider the failed attempts.[3]
11 May
21:05
5 hours
30 minutes
12 May
02:35
STS-49
Endeavour
Pierre J. Thuot
Richard Hieb
Thuot tried five more times to capture Intelsat VI while Hieb stood by to assist. Once again Thuot was unable to engage the capture bar to the satellite.[3]
13 May
21:17
8 hours
29 minutes
14 May
05:46
STS-49
Endeavour
Pierre J. Thuot
Richard Hieb
Thomas Akers
Thuot, Hieb and Akers captured Intelsat VI with their hands. The trio then pulled the satellite into the payload bay, added a new perigee kick motor, and launched the satellite away from Endeavour. This spacewalk was the first three-person spacewalk in history. The three spacewalkers also set a new record for elapsed spacewalk time.[3]
14 May
~21:00
7 hours
44 minutes
15 May
~04:45
STS-49
Endeavour
Thomas Akers
Kathryn C. Thornton
Tested space station assembly techniques on an experimental structure, the Assembly of Station by Extravehicular Activity Methods (ASEM).
8 July
12:38
2 hours
3 minutes
14:41 Mir EO-11
Kvant-2
Aleksandr Viktorenko
Aleksandr Kaleri
Inspected several gyrodynes, located on the Kvant-2 module, near the airlock to provide data needed to prepare for the planned repair and replacement work of the gyrodynes.
3 September
13:32
3 hours
56 minutes
17:28 Mir EO-12
Kvant-2
Sergei Avdeyev
Anatoly Solovyev
Moved the VDU thruster unit to its position and prepared the Sofora girder for installation of the VDU.
7 September
11:47
5 hours
8 minutes
16:55 Mir EO-12
Kvant-2
Sergei Avdeyev
Anatoly Solovyev
Installed the electrical and control cables needed by the VDU thruster for operation on the Sofora truss and recovered the Russian flag installed on the Sofora truss the year before.
11 September
10:06
5 hours
44 minutes
15:50 Mir EO-12
Kvant-2
Sergei Avdeyev
Anatoly Solovyev
Completed install of the VDU thruster on Sofora truss, and moved the truss into its extended position.
15 September
07:49
3 hours
33 minutes
11:22 Mir EO-12
Kvant-2
Sergei Avdeyev
Anatoly Solovyev
Collected samples of a solar array and relocated the Kurs docking antenna on the Kristall module in preparation of the arrival of Soyuz TM-16.

References

  • Bergin, Chris. "NASASpaceFlight.com".
  • Clark, Stephen. "Spaceflight Now".
  • Kelso, T.S. "Satellite Catalog (SATCAT)". CelesTrak.
  • Krebs, Gunter. "Chronology of Space Launches".
  • Kyle, Ed. "Space Launch Report".
  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Jonathan's Space Report".
  • Pietrobon, Steven. "Steven Pietrobon's Space Archive".
  • Wade, Mark. "Encyclopedia Astronautica".
  • Webb, Brian. "Southwest Space Archive".
  • Zak, Anatoly. "Russian Space Web".
  • "ISS Calendar". Spaceflight 101.
  • "NSSDCA Master Catalog". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
  • "Space Calendar". NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
  • "Space Information Center". JAXA.
  • "Хроника освоения космоса" [Chronicle of space exploration]. CosmoWorld (in Russian).
Generic references:

Footnotes

  1. NASA (23 November 2007). "NASA – STS-42". National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Archived from the original on 9 June 2008. Retrieved 26 May 2008.
  2. "The Aerospace Corporation - Assuring Mission Success". reentrynews.aero.org. Archived from the original on 13 May 2012. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  3. Kallender, Mark. "STS-49, The Rescue Of Intelsat-VI 603". Archived from the original on 28 February 2009. Retrieved 28 February 2009.


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