1990 Asian Games

The 1990 Asian Games also known as the XI Asiad and the 11th Asian Games (Chinese: 第十一届亚洲运动会; pinyin: Dì shíyī jiè yàzhōu yùndònghuì), were held from September 22 to October 7, 1990, in Beijing, China. This was the first Asian Games held in China.

XI Asian Games
Host cityBeijing, China
MottoUnity, friendship and progress
(Chinese: 团结、友谊、进步; pinyin: Tuánjié, yǒuyì, jìnbù)[1]
Nations participating36
Athletes participating6,122
Events308 in 27 sports
Opening ceremony22 September
Closing ceremony7 October
Officially opened byYang Shangkun
President of China
Officially closed byRoy de Silva
Acting President of Olympic Council of Asia
Athlete's OathChen Longcan
Torch lighterXu Haifeng,
Gao Min, and
Zhang Rongfang
Main venueWorkers Stadium
<  Seoul 1986 Hiroshima 1994  >

The games served as a precursor to China's further development in the sporting arena, as the country went on to bid for the 2000 Summer Olympics (losing to Sydney) in 1993 and eventually won the bid for the 2008 Summer Olympics in 2001. China dominated the games, grabbing 60% of the gold medals and 34% of the total medal count.

This also marked Taiwan's first participation in the Asian Games as Chinese Taipei.

Bidding process

In 1983, two cities in Asia demonstrated interest to host the 1990 Asian Games, one was Beijing of China and the other was Hiroshima in Japan. The two appeared before the Olympic Council of Asia, during a meeting of the same, the following year in Seoul, that also served as a previous meeting to evaluate the preparations of the city for the next Asian Games and also for the 1988 Summer Olympics. Beijing eventually won the right to host the 1990 edition, while Hiroshima, when presenting an excellent technical level application, was ratified as the host of the 1994 Asian Games.[2]

34 votes were needed for selection.

1990 Asian Games bidding result
City Country Votes
Beijing China44
Hiroshima Japan23


To commemorate the 11th Asian Games, three different sets of stamps were issued in 1988, 1989 and 1990.[3]


The official mascot of this edition was PanPan, the panda.

Participating National Olympic Committees

National Olympic Committees (NOCs) are named according to their official IOC designations and arranged according to their official IOC country codes in 1990. Note that Iraq was suspended by the Olympic Council of Asia from participating at the Asian Games due to the Gulf War which killed first OCA president Fahad Al-Ahmed Al-Jaber Al-Sabah. Iraq would only return to compete in the sporting event in 2006.[4]


Demonstration sports


The following venues were used during the Games.[5][6] Yayuncun Subdistrict, the athlete's village was located in Chaoyang District and is now a residential area.

Venue Sports
Workers' StadiumCeremonies, Football (men)
Workers' GymnasiumTable tennis
Beijing Shooting Range FieldArchery, Shooting
Beijing Golf ClubGolf
Beijing GymnasiumBadminton
Beijing Sports University GymnasiumBoxing
Beijing International Tennis CenterTennis, Soft tennis (Demonstration)
Beijing University Students' GymnasiumBasketball
Beijing Water Polo PoolWater polo
Capital Institute of Physical Education StadiumKabaddi
Chaoyang GymnasiumVolleyball
Capital Indoor StadiumGymnastics, Basketball, Volleyball
Changping VelodromeCycling (track)
Ditan GymnasiumWeightlifting
Fengtai GymnasiumSepak takraw
Fengtai Softball and Baseball FieldBaseball (Demonstration), Softball
Fengtai StadiumFootball (men)
Guangcai GymnasiumFencing
Haidian GymnasiumWushu
Haidian StadiumFootball (women)
Jinhai Lake Sports ParkCanoeing, Rowing
Olympic Sport Center StadiumAthletics
Olympic Sports Center GymnasiumHandball
Olympic Sports Center Hockey FieldField hockey
Qinhuangdao Marine StadiumSailing
Shijingshan StadiumFootball (women)
Shijingshan GymnasiumWrestling
Xiannongtan StadiumFootball (men)
Ying Tung NatatoriumDiving, Swimming
Yuetan GymnasiumJudo
Huairou-Miyun and Changping Xiezishi HighwayCycling (road)

Medal table

The top ten ranked NOCs at these Games are listed below. The host nation, China, is highlighted.

  *   Host nation (China)

1 China (CHN)*18310751341
2 South Korea (KOR)545473181
3 Japan (JPN)386076174
4 North Korea (PRK)12313982
5 Iran (IRI)46818
6 Pakistan (PAK)41712
7 Indonesia (INA)362130
8 Qatar (QAT)3216
9 Thailand (THA)27817
10 Malaysia (MAS)2248
Totals (25 NOCs)310309357976


  1. "History". People's Daily Online.
  2. "The 11th Asian Games : Beijing, China". Hangzhou 2022 Official Website. 4 September 2018.
  3. "1990 Asian Games (Welcome to tanwj.com by Tan Wei Jie)". Archived from the original on 2009-09-11. Retrieved 2009-09-09.
  4. "Iraq booted from Asian Games".
  5. "经典回顾:1990年北京亚运会体育场馆". 163.com. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
  6. "1990 Asian Games".
Preceded by
Asian Games

XI Asian Games (1990)
Succeeded by
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