1991 Turkish general election

General elections were held in Turkey on 20 October 1991, to elect members to the 19th Grand National Assembly. It was the first by the ruling Motherland Party to be contested without its founding leader, Turgut Özal, who had become Turkish president two years previously. The result was a swing against Özal's former party in favour of its fierce centre-right rival, the True Path Party led by Süleyman Demirel. The vote saw two additional parties cross the 10 percent barrier to enter parliament. Necmettin Erbakan and his Welfare Party saw a party of religious background returned for the first time in 14 years. Welfare had a greatly increased share of the vote and took several key provinces, including Istanbul in 1994 local elections. Bülent Ecevit's Democratic Left Party also scraped through to win seven seats. Voter turnout was 83.9%.[1]

1991 Turkish general election

20 October 1991

Total of 450 seats of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey
226 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
Leader Süleyman Demirel Mesut Yılmaz Erdal İnönü
Leader since 6 September 1987 15 June 1991 30 May 1986
Leader's seat Isparta Rize İzmir
Last election 59 seats, 19.10% 292 seats, 36.31% 99 seats, 24.74%
Seats won 178 115 88
Seat change 119 177 11
Popular vote 6,600,726 5,862,623 5,066,571
Percentage 27.03% 24.01% 20.75%
Swing 7.93% 12.30% 3.99%

  Fourth party Fifth party
Leader Necmettin Erbakan Bülent Ecevit
Party Welfare DSP
Leader since 11 October 1987 15 January 1989
Leader's seat Konya Zonguldak
Last election no seats, 7.20% no seats, 8.50%
Seats won 62 7
Seat change 62 7
Popular vote 4,121,355 2,624,301
Percentage 16.87% 10.74%
Swing 9.67% 2.24%

Prime Minister before election

Mesut Yılmaz

Elected Prime Minister

Süleyman Demirel


Party Votes % Seats +/–
True Path Party6,600,72627.0178+119
Motherland Party5,862,62324.0115–177
Social Democratic Populist Party5,066,57120.888–11
Welfare Party4,121,35516.962+62
Democratic Left Party2,624,30110.77+7
Socialist Party108,3690.40New
Invalid/blank votes740,423
Source: Nohlen et al.


  1. Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p258 ISBN 0-19-924958-X
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