1990 Japanese general election

Japan held a nationwide election for the House of Representatives, the more powerful lower house of the National Diet than the upper house, on February 18, 1990.

1990 Japanese general election

18 February 1990

All 512 seats to the House of Representatives of Japan
257 seats needed for a majority
Turnout73.31% (1.91)
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Toshiki Kaifu Takako Doi Koshiro Ishida
Party Liberal Democratic Socialist Komeito
Last election 300 seats, 49.42% 85 seats, 17.23% 56 seats, 9.43%
Seats won 275 136 45
Seat change 20 53 9
Popular vote 30,315,417 16,025,473 5,242,675
Percentage 46.14% 24.35% 7.98%
Swing 3.28% 7.12% 1.45%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
Leader Kenji Miyamoto Eiichi Nagasue Satsuki Eda
Party Communist Democratic Socialist Socialist Democratic
Last election 26 seats, 8.79% 26 seats, 6.44% 4 seats, 0.83%
Seats won 16 14 4
Seat change 10 12 0
Popular vote 5,226,987 3,178,949 566,957
Percentage 7.96% 4.84% 0.86%
Swing 0.83% 1.60% 0.03%

  Seventh party
 
Leader Seiichi Tagawa
Party Progressive
Last election New
Seats won 1
Seat change 1
Popular vote 281,793
Percentage 0.43%
Swing N/A

Prime Minister before election

Toshiki Kaifu
Liberal Democratic

Prime Minister-designate

Toshiki Kaifu
Liberal Democratic

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Results

 Summary of the 18 February 1990 Japanese House of Representatives election results
Alliances and parties Votes%+/-Total seats+/-
Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) Jiyū Minshutō 30,315,41746.14%275-25
Socialist Party of Japan (JSP) Nihon Shakai-to 16,025,47324.35%136+51
Komeito Kōmeitō 5,242,6757.98%45-9
Japanese Communist Party (JCP) Nihon Kyōsantō 5,226,9877.96%16-10
Japan Democratic Socialist Party (DSP) Minsha-tō 3,178,9494.84%14-12
Socialist Democratic Federation 566,9570.86%40
Progressive Party 281,7930.43%1+1
Independents 4,807,5247.32%21+12
Other Parties 58,5360.09%0-6
Total (turnout 73.3%) 66,215,906 100.0 512
Source: Inter Parliamentary Union
Vote share
LDP
46.14%
JSP
24.35%
KP
7.98%
JCP
7.96%
DSP
4.84%
SDF
0.86%
PP
0.43%
Independents
7.32%
Others
0.09%
Parliament seats
LDP
53.71%
JSP
26.56%
KP
8.79%
JCP
3.13%
DSP
2.73%
SDF
0.78%
PP
0.20%
Independents
4.10%
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